engVid quiz

Test your understanding of this English lesson

Test your understanding of the English lesson by answering these questions. You will get the answers and your score at the end of the quiz.
Another name for "adjective clause" is ________ clause.

There are two types of adjective clauses:

Jane wants to meet a man ______ treats his own mother nicely.

A person ______ unable to find a job with his/her qualifications should consider going back to school.

Athlete Troy Weber ______ goal production has dropped over the past couple of seasons, has been traded to New York.

What does the adjective clause in the following sentence modify?
I'm confident I'll do well on this exam, which will make my application for a scholarship much easier.

The class was taken to see Macbeth __________ is one of Shakespeare's most popular plays.

Childhood was so much fun. I still remember that time ______ we went to the drive-in for the first time. What a great night that was.

Police are still looking for the man ______ the media has already nicknamed "the one-armed bandit".

Ronda ________ moved into the building last week, is a fitness instructor.

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286 Comments on “Learn English Grammar: The Adjective Clause (Relative Clause)”

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Thank you Mr. Adam. Your lesson is very useful. I got 80 right answers.

Tuesday, November 15th 2016

    Thank you Adam, I got 10 out of 10

    Wednesday, February 28th 2018

Great great lesson, Adam. I got 08 out of 10 ☺

Tuesday, November 15th 2016

Thanks for a great lesson Adam. I’m your new student :) I got 7 . The question which I was struggle is “Q6”. I should study the noun clause again :(

Tuesday, November 15th 2016

    Welcome DilberG :)

    I’m confident
    (that) I’ll do well on this exam, —noun clause
    which will make my application for a scholarship much easier.—modifies the idea/situation of doing well

    Hope this helps :)

    Friday, December 2nd 2016

      Now I see! Thanks a lot.

      Saturday, December 3rd 2016

      thanks for explanation :)

      Monday, December 5th 2016

        hi, mam, can u help me

        Thursday, January 4th 2018

Thank you Adam.

Tuesday, November 15th 2016


Tuesday, November 15th 2016

Thank you so much for the lesson. I really appreciate every lesson you give to us. You’re really great teacher! You’re the best here! I hope you can upload lesson more frequently and i really want to be taught about pronunciation by you since rarely do you teach us about pronunciation. I’ll look forward to that ^^

Tuesday, November 15th 2016

    Thanks 0101hades.

    They’re coming ;)

    Friday, December 2nd 2016

Thank you somuch teacher Adam i really liked the way you are us any way i really appreciate you.
i got 35%. on quiz, i gonna to rty again to get 100% Thanks teacher

Tuesday, November 15th 2016

i goanna some one, who shure with me a converstion on skype to improve our speaking including every thing about this language
this is my skype (cabdishakuur.cabdi)

Tuesday, November 15th 2016

    Hi. Abdishakur Abdi , I’m Duc and I come from VietNam .I haven’t had a skype account yet but we also can speak English with each other by facebook. I’m wondering if you like to join with me to improve our English speaking skill

    Monday, July 10th 2017

Hi, Adam!
First of all, thank you so much for your amazing grammar lessons, I really enjoy watching them!
And I have a question, may you please make it clear for me? I’m little confused with the sentence “Many students…”, where there are two ajective clauses. You have used the commas with the first clause and haven’t with the second one, which means the first – modifying and the second – defining. Isn’t it other way around? ‘Cause “that’s going around” is just an extra information about the flu and “who went on..” is an important addition defining the students.
Am I wrong? Thank you in advance:)

Tuesday, November 15th 2016

    Hi Brain,

    The flu that’s going around is specific to the current flu, not the sickness in general. As for the first adjective clause, you could say it’s identifying, meaning you can remove the commas, but technically we identify them as the kids in Mrs. Reynold’s class, and the fact that they went on the field trip gives extra information to suggest where they might have gotten sick.

    Does this make sense?

    Friday, December 2nd 2016

I got 8, I’m feel ok ´cause I think is a little hard to understand, but thanks was really interesting.

Tuesday, November 15th 2016

10/10 , thanks very much Adam.but i still have not understand why in this quiz you put the question “There are two types of adjective clauses?” , while in the lesson ” Dependent clouse ” you said there are 3 types : identifying , non identifying , and situational ?
i repeat my thanks, and i’m glade to be with you.

Tuesday, November 15th 2016

    Good question Struggle. Technically, the situational is non-identifying. I guess I wanted to separate it for the lesson to show another function (i.e., not to a single noun but a whole phrase.)

    Friday, December 2nd 2016

      i don’t know how to thank you. those lessons helps me very much, and it is very kindness to reply me

      Friday, December 16th 2016

Hey, Adam, why does your face get read when you talk about your grammar fanaticism :-)?
I’m a fan of grammar too (of Spanish grammar) and I think your lessons are brilliant (and, even, fun!). Thank you very much!

Tuesday, November 15th 2016

    LOL. I think I had a bit too much sun that day :)

    Friday, December 2nd 2016

I got 10 , thank you so much you ar a very good teacher , I am your new student

Tuesday, November 15th 2016

    Welcome Rawaa :)

    Friday, December 2nd 2016

Thank you very much Adam!!Nice and interesting lesson as always!!

Tuesday, November 15th 2016

10 out of 10, and I’ll still watch the lesson again! Thank you very much Adam!

Tuesday, November 15th 2016

Great lesson Adam, I do not think it is a easy lesson, but I am going to study more to achieve better results. Thanks

Tuesday, November 15th 2016

-Gasoline only allows the carburetor to run smoothly when mixed with about fifteen times its wight in air (no comma)
-only when mixed with about fifteen times its wight in air does gasoline allow the carburetor to run smoothly. (no comma)
-when mixed with about fifteen times its wight in air, gasoline allows the carburetor to run smoothly (with comma)
right ?

Tuesday, November 15th 2016

    Yup :)
    Good job. (the only thing is that the last example doesn’t have the qualifier ‘only’ which subtly changes the meaning).

