engVid quiz

Test your understanding of this English lesson

Test your understanding of the English lesson by answering these questions. You will get the answers and your score at the end of the quiz.
Which sentence type is the following?
Once upon a time, in a land far, far away, a little girl wished upon a star for her wicked step-mother to be eaten by the evil dwarves inhabiting the nearby forest.

Which sentence type is the following?
Many scientists believe, and many politicians agree with their assessment, that climate change will have a major effect on the economy.

Which sentence type is the following?
Generally speaking, teachers at this institution need to undertake, of their own accord of course, supplementary training courses outside of school hours in order to enhance their skills and methodologies and to meet the demands of a new generation of students.

Which sentence type is the following?
Regardless of his intentions, what James did constitutes a crime.

Which sentence type is the following?
The doctor advised Heather to either increase her intake of essential nutrients with vitamin supplements, or risk the health of her unborn baby.

Which sentence type is the following?
The purchase price of the new equipment was certainly reasonable, but the timing of it was questionable at best.

How many independent clauses are in the following sentence?
The new recruits were somewhat shocked by the sergeant’s meanness, and some even complained to the commanding officer, but nothing changed as a result of these complaints.

Which sentence type is the following?
Phil organized the meeting while Jan took care of the catering, which turned out to be the most memorable part of the afternoon.

What is the main subject of the following sentence (the subject of the first independent clause)?
Because of the poor weather, and despite the fact that no one really minded getting wet, the concert was postponed and all ticket holders were given vouchers that they could use either to get a refund or to exchange for the rescheduled performance date.

Which sentence type is the following?
The snowstorm had closed down the school, so Mindy’s kids, neither of whom wanted to stay indoors all day, were allowed to go outside and play in the snow while Mindy made them a special lunch.

Next Question

362 Comments on “The 4 English Sentence Types – simple, compound, complex, compound-complex”

Leave a Comment

Hi Adam, thank you very much . My score 7 of 10 , really it was difficult for me. And also i would like to ask you make a video about the words” trouble, worry, molest, push you, bother, bore” sometimes i misuse these words, Thank you in advance

Thursday, January 28th 2016

    Hi Katy,

    These words are a little random for a lesson. Can you give me some context for these in terms of when they give you trouble? maybe I can help here.

    Friday, February 12th 2016

      Hi Adam, do you have a speaking class on Skype ?

      Tuesday, February 16th 2016

        Hi Metta,

        I’m sorry, I don’t teach at the moment.

        Thursday, March 3rd 2016

      Hello Adam. I wish to impruve upon my English in speaking, pronunciation and grammer.Can you help me with it? I want to it very much!

      Saturday, February 27th 2016

        Hi Svetlana,

        I’ll do my best :)

        Thursday, March 3rd 2016

          Oh… I am verry happy. Can you speak with me on Skype?

          Friday, March 4th 2016

          hi svetlana can you shere your skype ?

          Monday, June 13th 2016

          I want to speak with native speaker. It’s very important to me. Oh, it’s fantastic.

          Friday, March 4th 2016

          Hi Svetlana,

          I’m sorry if there was a misunderstanding. I don’t do Skype lessons, but I will be happy to help out here as much as a I can.

          Thursday, March 24th 2016

HI Adam Thanks for to day Quiz i got just 6 of 10, it was difficult
Thanks Again

Thursday, January 28th 2016

    Same the quiz was complicated, especially, since i am not a native speaker.

    Friday, May 27th 2016

So difficult. It was the worst quiz I ever did.
Still, thanks a lot Adam, but I’m a little bet confused about number 8, why it is complex ?

Thursday, January 28th 2016

    Same for me. But this kind of analyse is difficult even on my natural language. Real advanced class.

    Friday, January 29th 2016

      you are absolutely right. Waiting for Adam, we’ll get some help

      Friday, January 29th 2016

        Hello,just give you my understandings for NO.8 :)
        “Phil organized the meeting” is the only one independent clause and the rest are dependent. “1 in +2 de = complex”.
        Hope it makes sense!

        Friday, January 29th 2016

          thanks a lot, but the point is that why “Phil organized the meeting” is the only one ??

          Saturday, January 30th 2016

        I am absolutely sure, that there are two independent clauses:
        1.Phill organized the meeting
        2.Jan took care ot the catering

        Saturday, January 30th 2016

          That’s what I’m talking about

          Saturday, January 30th 2016

    This sentence is complexe because there is “while” and “which” and there is three subjects and verbs.

    Saturday, January 30th 2016

      I agree

      Saturday, January 30th 2016

        I do not agree with bahlaek. Instead of ‘while’ you can put ‘and’ and we have two independent clauses

        Saturday, January 30th 2016

    Hi Reemabousaid,

    Nice discussion here :)
    I’ll break in apart for you:

    Phil organized the meeting- independent clause
    while Jan took care of the catering- dependent clause (adverb) showing that Jan did this at the same time. Emo53 is correct to say that we can use and instead of while, but then it would be a different sentence.

    which turned out to be the most memorable part of the afternoon.- dependent clause (adjective)

    so… 1 ind. clause and 2 dep. clauses.= complex

    Does this help?

    Friday, February 12th 2016

      Yes it does … Thanks a lot Adem ..It was cleared When you said that if we replace while with and, it will be a different sentence.

      Saturday, February 13th 2016

    Hi Reemabousaid,

    Excuse me , but are you a Teacher English ?

    Wednesday, November 2nd 2016

      Hi Immirgant,
      no, I’m not English teacher
      I am an Engineer

      Wednesday, November 9th 2016

        iam also an engineer and have difficulties in english speaking and writing…

        Friday, February 7th 2020

      Hi Immirgant,
      no, I’m not an English teacher
      I am an Engineer

      Wednesday, November 9th 2016

Thank you very much Adam!!
Despite your excellent explanation, the topic is really difficult :S
I think I should try the test again this afernoon

Thursday, January 28th 2016

A lot of letters.
%) too difficult.

Thursday, January 28th 2016

Hello Adam. Could you tell about participles in detail? It would be very helpful for many your subscribers I guess. Thanky!

Thursday, January 28th 2016

    Hi Greg,

    It’s a bit too complicated for this forum, but I will definitely make a video about it.

    Friday, February 12th 2016

Adam, thank you very much. Your lessons are great as always!!!!

Thursday, January 28th 2016

Hi Adam.I watched your lessons on YouTube many times.But today is 2nd time I visit this site and it’s really improve my english. I have poor knowledge about english. Please help me to learn English.

Thursday, January 28th 2016

    Come back again and again Dilshad. It takes time, but you will improve, I’m sure. :)

    Friday, February 12th 2016

Hi Adam. How difficult your test is! I’m also a little confused about No.8. I think ‘while’ is a conjunction. Do I misunderstand that?

Thursday, January 28th 2016

    ‘While’ is a subordinating conjunction, NOT a coordination conjunction like ‘or, and, nor, but, or, yet, and so’. The function of a subordinating conjunction ‘while’ and the dependent clause ‘while Jan took care of the catering’ is to establish an adverb of time for the independent clause ‘Phil organized the meeting’.

    Here is a list of common subordinating conjunctions:

    as soon as
    by the time
    even if
    even though
    every time
    in case in order that
    in the event that
    just in case
    now that
    only if
    provided that
    rather than
    so that
    whether or not

    Friday, January 29th 2016

      Thank you very much for your kindness, Lfabian2013.

      Friday, January 29th 2016

      Thanks Lfablan2013. Good job :)

      Friday, February 12th 2016

    Hi Boonpa,

    Yes, while is a conjunction, but it is not a coordinating conjunction. It is an adverb conjunction showing that two things happened at the same time.

    Only FANBOYS (for, and, nor, but,or, yet, so) are coordinating conjunctions and join two independent clauses.

    Does this help?

    Friday, February 12th 2016

      FANBOYS – I don’t know if this is more interesting or useful acronym!

      Friday, February 26th 2016

Hi adam,The quiz was difficult for me :) even though I enjoyed that.i’m little bit confused that’s why i’m going to study more to fix that.
Thx a lots for this lesson.

Thursday, January 28th 2016

:-( next time !

Thursday, January 28th 2016

Hi Adam.
I appreciate your teaching style (intelligible with details).
Please don’t Smoke for your own good.
Quiting is very hard but you can do it.
We all believe in you Adam.

