engVid quiz

Test your understanding of this English lesson

Test your understanding of the English lesson by answering these questions. You will get the answers and your score at the end of the quiz.
How many clauses are in this sentence? (including the independent clause)
When Jessica feels sad, she likes to listen to sad songs, which somehow helps her feel better.

What type of dependent clause is in the following sentence?
It is very important to keep in mind that not everyone will agree with your opinion.

What type of dependent clause is in the following sentence?
I’m very glad you decided to visit.

What type of adjective clause is in the following sentence?
Daniella, whom most people call Dani, was just promoted to a senior managerial position.

What type of dependent clause is in the following sentence?
I’d waited for you until the concert started, but then I had to go inside to meet my friends.

What type of dependent clause is in the following sentence?
The professor couldn't figure out (understand) whose phone kept ringing during his lecture.

How many clauses are in this sentence? (including the independent clause)
Although most dogs are generally very friendly animals, it is important to remember that they can be very dangerous if they feel that they are being attacked.

What type of dependent clause is in the following sentence?
Kate was very relieved that Janice was okay.

How many clauses are in this sentence? (including the independent clause)
As the movie was about what happens to children who are exposed to violence, the school board decided it would be inappropriate to show to elementary students who might be negatively affected by the content.

Next Question

309 Comments on “Advanced English Grammar: Dependent Clauses”

Leave a Comment

Hello, Adam! Thanks a lot!

Friday, October 16th 2015

    Flankly speaking Adam, I need to go over your other videos on Clauses to have a complete picture of this important grammar topic.

    The lesson provided useful clues that helped to pinpoint the different clauses on the quiz.

    Thanks, see you soon!

    Saturday, January 9th 2016

      I hope I help you a little bit.:)
      frankly-adv; used to show that you are saying what are you think about something.; honestly and directly.

      Sunday, July 3rd 2016


        Sunday, July 3rd 2016

        hey Maria, i was just reading the comments below the lesson and i found out useful yours. Thanks. I´d like to know if you want to practice with me, i am about to get a job correlated with english (bilingual agente), but i must enhance speaking.

        Friday, August 5th 2016


        Friday, February 10th 2017

Good day Adam

thank you for the lesson which i have found it so difficult for me but i am still waiting the next lessons of the dependent clauses to understand more
you are great teacher.

Friday, October 16th 2015

The quiz was difficult but good study for me. Thank you for your great lesson, Adam :)

Friday, October 16th 2015

This content is especially important for writing.

Saturday, October 17th 2015

    Yes Alex!

    Important and difficult subject.

    Saturday, October 17th 2015

Thanks a lot, Adam!Good stuff!

Saturday, October 17th 2015

Thank you for this lesson.As Alex said,It is so good to use them in writing section.

Saturday, October 17th 2015

Thanks Adam.

Saturday, October 17th 2015

Do you smoke a lot Adam ? :))

Saturday, October 17th 2015

    I’m working on quitting Merve ;)

    Sunday, November 1st 2015

      Hi Adam. I watched your video then I took this quiz. I got 89. Thank you. And I hope you have quit smoking by now(is it grammatical?) I don’t like to upset you. I lost my father because of this.

      Sunday, August 6th 2017

    merve nasilsin,, I’m in istanbul . i study turkshish language but i need to practice speaking will u help me that….

    Sunday, March 6th 2016

    How do you know that adam is a smoker?

    Monday, May 4th 2020

Thanks a lot Adam
It was so helpful ….. I saw it once and did the quiz and it was 8 out of 9 what do you think???

Saturday, October 17th 2015

    I would like to improve my English, would you like to help me?
    thank you :)

    Thursday, October 22nd 2015

    Good job Reemabousaid :)

    Sunday, November 1st 2015

Cool stuff!

I’ve been looking for a lesson like this in different sources and for a long time. Please Adam, continue, and go deep into clauses. Tell how different clause are built in next videos. I am looking forward to seeing next videos.

Saturday, October 17th 2015

    More are coming Yankhonskly :)

    Sunday, November 1st 2015

Thanks Adam!

Tough subject, but it helps us to force our minds to understand and compose better English sentences, that is goal of these extraordinary videos, I think.

Saturday, October 17th 2015

    the goal… :-)

    Saturday, October 17th 2015

Omg this is so difficult! But I will try my best. Thank you for the lesson!

Saturday, October 17th 2015

What a difficult test today!!!Wooow!!I´ll watch the video again later, and then, I should retake the test.
Thank you Adam, you explain very good and clearly all the grammar rules. Why don´t you consider to explain a lesson about inversion, that it´s also very difficult??

Saturday, October 17th 2015

    Already did Knopler86.

    Here you go:

    Sunday, November 1st 2015

      Thank you very much Adam!!
      Hope to see you again soon ;)

      Sunday, November 1st 2015

    Hi Knopfler I found it difficult too .
    You know in my plans i’d love to learn Spanish too as ilove Spain and the languages it self .
    would you mind learning me and also to practice English as well ?

    Monday, November 9th 2015

Great lesson,Adam,great lesson.Thanks again.

Saturday, October 17th 2015

Thanks Adam,I hope Great lesson and many difficult test today.thanks Adam I’ll watch the video or my book again later

Saturday, October 17th 2015

This lesson was for me just easy understanding since I knew how to use them in sentences and speaking to someone that stuff.. So this lesson I got some new sentences that helped me a lot
Adam you are sort of making and understanding that what you teach here to people can easily grasp is that much power you’ve got not only you Rebecca and Emma Ronnie and yes James and yes Alex too just great at teaching.. .
It was just so fun to listen for me Anyway thanks much Adam.. .

Saturday, October 17th 2015

Adam! Thank you very much! This lesson was perfect for me!

Saturday, October 17th 2015

…Learning grammar may help us more confident in reading, writing and also in speaking.
Oh, my god! This quiz was so difficult for me.
Thank you so much for this great, important and difficult lesson, Adam.

Saturday, October 17th 2015

thanks Adam.

Sunday, October 18th 2015

8/9 in the quiz, but it was tough for me.
Thanks, Adam.

Sunday, October 18th 2015

why i am can not go through to new que

Sunday, October 18th 2015

    Hi Fubsco,

    I’m not sure what you’re asking; you can’t do the full quiz?

    Sunday, November 1st 2015

      He’s asking :”why can’t he do a new quiz ,another one”.

      Friday, March 3rd 2017

plz respond

Sunday, October 18th 2015

Thanks, Adam. From the quiz I got 7/9. my mistake is in determining the kind of the clause. I get a difficulty in differentiate the noun clause and adj clause.