    Also, weight.

    Friday, December 2nd 2016

Some confused!

Tuesday, November 15th 2016

    Watch it again Terrysam. It might be clearer then ;)

    Friday, December 2nd 2016

9 out of 10
number 6 is confusing. still not getting it

Tuesday, November 15th 2016

    Hi Reema,
    Does this help?

    I’m confident
    (that) I’ll do well on this exam, —noun clause
    which will make my application for a scholarship much easier.—modifies the idea/situation of doing well (I’ll do well)

    Friday, December 2nd 2016

      Thanks Adam
      yes it helps perfectly

      Sunday, December 4th 2016

I’m happy :) 7/10
Thank you Adam

Tuesday, November 15th 2016

I like it!

Tuesday, November 15th 2016

It was great Adam. I got 7 and I must study more
Thank you!

Tuesday, November 15th 2016

Thank u adam ,the way you are using is really good and easy to understand ,make impossible every tough task to possible.

Tuesday, November 15th 2016

10/10 this time. I think I’m starting to understand english grammar.
thank you

Tuesday, November 15th 2016

Uau a very complex lesson, very usefull. Thanks Adam

Tuesday, November 15th 2016


Tuesday, November 15th 2016

It’s a very important lesson but a little difficult for me. Thanks a lot, Adam, you’re a good teacher.

Wednesday, November 16th 2016

Great Lecture but likely to hard.

Wednesday, November 16th 2016

Dear teacher,I like the way you taught,which makes me understand clearly.Thank you so much,but I still don’t understand question 6.I will try my best to understand it.

Wednesday, November 16th 2016

    Hi Shu,

    Does this help?

    I’m confident
    (that) I’ll do well on this exam, —noun clause
    which will make my application for a scholarship much easier.—modifies the idea/situation of doing well (I’ll do well)

    Friday, December 2nd 2016

it’s to much confounding, i pop out little bit GOd willing with the passage of time my english will be improve anyhow nice effortless the way you did the lecture this method is splendid. i never seen such a elaborated teacher before in past time. i am doing bachelor of technology civil honor degree, i’m so delighted about your speaking style i to much tried adopt to your style eventually not access as i wanted. i’m from pakistan english my fourth language i wanna learnt from you good bye Adam!

Wednesday, November 16th 2016

    Good luck M :)

    Friday, December 2nd 2016

Great lesson Adam ! I want to ask you what is the cost to have classes in you tube with you

Wednesday, November 16th 2016

Very good class! Thanks!

Wednesday, November 16th 2016

Thank for this good lesson.

Wednesday, November 16th 2016

Thank you Adam. I got 8 out of 10. I will watch your lesson again in order to fully understand it.

Wednesday, November 16th 2016

Thank you alot
I got you more knowledge

Wednesday, November 16th 2016

Adam I’ve heard many times that “WHOM” sounds a little strange nowadays.

Wednesday, November 16th 2016

    It’s formal, so some people think it’s pretentious. Nevertheless, it is correct :)

    Friday, December 2nd 2016

Hello, Adam. I really like watching and listening to your lessons, hopefully, one day I should become as good as you are. I am to become a teacher soon, I have one year left till graduation, and I would like to ask a question. When we did grammar, we were generally taught that for expressing possession “whose” is mainly used for animate objects (i.e. people), and “which” for inamiate objects (not living things). During your lesson, you used an example sentence like “the car whose left door is sratched…”. Let me demonstrate with these:

The man whose car got scrathed yesterday lives next door.

In this sentence, the adjective clause “whose car got scratched” identifies the man (as it is a defining/restrictive relative clause). That’s OK. But have a look at these two sentences:

[1] The house whose roof leaks is very old.
[2] The house the roof of which leaks is very old.

Clearly, the house is an inanimate object, so which of the two sentences (relative pronouns, to be more exact) would you say is more correct or frequent in the situations when the possession is related to a thing?
I also know that “that” can be used to refer to people, as it sounds more general in certain situations, like in:

[3] Martha has a baby that cries a lot.

Let me know what you think about these.
Thanks in advance for your reply.

Wednesday, November 16th 2016

    Hi Mare! I guess you should read a lot. And not only grammar. Sorry.

    Sunday, November 20th 2016

    Hi Mare,

    For some people the ‘who’ in ‘whose’ is hard to get over. They feel it doesn’t make sense to use it with things, but it’s just a possessive, and things do have things belonging to them

    As for your examples:
    [1] The house whose roof leaks is very old.
    [2] The house, the roof of which leaks, is very old.
    Notice that I added commas in number 2. Preposition + which is always going to be a non-identifying clause. #1 is identifying. Both are correct, but serve different purposes.

    As for ‘that’, it can be used for people. Keep in mind, though, that a baby can be a boy or a girl and until its gender is identified, the baby is an ‘it’, which makes the ‘that’ easier to use.

    Hope this helps.

    Friday, December 2nd 2016

Thank you Adam for making all this clear for me. I used to get confused with them. I got 08/10.

Wednesday, November 16th 2016

Excelent! thank you Adan.

Wednesday, November 16th 2016

The more you explained to me, the more frustrated I felt. Although you explanation was very good, this is an advance lesson that I was hardly able to understand. Where can I get more explamples like these ones?. I need to practice a lot.

Wednesday, November 16th 2016

    Hi Cart,

    You should probably get yourself a good grammar book. I recommend English Grammar in Use, by Raymond Murphy, or Fundamentals of English grammar by Betty Azar.

    I will make more videos about this stuff as well ;)

    Friday, December 2nd 2016

      hello Mr.adam im still struggling on this grammar, the book you recommend us here where we can found it thank you.

      Sunday, June 4th 2017

thanks Adam,I’ve got 7/10.Although i used get confused got something for me, from your nice lesson.

Wednesday, November 16th 2016

Please check the sentences written below is correct or not.

