-ingcan be verbs, nouns, adjectives, or adverbs. Understanding the function of a word will help you decide whether it should end in
-ingor not. In this lesson, I will teach you about the different uses of
-ingwords, and about their functions within sentences. By the end of the video, you will have a much better understanding of
-ingwords and will be able to form proper sentences with them. After watching, try my quiz to make sure you’ve understood everything.
I got a Very poor marks 33% ?? . But i wanted to say ;adam your effort is so remarkable. You have chosen a highly important topic for us. I really needed that. Thanks for teaching! ☺
You got 2 correct out of 9.
Thank you for your lesson, Adam. I have a question about using gerund and participle form as an adjective. “Wish you a blessed day” and “Wish you a blessing day”, which way is correct? I’m looking for your reply. Have fun!
It’s “Wish you a blessed day” — a day that is blessed.
There is a lesson on participles coming ;)
I totally agree with Anne. Adam’s lessons are very advanced and we need to recall all his related previous lessons while watching one of them to understand completely because he has integrated them by linking information.
That’s right, Khalidqs–it’s all related at the end of the day.
3 &4 so difecalt for me
I didn’t see it coming ? Since joining the Engvid, I had never scored such a low point (3 out of 9)? Obviously, this is a little bit technical. Thank God you promise a separate lesson for participle verbs.
Still waiting for “embedded clauses” lesson in connection with Adverb Clauses lesson that was offered a while a go.
Thanks a lot for your efforts.
It will come, Abduldala3 ;)
I can’t detect even adjective and adverb in my native language
Same result, same native language, same problem =))
To tell you the truth, Brodjag, most native English speakers can’t do it in English either :) In fact, not many people think about the language they use; they just use it.
But we are non-native speakers not having the same amount of English in life. We should understand how sentences should be constructed.
It’s my worse mark since I began to learn on this site. Fortunatly, I understood the meaning of the phrases. I will really need to see this lesson again. Thanks Adam.
I got only 4 out of 9, which is one of my worst ever…
This lesson was so difficult that I couldn’t get good score. But I know we need to do something challenging to improve not only English but anything! No pain, no gain. Thank you.
Just can’t get it into my head! 3 out of 9, I’m going to cry for an hour! And as punishment I’ll start watching all the ‘beginning’ grammar again. It’s not you, Adam. I think it is my age and the fact that I’m a blonde (with too much grey nowadays)
I’m sorry. But I enjoyed reading your comment!! It’s my turn now. Praying!!
Not to worry, Tina. It’s not an easy topic. I’ll try to make a related video to ease everyone’s pain ;)
Hi Adam, today the lesson was hard; my calification was two of nine (Very bad)
Short term participles are difficult :'(
Hello Adam, thanks for sharing your valuable knowledge with us:
Can the example number 7 written as both:
A: (adjective clause) “The young star, who was feeling somewhat overwhelmed by all the attention he was receiving, decided to take a break and go back to his hotel room.”
B: (Adverb clause) “Because the young star was feeling somewhat overwhelmed by all the attention he was receiving, he decided to take a break and go back to his hotel room.”
Yes, technically it can be either one. In most cases, though, assume the adjective first, and then the adverb. If you think of this as an adjective, it tells you something about him and the ‘because’ is implied, so you can get both meanings across.
Hope this helps.
i should admit , this lesson is difficult and confusing .I’ve got 2 out 9 !! what a shame heheh
anyway, thanks a lot Mr.Adam for your helping with us .
Would you mind me asking about the 8th sentence?
Why is there a “my asking” and not a “me asking”?
I thought it was like a complex object with that kind of verbs after which we put -ing form. For example, I see him entering the room.Or am I mixing something here?
I thought the same thing. It sounds incorrect.
Good question. Essentially, I am asking if you mind my action, not if you mind me.
In your example, I see him first. then I see him entering (i.e., his action). If you apply the same thinking to do you mind? then you mind me first, not my action.
Does this make sense?
it’s so confused lesson, I can’t answer the questions, can you please mr\Adam repeat this lesson using an easier way.
I’ll see what I can do Ammar.
2/9 :( Sad…
Thank you very much Adam. Interesting (and difficult) lesson.
Thank you for lesson, you always work with very difficult themes.
I would like to ask you a questions.
What is the function of the “have” word in the following sentence?
“I have done many exercises.”
Can we separate “Having submitted” оr perfect gerund is unseparable?