Sunday, October 18th 2015

    It just takes practice Fatma. Keep trying, and it will come to you :)

    Sunday, November 1st 2015

Dear Adam,
Thanks for your lessons.
I have a question and a suggestion.
About question 7, if there is no comma is still a clause as long as it has a verb and a subject, am I right? I always though we needed a comma to identify clauses. And the suggestion is that maybe in your later tutorials you could talk about appositives as well :)
Thanks again, nice tattoo.

Sunday, October 18th 2015

    Thanks Aurora,

    Actually, commas have a very particular function in clauses. When I get into the individual clauses you will see what I mean.

    Sunday, November 1st 2015

Hi Adam
I have one request here.Could you explain the word “after” come like “What are they after” “What are you after” How many do you after” etc.thanks

Sunday, October 18th 2015

    Hi Engsaaiqbal,

    What are you after means what are you trying to get or to achieve.

    How many do you after is actually not a correct sentence though.

    Hope this helps.

    Sunday, November 1st 2015

Thanks! I still need to practice use clauses in my writing and speaking.Thanks again!

Sunday, October 18th 2015

Adam I like your lessons. They are very understandable. Thank you!!!

Monday, October 19th 2015

    Thank you Katerina :)

    Sunday, November 1st 2015

Hello MR.Adam
I have one question that I wish you answer me .
Today I had an English exam and I started my paragraph with a hook . I wrote ” when was the last time you some

Monday, October 19th 2015

Your comment is waiting to be approved by engVid.

Hello MR.Adam
I have one question that I wish you answer me .
Today I had an English exam and I started my paragraph with a hook . Can you look at my sentence please ” when was the last time you someone makes or make an ancient crafts ” . My question is which one is correct (make or makes ) ? Because I lost one mark on this:(

Monday, October 19th 2015

    Hi Noofsa,

    When was the last time you someone makes or make an ancient crafts When was the last time you or someone you know MADE an ancient craft?

    the last time = the past (made)

    Hope this helps.

    Sunday, November 1st 2015

It is difficult, but I have to try and find out my mistake then I will learn from that.
Thank you, Adam

Monday, October 19th 2015

Very helpful! cannot be sure about the difference between noun clause as object and noun clause as subject

Monday, October 19th 2015

    Hi Amazonove,

    Look at what it is doing in the sentence– is it doing the verb (subject), or is it receiving/the target of the verb (object)?

    First, it helps to know what subjects and objects are and do in a sentence. ;)

    Sunday, November 1st 2015

Hi Adam! Please tell me which is right:
1 Why do you wear this shirt today(now)?
2 Why are you wearing this shirt today(now)?
Thank you.

Monday, October 19th 2015

    Hi Katrin,

    #2 is correct. You are wearing it now (continuous)

    But… why do you wear that shirt every day?

    Sunday, November 1st 2015

      Thank you Adam.

      Friday, November 6th 2015

Hi Adam,
I need to ask class students to sit in a single row with an arm distance facing black board for exam purpose.What is the verbal expression

Monday, October 19th 2015

    Hi Imshakeelatk,

    I need students to stand in single files, at arm’s length from each other and facing the blackboard.

    To tell the truth, though, the way you wrote it would also work ;)

    Sunday, November 1st 2015

      Hi Adam, I am grateful.

      Sunday, November 1st 2015

it´s dificult but no impossible specially identifying if it´s or not an adverb clause noun clause, adjetive clause, in resume everything jajjaa. but it was well explained

Monday, October 19th 2015

Very importante lesson …teacher!!

Monday, October 19th 2015

All of your lessons are so great and qualified. Thanks a lot.

Tuesday, October 20th 2015

ufffff…. i’m not getting noun clause…..

Tuesday, October 20th 2015

    Not to worry Jalal. I’ll make lessons on each type of clause soon :)

    Sunday, November 1st 2015

      will be waiting for them…..

      Wednesday, November 4th 2015

Adam which of them IS or ARE I must use in the next sentences(from grammatical point of view):
1 There (IS/ARE) a divan, a desk and armchair in the room.
2 There (IS/ARE) a divan and a desk in the room).
3 There (IS/ARE) two desks and a divan in the room).

Thank you.

Is it grammatically correct to say: “there ARE NO clocks in the room” or I only could say: “there IS NO clock in the room”.

Tuesday, October 20th 2015

    All three sentences technically need ARE, though many native speakers will use is when the first noun that follows is singular.

    there are no clocks and there is no clock are both correct.

    Sunday, November 1st 2015

      Thank you Adam and I have used ARE all the time. But I saw this strange rule(about using IS) somewhere one month ago in the textbook for russian kids(THE WORSE IS they give them bad degrees for using ARE in that case!). And those kids are too little(8-9 years old).

      Friday, November 6th 2015

        Yes, I’ve seen that too, but at school they need to do what the teachers want- when they go out into the real world they’ll have to adjust. :)

        Saturday, November 21st 2015

          Dear Adam I need your happy because I have problem with spelling I the moment I’m studying English still I can write and I don’t know what to do can you please explain how I can improve.
          many thanks

          Friday, March 4th 2016

Oh, sorry. Is it normal to say: “The room’s left corner isn’t equal. (or crooked?),(or not even?)

Tuesday, October 20th 2015

    Hi everyone, I’d like to find a companion to practice my english via skype, reply my comment, if you’re interested:)

    Wednesday, October 21st 2015

    The corner is the corner, but if you want to say something about the walls, they are crooked or not even (both are ok). Uneven suggests more about the alignment, while crooked is more about each walls lines. (if that makes sense) ;)

    Sunday, November 1st 2015

      Thank you for the answer Adam! I understand clearly your explanation. But now I don’t understand about corners!(so I can’t say the room’s corners and I should say the wall’s lines are crooked). It’s getting more difficult when I must say something about everyday life.(because no one in audiobooks and movies talks on such topics). Too bad!

      Friday, November 6th 2015

        I should have mentioned before, but you can use the word ‘uneven’ and then it’s up to the listener to imagine that on his/her own. Uneven just means not straight, or not balanced, or…

        Saturday, November 21st 2015

Thank you Adam! It was very hard test for me ….

Tuesday, October 20th 2015

Hi Adam, it was a really good one.

Tuesday, October 20th 2015

Thank you Adam , It is good lesson but it difficult for me.

Wednesday, October 21st 2015

Thank u

Wednesday, October 21st 2015

Got 7 out of 9

Wednesday, October 21st 2015

Thanks, Adam.
But I’ve a question:
‘waterlogged’ and ‘flooded’ what is the difference?