1. I must go to bank and get the money I need (use the if necessary)

Thursday, November 17th 2016

    Hi Biki,

    I must go to the bank and get the money I need.

    Friday, December 2nd 2016

Great thanks for the lessons!

Thursday, November 17th 2016

Good! I got 8

Thursday, November 17th 2016

Thanks!! I got 8.

Thursday, November 17th 2016

thanks Adam….

Thursday, November 17th 2016

Thanks Adam, I think it’s a little confused, but I’m studying very hard, regards from México.

Friday, November 18th 2016

    It’ll come soon enough Ctierrez ;)

    Friday, December 2nd 2016

I`ve got 9 out of 10. There was one silly mistake, but it maked me be more attantive!
It`s very complicataed topic, we should pay our attantion on. Thank you, Adam!

Friday, November 18th 2016

Thank you so much adem! this is the most fascinating english lesson i have ever had.

Sunday, November 20th 2016

Thanks Adam
I have got 7 out of 10

Sunday, November 20th 2016

I’ve got 8. good class. thank you

Monday, November 21st 2016

9out of10 thank u very much m.r adam

Monday, November 21st 2016

I’m still confused. I got 8/10. Thank you teacher.

Tuesday, November 22nd 2016

Thank you so much about your quiz,about which I only got 6 points.
Is it correct?

Tuesday, November 22nd 2016

    Hi Sonice,

    … in which I got only 6 points.

    Keep practicing. It’ll be 10 soon enough :)

    Friday, December 2nd 2016

Hello Adam!

Thanks for the video. It is quite useful, indeed. I also love grammar (no matter the language), that is why I appreciate your lessons.

Besides, I did’n know the pronoun “whom” could’t be used as a subject, but only as an object. I though it was just a formal version of the pronoun “who”. I thank you for putting some light in this point. ;)

Bye for now!

Tuesday, November 22nd 2016

Hi Mr. Adam, i want to know what is the wrong in this sentence”I regret to have damaged your book”
may you please tell me the correct answer!thanks in advance.

Tuesday, November 22nd 2016

    Hi Randa,

    I regret having damaged your book.

    Even better: I regret that I damaged your book.

    Friday, December 2nd 2016

Thank you very much.
I have got 9 correct out of 10, which is not bad.

Tuesday, November 22nd 2016

Appreciated your effort ,Thanks

Wednesday, November 23rd 2016

Thank you Adam!!
Great lesson

Wednesday, November 23rd 2016

OMG!I unexpetedly got10/10.It was such a wonderful Lesson teacher you really make the hardest things so easy for us.Teacher please make a video on understanding quotations it really troubles me to understand like the one I read by Tao Yuanming “An human life how should it not be hard?from ancient times there was none but had to die” although it has very simple sentences but I am still unable to understand it rather my mind just stop working after going through a combination of such weird sentences teacher please explain me its meaning and also I don’t know how to use this expression “Come to think of it” in my conversations.

Wednesday, November 23rd 2016

    Hi Eichi,

    I think I’ll need a bit more context for the Yuanming quote. Can you give the sentence before this one?

    Come to think of it basically means actually…, or Now that I think about it…
    It means that the point of discussion has led to a new idea.

    Friday, December 2nd 2016

      Thank you so much Teacher for the explanation,as for the sentence before the quotation,I actually came across this quotation in a drama.i can send you the clip of that part of the drama but since there isn’t any option here so I will try to send you that on twitter.

      Friday, December 2nd 2016

THANKS adam your lesson is really good.

Friday, November 25th 2016

Hello Adam can you explain difference between words devotion, commitment, loyalty, fidelity, faithfulness?

Friday, November 25th 2016

    Hi Roman,

    devotion means giving yourself to something (a person, an idea, a movement, etc.)
    commitment is more of a promise to continue with something, someone, a relationship, etc. (more to the promise than to the person/thing receiving the promise)
    loyalty means not leaving someone (or a company, etc.) Sticking by someone’s side even in hard times.
    fidelity means not cheating or betraying. staying with one thing.
    Faithfulness is similar to fidelity.

    Actually, all of these can be synonyms in certain contexts.

    Hope this helps a little.

    Friday, December 2nd 2016

Hi Adams How are you? I hope you are doing well.
Adam my question is what is the difference between wake and awake? and when must I use them? are they interchangeable?
Thank you!!
best wish!

Friday, November 25th 2016

    Hi The Best,

    wake is a verb that you do to someone (or to yourself), and awake is an adjective (not asleep) or a verb in which a person leaves sleep (she awoke to the sound of laughter).

    They are not interchangeable.

    Also, wake can be a noun meaning the ceremony after a person dies (be careful as this is called ‘a wake’–two words).

    Friday, December 2nd 2016

      Thank you, Adam!

      Friday, December 2nd 2016

      Thank you a lot, Adam. You really creared this up for me! I absolutely admire your videos btw :)

      Saturday, December 3rd 2016

Hi Teacher Adam. Please make a lesson (react vs respond). Thank you!

Friday, November 25th 2016

    I’ll see what I can do Lou :)

    Friday, December 2nd 2016

Thanks a lot! This class is just what I needed cause I’m studying this topic in my course.

I got a question about the quiz. In question 7 I chose ‘which’ because, in the textbook I use, it’s mentioned that you can use ‘that’ or ‘which’ indistinctly for things. And I thought that rule could be used for ‘Macbeth’ that is a play in the example. (Sorry if I made a mistake, I’m improving my English).

Well that’s it. Thank you again and have a nice week.

Saturday, November 26th 2016

    Hi Ramiro,

    Remember that Macbeth is a name of the play, so it’s already been identified, so we need a non-identifying clause, which start with comma which.

    Friday, December 2nd 2016

The lesson is so great

Sunday, November 27th 2016

Thank you Adam

Tuesday, November 29th 2016

Finally someone who makes me love the English language. Thank you very much Adam!