Thursday, January 28th 2016

    Thank you Mohsen :) I’m working on it

    Friday, February 12th 2016

Mmmmm…I have to listen to your lesson with much attention.
Thanks, Adam

Thursday, January 28th 2016

ohhhh thank you so much Adam that is very important for me

Thursday, January 28th 2016

ADAM , I have been 2 years watching your lessons your actually the best instructor that I had ever seen , and I got several information that providing me to be professional :) thanks ever such a lot for everything ad I wish you give us More :D

Thursday, January 28th 2016

Thank you, Adam, now I know I need to go back and learn simple Grammar first. This site is very helpful, so glad I found it.

Thursday, January 28th 2016

The quiz was hard. I will have to watch the video again. Thanks, teacher Adam. It´s really useful, because it seems I have forgot that lesson from university.

Thursday, January 28th 2016

anybody want speck english with me add me facebook https://www.facebook.com/profile.php?id=100005315913826 or add me in skype
momen flex

Thursday, January 28th 2016

Adam, Can you elaborate answers for question 4 and question 8 please? which part of the sentence is independent clause in question 4? what is the main idea for question 8? Is it Phil organized the meeting?

Thursday, January 28th 2016

    No.4 : Regardless of his intentions, what James did constitutes a crime.
    INDEPENDENT CLAUSE: subject (dependent noun clause) + constitues a crime.
    DEPENDENT NOUN CLAUSE: ‘What James did’ functions as a subject of the sentence.

    No.8: Phil organized the meeting while Jan took care of the catering, which turned out to be the most memorable part of the afternoon.
    INDEPENDENT or MAIN CLAUSE: ‘Phil organized the meeting’
    DEPENDENT ADVERB CLAUSE: ‘while Jane took care of the catering’ ‘ is to establish an adverb of time for the independent clause.
    DEPENDENT ADJECTIVE CLAUSE: ‘which turned out to be the most memorable part of the afternoon’ modifies the noun ‘catering’

    *Yes, the main idea contains in the main clause.

    Friday, January 29th 2016

    Hi Oeoeoe,

    Lfablan gave a good answer. I’ll just a dd a bit:
    Regardless of his intentions– introductory phrase (no sub or verb)
    what James did– noun clause as subject
    constitutes a crime.– verb and object

    Does this help?

    Friday, February 12th 2016

btw, Should I say elaborate on answers? :(

Thursday, January 28th 2016

    very usuful lesson and i hope know more friends from this site to speak english more and more on facebook or e-mail something like that. thanks imobeta

    Wednesday, February 3rd 2016

    Yes :)

    Friday, February 12th 2016

It was very complicated for me!
And it was the worst quiz I ever did, as well.

Thursday, January 28th 2016

Admittedly, this is a hard lesson learned. This is one of the most difficult lessons that I’ve never learned, Adam. I don’t know what I would do this quiz without you.
I’d like to thank you so much for this interesting lesson. All the best, Adam. :)

Thursday, January 28th 2016

Thanks,Adam!Good stuff!ihave a question though.in one of your examples on the board (with 4 independent clauses) you didn’t put comma before “so” but in the test sentence you did.clear my doubts,please.

Friday, January 29th 2016

    Good question Antonmakh,

    As with the other conjunctions, there are situations that require a comma and situations that don’t.

    Also, remember that sometimes the adverb conjunction ‘so that’ is reduced to just ‘so’.

    I paid for the drinks so you can pay for the meal.(related ideas)
    I had too many drinks, so it would be better if we took a cab home. (two separate ideas)
    I drank too much so (that) I wouldn’t have to drive (I deliberately drank to be unsafe).

    Do these examples help?

    Friday, February 12th 2016

      Thanks, Adam!Sorry for not having been online.Helpful examples.

      Saturday, February 20th 2016

I did well!

Friday, January 29th 2016

Hello Adam ,
I have got 90 . I have understood my mistake , but I confess that it is not easy.
In the lesson you wrote a compound sentence with “so” but without a comma before . Is it ok ?
In my question I didn’t put a comma before “but” , because there is no verb after . Am I right ?
Thank Adam

Friday, January 29th 2016

    Hi Tsamp,

    Coordinating conjunctions don’t always need a comma before them, especially if the two ideas in each clause are directly related.

    Anyway, this seems to be a little confusing for some people. Check out this video by James. I hope it helps.:


    Friday, February 12th 2016

Aside the great lesson,does anyone know if Adam is married or not?)

Friday, January 29th 2016

    Saturday, January 30th 2016

      nice cat

      Tuesday, February 28th 2017

    I’m not! You are the apple of my eye, Marianna! :D

    Friday, February 26th 2016

Hi Adam,
Could you explain the 8th question one more time, please. Maybe I was confused and mixed it up. I think I couldn’t identify the independent clauses and dependent clauses clearly.
For me, I have two independent clauses, such as:
– “Phil organized the meeting.”
– “(while) Jan took care of the catering.”
And one dependent clause:
-“which turned out to be the most memorable part of the afternoon.”
One more question, in this case, I’d like to know, the “while” is a conjunction, and the “which” is a pronoun?
Thank you very much indeed. My best to you, Adam. :)

Friday, January 29th 2016

    You are right.

    Friday, January 29th 2016

      Hi nour2,
      No, I was wrong! hi hi hi… I just got an answer from Adam. As we know, English grammar can be tough; even people who enjoy reading and writing could have a difficult time getting all the rules.
      Anyway, I’d like to thank you for your nice comment. Good luck with your English studies.:)

      Sunday, February 21st 2016

    Hi Chloe,

    Here it is:

    Phil organized the meeting- independent clause

    while Jan took care of the catering- dependent clause (adverb) showing that Jan did this at the same time or for her part.

    which turned out to be the most memorable part of the afternoon.- dependent clause (adjective)

    so… 1 ind. clause and 2 dep. clauses.= complex

    Does this help?

    Friday, February 12th 2016

      Yes, It does. Thank you for your explanation, Adam. :)

      Friday, February 12th 2016

it’s pretty hard..
i don’t get the lesson..
my quiz is horrible

Friday, January 29th 2016

It’s so difficult for me. Thank you Adam

Friday, January 29th 2016

Adam, great lesson, thanks

I got 100 %. By the way, sentence types are similar in the Russian language. Having learned Russian helped me to figure out this in English.

Friday, January 29th 2016

Just watched the lesson. In my opinion the explanation is unclear and complicated, really hard to get. Things like that better learnt by reading english books. It helps a lot to get accustomed to long and complicated sentences.

Friday, January 29th 2016

really complex course.

Anyway, thanks Adam.

Friday, January 29th 2016

Thanks Adam,Can you explain this lesson by another way.

Friday, January 29th 2016

    I’ll see what I can do Nour :)

    Friday, February 12th 2016

      I agree with nour2, Adam. See if you can make another video on this, or at least some complement in order to make it clearer.

      Friday, February 26th 2016

Thank you Adam.The lesson is really complex. In fourth question, “regardless of his intention” isn’t phrase ?

Friday, January 29th 2016

    HI Anahit,

    Yes, it is a phrase (no sub or verb).

    Friday, February 12th 2016

Adam!!! It was a little difficult but it was interesting. Thank you very much.

Friday, January 29th 2016

Thanks Adam! I already make my donation for the engvid because you and Ronnie. :-)

Friday, January 29th 2016

    Thank you Kantynho :)

    Friday, February 12th 2016

Thanks for the lesson and the quiz. It wasn’t easy..and I surely need to catch up with my English grammer now..

Friday, January 29th 2016

Thanks Adam, this is a very good lesson. Even i got a really bad score I am sure it will help me a lot. I guess I have to watch this video two more times.

Friday, January 29th 2016

5/10 I need to learn more. Thanks Adam

Friday, January 29th 2016

Thank you Adam.

Friday, January 29th 2016

Thank you very much. Very good explanation. I got 9/10.

Saturday, January 30th 2016


Saturday, January 30th 2016

No way! I’ll never pass this quiz! It’s too difficult for me… I wouldn’t have passed such a quiz even in my native language.