Thursday, October 22nd 2015

    Sorry, one more question.
    ‘north’, ‘northern’ and ‘northerly’
    What is the difference?
    If 3 of them are as adjective, what is the difference?

    Thursday, October 29th 2015

    Hi Sophie,

    A thing can be waterlogged (like a tree, or a wall, etc.), but a place or a space can be flooded (lie a valley, or the basement).

    north is a direction you take (according to a compass). (go north five blocks, then turn east on Main Street). I t can also be a specific place (with a capital letter) (I live in the North)

    Northern is a place on map (I live in the northern United States). It can also distinguish between places ( i live in the northern part of the country and my sister lives in the South; the cuisine of northern China)

    northerly is the direction something moves in
    (He traveled in a northerly direction) or the origin of something (northerly winds–they are moving from the north)

    Hope this helps.

    Sunday, November 1st 2015

hi there Adam, I do love you (as a teacher…) but in the last structured sentence I think it make no sense (talking about the meaning and the relationship between the informations given). I didn’t get the connection between the first clause, wich usually give the meaning or the “sense” to the whole story, and the last one. I mean: what’s the relation between “When my mother told me….” AND “I knew she was really happy..” ? And it sounds strange to me the past tens KNEW. I don’t know if I have been clear but I hope so. For the rest you are awesome! And I take advantage to these comments to practice with writing. Bye Giuseppe Italy

Friday, October 23rd 2015

    sorry….it makes no sense

    Friday, October 23rd 2015

I disagree with answer no. 4. Could it be more than one Daniella in that company, why not? In fact,the writer specified her nickname.

Friday, October 23rd 2015

    Hi Mescal,

    If there were ore than one Daniella, then I’d first have to identify which one I’m talking about before I say anything else. Daniella from accounting, whom most people … (from accounting would be the identifier)

    As for the sentence in the first comment, I’m not really sure what you’re not getting. When my mother told me about Lucy, I knew (understood) that she was happy. I knew (past) because she told me (past).

    If you can clarify the question, I’ll look at ti again.

    Hope this helps a bit anyway.

    Sunday, November 1st 2015

Excellent lesson, Adam. The way you teach us become any hard lesson like that in a light and enjoyable lesson.

Friday, October 23rd 2015

thanks, it was very insightful

Friday, October 23rd 2015

I don’t believe (that) I score 8. Writing is my weaker skill. Thanks Adan.

Monday, October 26th 2015

Thanks for great explanations of such a difficult topic. Looking forward for more lessons on it.

Tuesday, October 27th 2015

    Yep! I agree with you; he explains difficult topics with great ease. That’s what a good teacher always do, isn’t it?

    Looking forward TO watching more lessons on “Dependent Clauses” too.


    Saturday, January 9th 2016

      right, thanks!

      P.S. That’s what a good teacher always DOES.

      Wednesday, January 13th 2016

Thank you for the great class, Adam.
I am a little bit confused about the independent clause. I think ‘I knew’ can’t express a complete thought. Should ‘she was really happy’ be a noun dependent clause instead of independent clause?

Wednesday, October 28th 2015

    Hi Kamiya,

    I’m not really sure I get the question, but just in case:

    I knew (that) she was happy (that) I met…

    I knew is the independent clause with a noun clause object and a complement that clause in the noun clause.

    Hmmm… confusing, but that’s what it is.

    Does this help at all?

    Sunday, November 1st 2015

Mr Adam,
I’ve come across this sentence somewhere on the web:
I would like to have been there, but it wasn’t possible.
Is this sentence correct?
present + present perfect + past simple
If yes, what sense is it? Explain.

Wednesday, October 28th 2015

    Hi Fahdbensalman,

    I think it should be: I would have liked to have been there… or I would have liked to be there… (the second one is preferable because it’s shorter and gets the point across)
    I would like is used to talk abut a future desire, so doesn’t work with the past.

    Sunday, November 1st 2015

Mrs. Rebecca,
I’ve learned the third conditional that:
If he had asked me, I would have helped him.
But I’ve come across this sentence somewhere on the web:
I would have helped, but he didn’t ask.
Is this sentence correct without “had” in the dependent clause?

Wednesday, October 28th 2015

Mr Adam,
I’ve learned the third conditional that:
If he had asked me, I would have helped him.
But I’ve come across this sentence somewhere on the web:
I would have helped, but he didn’t ask.
Is this sentence correct without “had” in the dependent clause?

Wednesday, October 28th 2015

    Yes, it’s ok.

    If he had asked me, I would have helped him, but he didn’t ask. (your second example is the same but shorter and reversed.)

    The simple tense if for the fact of the situation.

    Sunday, November 1st 2015

Adamsın.. This means “You are the man” in Turkish :)

Wednesday, October 28th 2015

    Thank you Salo :)

    Sunday, November 1st 2015

would you make a video for civil engineering

Wednesday, October 28th 2015

    Hi Mostafa,

    I would if I knew anything about it, but unfortunately, I have no background in this field.

    Sunday, November 1st 2015

i will take the lesson again…thank so much.

Wednesday, October 28th 2015

Thanks man.I heard first time about this clauses.I looking forward to next lesson.

Saturday, October 31st 2015

Well my stuff wasn’t really brillant today…

I was unable to brush up all those grammar concepts at the same time.
I definitively need to sleep a little on it.

Thanks Adam you have pointed fields I should work with.

Saturday, October 31st 2015

    After some revisions and one day later …
    Now I feel more accustomed with “dependant clause”.Sure it remains a little unsteady, luckily your next lessons will help to strenghten that.

    About the ninth question, and to check if I well understand. I’d tend to separate clauses like that :
    5. (that) it would be inappropriate to show to elementary students
    6. who might be negatively affected by the content
    Nobody has noticed it. Perhaps I’ve missed something ?

    Thanks again Adam, until the next time.

    Sunday, November 1st 2015

      Hi Nico,

      You’re talking about the answer explanation… yes, you’re right. the 6 is misplaced; it should come before the last who as you wrote. Good eye ;)

      Sunday, November 22nd 2015

is there any problem with server …it does not show vid

Saturday, October 31st 2015

    Hi Zabee,

    Sometimes it might be not working well there. You might need to reroute. Is it ok now?

    Sunday, November 22nd 2015

Thank you, Adam. You are my favourite English teacher. The best explanations I’ve ever heard. Needless to say, relevant comments on vocabulary during grammar lessons are worthwhile. I’m looking forward to your next tutorial.

Sunday, November 1st 2015

Thank you for your lecture of grammar always ~~~♡♡♡

Monday, November 2nd 2015

Hello friend,
What is the difference between monument and memorial?
Are they both interchangeable in a sentence?