Tuesday, November 29th 2016

    Thank you Celine. I’m glad to have done that :)

    Friday, December 2nd 2016

Thanks Adam, I am very interested in your classes and do the quiz after class. Is there any way to get Certificate?

Tuesday, November 29th 2016

    Hi Berete. I’m afraid not. This is just a free service to help people learn the language.

    Friday, December 2nd 2016

thank you Adam. Very interesting

Wednesday, November 30th 2016

I got 6/10… I need to see the others videos

Wednesday, November 30th 2016

thank you

Wednesday, November 30th 2016

Tnx for ur video. It’s my first time to watch ur video and I got 70% out 100 .it was good start for me but complicated at the same time to memorize all what u said, maybe soon I getting use to it.

Wednesday, November 30th 2016

    Keep it up Elvinjames. You’ll get it soon enough ;)

    Friday, December 2nd 2016

Sir,would u please post a complete lesson on Infinitive.Its giving me so much pain to understand.Particulary Perfect continous infinitive and passive infinitive.I am having trouble to learn the exact meaning.I would be very grateful to u if u do so…

Thursday, December 1st 2016

Thank you everyone :)

Friday, December 2nd 2016

hey adam
i only got 6 out of 10 :(
because its tough and tricky

Friday, December 2nd 2016

I got 8 out of 10 thanks to your clear and meaningful lesson ^^ I hope that I can improve my English which I’m still not good at :3

Sunday, December 4th 2016

50 but I’m learning thank Adam

Monday, December 5th 2016

Thanks for the lesson Teacher! It is very useful to answer questions that have many situations of adjective clause’s applications, especially to improve our writing and reading.

Wednesday, December 7th 2016

Thanks Adam, but i want to know about “that’s”. does the word “that” (pronoun) should use ‘s?

Friday, December 9th 2016

    Hi Fahriza,

    That’s can only be a reduction of that is or that has. It is never a possessive.

    Tuesday, December 20th 2016

Hello my loveliest Teacher!! I was listened for a several time this video and now it’s clear!

Friday, December 9th 2016

    Thank you very much!

    Friday, December 9th 2016

Hi Adam: Is it right to use “more than one tense in a sentence”? For example: I have analyzed the report, but I did not find it useful. I am not sure whether this sentence is correct or not. I would appreciate if you clarify this in one of your lesson.

Sunday, December 11th 2016

    Will do Jatin :)

    Tuesday, December 20th 2016

Thank you so much Adam, you are the best. I get 90. You make me understand what I missed in the class last week, so thank you so much

Friday, December 16th 2016

Hey Adam!
Thanks a lot for the fantastic video!

I have a one question. Could I use ‘what’ instead of ‘which’ in the 2nd sentence visible during 16th minute?

Thanks for your reply! :)

Tuesday, December 20th 2016

I got 9 out of 10 thanks so much. I know that I have to study harder to improve my English skills.
Greetings from Colombia.

Tuesday, December 20th 2016

that that/which? I read last time thats not right.”non-english” straightforwardly,compared with my last time freudian slip “intelligenter” (thats been a world record),sure no serious offence,just they told me the opposite.I am afraid I like critisizing teachers but your kind readers might find it tasteless, an di am ging ot lave it at that…

Friday, December 23rd 2016

    and now the spelling

    Friday, December 23rd 2016

Thanks teacher .

Saturday, December 24th 2016

İ’m late ı guess no one is here anymore 🙄

Tuesday, December 27th 2016

İs anybody hereeeeeeeee 😜

Tuesday, December 27th 2016

Thank you,

Tuesday, December 27th 2016

Hi Mr Adam,
I love the way you taught us ,that makes it easy to understand which is absolutely fabulous. I do appreciate in advance for those relative clauses you taught us because I was always struggled to figure them out how are they functioned in my writing but now I fell different on that issue and again thanks a lot for sharing that knowledge.

Wednesday, December 28th 2016

Love your lessones,you r so charming, looking foward to your more update lessones beacuse i am so weak in my grammar

Friday, December 30th 2016

thank u so much Mr Adam we have got 100.
i wanna ask u what is the function of the adj clause ?

Wednesday, January 4th 2017

Hello, Adam. The word “to” is missing in the phrase “have to go summer school”, isn’t it? If I’m incorrect, could you, please, help me to understand why. Thank you in advance.

Wednesday, January 4th 2017

Hello Adam,thanks for all the efforts you are making to help us:)

We are all waiting for ur adverbial clauses video, please try to make it as soon as possible exams are on the door

Sunday, January 8th 2017

Hello, Adam. Your lesson is vivid and makes a deep impress on me.I have a question about relative clause
7. The class was taken to see Macbeth __________ is one of Shakespeare’s most popular plays.
Why is the answer B not A?
And what does it mean about non-identifying? Thank you.

Sunday, January 8th 2017

the best teacher in the world are on Engvid

Tuesday, January 10th 2017

What type of clause is this?

” With his wife’s disappearance having become the focus of an intense media circus, a man sees the spotlight turned on him when it’s suspected that he may not be innocent. “

Saturday, January 14th 2017

Adam, you said that we shouldn’t use ‘whom’ with a verb. What about this sentence:
WHO/WHOM will help the book?
thank you in advance

Sunday, January 22nd 2017

sorry, I’ve had a mistake
question: WHO/WHOM will the book help?
assertion: the textbook will help the students

Sunday, January 22nd 2017

Thank you, Mr. Adam. Your lesson is very useful. I got 80 right

Monday, January 23rd 2017

Hi Adam,

I was curious to know the PERFORMANE of the WHICH in the sentence below, please help me.

The line graph illustrates the amount of three kinds of spreads(margarine, low fat and reduced spreads and butter) which were consumed over 26 years from 1981 to 2007.

was it adverbial? if is it which on?
identifying or non- identifying

Or noun clause as object, as adjective complement etc…

Tuesday, January 24th 2017

dictionary says “homesick” is one word?

