back vowels. You’ll learn by seeing what my mouth, lips, and tongue are doing when I pronounce these vowel sounds, then you’ll practice saying them by doing the same with your mouth. Often, English learners don’t notice the difference between these sounds, and that might be why you aren’t saying them correctly. We’ll compare these similar vowel sounds to make those differences clear. I will show you the different spellings of these sounds in English and you will learn what the International Phonetic Alphabet (IPA) symbols for these vowels are. You should also watch my other video on front vowel sounds. Those are just as important!