In that sentence Have is an Auxiliary verb and together with the Past Participle of GO, forms The Present Perfect of the verb “To Go”. Ciao
My question wasn’t correct))) In the example “Having submitted his report, …” “Having submitted” is participle 1 (not perfect gerund) and its function in the sentence is adverbial modifier.
Firstly, Byte answered correctly the first questions. As far as “having submitted”, this is a perfect participle, meaning the first action was completed before the second action started. To extend, you can say After he had submitted his report, he took the rest of the day off.
The most common reduction is of the conjunction ‘after’ though you can use it for because,as, etc to show a relationship of cause and effect:
Having failed to secure admittance to the college for a third semester in a row, Tom finally decided to give up on college altogether and look for a job. (as he had failed…)
Does this help?
how to use going to be sir plz
Going to be is a future simple tense. It means the situation is definite (I am going to be at the theater at 5).
Does this help?
how to use -going to be —
Only 4 correct. I thought I was much better.
Hello, you are the first person from the Czech Rep. that I meet here ;-)
That’s embarrassing. I got only 4 out of 9. The worst result I’ve ever had… But the lesson was great, as always.
You know, you took only 8 minutes and 26 seconds to teach us, but conversely, for me, I have to review this lesson and practice it, again and again, many times.
Honestly, This is a first time I learn about the functions of “ing” words. It’s quite complicated to understand.
Up to now, After learning this lesson and doing the quiz carefully many times, I really understood now. So, wanting to get more and make sure not to be confusing as well because of the “ing” words I should continue learning more many many times their functioning’s words.
Many thanks for this great, difficult, helpful and interesting lesson.
One more time, I’d like to say You made my day, Adam. :)
Thank you Chloe :) You just made mine.
thank you very much
Once, I’ve heard we can only use gerund in a phrase if we don’t use infinitive in the same. And when we have 2 verbs together side by side we use gerund in the second one. Is it right?
I’m not entirely sure what you mean, but you can use an -ing participle or gerund followed by an infinite verb. (We all agreed that stopping to ask for directions would be a good idea considering how lost we were.; Wanting to do well on his test, Jack skipped the party to study all night.)
Does this help?
I’ve got 33% :( My worst result for all time on this site.
It’s fascinating. I hadn’t been sure in anything before I passed the quiz. However, I hit the jackpot! Thank you for your effort and commitment, Adam.
Having done the test, I decided to do it over.
Watching Adam’s lessons is a piece of cake.
Explaining grammar rules, Adam was perfect.I’m going to do it in the morning.
Did I cover all the ~ing cases?
;) good job Nataanna.
thanks Adam for this lesson but it was hard lesson
This concept is not clear enough to build sentences with it because you can change the order of the words in the sentence without finding out their meaning, furthermore, it’s relative or subjective to understand the keyword, as more I am thinking about its meaning as more I am doubting about it. In fact, you can express an idea that maybe confused depending on what you are thinking about, you want to tell a story that we can misunderstand if there aren’t very clear rules on it, and I think this is the case of very complex rules to follow, but anyway we have to afford with these types of sentences sometimes and we have to be ready to understand them. Thanks a lot, teacher Adam, this lesson has been a word-twister more than a tongue-twister.
Doing the questionary twice I was failed only in the noun (gerund) sentences 3 and 7 because I thought in “his good, gladness and joy summer vacation” in 3 (adjective) and in “As you haven’t wanted enough to succeed,…” in 7 (adverb), then its meaning is relative. It generates many doubts and confusion, it depends on what you want to explain.
You’re absolutely tight. A good writer will do his/her best to make sure the reader doesn’t need to guess, but at the same time, it’s nice to know that you have a toolbox full of structures to use to make your writing more interesting. :)
Hi Adam. I’m sad. The quiz was all Greek to me. I got only 44. I’ll make a review on this topic. Thanks!
Hi Adam.I’m very bad on grammar?? tell me what am do of that thinks? Help me please.????
The key is to start at the beginning and learn the basics, then work your way up to more complicated structures and rules. It’s just a matter of time, patience, and practice. You’ll get there.
how should we start from the beginning?
Start with basic sentences, get to know the verb forms, what is a subject, object, what is a clause, etc. Once you have the foundation, you can move on to more complicated grammar points. The main thing is to build vocabulary. Without words, grammar means nothing ;)
could you please tell or guide me the best way to learn
You should probably start with a good basic grammar book and follow its course.
Hello Adam , hello everybody .
Definitely difficult !
Is it quite English to say “Alex couldn’t help feeling a little guilty for he was enjoying his summer vacation while his friends were stuck in summer school” ?