Tuesday, November 3rd 2015

    Hi Fahdensalman,

    A monument is a physical construction used as a memorial. A memorial doesn’t have to be physical. It can be a story, or sign or a memorial service.

    Also, a monument can be a display of grandeur while a memorial is only to remember something/someone.

    Sunday, November 22nd 2015

Greetings! Mr Adam.

we urgently need more conjuctons lectures,I watched whole lectures about conjuctions but there are still some of them that I need to know properly,as an example “whereas,whereby,simultaneously,nevertheless,such as ,such that” those can be emerged sometimes in IELTS
thank you in advance

Tuesday, November 3rd 2015

    HI Ayaskuz,

    I’ll get on these :)

    Sunday, November 22nd 2015

Wow, Thank you so much!!! I love how you teach grammar and everything. You are the best and I’m learning a lot from you. You are literally the best teacher I have ever had!!! Thank you thank you thank you!!!!

Tuesday, November 3rd 2015

Hi Mr Adam,
It is hard for me to …
It is difficult for me to …
Is there any difference between them?
Are they both interchangeable in a sentence?

Wednesday, November 4th 2015

    For the most part, yes, they are interchangeable. Some “purists” would say that hard is not good form, but most people use both.

    Sunday, November 22nd 2015

I left two questions yesterday and I was informed that my comments are on the moderation. How long they will be on the checking?
Thank you.

Saturday, November 7th 2015

    Not sure Lorina. You can try again. I see this note ;)

    Sunday, November 22nd 2015

It’s a very helpful lesson. thank you .

Sunday, November 8th 2015

ty adam.
This boring subject is tolarable with you

Monday, November 9th 2015

it is one of the best videos on this website
you are amazing Adam
PS: i love you :)

Wednesday, November 11th 2015

i can’t figure out why i can’t understand the noun clause

Wednesday, November 11th 2015

    It just takes practice Ghufran :)

    The key s to see it in use and recognizing it’s a noun clause. then you will know how to use it too.

    Sunday, November 22nd 2015

hello Adam, firstly many thanks for your lesson and your videos. I have a question about number 8 in the test, why is complement? because I thought is the reason so adv clause, kate is relieved because janice is okay, is very confused for me, Thanks!!!!

Thursday, November 12th 2015

    Hi BelenAnabelen,

    If the sentence had ‘because’ then it would be an adverb clause. But here, the sentence is complete (Kate was very relieved) that Janice was OK doesn’t say what made Kate relieved, but why she is relieved. It’s not a cause and result sentence. What is she relieved about? that Janice…

    Does this help?

    Sunday, November 22nd 2015

Hello Adam,
I could not find a lesson on sequence of tenses on your amazing site.
Would you make one, please?
Also I have a question for you; in my native language collocations of words of common origin (I synthesized a couple just for better understanding, these are not translations of any kind: ‘to dream a dream’, ‘to speak a speech’) are considered grammatically incorrect and used mostly in humorous context. How do such collocations sound to a native speaker and is there a place for such expressions in academic English?

Tuesday, November 17th 2015

    Hi Badfiles,

    You can use these collocations as stylistic elements, as long as it’s understood that that is what they are. For example, an essay about Martin Luther King would almost necessitate that he dreamed a dream because that’s a famous part of his landmark speech. (by the way, we don’t speak a speech, we deliver it).

    Also, I’m not sure what you mean by sequence of tenses. Do you mean when we mix tenses in a sentence?

    Sunday, November 22nd 2015

I’m very appreciated for your videos, Adam!

Ironically, before I had known you on engVid.com where I had found your useful courses about English grammar, I could hardly understand dependence clauses, which were very strange and abstract to me, even if I was a hard-working student who had made a lot of effort on learning English for more than a decade.

Wednesday, November 18th 2015

What’s more, have you made the video about HOW TO CONSTRUCT DEPENDENT CLAUSES, as you’ve mentioned in the beginning of this video which is called “Advanced English Grammar: Dependent Clauses”?

Wednesday, November 18th 2015

    They’re on their way Sinonerdius :)

    Sunday, November 22nd 2015

This lesson is most difficult one I’ve seen on Engvid, thanks alot tho.

Wednesday, November 18th 2015

Hello again,
Why did you call the ‘preparatory it’ ‘prepatory’?
Would you make a lesson on preparatory subject, please?

Friday, November 20th 2015

    Will do ;)

    Prepatory… I make this mistake often. Good eye, though. When it’s spoken, the ‘ra’ sort of melts into the rest of it.

    Sunday, November 22nd 2015

Sorry, I’ll study again.

Sunday, November 22nd 2015

Thanks a lot for the explanation but it was very difficult for me, i need to study more and repeat this video again :(

Sunday, November 22nd 2015

Hi Adam, congratulations for your classes and explanations….I really love them.
One comment, in the outcome of the last question, the 6. Clause should start with the pronoun “who” instead of elementary students, shouldn’t it?. I mean the adjective clause begins with “who might be negstively…etc”, right?
Thanks a lot.

Sunday, November 22nd 2015

    Hi Silvias,

    Yes, you’re right. I think it was a typo in the transcription. The elementary students are part of the previous clause.

    Good eye :)

    Saturday, December 12th 2015

sorry, i don’t undertand this sentence
i knew she was really happy , i met the right person
i think that why she was happy,because i met the right person. so this is a relationship, that may be a adverb clause. i know that we have “when” at the beginning of the sentence, so can i do like this”i new she was happy because i met the right person”
i’m quite complicated, hope you explain for me, many thanks adam

Sunday, November 22nd 2015

    Hi Thanhhp,

    Yes, I can write it with because which would make it an adverb clause, but I can also write it as …happy that I met… as a complement noun clause that acts like an adverb.

    But remember: if I wrote I knew she was happy. –this would be complete independent clause. The complement only completes the meaning of happy.

    Does this help?

    Saturday, December 12th 2015

Hello,Adam.I still dont know how to use
“that” clause and how to recognize what is “that” clause.

Tuesday, November 24th 2015

    Hi Liulizhengyi,

    I will make more videos about each type of clause separately :)

    Saturday, December 12th 2015

Thanks a lot man , Appreciate it .

Thursday, November 26th 2015

hello,Adam.thanks alot

Sunday, November 29th 2015

3 times but not really understand. Tomorrow is the next time. Thanks Adam!

Monday, November 30th 2015

it was very difficult for me to learn about this topic . I am going to this video again because it is very important to know about this topic . thanks Adam a lot you are one of the greatest English teachers that I’ve ever seen in my life .