Saturday, January 30th 2016

Hello professor Adam,
I hope everything goes well with you.
There is a question which keeps my mind busy for days. I’ve tried to find your mail adress and send the question directly to you, but I couldn’t. Anyway, is there any chance for me to clarify the difference between the following sentences and give me and example for each one?
1- Next two weeks
2- Two next week

Saturday, January 30th 2016

    Hi Mohamed,

    Neither of these is a sentence actually. They are prepositions at best:

    I’ll be in Miami for the next two weeks and then I’ll go to New York.

    The second example can’t really be used as is. Unless you are using 2 as a quantity:

    I’ll take one this week, and if I like it, I’ll order two next week.

    Does this help?

    Friday, February 12th 2016

      Yes sir,
      I really appreciate it.

      Friday, February 12th 2016

Hi Adam, Thank for this great lesson.
Hi guys, In my opinion, It wasn’t an easy lesson if you didn’t know:
= Clauses
= Conjunctions
= Phrases
= General grammar
I would like to suggest an amazing book which cover everything about writing.
Author: Oshima, Alice.
Title: Writing academic English
Edition 4th ed with answers
This book is for you!I have completed this book last year and I loved it.
Cheers, Thiago from Brasil

Saturday, January 30th 2016

    Thanks for the tip Learner :)

    Friday, February 12th 2016

Thanks for the test) It was quite easy despite the fact that my score is 8 out 10 but I`ve got my mistakes.
During the lecture, I was comparing the English and Ukrainian approaches of defining sentence types and can tell that they have a lot in common.

Saturday, January 30th 2016


    Thursday, February 4th 2016

Thanks for the wonderful explanation!!!!!

Saturday, January 30th 2016

hello my friends my name is Aisami Isa Bukar from Nigeria

Sunday, January 31st 2016

    Welcome Aisami :)

    Friday, February 12th 2016

I’m interested in learn English language thank to engvid

Sunday, January 31st 2016

It’s too difficult for me, but I will practice it.

Sunday, January 31st 2016

Ugly sentences.
But thank you, Adam for nice advanced topic.

Sunday, January 31st 2016

This may sound a bit weird to you, but I want to ask a question. Before I start the video your pullover seems blue but right after I start the video the pullover is white. Why is that so??? :)))

Sunday, January 31st 2016

    :) A slight editing problem, I think

    Friday, February 12th 2016

I assume this lesson is fo

Monday, February 1st 2016

It’s for advanced students , so that thank you Adam and we really need more of the sort.

My Skype account name for practicing is:Anwar.aimefrance

Monday, February 1st 2016

is it a correct sentence—-
I have been suffering from fever since last two days therefore I am unable to attend my class.

Monday, February 1st 2016

    Hi Anil,

    I have been suffering from a fever for the last two days, therefore I am unable to attend my class.

    Friday, February 12th 2016

Hi Adam, how r u doing. I’m zaheer. I’m wondering for the difference between an interrogative adjective and an interrogative pronoun, though they mean the same but they h’ve different positions to use, As “Whose coat is this?” and “Whose is this coat?” i know the basic difference b/w two, but i just want to know that if they are placed at different positions then certainly there would be some difference… i’ve asked lots of people but none gave me an appropriate answer pertaining to the question… hope u’ve got my point…

Monday, February 1st 2016

    Hi Zaheer,

    I understand the question, but to tell the truth, the second sample is not very common. Essentially it means “whose coat is this coat?” making the second ‘coat’ redundant.In that case, you would only be left with whose coat is this?

    What time is it?
    What is the time?
    These basically mean the same thing.

    Think of other examples:
    If you ask, I’ll be happy to tell you.
    I’ll be happy to tell you if you ask.

    Same meaning, but you can make an argument for nuance. But that’s the English language–full of subtleties.

    Not sure this helps though. Is this what you had in mind?

    Friday, February 12th 2016

      certainly it did sir…
      and thank you very much for your kindness

      Wednesday, February 17th 2016

        hi sir, would u please let me know what is the difference between “AT THE END” & “IN THE END” i’ve read in a book but i couldn’t get it well. the definition that book gives is that when we use (AT THE END= the time when something stops)
        and (IN THE END= finally) still i’m feeling lots of hurdles in getting them, it just does not clear the concept yet.i request you please have a kind look into this question…

        Wednesday, February 17th 2016

          Please contact me at this No: 03222641783…
          I am interested to learn English; we may have a group work……. We will be learning together..

          Sunday, May 1st 2016

Hi! in the question 8 it seemed to me that there were 2 indipendent clauses and 1 dependent, weren’t they?

Monday, February 1st 2016

    Hi Raffaeladamore,

    Here it is:

    Phil organized the meeting- independent clause

    while Jan took care of the catering- dependent clause (adverb) showing that Jan did this at the same time or for her part. (while is a subordinating conjunction, not a coordinating conjunction)

    which turned out to be the most memorable part of the afternoon.- dependent clause (adjective)

    so… 1 ind. clause and 2 dep. clauses.= complex

    Does this help?

    Friday, February 12th 2016

Can you make a lesson about all types of phrase? Thank You

Monday, February 1st 2016

    I’ll get on it :)

    Friday, February 12th 2016

I think we need more videos about english sentence types :(

Tuesday, February 2nd 2016

Hello Adams,

Could you please give us a lesson with the mixed conditional (Past / present. It would help me to understand because I have some hesitation with the 3rt conditional which I always want to use. Thank you in advance

Wednesday, February 3rd 2016

    Hi Meuwis,

    It’s on the way ;)

    Friday, February 12th 2016

Hi Adam. First of all, thanks for taking the time to record this class, it’s very helpful indeed.
Could you please describe a full justification in the answer of each exercise? For example, if the correct answer has 1 independent clause and 2 dependent clauses, I’d like to know what was the independent and what were the dependents as well. It’d be tremendously useful to me and I believe to others too.

Wednesday, February 3rd 2016

    Hi Javando,

    I’ll see what I can do about that. Any particular question to start with?

    Friday, February 12th 2016

So nice… however my score only 5 but I think this is the best exercise to improve grammar ability. I can say thank you enough :-)

Thursday, February 4th 2016

    I can’t say thank you enough.. Sir.

    Thursday, February 4th 2016

Dear Adam you are a greet man, Many thanks for all.

Thursday, February 4th 2016

OMG!!! 10 of 10!!! ))

Thursday, February 4th 2016

Thank You Adam! It has really helped me.

Thursday, February 4th 2016

Hi would you like to talk me to improve your english??If you want send me email.isahsnli@gmail.com

Thursday, February 4th 2016

Hi Adama! We are students and we are studing to take the TOEFL. Thanks a lot for your lessons!

Friday, February 5th 2016

Thanks Adam, quite a tough lesson… I need to watch it again !!

Friday, February 5th 2016

This lesson was Very difficult for me
I got 3 correct out of 10.

Friday, February 5th 2016

Hi teacher, i don’t understand about grammar of “being the nasty” ?And Suppose my sentence is “That’s why learning English is so important” . What part is independent clause ?


Friday, February 5th 2016

    Hi Demontaihack,

    I’m not sure I understand the part of the question about being and nasty.

    As for the sentence,
    That is — subject and verb
    why learning English is so important– noun clause as Sub complement

    ind clause is technically the whole sentence.

    Does this help?

    Friday, February 12th 2016

I find usefull your every single sharing. thnx.

Saturday, February 6th 2016

Hi how are u
Hej ADAM i am sorry bothering but whenever u havE a spare time could u pls checking an exercise for me pls but i can not post here cuz is with photo could u pls send me ur email . I just wanna make sure if they are wrong. IN fact my teacher did but he didnt convice me therefore i would like to know ur opinion about it .

Saturday, February 6th 2016

    Hi Agnesebalaj,

    As much as I would like to help, I get too many requests to check samples that I just can’t do it for everyone.

    If you put a sentence or two, I can give you some tips.

    Friday, February 12th 2016

      hi Adam
      yes i know that u spent ur precious time checking our samples ok i am gonna write here,even though thnx a lot.
      I HAD THE EXERCISE TO DIFFRENCIATE PHRASES(N,V,P etc)structrally and functionally depending from a sentence above.SENTENCE IS: the people living here may face great problems while earning money for their bare lives.
      he divided this sentence in this way (in fact the others he marked(tick)but sonme(wrong)
      their bare lives(functionally)i did Direct object he said it is wrong.
      living there(structurally) i did verb phrase (he said wrong)whereas functionally(i wrote subject-because in sentence may stay as a subject ex.living here may face greatproblems. about (living here)-he claimed that is adjunct but i dont think so.
      and last one:for their bare lives(functionally) i did object of prep(he claimed that is adjunct
      because structurally is PP.
      Whenever u have time repy on it :)/
      thnx in advance

      Friday, February 12th 2016

Adam thank you for the lesson. Please help me.
I can’t understand what color is BLUE. In Wikipedia there is an explanation that BLUE is a color between green and violet. But we have argue with my friends all the time about BLUE EYES, BLUE SKY etc. (I think the eyes are light blue, so the sky but the sea is blue or dark blue) Thanks.