Quite English, yes, Tsamp :)
(Alex couldn’t help feeling a little guilty for enjoying his summer vacation while his friends were stuck in summer school– more common).
Very useful topic for reading.But I even can’t recall all this stuff on my own language , so I’m gone to read .
Very useful but difficult. Thanks Adam.
5 out of 9.
Adjectives and Adverbs are much harder to identify than Verbs and Nouns
That’s probably true Rafwill :)
Unfortunately, I got 4 of 9. I think we need to understand Adverb how it comes in a sentence, elaborating what???
An adverb modifies a verb, an adjective, other adverbs, or whole clauses. I’ll make a lesson about adverbs only.
OMG! I got only 44 :).Shame on me. It is the worst marks I ever got since I joined EngVid.What an awful lesson it was.To be honest there was nothing in my mind even after watching the video thrice.Such a difficult topic,that’s why I always detest clauses.I think I won’t ever be able to learn it with my this small brain.But it’s a relief that today almost everyone is mourning here, I thought I am the only thick headed.Teacher please do something.The lesson was really Greek to all of us.
No worries Eichi. I see it was quite difficult, so I’ll figure out a way to make this easier.
I think the problem is we can’t see difference between adverb participle and adjective participle. They are very similar, Adam help us, pleaase :D
That is indeed the problem, Hubert. I will rework this lesson and make it easier for everyone.
Waouh!!! I got 8 out of 9. That’s quite cool. Tkx Adam for such a critical and confusing topic.
In the question no. 6
Having submitted is perfect participle and participle is used as an adjective…
Almost correct, Jangidmahendra. It’s an adverb (After he had submitted his report…)
Make a video on
Perfect participle , perfect gerund and perfect Infinitive. And please tell me one thing
How to identify these ones in the given sentence?
I will get on that ;)
perfect participle acts as an adverb.
perfect gerund acts as an object (or part of a noun clause)
perfect Infinitive will look like a present perfect but ‘to’ before it.
Does this help?
Hi, thanks, one feedback, you are taking your class without roots (Basics), we the students are a mix of levels (no one have a perfect define level, we did approach the English in different ways, time and intensity, so no one knows his level by fact), the only fact is we want to improve or English; So I not want to be a English teacher not need high confuse grammar, my mistake follow teachers that put advanced classed very out of my league, your mistake make lessons for English teachers instead focus in English students.
BTW: Pointing to previous classes not help at the moment, thanks.
Great video, Adam. I just have one question about “ing” and “to”: what happen to the verbs that aren’t followed neither by “ing” nor by “to”?
I’m not sure what you mean. Most verbs are followed by objects or adverb phrases, not -ing or to.
Ah ah l had 1 to 9 awful.
If Adam sees my comment l’d really want a course about future continuous.
See you next time.
I’ll see what i can do, Fredojo :)
Use of ing form in English I think easy before this lesson but now I am confused.
Use of ing form in English I think easy before this lesson but now I am confused.
Adam sir need more vedios in this topic.
Will do, Sid ;)
i just have a doubt in the below sentence.
It is regrettable that a case relating to the promotion of communal disharmony, one that had a bearing on riots and reprisals in the following months, was mired in judicial stagnation and administrative apathy for a quarter century.
in the above sentence,one that had a bearing on riots and reprisals in the following months is acting as an adjective clause for noun CASE or it is acting as a noun clause.
could you please help me.
thanks in advance
Yes, it is an adjective clause to “one” and one refers to one “case”.
I think it is more easier to understand practicing, than watching grammar rules.
I got 2/9
Probably true, Miguelect. However, if you want to write well in English, or have to take a language test, then you need to know this stuff too.
Thank you for the lesson.
In your first example : “Wearing loose pants while riding a bicycle is dangerous”
I wonder, if as in portuguese, spanish or french we could use the verb in the infinitive with the same meaning. “To wear loose pants while riding a bicycle is dangerous”.
Yes, but it sounds more formal, less natural.
You could say it like that, but as the moderator says, it sounds unnatural.
That said, I will make a lesson about the difference between infinitive and gerund uses.
Yes, I agree with all the comments. the questions are bit difficult and confusing. It’s requires for us to study more on parts of speech.
Hi Adam, thanks for your lesson. I’ve got 4/9.I have a lot of doubts with this topic lesson. Would you tell me where can I get more examples and explanations?
You can get a good grammar book with exercises. I will also make another lesson about this to try to make it easier for everyone.