Friday, December 4th 2015

Hi Adam! I’m really thankful for all your interesting lessons, and I think you’re the right one to answer my question: what are the differences among ‘everywhere’, ‘anywhere’ and ‘wherever’?? I’ll wait for your reply! thank you so much!

Friday, December 4th 2015

    Hi Blueapplee,

    Everywhere means in all places (definite). Anywhere means in all places (indefinite). In other words everywhere leaves no room for doubt (Air is everywhere, in all places all the time). Anywhere means it can be at any place at any time, but not in every place every time (like air). Wherever is like anywhere, except that it is used as a conjunction in a sentence (I will meet you wherever you want vs. I’ll meet you anywhere (that) you want.

    Does this help?

    Saturday, December 12th 2015

      yes!!! this helped me a lot! thank you so much Adam!!=D

      Wednesday, December 16th 2015

Hi Adam,
I do not reapeat that you are a great teacher. I would like to learn about the verb ‘LET’ if coud you do this I would be apppreciate. Thanks

Wednesday, December 9th 2015

    I’ll get on it Tanerkamali :)

    Saturday, December 12th 2015

Thanks Adam .
I was interesting while listening you .

Friday, December 11th 2015

Thank you, Adam

Friday, December 11th 2015

Thanks alot!It is a functional grammar!

Monday, December 14th 2015

Hi, Adam. Always thanks.
Anyway, I’m wondering if Quiz number 2’s answer is wrong.
‘that not everyone will agree with your opinion’ is the object of verb ‘keep’?

Saturday, December 19th 2015

thanks teacher

Tuesday, December 22nd 2015

Very hard but necessary! Thanks a lot!

Sunday, December 27th 2015

thank you Adam i get 7 from 9 *-*

Sunday, December 27th 2015

Hello Adam,
Firstly thank You very much for this lesson. It is very useful 😊
Secondly, have you already made any lesson on monotransitive, ditransitive, copular etc. verbs and syntax?
I am a student of English philology and I need to immerse myself into descriptive grammar 😉

Monday, December 28th 2015

thank you. I got 7. thoughtful but amazing !

Tuesday, December 29th 2015

i like the video but am still not understanding it. i will continue to watch the video so i can get a better understanding.

Tuesday, December 29th 2015

Thanks a lot. very interesting. 8/9.

Friday, January 1st 2016

feel so bad, TT, need to replay it again

Monday, January 4th 2016

Hi,Adam!could you plz make a video about”in which, on which,for which,etc ” ? I always confuse with them,Thx!

Wednesday, January 6th 2016

    Hi, Zheng
    they are all produced from ‘which’
    Let me try:)
    Beijing, in which I live,(= which I live in) is capital of China

    The Summer Place, on which I am standing,is a little bit far from the downtown of Beijing city. (maybe not correct for saying that, but example is an example…)

    My sister, for which you bought a new doll, is cold today.
    :)are they correct or not?

    Wednesday, May 10th 2017

I have a grammar exam on thursday. Noun phrase , verbe phrase , adverbial phrase and clauses :) thanks a lot sir (y)

Sunday, January 10th 2016

Thanks, Adam for the lesson. I’m looking forward for your new videos about clauses. It was very useful.

Monday, January 11th 2016

Such a wonderful video! :)
Such a challenging quiz!
Thank you, Adam!

Wednesday, January 13th 2016

sure in 3 lecture ive just got 8 true from 28 question, so really terribly bad -_- but thank you

Thursday, January 14th 2016

Hey Adam! In this sentence “She said she was sorry” I think “she was sorry” is more to be adv complement not an object isn’t it? please explain.

Saturday, January 16th 2016

Thank you adam

Saturday, January 23rd 2016

I need another webesite to learn IELTS. Please help me.

Saturday, January 23rd 2016

It is much like the portuguese grammar.

Friday, January 29th 2016

Thanks a lot, very useful lesson

Friday, January 29th 2016

This lesson is quite hard for me, but if i will practice more about this lesson maybe i’ll get it. Thanks a lot adam for sharing this lesson.

Monday, February 1st 2016

5 out 9…still have long way to go…..

Wednesday, February 3rd 2016

It was great, thank you Adam!

Friday, February 5th 2016

Thanks for the generous work

Sunday, February 7th 2016

    Hi there
    could you guide me how can i learn my son English?
    He is 6 month.his mom and I are Kurdish but We are going to learn him English ?

    Friday, November 25th 2016

Hi! Sir Adam
i haven’t gotten any clause. Please tell me what I should to do?

Monday, February 8th 2016

Hi Adam, can I say ” I brought myself a motorcycle in my birthday that made my wife crazy ” ??

Friday, February 19th 2016

Sorry I mean I write because of spelling problem I needed your help
many thanks

Friday, March 4th 2016

    Sorry I mean I can’t write

    Friday, March 4th 2016

Hello, Adam. Thanks a lot for this lessons. Having done the quiz I revealed that I didn’t clear understood difference between “that” clause and noun clouse. Twice I answered second insted of first. Could you tell more about it.

Saturday, March 5th 2016

You are the best one.
I have learned a lot with your lessons.

Thank you.

Saturday, March 5th 2016

Thank you very much. This is really interesting stuff which made me think during the quiz.

Sunday, March 6th 2016

thanks dear teacher it is crucial lesson and useful

Sunday, March 6th 2016

thank you Adam. I appreciate your video :) you teach me a lot everyday

Tuesday, March 8th 2016

Hi Adam
i often heard u used a specific more than special.but in my habbit,i often use special. so i wanna figure out if it is the common way the american used?

Thursday, March 10th 2016

Dear Adam, thank you a lot for helpful lesson!
Could you clarify one moment? In the last example, which is the most complex sentence, isn’t there an extra dependent clause?
I mean the clause “,who was only 18 when she had me,”.
Couldn’t the part “when she had me” be an adverb-clause also?
Thank you in advance!

Wednesday, March 23rd 2016

Hi, Adam. Thanks a lot for your lessons.
But I can not understand question 2 in the quiz.
‘It is very important to keep in mind that not everyone will agree with your opinion.’
Why the right answer is ‘noun clause as subject’?
I supposed that subject is ‘It’, not clause.

Could you explain please?

Friday, March 25th 2016

Hi Adam>> ..THANKS A LOT >>> I Hope that you make …a video on Relative Clauses … And THANKS

Friday, April 1st 2016

Finally I realized the concept after read watched this video lesson three times.
Thank you very much, it was very helpful

Monday, April 4th 2016

Great, thanks.

Wednesday, April 6th 2016

Hi, Sir. I have a question.
See these sentences:
I am the student. I pass the test.
I am the student who passes the test.
I am the student who pass the test.
which complex is the correct one, please.
I will be thankful if you explain.