Saturday, February 6th 2016

    But in the rainbow there are colors BLUE and INDIGO that makes me confused. So now it seems to me that blue means bright color and closer to the green.

    Saturday, February 6th 2016

      google translater doesn’t help…

      Saturday, February 6th 2016

    Hi Katrin,

    Not really sure how to answer this in words. There are many shades and hues of blue. The sea, sky, and this website are all blue. Some eyes are blue, some are green, some are brown, etc.

    There is navy blue, royal blue, baby blue, powder blue, midnight blue, etc.

    There are three prime colours: red, blue, and yellow. Blue and yellow mixed will make the secondary colour green.

    Does this help?

    Friday, February 12th 2016

      Thank you Adam. So blue might be any hue between green and violet…

      Wednesday, February 17th 2016

you were asked about it by me.
What does the above sentence mean?
Please give explanation

Thank you

Saturday, February 6th 2016

    Hi Naga,

    It means “I asked you about it.”

    Friday, February 12th 2016

Hi! I want to ask number 5 . You mentioned “or” is as a conjunction how could this sentence is simple. Thanks!

Saturday, February 6th 2016

    Hi Springrose,

    Remember that a clause must contain a subject and verb. You only have one of each in question 5. Here, or goes with either…or– showing a choice, not a conjunction of two clauses. There is only one independent clause in this example.

    Does this help?

    Friday, February 12th 2016


Saturday, February 6th 2016

i have just registered in engvid becuse of your lessons thank you
thank you it was useful

Saturday, February 6th 2016

    Welcome Ahmed :)

    Friday, February 12th 2016

Please post a video on how to write APA format and citations

Sunday, February 7th 2016

Thank you, Adam.This lesson is good, but I need to study harder in order to get better.

Monday, February 8th 2016

I failed this subject in college, Thanks for the lesson

Tuesday, February 9th 2016


Tuesday, February 9th 2016

Thank you very much, Adam, for this challenging lesson of grammar!

I have chosen the wrong alternative for the question 5.

Is there the reduced dependent clause concept in English? In Portuguese, there is this type of clause which is written with infinitive or gerund verb forms to represent, for instance, a final adverbial dependent clause using an verb in infinitive form.

Something similiar to the following:

We sent Bill to reinforcement classes in order that he seriously studies math. -> We sent Bill to reinforcement classes in order to seriously study math.

Tuesday, February 9th 2016

    Hi Fcicerre,

    We have participles (active and passive) that are reduced clauses (adj or adv). As far as infinitives, we can use these as complements.

    I will try to make a lesson about these soon. ;)

    Friday, February 12th 2016

      Thanks Adam for the explanation — I can perfectly understand it now!

      I’ll be waiting for this lesson, if you have time for it. I can imagine this as an advanced, but important, subject to the writing tasks.

      Friday, February 12th 2016

This lesson seems COMPOUND-COMPLEX but infact it’s SIMPLE!….
Thank you teacher Adam.

Tuesday, February 9th 2016

Hello thanks for this lesson,And I’d like to make a suggestion could you make lessons for business words please?

Wednesday, February 10th 2016

    Hi Mustafa,

    I will certainly add to the library, but there are already quite a few lessons on EngVid. Type business into the search box at the top of the page and you will see some.

    Friday, February 12th 2016

So complex to me.. but, I am going to learn, Thanks

Wednesday, February 10th 2016

Thanks a lot Mr Adam the lesson is somewhat difficult but I enjoined it. I need to work hard to fix my mstakes

Thursday, February 11th 2016

Than you everyone. I know this was a difficult lesson, but one day this stuff will also seem easy. Keep in mind, though that this is very important for writing and reading.

Friday, February 12th 2016

Thank you very much for the lesson. Could you please make a lesson about sequence of tense forms in complex sentences. How to correctly use a tense form for a dependent clause.Thanks in advance)

Friday, February 12th 2016

    I’ll get on it Ismail :)

    Thursday, March 3rd 2016

Hallo! Something is wrong, I can not see none of the lessons. They are not loaded. In the video window only white field. Although I used to be able to watch them. I have already rebooted my computer but nothing has changed.

Saturday, February 13th 2016

    I’ll pass this on to the technical team Llnara.

    Thursday, March 3rd 2016

Dear Adem,
I’m ESL student and lam looking forward to completing benchmark 6 in writing. could you give me advice which helps me to enhance my writing in a paragraph.

Saturday, February 13th 2016

    Hi Ali,

    Check out my writing site:


    I hope it helps a little.

    Thursday, March 3rd 2016

Hi Adam, could u please explain the difference between comma and semicolons.

Sunday, February 14th 2016

    Hi Hardeep,

    A semicolon is somewhere between a period and a comma. It can also be used as a conjunction instead of and.

    I’ll make a lesson about this.

    Thursday, March 3rd 2016

Dear Mr Adam, My score is 10/10 but its difficult for me! Could you please make a another lesson like this!

I really appreciated you!

Sunday, February 14th 2016

    Will do Anita :)

    Thursday, March 3rd 2016

I am not Advanced enough for this lesson but I really appreciated the pedagogical skill of the teacher. It was easy to understand but the quizz was too difficult for me.
I’ll start again in a few months.
Thank you.

Monday, February 15th 2016

Hi Teacher Adam. I have got difficulties with complex sentence… İ confused noun, adjective, adverb clauses…What that means?

Wednesday, February 17th 2016

    HI Atash,

    I’ll make lessons about each one separately.

    Thursday, March 3rd 2016

Can you make some video about the use of “It” and “This” to recall some idea?
I’ve been making so much mistakes using it, at least in my country it is so confused

Thursday, February 18th 2016

    I’ll see what can do Cec90’s

    Thursday, March 3rd 2016

Take it easy. What you intend to taught?: ‘compound, complex, simple, or what’. Grammar is important, yes. Your explanations don’t help.
Are you learning another language? You should.
Think of your Mandarin would be with a teacher like you. You’ll never ever would be able to talk Mandarin.
BTW, do you know what the pus-que-parfait is in French or the pluscuamperfecto is in Spanish?
Try to explain Spanish grammar like you do. Spanish will vanish.
Thanks a lot ‘teacher’?

Wednesday, February 24th 2016

    Ok :)

    Thursday, March 3rd 2016

Hi Adam! I have a question.

“My assistant came 10 minutes later”
Is it really independent sentence? Ten minutes later than what?

Friday, February 26th 2016

    Hi Taus,

    Later is not correct here. Late would be ok.

    Thursday, March 3rd 2016

Hi,Teacher I have currently joined engvid and am quite impressed by your style of teaching u really teach very good.This lesson was rather mind spinning i heard it thrice but am still confused specially in compound complex sentences.Even i got only 30 out of 100 in its quiz thats quite desperate please make it more clear.Thanks

Friday, February 26th 2016

    Hi Eichi,


    Yes, I will look at each clause type separately in other videos.

    Thursday, March 3rd 2016

      Thank you so much teacher.

      Friday, March 4th 2016

Thought I knew everything until this lesson! I had 100 out of 100 on English exam on the college where I’m studying Technical sciences, but this quiz ruined my life, hahaha. Still have a long way to go, and that’s exactly what makes English more interesting, no matter how far you progress, there are many more things to be learned. Thanks, Adam, we expect a new video from you. Regards.

Friday, February 26th 2016

Hi, Adam! Thank you for this lesson. You are right about the dificulties with Sentence types, but now I can easily recognize them;) I scored 9 out of 10 points:-) It’s always pleasant to watch you videos! Thanks again:-)

Sunday, February 28th 2016

Hello Adam, thanks a lot. My results 7 of 10.