Thanks for your reply. At this moment, I am studying English and improving my skills for the IELTS test in 10 weeks from now. Do you offer some additional assessments such as video calls or writing essays corrections? Please let me know whether it is possible or not and the cost it could have.
Thank you very much
You can also visit my site (writetotop.com) and see some videos there as well.
I am currently not doing writing assessments, but will start again next month. you can find out more on my site then.
Wow very poor answer i got 1 out if 9
thanks very much, am going to redo it got 60
hello thank you for teaching. it was difficult lesson, today i got 33%
Adam, I never think when I use “ALWAYS” and “ALL THE TIME” about their interchangeability. You know I begin to doubt: “Am I using them right?”.
For instance I say: “I always watch TV in the evening” and ” I watch TV all the time”. Could you do a lesson or explain it to me when it is more correct to use “always” and when “all the time” and in which cases I can use both? Thank you.
I’ll do that Katrin. Just keep in mind that ‘all the time’ is mostly an expression of emphasis meaning ‘a lot’.
Thank you Adam. I will be waiting.
Adam, it seems to me for 5th question – adverb and adjective are both right answers.
Someone else mentioned this, and technically, you’re right. In most cases though, assume adjective first, because this tells you something about ‘him’ and implies the reason, so you can accomplish both.
Sorry for same question.
Hello Sir Adam, I want to improve my english language, Can you help me for that matters.
There are lots of videos here to help you do just that ;)
a trticky one! :-(
Adam,sorry,one question more. How to use the word “ethnic”,for instance when you wanna say that you
belong to some ethnicity of your country?(when you
live in a country with multiple nationalities)
It depends on what you’re trying to say. For example, a person can be Canadian (citizenship), but ethnically Chinese (heritage, race). You can also go out for ethnic food, but then you have to specify what type. Is this what you had in mind.
Yea, that’s right Adam. Thanks.
(- so I’m Canadian but ethnically French.)
You can also be French-Canadian, but here that would require extra explanation (i.e., not Quebecois)
Adam i wanna to talk with in alive chat …. i need your help
There are plenty of people here who be happy to talk with you. Send out an invitation to them ;)
Mr.Adam, actually you are a wonderful gift for the students , intelligent and creative . I really like your way of teaching and how to pass the information to the students. thank you for your kindly effort :)
Thank you Nashwan :)
I understand that this lesson was difficult. I will remake it in way that will be easier. Do keep in mind that you need to know the functions of adjectives and adverbs, and there is a lesson participles coming. Also, remember that this is a somewhat advanced lesson, so if you are still a beginner, don’t worry too much if it’s difficult for you. It will get easier with time.
My grammar not improving. T T
Now, I’m knowing more grammar :) #fighting!!!
Thank you teacher Mr.Adam
as it shows u’re very interactive on commenting so let me ask u a question if u don’t mind Mr.Adam
is it important for me as instructor to explain the four uses of gerund to my students in my classroom or just give them a random examples to let them getting it implicitly in unconscious way ? and thanks :D
Good question Minepower.
What is their (or your) objective? If they are beginners and learning to speak, this is not necessary (yet). If they are intermediate or advanced and want to read and/or write better, then yes, they need to know the uses. That said, you know your students better I do, so if you think they learn better by example, you can give them exercises, but at some point you can’t avoid a grammar lesson ;)
Hi Adam I want to know one thing that english poetry and novels are difficult to understand . We know all vocabulary. But it’s difficult to understand.
As far as poetry goes, even native speakers can;t easily understand what a poet is trying to express; it’s a very personal style of writing. In terms of novels, the writer doesn’t want to give you everything too easily because he/she wants you to get involved, to make an effort so that you are invested, so you need to dig a bit and find your way.
Also keep in mind, good writers know grammar very well, meaning they know how to play with it; sometimes the structures can be a bit confusing for nonnatives.
I can not see the video
Are you in China? YouTube is blocked there, so you might need a VPN.
thank you for your efforts
Hi Adam! Your lesson is helpful as always.
8/9 :) For the first time I didn`t understand the grammar but a bit later I realize that English and Russian (I`m Russian) grammar are very similar so it wasn`t difficult for me.
Thank you very much for your lesson!
My scores are 4/9 it not good for me. I will try to understand in this lesson better. Thank you Adam teacher. I love English language and this website is important for me.
And I apologies if some of my words or sentences are not correctly (my English language is not quite well) Please, teacher give your advice to me. Thank you so much.