Friday, April 15th 2016

    Hi, Barkam.
    Grammatically, sentences 1 and 2 are correct, but if you need a correct complex sentence with a relative clause, you need sentence 2. It has an independent clause: “I am the student” (I = subject, am = verb) and a dependent relative clause: “who passes the test” (who = subject and at the same time, a link between the clauses, passes = verb). The second clause describes what type of student you are.
    Though, to sound more natural, it is better to say: “I am the student who passed the test” (if you mean that you HAVE passed the test) The sentence “I am the student who passes the test” means rather “I always pass tests, it is characteristic of me”.
    I hope this explanation is enough :)

    Thursday, June 16th 2016

      Great explication!

      Saturday, July 2nd 2016


Sunday, May 15th 2016

Thanks a lot Adam !! You are the best teacher I have ever seen :)

Thursday, June 9th 2016

Nailed it!
9/9 and I can add an opinion.
The ‘complement’ that-clause feels very much like an adverbial clause of reason: I was glad (why? because of what?) that you came.
What do you think?

Wednesday, June 15th 2016

Hello, adam.
I teach english for competitive exams. I would like to share some of my doubts with you.

1. The guest whom we were talking about have come are my cousins.

This question has been asked atleast 10 times in govt. Exams. The ans is replace whom with who. But it is not the answer that is bothering me. Here three clauses are used but only one conjunction is used why??? As fr as my opinion is concerned i think here one relative pronoun was not because it was understood and acting as the object of verb talking. Please tell me what you think abou this.

Friday, June 24th 2016

Hi Adam,you are a great teacher. I really want to understamd this quiz better. I need help and I can get it if someone tells me if I am correct.
At the first question:
When Jessica feels sad- adverbial clause of time;
‘she likes to listen to sad songs -independent clause’;
‘which somehow helps her feel better’-adjective clause.
At the 7 question:
1.Although most dogs are generally very friendly animals- adverbial clause of contrast
2. it is important to remember-independent clause;
3. that they can be very dangerous-noun clause;
4. if they feel-adverbial clause of condition
5. that they are being attacked.-noun clause;
Plus, it is a huge problem for me that I find the noun clause used as a direct object clause and the ‘that’ clause very similar, because both of which have the proprietary that ‘that’ is a conjunction that can often be taken out. This is a major problem in my process of learning English I am looking forward for a answer, please. I can not see any distinction.I even watched the Alex’s lesson about the ‘that’ clause and yet doesn’t help me.

Saturday, July 2nd 2016

    Hi StudentMaria:
    If I am ‘someone’,I might share my experience.
    Keep trying to focus on Adam’s video about sentence structure.
    You are correct in your analysis about the first and the seventh question.Let me try to follow your problem:
    About structure: As you propose,the noun clause and the ‘that’ clause have the proprietary *that* (conjunction).
    But *that*has no any mean in them (dependent clause–the noun clause and the ‘that’ clause ). *that* just can be a symbol(sign) introducting dependent clause–the noun clause and the ‘that’ clause.
    About function: Both have the same shape ,but have different function according to the position they will be.
    The noun clause(dependent clause) can act as subject in the independent clause then it should be in the position of subject (before verb).
    The noun clause(dependent clause) can act as object in the independent clause then it should be in the position of object (after transitive verb).
    The noun clause(dependent clause) can act as complement in the independent clause then it should be in the position of complement (because of be verb).
    The ‘that’ clause(dependent clause) doesn’t care about the verb.
    The ‘that’ clause(dependent clause)follow(be attach to) the idea (in independent or other dependent clause) it want to modify or to complete .
    Hope this helps!


    Saturday, October 8th 2016

an answer*
didn’t help me*

Sunday, July 3rd 2016

Could someone tell me what are the right questions for each dependent clause?

Sunday, July 3rd 2016

Although most dogs are generally very friendly animals 1/, it is important to remember 2/ that they can be very dangerous 3/ if they feel 4/ that they are being attacked.5/

1-adverbial clause-concession
2-independent clause
3-noun clause-direct object clause
4-adverbial clause-condition
5-noun clause-direct object clause

Is it correct?

Sunday, July 3rd 2016

Help please!!!
I’d waited for you until the concert started, but then I had to go inside to meet my friends.

there are 3 clauses?

Tuesday, July 5th 2016

Many thanks.

Sunday, July 17th 2016

Bravooooooooooooooooo @dam

Thursday, August 4th 2016

So helpful! Thank You Adam, You explain all these things in such a simple way. You’re doing a great job here!

Friday, August 19th 2016

teacher Adam, i dont understand this: i watch a video about adverb clause of other teacher but when i do the quiz it a sentence is confused me:
the band was really tired. they still finished the concert.
A. because the band was really tired, they finished the concert.
B. even though the band was really tired, they finished the concert.
i chose A, but correct answer is B
is it right?

Monday, August 29th 2016

Hi Adam. Thanks for your lession.
Could you make an video about how to reduce the relative clauses?

Thursday, September 1st 2016

Hi Adam thank you for your lesson. I have learnt a lot.

Saturday, September 3rd 2016

Thank you Adam for your lessons,they are really very helpful.
I think noun clauses and their functions are a little bit mor complicated than the other dependent clauses.
I’m frustrated:got only 5/9

Sunday, October 2nd 2016

I got 7. Adam i really appreciated your effort.

Monday, October 10th 2016

I wonder to know if these sentence is correct:
“I have whispered into Kate’s ear a secret quietly at home today.”
Is there any mistake that I don’t see?
Thank you very much for response

Tuesday, October 11th 2016

Thanks Adam. But I got 44 :(. I have to learn it back.

Thursday, November 17th 2016

hello may i ask u some questions about my son`s learning English?

Friday, November 25th 2016

8 out of 9 woohoo :D

Saturday, November 26th 2016

Everything is clear, good theoretical base for practice. Thanks a lot!

Sunday, December 4th 2016

Very good lesson. I’m improving my writing while I’m doing your lessons on “clauses”

Saturday, December 10th 2016

Hello Adam. Thanks a lot for useful lessons. But I have some questıons about that clause. How can I differ that clause from noun clause? And in last example sentence you wrote “I knew she was really happy I met the rıght person”, in this sentence why “she was really happy” can not be a noun clause. What I knew?
Thanks a lot

Thursday, January 5th 2017

    Hello Joshgun,
    a quick way to tell a “that” complement from a noun clause is, replacing the

    complement/clause with a “what” and see if it’s still a grammatically correct

    sentence. For example:
    * I knew (that) she was really happy.
    → I knew what? ( ✓ )
    * She was really happy (that) I met the right person.
    → She was really happy what? ( x )
    That’s how I differentiate them.