Wednesday, March 9th 2016

Hi, Adam!! in a video class you said that compound+complex cls. has 2 or more ind. cls. + 1 or more dep. cls., but in a quiz 8 we have 1 ind. cls. + 2 dep. cls. as a compound+complex. How could explain this case? Thankful for your attention!!!

Wednesday, March 9th 2016

Hi Adam
When I have learnt about Present continuous tense, I heard the teacher said one of its usages was talking about a plan in future. And when I have learnt about “be going to” I saw it have the same usage. So could you tell me the different between them?
Thank you very much!

Saturday, March 12th 2016

Hello, Adam!
You’re such as great teacher!
Honestly, I didn’t underestand anything from this lesson.
Whats the best way to learn this rules?

All the best,


Saturday, March 12th 2016

Hi Adam. In example of compound sentences you put a comma before “and” and “But” but not before “so”. Can you explain why?

Monday, March 14th 2016

1. This lesson is a nightmare.
2. I got 70/100:
3. You are great!!!
Thanks a lot!

Tuesday, March 15th 2016

Thank for lesson. I didn´t found big difficult but I think is important practice for a good writing.

It´s a nice idea, is it?

Saturday, March 19th 2016

Thank for lesson. I didn´t found big difficult but I think is important practice for a good writing.

Saturday, March 19th 2016

Thanks for helping us you are so good teacher and you are all angels :)
I wish we could have check botton or something like for lessons we watched that we could click on it so it would not necassary to think where we were.

Sunday, March 20th 2016

hi sir…
if we through something to hurt a person, or to hit anything… then what preposition are the best
as i throw a stone_____him? (on-at-in)…

Sunday, March 20th 2016

    At him, to me……

    Sunday, May 1st 2016

Very good teacher thanks alot

Tuesday, March 22nd 2016

Adam, thank you for this lesson.

Wednesday, March 23rd 2016

Thank you

Wednesday, March 23rd 2016

This lesson is very useful specially for ielts writing task 2, excellent, thanks.

Wednesday, March 23rd 2016

Thanks sir Adam. I have watched a lot of video lessons you created. I am thankful of you, because I got too much from you. Hope, you continue making video lessons and teaching English.

Sunday, April 3rd 2016

Sorry, our videos are only available on Youtube. Our teachers make money off Youtube ads, which is why we can keep our lessons free. We hope you understand.

Monday, April 4th 2016

Thank you sir Adam for a great lesson. You explained it very well and so simple.Though, I struggled a lot in the quiz. The questions were so tricky that caused me to spend a couple of minutes in most. I only got 4, my God!hehehe. But it’s ok! I just need study and practice more to get the grasp of it and hopefully I improve.Godless!

Friday, April 8th 2016

Sir, may I also suggest if you can make a video lessons for each: Conjunctions, Prepositions, Phrases, and Determiners/Modifiers in general(definition,types,few e.g ) because I’m quite confused with them. Thanks a lot sir!

Friday, April 8th 2016

I took the quiz and received a 6 out of 10… ;( Can someone help me through number 4 and 5?
4. Regardless of his intentions, what James did constitutes a crime.
Can someone identify the independent and dependent clause in this sentence?
5. The doctor advised Heather to either increase her intake of essential nutrients with vitamin supplements, or risk the health of her unborn baby.
What makes this a simple sentence?
Thank you in advance!

Tuesday, April 12th 2016

    4. Regardless of his intentions, what James did constitutes a crime.

    simple sentence:
    S: what James did —noun clause as subject to constitutes.
    o: what—conjunction =object of did verb
    s: James—subject
    vt: did—verb
    Vt : constitutes—main verb
    O: a crime—object of main verb

    5. The doctor advised Heather to either increase her intake of essential nutrients with vitamin supplements, or risk the health of her unborn baby.

    simple sentence:
    S: The doctor
    Vt: advised
    O: Heather
    complement: compound infinitive —to either increase …,or risk the health…
    (taking out ‘to’ from ‘to risk’ for short)

    coordinating conjunction—‘or’
    connecting infinitive 1. to either increase …
    2. ‘to’ risk the health…..

    Wednesday, October 5th 2016

      Hi minionreenie,
      All is my mistake.I am sorry!

      ‘4. Regardless of his intentions, what James did constitutes a crime.’
      should be a complex sentence.

      independent clause
      S: what James did —dependent clause (noun clause) as subject to
      o: what—conjunction =object of did verb
      s: James—subject
      vt: did—verb
      Vt : constitutes—main verb
      O: a crime—object of main verb

      Thursday, October 6th 2016

Hi Adam;
I have a question in the quiz, for fifth one. It is used “or”, and it is an coordinating conjunction. Even if it is coordinating conjunction, is it needed to use tense verb? Thanks in advance.

Monday, April 18th 2016

Thanks Adam for the great lesson.

Wednesday, April 27th 2016

you’re welcome dear… and feel free to ask about any thing…

Tuesday, May 3rd 2016

Hello Adam. Thanks for lesson. I have two big problems with these kind of sentence, so can you advice me something which can solve my problems. I will very thankful. First, it is that i always forget about dependent clauses whatever they are adv clauses, adj clauses, noun clauses and that clauses in most cases. Another problem is that i love to make compound-complex sentences, and it is obvious that i do them wrong because i lose the order of sentence in which they should come right. Please help me because i have very little time before i will get the IELTS exam. I will wait your tips as soon as you can write them. Thanks again!

Friday, May 6th 2016

Hi Adam!

Help me please! I didn’t understand the structure of last sentence. I was taught that one sentence couldn’t contain both tenses Past and Future. In one sentence can be only one tense or Present and Future together. Can you explain me this grammar or advise some video lessons about this topic. Thaks a lot!

Saturday, May 7th 2016

    really it’s a little bit confusing issue

    Thursday, June 23rd 2016

Hi, I got 6 of 10, I love the way you explain, I passed the CANTest at speaking, reading and listening, writing is my problem I will use your videos a lot to study, thanks for sharing.

Tuesday, May 10th 2016

I got 8 out of 10. Thanks Adam!

Thursday, May 19th 2016

Hi Adam!I have one question.In this video you tell about the ,so’ you said it is compound conjungtion not adverbial conjunction.I couldn’t find someting about adverbial and compound conjungtion.On your site ,,Writetotop.com” too.What it’s adverbial and compound conjungtion.Thanks.

Thursday, May 19th 2016

Hello, Adam. Thank you for your work because it’s truly the best lesson I’ve ever taken on Engvid.com. Although I only got 6 out of 10, I still enjoyed it very much. Hopefully, in the future, I can distinguish between complex sentences and complex-compound ones better.

Tuesday, May 24th 2016

you are great , but, I need studied more

Tuesday, June 7th 2016

thank you ,you are great , but I need study more

Tuesday, June 7th 2016

Hi Adam,

My score is 9 out of 10 and the only incorrect answer is of this question “Regardless of his intentions, what James did constitutes a crime.”
Is “What James did” a noun clause and the subject of the independent clause? Thanks in advance.

Sunday, June 12th 2016

Adamsın sen Adam. Meaning ( You are my marvellous man ) :)

Monday, June 20th 2016

I like this lesson and Quiz, which help me understand many different English sentences styles! Thank you Adam!

Tuesday, June 21st 2016

a complex lesson

Thursday, June 23rd 2016

hi :) im confused. what if the dependent clause is part of a sentence for example: What he did made a problem for his family.
what he did is a dependent clause isn’t it? how about made a problem for his family. this one is not a clause. and what he did is the subject of the sentence

Saturday, June 25th 2016

    another example: I met the boy who had helped me. who had helped me is an adjective clause right? but i search to the net that for me to distinguish the difference between the phrase and a clause; a clause has a subject and a verb unlike a phrase which doesnt have a noun but it has a verb and vice versa

    Saturday, June 25th 2016

Hello,Adam.I want to improve my English in listening.Can you give me some suggestions?

Sunday, June 26th 2016

OMG! It’s the most difficult class I’ve ever taken, I’m not even ready for doing the quiz. Perhaps, my English is not that advanced yet.

Saturday, July 2nd 2016

hi Adam sir,,, how are you…
i want to know that can we call tobe verbs( is am are was were etc…) tobe tense
a tense refferes to the time present, past or future so do these verbs… but the only differnce is that they don’t give any action… but they too refer to the time present past and future…
so please let me know the correct and reasonable idea… about it… thanks

Sunday, July 3rd 2016

‘But’ isn’t a subordinate conjunction of concession(adverbial clause which is a dependendent clause)?