OMG Adverb participle Adj participleee
Hi Adam Sir, how are you????
I am firoz from india. i want to speak english.
please help me…….
How are you???Adam
this was fantastic your effort was really good this is the right video for me nice tips by the way
I got 7 out of 10 0-0
Got 3/10.In all the other lessons I was getting almost all correct. Have to work on it.
You got 5 correct out of 9.
Could you please give further explanation on number 9? I’d like to know why “Bob and his friends left the bar shouting at the top of their lungs.” is an Adverb Participle.
Thanks in advance.
Sir, I have a question. I watched a lesson on ESL but I couldn’t understand why an article is not added before “nation building” and ” assistance ” in the following?
1.He gave assistance to my friend.
2. Although many would argue that the economy is the most important factor in nation building, I think education has a far greater impact.
one more question. why “the” is added before the word economy.
Very, very difficult
I got only 44 %
Hi Adam, thanks for teaching.
I got only 33 %.
Thank you for watching! Don’t worry, just try again next time!
I try It again
I’m disappointed… I got 3 of 9. I”m going to listen again the lesson.
I got 7 points, but I am confused with adverb
and gerund.Thank you very much for your kindness, Sir. Adam.
3 out of 9. It was hard and confusing. Adam, can you simplify this video and tag as 3-Advanced
I just scored 6/10 :(
very much confused between adverb and adjective participle. What to do Adam??
Kindly give separate lesson of it as you mentioned in the lesson. Eagerly waiting.
I got 67..sometimes confused between adj and adv participle..i made 3 mistakes on both of these.
Please explain more about adverb and adjective. Also, give some exaples for them.
You are a very good teacher. I learned a lot.Thanks.
I got 3 out of 9. I am very poor on this. This the topic I have to give focus. Thank you, Adam, for bringing this kind of lesson. It will do a lot of information that I need to pay attention.
I got 7.
I don’t know what he is talking about!I am totally lost.What should I do?
I got 5 of 9, however I’m FEELING confused, I think LEARNING English puts someone STRUGGLING whit himself.
WATCHING this useful video does not clear my mind.
Hi adam, i have a question. If i say “i like running” or “i like to run” is there any difference or are the same?
This lesson is too difficult to me. I got 4 of 9……
I should watch this video clip again and again…
I got 10 out of 10
The lesson is too difficult to me.Poor score i got 4 out of 9.I will watch this video and take the quiz again and see if i will improve my score.Thank you very much Teacher Adam
Hi Adam, Thank you very much for your vedio, big fan. For problem 5, can I explain it as “Because he was feeling somewhat overwhelmed by all the attention he was receiving, the young star dcided to take a break and go back to his hotel room”. In this way, it should be taken as an adverb participle. Thank you!
Can you make a video about Adverb participle, please?
Got 8/9. It’s deep night in my country, but I can’t stop watching your great lessons, Adam!
Make a video about using a Gerund and an Infinitive. There’s a lot of confusing about that theme sometimes.
Forgot to say, please, of course! Make it, please. It would definitely be very helpful:)
33%, this lesson is very hard, I have to repeat it, but thanks
good not understand verb and noun
Hello Adam, your lessons have been really useful for me. I’d like to ask for something…would you be so kind as to create another video, where you explain deeper about ING as in the case of WEARING and NOT WANTING which appear on the video? I wish you could break it down for us. Thanks in advance
Thanks for sharing this lesson with us, Adam!
Actually, I noticed that when you ask “What is the function of the word …” I must to inspect the clause where the word is in.
It’s like a syntactic analysis to match the clause with a verb (adverb) or a noun(adjective) or if it’s a subject or object to verb(noun) or if it’s a verb … that’s true?!
about gerund I would like to know more about the following sentence:
Having to wait so long for the replacement was a bit of dissapointment.
Why is the sentence corrent, why not so: waiting so long for the replacement was a bit of dissapointment.
What is the difference between the two sentences.
Many thanks for your help.
Hello, Adam! Your statement that in the sentence “Wearing a blue, backless dress, the actress created quite a stir at the party” the word “wearing” stands for an adjective has utterly baffled me since it contradicts to everything that I’ve learned about participles. Doesn’t it stand for a participle in the case? Had I met that sentence somewhere else, I would’ve understood it that “wearing” was a reason for the stir, not as a description of the girl. For the latter comprehension it would’ve looked like “The actress wearing a blue, backless dress created quite a stir at the party”.
5/9 not so bad .. thank you Mr.Adam
I am not still clear about gerund and participle…….