    Based on what Adam said from 00:02:07-00:07:36, a noun clause can only be a subject,

    object(including obj of prep, obj of verb) or a subject complement.(I reclassify the

    5 situations into 3 for memorizing)
    In this case, “I met the right person” doesn’t fit in any of the three situations

    listed above.
    If you are confused about the complement, this video from Adam will help you a lot:

    Saturday, January 14th 2017

      Sorry for my crappy line breaks…..I shouldn’t turn on that “automatic line changing”function in notepad…

      Saturday, January 14th 2017

Thank you Mr Adam For This important Lessons .

Monday, January 9th 2017

    hey Kamilia we are in the same city we can learn and prepare together if you want to

    Wednesday, January 11th 2017

9 out of 9. Thanks Adam, you are really a good, special teacher. Thanks again.

Sunday, January 15th 2017

Aha, So ‘that “clause can have that or we can omit it? I wondered? I got 7 out of 9

Wednesday, January 18th 2017

hi! this is really difficult for me I so sad because I dind’t understant very well. but I will keep trying.

Thursday, February 2nd 2017

It is really help and I am so glad to watch the video and thank you so much for the great video, you are the best teacher

Sunday, February 19th 2017

It seems a difficult lessen for me , I have to watch over and over , thank you for helping

Thursday, March 2nd 2017

Hi Adam,

I can’t find your Adverb Clauses video.

Could you please help?

Many thanks.

Sunday, March 5th 2017

adam you are a good teacher, and next week i will do my exam. after i watch your videos i hope i can answer my exam next week . thank you very much adamm

Wednesday, March 15th 2017

Hi, Adam!

First congratulations for all your lessons. So, I am studying about this topic with you, and I would like to know if the analysis on the sentence below is correct:

It is a noun clause, subject complement, right?

– Patients who want to see the doctor should sit in the waiting area.

Thanks in advance

Tuesday, April 11th 2017

Hi Adam,

Now, I realized the sentence that I am analyzing, actually is an Adjective Clause right? ha ha ha
– Patients who want to see the doctor should sit in the waiting area.

Thanks again!

Tuesday, April 11th 2017


Could you explain more about this sentence? The penultimate clause ended with the preposition “to”, right? But then, the last clause comes with “who” in the middle. So, the last sentence is an adjective clause or an object to the preposition “to”? Sorry if I am not being clear.

As the movie was about 2. what happens to children 3. who are exposed to violence 4. the school Board decided 5. (that) it would be inappropriate to show to 6. elementary students who might be negatively affected by the content

Tuesday, April 11th 2017

I secured 4 out of 9 ,DC is quite tough.😞

Wednesday, April 12th 2017

I wanted to comment on the word “prepatory,” but I see that someone has already pointed it out.

Sunday, May 14th 2017

A question from the end of the video:

“…I knew she was really happy I met the right person.”

Should we not say, “…I had met the right person.”?

Sunday, May 14th 2017


I think “(that) I met the right person” is a noun clause, which acts as the adjective complement. (considering the video of the noun clause).

Thursday, July 6th 2017

Hi, Adam! Many thanks for all of what you have done so far. Since I found your videos on YouTube, I stated to watch them regularly.
I am improving my English on a day-by-day basis but I still have a problem in understanding what tense should be used in dependent clauses. I am talking about the natural sequence of tenses (not back shifting).
For instance, “I will do something, when he does something”. The verb “do” in the adverb clause is used in the present simple, but it tells about the future. Why cannot we use “when he will do smth”? (I know there are basic rules).
Is there any guidance how to understand the natural sequence of tenses in English? Or maybe, it is a high time a new video on the subject matter was prepared. (I’m joking). Your response is much appreciated.

Tuesday, July 18th 2017

please my teacher! can you tell me how to understand all of these lessons ? otherwise what is order should i follow it to watch your lessons in order to get whole idea? please i need to understand these lessons because i am PHD studen , i need to improve my ability to write also to read well.

Thursday, July 20th 2017

Hi Adam, thank you very much for this usefull lesson. But I have to ask you about the question number six, which is:”The professor couldn’t figure out (understand) whose phone kept ringing during his lecture. For me “whose phone” don’t make sense in this sentence, “who is the owns of the phone”. I really don’t have got the sense of this. Is it by any chance a mistake and the correct word is “what”? In this way I understand the sentence. Thank you very much.

Saturday, July 29th 2017

    to be more clear, when I use “whose” is it not necessary to use the verb “to be” or like “to own” with?

    Saturday, July 29th 2017

      Maybe, whose phone= the phone of whom? Really, it’s not clear to me how to use and what is “whose”. Is it an adjective or a pronoun or what?

      Sunday, July 30th 2017

        whose phone, whose means possessive. none of whom or who business, both for people as subject or object

        Monday, August 27th 2018

sorry I meant doesn’t makes sense

Saturday, July 29th 2017

Great lesson! thank you! so difficult but I will practice and watch the video again and again.

Wednesday, August 16th 2017

Thank you, Adam. I got 7. You seemed to be unhappy during this video.

Thursday, October 26th 2017

Thank you Adam

Sunday, November 12th 2017

Thanks Adam. I learned a lot

Monday, November 13th 2017

It is still hard for me to identify the difference between That Clauses v.s. Noun Clauses. Why can’t you identify as That clauses on question 2?

Sunday, December 3rd 2017

hey everyone can someone provide me with courses for syntactic bracketing, please.

Sunday, December 17th 2017

Hi Adam: at 13:20, can it be reduced to ” , making my wife angry” ? I’m not sure.

Sunday, January 7th 2018

a great teacher *-*

Thursday, January 18th 2018

Thanks a lot

Saturday, February 17th 2018

A very important topic and very well explained by
an excellent teacher. I watched the video twice.
Thank you very much.

Wednesday, February 21st 2018

Thank you so much.It is amazing to follow your lessons.

Wednesday, March 21st 2018

Hi Adam
I am enjoying your all lessons,pls advice me how to improve speaking skill

Thursday, March 22nd 2018

Sir, I didn’t understand the explanation of question number 4. Why it is an non-identifying clause ? Isn’t it saying something about Daniella ?

Friday, April 13th 2018

in the sentence: “seashells for eyes seaweed [ in his anus and nostrils]” what is the function of the phrase in brackets? It is a adverb or adjective phrase, or neither of this?

Monday, May 28th 2018

can you help me?

Monday, May 28th 2018

Hello Adam,

I am really impressed with how you have taught the lesson.

I scored 8 out of 9.