Friday, July 8th 2016

8. Phil organized the meeting /while Jan took care of the catering, /which turned out to be the most memorable part of the afternoon./

Independent cl.+adv.cl.of time+noun cl.(situation)

Is this correct?

Friday, July 8th 2016

Only 50 ….It was difficult

Tuesday, July 12th 2016

Thanks very much dear Adam!So intresting!

Saturday, July 23rd 2016

Hello, Adam! Could you please explain why “Regardless of his intentions, what James did constitutes a crime.”is complex?
And why this one “Even with the weather being that nasty, the couple and their families decided to go ahead with the wedding as planned.” is simple?
what James did – verb, constitutes – verb, a crime – object. Or am I wrong?

Tuesday, July 26th 2016

    Sorry, problem is solved! :)

    Tuesday, July 26th 2016

Hello from Russia, Adam:) Your lessons really help me so much. i’m gonna try to improve my English with these video. Thanks a lot!

Tuesday, July 26th 2016

Hello Adam ! I want to learn conversion of simple, compound and complex sentence into each other. May you please help me out for this….. ?

Looking forwrd for your positive reply……

Thursday, July 28th 2016

Hi Adam. Can u post a lot more videos on grammar. The problem is that I am a fluent English speaker (in fact that is the only language I can speak clearly since I was 3). However, my grammar is not excellent. Please can u help me out?

Friday, July 29th 2016

BTW,I didn’t understand the second one, Adam. Please can u explain this to me?

Friday, July 29th 2016

You are great as always @dam, thx

Monday, August 1st 2016

you teach very nice adam ,how can i go all your lectures sequentially ??

Monday, August 15th 2016

Got 7 out of 10, perfect explantion for the whole lesson .

Sunday, August 21st 2016

difficult but greatt,,but in one mcq, conjunction ”and’ is uesd and aswer was simple . how it is??

Thursday, August 25th 2016

Hi this is the first time for me to visit this site
I really enjoyed teacher adem and his way in teaching

Saturday, September 3rd 2016

Hello, Adam! Thanks for your lesson! Could you please explain why you used “in” in your example “Layla studied biology in university”? I thought there should be used “at university”. Am I wrong? Thank you!

Tuesday, October 4th 2016

    hello adam
    would u explain the number 2.

    Sunday, November 13th 2016

hi adam u r really a good teacher

Thursday, October 6th 2016

Thank you

Wednesday, October 19th 2016

hi Adam, i have a doubt, when you spoke about compound and add more two independent clauses, in you example, you didn’t use common before “so”. Why? in that case is not necessary?…thanks

Wednesday, October 26th 2016

good experience

Sunday, October 30th 2016

Hi Adam do you have more exercises about this? you help me a lot, thankss and good page about how to learn english.

Monday, October 31st 2016

Hello Adam,

I love love love your videos. They are detailed, insightful, and thought-provoking. You are a very gifted, passionate, and knowledgeable.

I am a Native English speaker from the United States. I have stumbled on this book, Words on Words: A Dictionary for Writers and Others who Care about Words by the late John Brenner, a couple of years ago at the library of my alma mater: Florida Atlantic University. In a section of his book, he classifies five types of the sentences(the four we know): simple, compound, complex, compound-complex, and complex-complex sentence. That being said, I am happy to say that I now own a copy of the book, Words on Words written by the late John B. Bremner, which was extremely extremely affordable. I love his entry on sentences that I have decided to put the whole entry(including complex-complex sentence) here below and see what you think of it.This topic should be discussed,shared or spread in the grammar and linguistic communities and/or circles because I do believe that the late John Bremner has a very compelling case in introducing a complex-complex sentence. I say this because I have seen evidences of these types of sentences in books. I have always wanted to construct sentences like these. It is good to know that there is a name for such construction. It is safe to say that John Bremner was the only one(so far) to have identified it, described it and put it in his book. Almost all grammarians and linguists are not aware of this sentence construction or type. I can attest to that. Also, it does shed light on the fact that there is so much to learn about the grammar of the English language or any languages for that matter. I love it!!!

From John Bremner’s book:


A sentence is a grammatical unit that conveys a complete thought and contains a subject and a predicate, either or both of which may be understated but understood. Sentences are principally classified as simple, compound, complex, compound-complex, complex-complex. Thus:

-A simple sentence consists of one independent clause: “He knows almost nothing.”

-A compound sentence consists of two or more independent clauses connected by a coordinating conjunction: “He knows almost nothing and he doesn’t want to study.” and “He knows almost nothing and he doesn’t want to study but he may change.”

-A complex sentence consists of an independent clause and one or more dependent clauses: “He knows almost nothing because he refuses to study.” and “Because he refuses to study, he doesn’t know he should.”

-A compound-complex sentence consists of two or independent clauses and one or more dependent clauses: “He knows that he should study but he doesn’t want to.” and “He knows that he should study but he doesn’t think that he has a chance of passing.”

-A complex-complex sentence consists of an independent clause and a dependent clause that is subordinate to another dependent clause: “He got mad when I told him that he should study.”

Before I had this book in my possession, I attempted to create a complex-complex sentence and here is what I came up with: “Now, the popular kids were pursuing those that once pursued them that they had rejected in the past.”

I ran this sentence by people who are grammar experts like you, Nancy Sullivan, who is the author of Essential Grammar, who said that the second dependent clause of my sentence”that they had rejected in the past” was awkward because she was trying to figure out which clause it was modifying. She created her own version: “Now, the boy was buying cars that needed parts that were difficult to find.”
And Diane Larsen-Freeman, who is one of the co-authors of the book, The Grammar Book. She too constructed her on her own complex-complex sentence: “The thief stole the car that was parked near the stadium where the World Series is being played.
I also saw another example of a complex-complex sentence from another forum: “The man who saw the horse that was grazing in the field was sitting on the fence that enclosed the farm.”

I want to know what you think of this and is it possible for you to create your own complex-complex sentence based on your understanding of it?

Also, What about a complex-complex in the negative, interrogative, imperative, and exclamative?

By the way, speaking of sentences, is sentence “type” associated with structure(simple, compound, complex, etc)? Is sentence “kind” associated with purpose(declarative, interrogative, imperative, exclamative, etc)? Or can both “type” and “kind” be used interchangeably? There is some confusion with the terminology.

Sorry for the barrage of questions! I just love sentences. Also, feel free to share this with other people.

Let me know what you think.

I hope you make a video on this topic or update the one dealing the types of sentences.

Friday, November 4th 2016

    I’m waiting for his reply.

    Thursday, August 23rd 2018

Hi Adam! what an interesting lesson about different types of clauses!
It’s really useful for me to improve my writing skill!
Thank you very very much my dear teacher <3

Monday, November 7th 2016

Wow! 10/10! it has worked very well. Cordial gratitude, Adam.

Monday, November 14th 2016

Hello Adam:

It’s so embarrassing for me but, I can’t get the meaning of clauses, so I can’t understand the lesson… can you splain me… please.

Thanks :)

Thursday, November 17th 2016

HI Adam, I’m little confuse about the question no.5, isn’t the or a conjunction? If yes, it wouldn’t be compound sentence?

Monday, November 21st 2016

Thank you, Adam! 2 correct out of 10, poor score. I am disappointed!

Monday, December 12th 2016

Hi Adam! I want to thank you for all gold information you’re sharing with us, I’m learning a lot. I have seen twice the same lessons to understand the complexity of English grammar which is hard to get in.
Hopefully I’m doing IELTS this year and I’m so grateful with you because this info is not often given to english students or in the best case you need to pay good money to get it.
Blessings and Regards!!

Tuesday, January 3rd 2017

Hi Adam Thank you so much , i have aquestion for you , i will be very happy if you can answer my question . i know that the noun clause function as subject , object , or complement . but when it function as an appositive . thanks in advance

Thursday, January 5th 2017

Hello, In reference to the following sentence from the test:

Because of the poor weather, and despite the fact that no one really minded getting wet, the concert was postponed and all ticket holders were given vouchers that they could use either to get a refund or to exchange for the rescheduled performance date.

Why isn’t there a comma between: …the concert was postponed, and all ticket holders were given vouchers…

Look forward to your response.