Hi Adam, I have a very serious problem in identifying phrases and I actually need your help.
be honest, it is very confused but useful after all
Hi Adam！I’m quite confused about “ing word” used in shorten form of adjective clause and adverb clause. For example, in the sentence “I saw him riding on the bike” is “riding” a short form of adjective clause or adver clause ?
why the link of quiz don’t open for me??
You have mentioned that riding is a participle on 1st sample sentence in the lesson. So I would think it was reduced from “while you’re riding a bicycle.” The riding uses as a adverb participle. Am I correct ? Thank you!
I scored 7 out 9, I need to improve my grammar a lot. Thanks Adam, for this important & tricky lesson.
I get 5 out of 9.
I got 5 out of 9.
I didn’t understand why this is not a continuous verb:
“Bob and his friends left the bar shouting at the top of their lungs.
“They were shouting while they left the bar, aren’t they?
56% namely 5/9.
thank for your lesson
i got 56 marks, i really want you to explain it more.
Hi Adam, thank you for the lesson. I would like to ask small question not directly related to this lesson.Could you tell me the word “after” does in the following 2 examples? (Specifically, is it a preposition/ adverb or a conjunction).
1.He was hospitalized after being hit by a car.
2.He was hospitalized after the car hit him.
Hi Adam. Is the word ‘after’ a preposition or an adverb in the following sentence?
AFTER EATING DINNER, WE WENT OUT FOR A WALK.
It’s a bit confusing some say it’s an adverb in the reduced adverb clause (adverb phrase), and some say it’s a preposition+ gerund. Please help me to identify them as prepositions and adverbs especially followed by a verb+ing. I look forward to your answer. Thank you.
Thank you Mr. Adam.
so sad 3/9., i don’t even know what is verb adjective adverb and noun
Try these lessons by Ronnie and James about parts of speech! We also have a short list to remind you.
Hello! Mr.Adam. May you explain the following sentence for me ? Thank you!
She often complains about not feeling appreciated at work
Sorry,Adam! I am still confused about the eighth question. Can you bother to parse it? Thank you!
Sorry,Adam! I don’t know the function of the -ing word in the following sentence:
Do you mind my asking you a personal question?
Can you bother to parse it? Thank you!
it’s little bit tricky but i hope you will make another video on this topic with easy approach
In No.6, isn’t it possible to be a participle phrase so that it does the work of adjective?
this helped me a lot, thank you!
Thank you very much for teaching
Hi! Can you tell me whether the below sentence is accurate in terms of the usage of the gerund? Here is my sentence:
– People sometimes remember the exact information that they are looking for, but they cannot remember every detail about its gaining.
How am I supposed to know that in sentence 5
“Feeling somewhat overwhelmed by all the attention he was receiving…”, the question is actually about the word “feeling” and not about “receiving”?
73% (7/9). I don’t understand “feeling” in 5th sentence((.
Dear Adam, your explanations are the best, thank you for your lessons!
Hi Adam. Your lessons are very useful. I want to know what are the differences b/w to plus a verb and to plus a verb with ing. I can’t distinguish these two forms.
Adam, this lesson is completely helpful. I had/have no troubles understanding the content, but it was always hard to pass the information on.
Obrigada; Marina. (Goiânia, Goiás – Brazil)
I am confused in adjective phrase, example – Standing in the queue, I realised I have no money. In above sentence standing is queue is taken as a continuous process or just normal ?
And if this taken as a not continuous process, then it is always like that in these phrase.
Hi, Adam, thank you for your lessons. I’m a new member here and I got 6 from nine. Can you explane it to me why adverb and not adjective in the 9th sentence?
Sorry, the sentence is”Bob and his friends left the bar shouting at the top of their lungs.
Maybe, it’s a hint “Bob and his friends” -already defined and no need to define them with a clause or participle? can it be one way to think and not to mix them up with the exclusion method if I can not decide which one is correct (adj. or adv.)
Got 4 out of 10.
I want to improve my english grammar.
Thank you. Engvid team.
Thank you so much teacher Adam.I learned I ng nouns.
Isn’t “wearing” in #3 here adverbial since the actress created while wearing or by wearing? Some examples of adjectival participles I can give are “flying object”, “running mate”, and “loving care”. What do you think?
I got 5 out of 9. Very poor indeed, but thanks Adam.
Thanks for your lesson. This time was very difficult. I got 6/9. It was the first time to see the sentence structure “Not wantint to miss our flight.”