Friday, January 27th 2017

Hi again
Does “about whom the public knows little” identify the billionaire? So why is there a comma?

Friday, January 27th 2017

Hi Adam,

I am really learning good English from your classes, thanks a lot for that.

Larry failed his test as a result he has to go to summer school. Is this sentence correct using ‘as a result’ instead of ‘which’ ?


Saturday, January 28th 2017

God bless you

Sunday, January 29th 2017

Hello Mr Adam,
can you please explain to me
what is the difference between those sentences:
I want to play
I wanna play
what more Appropriate?

Monday, January 30th 2017

    want to =wanna ,same meaning,but “wanna”is usually used in oral English. when you write ,using “want to “is more proper.

    Wednesday, March 1st 2017

Hi Adam! Thanks for this important lesson, which was taught so majestically!

Tuesday, January 31st 2017

    For curiosity and comparison, in Portuguese there is a relative pronoun with possessive function, “cujo”, similar to “whose”, but that we can’t use in cases when the possessor is a thing. This is what the formal grammar says, but nowadays, anyway, almost everyone uses with a thing as the possessor.

    Tuesday, January 31st 2017

oh my God.i got 9/10 I can’t believe it You’re amazing thank you so much adam

Friday, February 3rd 2017

In the example: “Nancy is impatient with detail and routine, which is why she has hired Paul and Mandy to manage her business”. May I replace WHICH IS WHY for That is why ? what’s the difference? thnks!

Tuesday, February 14th 2017

Hi Adam, I have seen all of your videos at least once, many several times. Yet, I can not figure out the correct punctuation for the following sentence and would love your input.

“They’re just dreams,” he keeps on telling himself; even though, they seem all too real.

This punctuation is correct: joining two ICs which are closely linked with a semi-colon and a comma after the introduction words “even though.”

However, I believe that the second IC should be subordinate to the first, and it should modify “dreams.” To me, the second IC doesn’t seem to be a complete thought (something is missing), at least in my mind, but then, I am the writer. What would be the correct punctuation?

Another approach which I was thinking of was to use “even though” as a transitional word linking the two ICs. That would make the second IC (even though, they seem all too real) subordinate to the first, which is really my intent. I want the reader to focus his attention on “They are just dreams,” he keeps on telling himself. That part has the greater punch and is more impactful written in that way.

So, any light you could shed on this problem would be greatly appreciated.


Saturday, February 18th 2017

Hi Adam.
i got 7/10!
Thanks Lot! :)

Saturday, February 18th 2017

Thank you Adam,I got 10 correct out of 10.

Wednesday, March 1st 2017

hi i am ur new student. i got 10/10
pleas upload more quiz as my exam is on monday
want to pratice

Friday, March 3rd 2017

really effective classess you have been giving ,thanks

Sunday, March 12th 2017

I’m new student, I like the way you teach , this is very helpful. Thank you very much, I got 7/10 which is not so bad.. I’ll learn more. Thanks again

Tuesday, March 14th 2017

Adam, I need your help :)
I have the following comment on Facebook: “Every single day, he and Johny Ive come to the Apple’s headquarters in a hope that they’ll see a confirmation from iCloud in which it is said a new user from NY has confirmed his membership in iCloud”

It’s confusing to me whether we need commas before and after “it is said” in the comment.
I understand that it’s possible to rebuild the structure of the comment but I’m interested in whether it is correct or no.

Monday, March 27th 2017

    It would be a good idea to simplify the comment, but I want to be great in complex/multi-clause sentences as well (:

    Monday, March 27th 2017

Hey Adam I saw your videos on youtube and I am trying to work on my writing skills. I am appearing for IELTS on 8th of April and I am really scared as there is no way to verify how much band score am I getting. Will you help me out with this ?

Wednesday, March 29th 2017

I got 5/10 which is bad.. I’ll learn more. Thanks again

Wednesday, April 5th 2017

Thank you for the class, I got 9 out of ten

Monday, April 10th 2017

In question no. 8,if it is that the man was identified,why would there not be a comma before whom?

Wednesday, April 12th 2017

Sorry,its about question no.9

Wednesday, April 12th 2017

Adam sir ,You r really amazing! I secured 10 out of 10.

Wednesday, April 12th 2017

thnx for giving such a knowlelgeable lesson

Wednesday, April 19th 2017

Thanks! I have just made 100 and I hope to reach the advanced level one day.

Saturday, April 22nd 2017

Thank you so much ..
I got 90 in quiz

I have teas tomorrow in relative clauses, and your video help me (:

Sunday, April 23rd 2017

Thank you so much
I got 10 grade!
I think that the noun clause which is in question 6 maybe is function as an adjective complement

Friday, April 28th 2017

Thank you very much!I have got 7 point.

Friday, May 5th 2017

thank you teacher for this lesson

Monday, May 15th 2017

1. The English teacher who teaches on engvid makes us easy to understand.
2. We are comfortably learning English from sir Adam, who teaches on engvid.com.

Are both the sentences correct?

Thursday, May 25th 2017

hello teacher,
The singer has denied the magazine’s claim that she is leaving this band. Dose this sentence include an adj clause? that clause is an adj clause ?

Tuesday, May 30th 2017

Despite I got 10 , I still have to keep on working on it.
Tks Adam !

Monday, June 5th 2017

Hi Adam, I got 7/10, thanks for your good class,it really helpful.
I have a question,
If there are two Dr. Smith in a company, and I want to describe as defining way, for example, “I’ve sent an email to Dr. Smith who works in Reach Department is from Australia.”. Is this sentence correct in this situation ?