Friday, January 6th 2017

I got all of them correct but why I still unable to make may sentences ??? :(

Tuesday, January 17th 2017

Hi Adam, your teaching the sentence type was grate. It was so useful for me. I did the quiz and got 70. Is it a good score? Thanks.

Wednesday, January 25th 2017

Hi !!!! The quiz was very interesting and I have learnt a lot. Thank you so much for this lesson.
Moreover your teaching style is up to the mark. :)

Wednesday, February 8th 2017

how can we improve?

Step wise process to meet the ielts grammatical structure, please guide. {is it a complex structure sentence}

Monday, February 13th 2017

I can’t get the quiz why?!!!!

Monday, February 13th 2017

than you Adam , thank you so much.

Tuesday, February 28th 2017

Hi Adam! Can you please tell me on how I can easily say if what the sentence is? I get very confused sometimes…

Sunday, March 12th 2017

Hi Adam, I have a question about, monosyllabic adjective how it is formed and why it cannot be changed like the normal comparative and superlative adjective?

Thursday, March 16th 2017

Hi adam this lesson was quite difficult for me can you simplify it more furthermore​ i need to improve my eng speaking skills i get hesitate when it comes to speaking

Friday, March 17th 2017

I have a question .. some of the words that you say it does not find her Oxford dictionary … What is your opinion a good dictionary ….
Sorry I do not speak English well

Friday, March 17th 2017

my godness!!!!What a topic!!! Is it ok if I say that I simple sentence is SUBJECT + VERB + COMPLEMENT ?

Tuesday, April 4th 2017

Hi sir, can you please make a video on how do I solve the excercises and MCQ if this transformation of the sentences comes in the competitive exams ?

Saturday, April 8th 2017

Why my comment has not been approved by your team as yet ? :(

Saturday, April 8th 2017

    First-time commenters need their comments manually approved! I’ve just approved it, and your comments should show up right away now.

    Sunday, April 9th 2017

Hi Adam,
I scored 5/10. It’s not that good but progressing for me as this was my first time.I learnt a lot from your teaching and I very well understand what you teach.thank you for an amazing lesson.

Monday, April 10th 2017

Hi Teacher! Thank You very much for the lesson, but I don’t quite uderstand that type of a sentence:”Regardless of his intentions, what James did constitutes a crime”.Why – constitutes, not – costituted?

Saturday, April 22nd 2017

    That’s a good question! Both are correct, but have slightly different meanings. “Constituted” could be taken to mean “what James did used to be a crime, but now it is legal”.

    Monday, April 24th 2017

Hi, Adam
the lesson was very simple and easy but the quiz was hard and difficult. I hope that you can display more examples.

Sunday, April 23rd 2017

Very-very-very enjoyable lesson! Thank you very mach, Adam! Brief and sensible in every word. And, of cause, all these questions! There were two of them really hard for undestending. Only after I have read the comments when I get it.

Sunday, April 30th 2017

Thank you very much for this lesson.
The quiz was very hard; however, I made 5 corrections.

I’ll be working on this lesson until I feel comfortable. Many thanks,

Saturday, May 20th 2017

Hi adam
I got 7/10,
I have a question what is difference between present participle and past participle which starts in the beginning i.e
1. Providing the correct information, I went to..
2. Provided the correct information, I went to…

Monday, June 26th 2017

    1. It can be said that:
    I provided somebody with the correct information, than I went…
    2. It can be said that:
    I was provided with the correct information, than I went…

    Friday, July 21st 2017


      Friday, July 21st 2017

it is difficult

Thursday, July 20th 2017

If I took this quiz before watching the lesson, I would get a 4 or a 5 grade, but having watched the video I easily got 9 (the teachers and what they need to undertake and meet, were a little bit tricky).
Adam, your explanations are brilliant.

Friday, July 21st 2017

hey adam just loved the quiz.
could you do more of this kind.

Tuesday, August 8th 2017

Thanks a lot Adam

Friday, August 11th 2017

Thanks a lot teacher Adem; you taught well. I love your teaching.
I am little confused in usage of comma.
Here are two sentences. And I don’t know in what since the comma was used in the second sentence. Please help me in this the necessity of using comma in that sentence.

1) Ignesious took his television set off its table and put it down on the ground so that it would not fall and break.
2) In the chaos and confusion, two of his children caught hold of their mother’s father and mother’s brother, and rushed in the opposite direction.

Thursday, August 17th 2017

I did not get the answer for my question

Friday, September 1st 2017

You are an excellent teacher; I’m about to take a TOEFL test, my English Gramma is better than before after I watched your video. <3 Thanks a lot, teacher Adem!

Sunday, September 3rd 2017

I still got confused between the complex sentence and compound complex sentence, but thank you for your wonderful video. It helps me a lot.

Monday, September 11th 2017

Amazing job. Thank you, Adam.

Sunday, September 24th 2017

Hi Adam. Thank you very much. I know this comment is irrelevant to this video, but may I ask you to make a video about the most practical collocations we need to know for IELTS in more detail? I’ll appreciate that.

Sunday, September 24th 2017

By the way, I got 70 out of 100, which is terrible I guess.

Sunday, September 24th 2017

Hello, Adam!
Thank’s a lot for your most natural explanation of, I think, this problematic topic in the English grammar. All things are clear, but the students need to know the grammar terminology like ‘tense verb.’
Best wishes!

Thursday, October 5th 2017

Hello Adam
i can’t understand Direct Clause and Indirect Clause
please help me
thank you

Monday, October 23rd 2017

Thank. I got 9.

Thursday, October 26th 2017

Hi, Adam. Thanks for the the lesson and the quiz. My comprehension is that a subject of an independent clause doesn’t start with a conjunction, is this correct?

Monday, November 6th 2017

Very useful lesson. Thanks. 10/10.I am becoming a pro gradually.

Wednesday, November 29th 2017

Hi Mr Adam,
Could you please clarify the noun clauses in the 2 question?

Friday, December 29th 2017

According to cambridge dictionary- In order to is a subordinating conjunction.

We use in order to with an infinitive form of a verb to express the purpose of something. It introduces a subordinate clause. It is more common in writing than in speaking:

[main clause]
Mrs Weaver had to work full-time

[subordinate clause]
in order to earn a living for herself and her family of five children
But why is IN ORDER TO a conjunction?
We can simply say–
Mrs Weaver had to work full time to earn a living for herself and her family of five children.Does ‘in order to’join here?

Sunday, December 31st 2017

Hello! Adam, I got a mistake at NO.8 question. Well,the answer is compound-compelex, but the sentence has 1 independent clause, 2 dependent clauses ,it should be a complex sentence,righ?

Saturday, January 6th 2018

Thank you for your time and consideration and I look forward to hearing from you soon

Tuesday, March 6th 2018

Adam, I think there are two independent clauses here: The doctor advised Heather to either increase her intake of essential nutrients with vitamin supplements, or risk the health of her unborn baby.

1. The doctor advise Heather…
2. or risk the health…
there are two independents alternatives

Wednesday, March 14th 2018

ya ya ya I got 10 out of 10 ..

Wednesday, March 21st 2018

Thank Adam !

This video is really helpful for me more understanding about the complex and compound sentences which is in order to get band 7 in IELTS.

It is help for my both writing and speaking as well.

I scored 8 out of 10 in the quiz ! I feel surprise and get incentive to learn English in order to improve my language skills instead of exam skills.

Saturday, March 31st 2018

hey Adam
“Regardless of his intentions, what James did constitutes a crime”
how is this a complex sentence?
where is the subject of the dependent clause?

Wednesday, April 4th 2018

    don’t worry, I figured it out

    Wednesday, April 4th 2018

thank you very much Adam for advices to other listeners they are helpful for everyone

Friday, April 13th 2018

Hey Adam….I m xyz@ from india…as u know here in india ,it’s very difficult to speak English but I have taken an initiative to speak it fluently…can u help me with that…..
Besides I couldn’t understand sentence on basis of structure.so I would request to help me…
Actually I am so confused about compound and complex sentences…they appear to be almost same…..is it on the basis of conjunction(coordinate ,subordinate)that we decide whether the sentence is compound or complex..

Tuesday, May 15th 2018

sir i have a question . in quiz i selected following sentence as simple but the correct answer was complex:

“Regardless of his intentions, what James did constitutes a crime.”