Saturday, June 17th 2017

Hi Adam.I am a little bit confused.We use the definite article ‘the’when the listener/reader knows which thing we mean,so what we say about a noun which has ‘the’ is extra because we know which thing so why do we use defining clause in ‘The man who lives next door is a doctor’.And in’The eccentric billionaire,about whom the public knows little,donated millions to charity,’ we have the definite article ‘the’ but we use a non-defining clause.Thanks in advance

Sunday, June 18th 2017

it was hard. my score is 50

Wednesday, June 28th 2017

Thanks for the class.I have got 90%. :)

Tuesday, August 1st 2017

Please check
Mr Adam,Who is a English teacher ,are many students participate engvid course,which means this lesson easy to understand

Saturday, August 12th 2017

Thanks for the class. I have got 90%. :)

Saturday, September 16th 2017

Hi Adam, Please correct my below sentence.I tried my best. But Unable to find the correct one.

“I left my previous organization because the project which I was working got over and delivered to the client.”

My doubt:

I left my previous organization. -> Independent Clause.

because the project, which I was working, got over and delivered to the client.-> Dependent Clause

,which I was working, -> Relative Pronoun, talks about my project. And as far as I know, I can set off it by a comma.

Becuase -> I am using it as subordinating conjunction, so don’t want to use Because Of.

Should I use “Was working” or “Had been working”

It would be very nice If you can correct it. I am preparing for an exam, so It will be very helpful to me.


Saturday, September 16th 2017

Thank you, Adam! This is my first lesson on that subject and was really useful!! Thank you!!!

Saturday, September 30th 2017

thanks for your great efforts

Monday, October 9th 2017

thanks for your great efforts I have got 10 out of 10

Monday, October 9th 2017

Very usefull learn,it feels like in class room with teacher and my dream is grammatical correct long essay perfect.please give me all your advice.

Wednesday, October 11th 2017

Thanks Mr Adam

Friday, October 20th 2017

More than a century ago, when mail-order catalogs afforded them who lived outside of the big cities their first major glimpse of a growing new world of consumer goods, many people called them dream books.

is the use of ‘them’ correct?

Sunday, October 22nd 2017

Hi Mr.Adam! Thanks for your great expression. I got 9. Question 4 is wrong one. But I guess I understand my mistake. Still I will watch this and other videos you took. Best regards,Bahar. :)

Saturday, October 28th 2017

Thank you, Adam. I got 10.

Tuesday, October 31st 2017

Thany you very much for your lesson. I would like you to make a lesson about using preposition + relative pronoun. I am looking forward to watching the lesson.

Monday, November 20th 2017

I got 9 Thanks

Monday, November 20th 2017

adam, thanks for your video. I just wondering could you please add some videos for how to brainstorming for writing an essay and how to develop main ideas with examples thanks

Thursday, November 23rd 2017

hello Adam.
this is my problem.
when I read I find something like this:
noun(1) + verb + noun(2) + an adjective clause
my questions is when there is no “,” between the noun(2) and the adjective clause.
is the adjective clause modifying
the first noun(1) or the second noun(2)?.
I have a example here

“WCF supports publishing service metadata USING formats specified in industry standards”
in this case, USING is modifying to WCF or PUBLISHING SERVICE METADATA
I do not know if WCF is using the formats or PUBLISHING SERVICE METADATA is using the formats.

what you do is awesome, thank you so much
if you recommended a book about this grammar, that would be great

Monday, November 27th 2017

Thank you Adam, very well explained.

Saturday, December 2nd 2017

I do like your approach to teaching, you’re very meticulous, which helps me to understand everything. Carry on. Best regards!

Tuesday, December 5th 2017

Hello Adam .thanks for your perfect teaching about noun,adjective and adverb clause .but I’m looking for your video about adverb phrase and I couldn’t find it yet.I have an important exam this week about phrases .if you teach adverb phrases ,l will really appreciate it.

Friday, December 8th 2017

Hi! Where can I practice more? Because I got 50% :(

Monday, December 11th 2017

Hello Adam, I scored 10/10. Could you please post the link to the lesson which (see? I’am already using adjective clause :) ) explains how to reduce adjective clause to one word ?


Monday, December 25th 2017

    Hi Adam: found the video. Thanks :)

    Monday, December 25th 2017

Hi Adam, Please can you correct some of these which are incorrect,i have no one to do so~Thanks.
1-They gave me four very bad tyres.One of them burst before i had driven four miles
2-she climbed to the top of the Monument to see the wonderful view.She had been told about this view.
3-He introduced me to his students.Most of them were from abroad.
4-He expected me to pay $3 for 12 eggs.Four of the eggs were broken.
5-Tom had been driving all day.He was tired and wanted to stop.
6-Paul wanted to take the mountain road.His tyres were nearly new.
7-Jack’s tyres were very old.He wanted to stick to the tarred road.
8-In the prison they fed us on dry breed.Most of it was mouldy.0
9-Ann had been sleeping in the back of the car.She felt quit fresh and wanted to go on.
1-(They gave….,which one of them burst….)
2-(She climbed…. about which she had been told.) No ponctuation is needed
3-(He introduced…who most of them were..)
No ponctuation
4-(He expected…,four of which were broken)
5-(Tom who had..was tired..)
6-(Paul who wanted to…whose tyres were..)
NP-Note:I think as you explain Tom &Paul is proper nouns,so i may need to ponctuate
8-(In the prison…of which most was mouldy)
9-(An who had been slee..felt quit fresh..)

Wednesday, December 27th 2017

Hi adem am new student here from another country am gald that you learning as grammar thank you alot and i got 10 out of 10 .am so happy thank you again my new teacher .

Wednesday, December 27th 2017

hi, mam, can u help me

Thursday, January 4th 2018

sir plz help me I am still not getting i am having test as well

Thursday, January 4th 2018

Thanks Adam!

Friday, January 5th 2018

Thank you Adam
Can you explain the difference between “will” and “would” in next lessons please? it’s so confusing
and the usages of would in english cause it’s so important and confusing magical word in english

Friday, January 19th 2018

The noun clause test, in which I did very wrong, was more theoretical than this one.