This is my understanding so far.
S – what James did
V – constitutes
O – a crime

can you little bit explain why is it complex type ?

Monday, May 21st 2018

Adam you are great teacher

Wednesday, May 23rd 2018

Thank you, ADAM TEACHER.

Wednesday, May 30th 2018

Adam, please, tell me why in the third sentence of the quiz the right answer is simple sentence. I think “in order to” means “why” and therefore this sentence is complex type.

Sunday, July 8th 2018

Hi Adam. Thanks for your great videos. can you explain number 10 in quiz? I don’t understand it!

Wednesday, July 11th 2018

Hi Adam, although I watched your lesson twiced, I couldn’t answer quizz well. I got 4 out of 10. 😕

Monday, July 16th 2018

I was not able to distinguish sentences structures when I was a student, but I get better after this lesson even though I didn’t get full marks.


Thursday, August 23rd 2018

Hello Adam,
Thank you so much for such a wonderful explanation!
But why is ”Regardless of his intentions” is considered as a dependent clause and not a phrase, even though there is no subject and verb there ?

Friday, August 24th 2018

Hi Adam sir.
hope you fine and doing will so sir i have a lot of problem with the grammar from where i start at began er gave me idea thanks?

Saturday, September 29th 2018

You a great teacher, and this particular lesson is a textbook lesson. thank You!

Monday, October 15th 2018

Hi Adam.. you are a great teacher.This is my first time with this site but I got 4 out of 10 and I don’t have any idea how to improve …..Tell me what shold I do to improve

Tuesday, October 16th 2018

Hi Adam, “Even with the weather being nasty, the Family decided to go ahead with the wedding as planned”. Why is it be the simple sentence. Is “Even with the weather being nasty” the subject and verb with dependent clause which is why it is complex sentence? Please clarify this!

Saturday, November 3rd 2018

I need to learn more about clauses

Saturday, November 17th 2018

Hii Adam,I have got only 5 out of 10 only. How can I improve it?😢😢

Tuesday, November 20th 2018

It is the most hardest quiz,I had ever taken at Engvid,still got 80%.My teacher told us a simple way to identify compound sentences by “BOY FANS”Rule which means–b for but,o for or,y for yet,for for”for”,a for and,n for neither ans s for so.Others are same as you told.Stupendous effort.Love from pakistan to you and all engvid team.Regards

Thursday, January 17th 2019

Hi, Adam, thank you for the lesson:) I still have one question:
Does it mean that “Weather you agree with me or not makes little difference to our investors. ” (I mean this particular shortened version ) is a complex sentence, because of the noun phrase serving as subject? Do verb phrases make sentences complex automatically?

Sunday, February 24th 2019

Hi Adam, nice video, but I still don’t get the part that you said at the end of the video, what is compound complex conjunction?

Sunday, March 10th 2019

Hi Adam,
It is little bit hard to me. I will try to re-watch the lecture to distinguish which is simple, compound, or complex sentence.
Thank you very much./.


Monday, March 25th 2019

Hi Adam, Thanks for your effects, I’m From Jordan and I study Literature, In Syntax Lessons, I always misunderstand the functions of the dependent clause.
I don’t know up until now how to recognize the functions.
I will give you an example,
That John passed the exam, pleased me.
this sentence functions as what ??
I hope that you understood my question
thank a lot

Monday, May 6th 2019

I am not sure that “my assistant came 10 min. later” is an independent clause? Later than what? Could you please justify?

Saturday, May 18th 2019

100% but still confusing, thanks Adam.

Wednesday, May 22nd 2019

Thanks sir,i secured 6 of 10,can you plz split and elaborate the sentence#2 and 10.

Saturday, July 20th 2019

I still get confused.

Tuesday, July 23rd 2019

Thank Adam. Your grammar lesson are so very marvellous, precious. I am learning a lots on how writing very well. Grazie!<3.

Wednesday, October 2nd 2019

Hi adam have a good day, these lesson it is so difficult for me but i need to know how to recognize every sentence and how to understand them because it has so important

Wednesday, October 16th 2019

Hi adam have a good day, thank you very much these lesson.

Wednesday, October 16th 2019

Thank you Adam
I got 100%
Thanks.I understand you very well.😀

Friday, October 18th 2019

Hai adam, thank you for your materi its so simple to understand for me. And im from Indonesia.

Tuesday, October 29th 2019

Dear Tutor, I have questions.

Whether you agree with me or not makes little difference to our investors, who,by the way,are the ones most affected by whatever mistakes we make

Whether you agree with me or not subject and understood

is this possible I put that in front of “makes” such as makes that little difference to our investors?Also, will ” little difference to our investors” be considered the object of “makes”?

Thursday, November 21st 2019

Hi Adam and thanks for your great video (as always). As you said, for type three sentences, we need to have 1 ind cl. + 2 or more ind cls. In the following example given in the video, which one is the independent one? I’m doubtful because IMO ind cl. all have incomplete meanings. Here is your sentence:

“Whether you agree with me or not makes little difference to our investors, who, by the way, are the ones most affected by whatever mistakes we make.”

I think “you agree with me” is the answer. If I’m right, isn’t it incomplete? A bit confused about that…

Thanks in advance

Tuesday, November 26th 2019

Hi Adam! Your lessons are great! While, I’m in a trouble understanding question3 in this quiz. The answers says that the sentence is a complex sentence, but I can’t figure out where are the dependent clauses. It seems to me that there are only some complements.

Friday, November 29th 2019

Hi Adam! Thanks for your lessons.it always inpires and motivates me to learn more information for understanding English,but from time to time I come across a small problem. When I’m going express my thoughts or feelings I often make grammatical errors in difficult sentences. What would you recommend me to improve my skill?

Tuesday, December 17th 2019

The country’s economy is growing but so too is inequality.
Adam can u help to transform it to complex. The ‘but so’ is confusing me.

Sunday, January 26th 2020

Hello teacher Adam I had really confuse and scared of that lesson I still try to understand but really I get stuck , thank you for all the work you have been done.

Monday, March 9th 2020

Hi Adam,

Could you please check if I´m thinking correctly.

once upon a time = adverbial phrase when?

in a land far, far away = adverbial phrase where?

a little girl = subject

wished = verb

for her wicked stepmother to be eaten = object of the verb

by (what?) the evil dwarves = object

(who were) inhabiting the nearby forest = adjective clause

It´s complex sentence because there is one independent clause and a dependente clause (adjective clause)

am I correct?

Thanks for your time,

Thursday, March 19th 2020

Hi Adam,

How´s it going?
Well, I´m back again.
Could you please check if my train of thoughts are OK?

many scientists believe = independent clause
(believe = intransitive verb when sb has a firm conviction or belief)

and = links one independent clause + a dependent clause

many politicians = subject

agree = verb

their assessment – object of the verb

that climate change will have a major effect on the economy. = dependent clause – adjective clause (giving more information about ´assessment´)

we have one independent clause + dependent clause so it´s a complex sentence.

Thursday, March 19th 2020

I would like to know if my sentence is correct or not.

John went to work by car because he lives far away, but he also gave a ride to my friend, who don’t have a car.

Friday, March 27th 2020

40 / 100 :-/

Wednesday, April 15th 2020

i got 3 10

Tuesday, May 5th 2020

Hello, Adam. Please, help. I cannot find the rule that “attendance” and “dropping off” are combined in the next sentence.
“Even before this, I’d worried about our church attendance dropping off.”
I guess that “attendance dropping off” is a Dependent object Clauses. But I don’t understand how gerund is used without the verb “be”.Please write what kind of video to watch if possible.

Sunday, May 31st 2020

    Perhaps it is an identifying adjective clause.
    “Even before this, I’d worried about our church attendance(that is\which is)dropping off.” Is it correct?

    Monday, June 1st 2020

      But maybe that is an adjective phase.

      Monday, June 1st 2020

        If that is an adjective phrase, then what is this?
        “I don’t care about her being Japanese”
        Is it the same thing that “I don’t care that she is Japanese”?

        Wednesday, June 10th 2020

Hi Adam. It was awesome. Thanks for all the effort and energy you put here for explaining grammar clearly and with good examples.

Monday, June 22nd 2020

I have got 50% marks only :( I need more questions to practice about this topic. Can u plz help me!

Monday, June 29th 2020

Leave a Comment