Saturday, January 20th 2018

Very excellent work Adam.

Adam , who taught adjective clauses to me, is an English teacher. What a great lesson Adam. I felt (that) Complex sentences are difficult to understand. But you made them very easy. Thank you so much.

Friday, January 26th 2018

10 out of 10
:D :D
Thanks Adam.
I feel really lucky to have come across your videos.

Saturday, February 3rd 2018

Thank you very much!
I loved the Quiz and I’m very happy with your channel!

Thursday, February 8th 2018

Love all of your lessons.

Monday, February 12th 2018

The best part of quizzes is the explanation of each answer. I may be got the answer correctly, but the way of thinking is wrong. Like sentence 9, I thought “whom” was the object of looking for, but the explanation showed otherwise. I value this explanation. Thank you very much.

Wednesday, February 14th 2018

You are the best teacher
And I am your new student

Sunday, February 18th 2018

Adam, Why in the question 9 the relative pronoun cannot be “Who”?

Friday, March 16th 2018

Hi everyone,
I’m very keen to improve my speaking skill if Any one have interested to make friends for improving English. Please shoot me a mail to thanisarm@gmail.com.


Thursday, March 22nd 2018

Uneasy lies the head that wears the crown and uneasy lies the head who wears the crown.
Are both of them correct? If not why?

Saturday, April 7th 2018

Our flight was delayed ……. meant we had to wait for hours at the airport.

What should come in blank space?

Which or that.

Sunday, April 8th 2018

Great lesson by a great teacher.Thanks Adam.

Friday, April 13th 2018

thanks alot .absolutely you are the best. i did well in the exam

Wednesday, May 2nd 2018

I got 9 out of 10👍

Wednesday, May 30th 2018

Thank you Adam , very useful video

Saturday, June 2nd 2018

for the first time i got a 60 out of 100. the commas plus the relative pronouns in sentences are confusing.i still dont get it

Wednesday, June 13th 2018

A very useful lesson i got 80 thanks Mr. Adam your lessons are very informativ
It helps me understanding noun and relative clauses

Tuesday, June 19th 2018

Dear Adam,

I still get confused in terms of the use of “Appositive”

Is “Appositive” a part of noun clause or adjective clause?

here is the case..

John, the most popular polyglot at that time passed away last night.
John, the most inspiring person who attended the event last night passed away.

Those examples make me confused because both of the dependent clauses modify John.

Thank you in advance!

Sunday, June 24th 2018

thank you, it is really helping a lot but I am still confuse between who and whose.

Monday, July 9th 2018

Adam the angel, who described the identifying and modifying clauses, helped me score 9 out of 10. :)

Thursday, July 26th 2018

Thanks a bunch

Sunday, August 19th 2018

I really appreciate your teaching
Thank you for this useful information about adjec clauses I scored 10☺️

Friday, August 31st 2018

Hello, Adam! I’m confused about word ‘homesick’. In the lesson you use it as a disease. But doesn’t it mean ‘feel unhappy because you’re away from home’?

Wednesday, September 5th 2018

Great lesson, thank you

Thursday, September 6th 2018

Thank you so much my teacher. I got 8 out of 10.

Saturday, September 8th 2018

Hi my teacher.i got 9 out of 10. In one of the questions the noun was ‘the man’ that the noun clause of which was defining. I think the man is a man that the listeners know who he is. So why the noun clause had to be defining? For example the man that…. not the man , who…

Tuesday, September 11th 2018

Sorry the adjective clause of which…

Tuesday, September 11th 2018


Thank you for everything!!

In your example sentence: “Frank went to study in Boston”, the preposition ‘in’ really confuses me; could it be ‘to’?. If not, what is the difference?

Thanks in advance ;).

Friday, September 28th 2018

I would like to borrow the lesson and the exercise, Sir. Thank you!

Monday, October 1st 2018

please tell the difference between the relative pronoun and relative adverb in relation in abjective clause

Thursday, October 11th 2018

Hello Dear Adam. Thanks a million for your Grrrrreat training videos. They are FANTASTIC! I mean it. When do you make your new videos about embedded clauses and reduction phrases? please can’t wait to watch them… please at least answer me hear soon. Thank you :)

Thursday, October 25th 2018

Thank you very much Mr. Adam, which means the lesson is good.

Sunday, October 28th 2018

Thank you Mr. Adam, this lesson is really helpful and I got 10 out of 10. But could you do a lesson about the differences between spoken and written English? In writing, I have time to check my grammar. But when it comes to speaking, it’s hard for me to remember these grammar rules…:(

Sunday, October 28th 2018

Hi Adam.thank you for great grammar lessons.I have two questions.In this sentence:”There are a growing number of British students going to study abroad”,”growing” and “going” are adjective participle?
how can i write this sentence in another way?
I mean i want to write this sentence with adjective clause to better understand

Tuesday, November 6th 2018

Mr.Adim this example (larry failed his test,which mean that he’ll have to go to summer school ) is it defining or non defining ?

Wednesday, November 7th 2018

Thank u very much❤💙

Friday, November 16th 2018

Thanks Adam <3

Tuesday, November 27th 2018

Thank you Adam. These are so useful for me!

Sunday, December 2nd 2018

thanks for your great teaching, Adam. I did the quiz and answered all of them correctly, but I got 80 because of the first question. I chose relative clause for another name of adjective clause, but it says reflective is correct. I think there’s a problem with the answer specified

Wednesday, December 5th 2018

Thank you, Adam. I have got 6/10.
This section is one of my weakest.

Thursday, December 27th 2018

Great lesson

Friday, December 28th 2018

Thanks for your effort MR. Adam, your courses are verry helpful. <3

Wednesday, January 2nd 2019

thanks adam for this outstanding explanation , i got 9 out of 10 but i still feel that im not good in grammar lessons . Indeed,i have an exam in this month and im a little bit confused , what sould i do? im revising the whooooole day but i don’t know , may be it’s just a bad feeling Im really scared

Friday, January 4th 2019

I got 5 of 10. it’s too bad :(
How I can practice in this case?

Saturday, January 5th 2019

Thanks so much for useful lessons. Your explanation is really great.

Sunday, January 20th 2019

hi,I am new student can you explain and give sentences about whose please

Tuesday, February 19th 2019

Thanks,Adam.But I have a question here.In this sentence”By the time he arrived,she had already left.”,Could u please tell me what is the conjunction of the sentence “By the time he arrived”?

Thursday, February 21st 2019

“By the time he left”,is the conjunction “that” abbreviated here?and why?

Thursday, February 21st 2019

Thanks,Adam.But I have a question here.In this sentence”By the time he arrived,she had already left.”,Could u please tell me what is the conjunction of the sentence “By the time he arrived”? and why?

Friday, February 22nd 2019

Thank you! it cleared my doubt where to add coma in a sentence.

Friday, March 1st 2019

Thank you so much Adam! I’ve learn so much things from you. It’s difficult, but it’ s interesting.

Monday, April 22nd 2019

Hello teacher Adam, the lesson was very helpful for me. Thank you!

Wednesday, May 1st 2019

Hi there
thnx for this video. I can’t catch when a comma is used before a relative pronoun. could u explain it plz? thnk u in advanced dear sir.

Friday, May 10th 2019

Hi Adam. Thanks for the lesson. One small thing I’d like to ask because you forgot to mention that do we put commas every time with preposition with a relative pronoun. Like the example “The eccentric billionaire, about whom……, donated millions to charity. Thank you.

Thursday, May 16th 2019

Hi Adam, I really very confuse with restrictive and No restrictive adjective clause.
the teacher for example write one sentences and we have find the adjective clause, noun being modified, type of adjective clause what is the verb in the adjective clause, the subject of the verb (who is the agent), the object of the verb who is the receiver of the action, relative pronoun as; subject relative pronoun and object relative pronoun and an you make a reduction of the relative pronoun (y/n).
all in one sentences
Some firefighters never meet the people whom they save

Sunday, July 7th 2019

Hi Adam, I really find your lesson helpful for me. Thanks alot , I’ve got 9 out of 10. I chose wrong 10 by mistake.
But I have problem please reply me, my question is—
Combine using relative clause
Q1. He is speaking to the people in English. The people do not know English.
Please suggest me appropriate way

Wednesday, July 17th 2019

I really find your lesson helpful for me.

Friday, September 13th 2019

Adam, thank you very much. You are a Great teacher!

Saturday, September 14th 2019

Adam, thanks

Thursday, September 26th 2019

Hi Adam
i got 10
Tnx i appreciate your teaching.

Sunday, September 29th 2019

Hi Adam!
In your video you are talking about how the relative pronoun „which“ can identify an entire clause. Would you call it a „Sentinental relative clause“ or is that something different?

Tuesday, October 29th 2019

    Hi Sopht18,
    i’ve never heard about „Sentinental relative clause” before. Could you expand your thought?

    Sunday, November 3rd 2019

Thank you, Adam, for your classes amazing than ever.

Thursday, October 31st 2019

i’ve just completed the quiz before watching the video. As I got used to it.
I don’t want to brag since i’m used to being a modest person. But i got 10 out of 10.
I’m so jubilant. Because of that i’m going to treat myself to yeast croissants on Friday. It’ll be my weekend treat.
I’m very fond of you, Adam. You make a great videos.
Keep it up.
Have a nice day for everyone reading this comment;)

Sunday, November 3rd 2019

thanks, Adam

Sunday, December 1st 2019

Hello,I have a question,would you please check the below sentence and answer me whether comma is put correctly or not.
“An american family paid the highest amount of money for special goods and services($250),which went up to $270 over ten following years.

Monday, December 16th 2019

I did the quiz with one of my student she said the question of comma is hard (but it,s difficult to make the difference between french and english…

Monday, January 20th 2020

thanks,adam. Thanks,a lot. These video lessons are of great help, indeed.

Saturday, January 25th 2020

Dear Adam sir,whose teaching skills are superb I want to give a greataaaaa………thanks.
With the help of your videos, I have gained much more improvement in English reading, understanding

Saturday, February 22nd 2020

Thank you for the lesson, Adam. I am still working hard until I could see the beauty of English :-) Clauses are hard to conquer for me.

Sunday, March 15th 2020

Hi Adam, I am very confused between these two, which one is correct?
A) Yesterday I met one of my old friends who was with me in school.
B) Yesterday I met one of my old friends who were with me in school.

In my opinion, I think both are correct. But my English teacher says that ‘B’ is correct.

You are the only one around the world who can solve it. Whatever you will answer i will show to my teacher.

Thank you. I love your teaching Adam.

Thursday, April 9th 2020

Thank you so much! I got 10 out of 10. This lesson is very useful

Monday, April 13th 2020

hello, Mr.Adam thank you for this nice explanation. Can you help me with how to identify the position relative clause in the sentence as subject and object? Thank you.

Tuesday, April 28th 2020

Thanks Adam! getting better 9 out of 10!!!
I made a mistake in Q5…I had a doubt on it when I was answering due the comma.

Tuesday, May 26th 2020

I’m a little bit confuse between who and whom could you till me what’s the different between them please Mr.Adam

Monday, June 1st 2020

Hi Adam! Thanx for the video. Why do you put commas in the sentence about the excentric billioner? If we remove the relative clause from this sentence will we get the complite idea about the billioner? If I said the excentric billioner donated bla bla bla you might not understand what billioner I was talking about. Isn’t the relative clause used in this sentence critical for our comprehansion about that billioner?

Monday, June 22nd 2020

Great lesson, but I am a little confused. I thought the word “that” is identifying and “which” is non identifying. Do you have a lesson on using that vs which?

Monday, July 27th 2020

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