You have enabled me to break a complex sentence into understandable chunks.

Thank you.

Friday, July 27th 2018

Thank you very much, it’s very improtant for me on writing.

Monday, August 27th 2018

Hello Adam and Thanks a lot. You are the best.
I have a question. Is the sentence correct : “although practicing every day, he didn’t win”? cause it seems a little bit awkward.

Friday, September 14th 2018

Thanks a lot Mr. Adam for a very useful and interesting lesson.

Sunday, November 4th 2018

Thanks Adam. This lesson was inspiring. I’m currently trying to write the first draft of my novel. The language is fiction can make someone’s head spin. There’s this sentence structure known as ‘absolute phrase’, useful for descriptions. Could you do a lesson on that?

Sunday, November 11th 2018

Thus lesson is very tricky, any tips or recommendation to fully under stand the independent clauses !??

Tuesday, November 20th 2018

    And dependent clauses as well?

    Tuesday, November 20th 2018

Thank you, Adam, for a wonderful lesson :) I want to practise more, could you load more questions?

Wednesday, December 5th 2018

Thanks Adam .this is exactly what i was looking for

Saturday, December 15th 2018

Mr. Adam There is another dependent clause there which you didnot state.
…, I knew she was really happy…
“I knew” what?-> “that she was really happy”.
This is a noun clause i think. Or i am wrong… :)

Friday, February 22nd 2019

Hello Adam- I just wanna tell you that you´re an awesome teacher. Your lecture is easy to understand.

I just have one important question
The main clause and the dependent clause, do they need both to be on the same tense? Is there any rule for it?
Once I have extra money, i´ll surely donate :). Thanks more power to Engvid.

Tuesday, March 19th 2019

Thanks for your lesson, but it’s still difficult for me to difference clause.

Sunday, April 7th 2019

I listened to your class carely, but I did not do well in the quiz.

Tuesday, July 2nd 2019

Hi Adam, I have watched many of your videos on youtube, and I am really thankful for your valuable favor. I have a question, if I use ” On one hand…” at the beginning of a paragraph, can I start my second paragraph with ” contrary to what has been mentioned previously….”? Or I need to only use ” On one hand ….+ On the other hand?”.

Monday, July 8th 2019

Adam Thanks

Sunday, July 28th 2019

Hi Adam,
Thanks for the immensely useful lesson. I went through many and understood lot which I was not aware before. Still I have one doubt when it comes to Complex sentence.How we use passive voice tense in complex sentence. Would you please be able to advise.

Tuesday, August 13th 2019

Hi Adam! Thank a lot

Saturday, September 21st 2019

Thank you Adam! Good explanation and very good quiz!
I hope to improve my 7 out of 9 result.

Sunday, November 17th 2019

Hi Adam, I have some questions.

When my mother,who was only 18 when she had me, told me (that) I should wait untill I got older to marry Lucy. I knew (that) she was really happy (that)I met the right person.

1st)Is this relevant to put that in front of “told me”?
2nd)without “that” or with “that”in front of told me, may i consider “I should wait” as the complement or the “object” of “told me”?
3rd)is this grammatically correct to put “that” in front of “I knew” such as “I knew that”, and simultaneously to put in front of “happy word” or before “I met phrase”?

Thursday, November 21st 2019

Hi Adam, I have some questions.

When my mother,who was only 18 when she had me, told me (that) I should wait untill I got older to marry Lucy. I knew (that) she was really happy (that)I met the right person.

1st)Is this relevant to put that in front of “told me”?
2nd)without “that” or with “that”in front of told me, may i consider “I should wait” as the complement or the “object” of “told me”?
3rd)is this grammatically correct to put “that” in front of “I knew” such as “I knew that”, and simultaneously to put in front of “happy word” or before “I met phrase”?

Thursday, November 21st 2019

Thanks for clarifying I got 100

Thursday, November 21st 2019

Thanks, Adam! Really nice class!

Friday, November 22nd 2019

how can i know it is noun clause , adjective ,or another clause
and also i need some pieces of advice how can i speak fluently

Saturday, December 21st 2019

Thank you💖you are the best 😀

Saturday, December 28th 2019

Hello, I really want to understand all, please answer, why did you take <> all together? Why here can not be 2 dependant clauses? What is the problem with like?

Monday, December 30th 2019

Hello Sir, which one is good to use in essay or better writting expressions; phrases vs Clauses

Monday, January 27th 2020

Great teaching method

Tuesday, January 28th 2020

Wow, difficult one. I need more practice to clear it, still very confusing and mixed up. Thank you for the lesson. I will keep watching to grasp.

Saturday, March 14th 2020

Hi Adam! I have doubts about questions 3 and 8. In these questions I think the dependent clauses can be considered as noun clauses of the type “adjective complement” given that the clauses completes the meaning of the preceeding adjectives. What do you think?

Tuesday, March 17th 2020

Hi Adam, tanks you very much. Your lessons aré excelente. And your evaluation of my test too. I didn’t know how answer this quiz, but I went trough to the end, because your answer at this comment are very helpfull. I’ll do it again until improve my skill.

Wednesday, April 1st 2020

Hi, Adam ! Thank you very much. It was always difficult for me to understand clauses from books & other sources now i am pretty clear by watching your videos. I will keep watching.

Saturday, April 11th 2020

(In his early thirties)¹, (Keating)², (who had brown hair and brown eyes)³, (was of medium height)⁴ – (an average-looking man)*.
1 What clause is this?
2 This is the main clause (subject)
3 This is a relative sentence)
4 This is the main clause (predicate, prepositional object)
* This is a apposition

My question is, what clause is 1?
Is it an adverbial clause???

Sunday, April 26th 2020

8 out of 9.
not bad :)
tnx Adam .

Saturday, May 2nd 2020

Hi Adam, thank you very much for your lessons. I have performed the quiz and I have a doubt about the last question, number 9. The right answer is 6 clauses. Wouldn’t it more appropriate to say 7, as listed below?

As the movie was about (I don’t know ho to classify this)

what happens to children noun clause object of preposition

who are exposed to violence adjective clause identifying

the school board decided independent clause

it would be inappropriate noun clause object

to show to elementary students noun clause subject (of it would be inappropriate)

who might be negatively affected by the content adjective clause identifying

Sunday, May 3rd 2020

Hi Adam,
Would you please explain Q6 in detail? I don’t understand.

6. What type of dependent clause is in the following sentence?
The professor couldn’t figure out (understand) whose phone kept ringing during his lecture.
adjective clause
adverb clause
noun clause
that clause (complement)
“whose phone kept ringing during his lecture” – object of figure out

Wednesday, May 6th 2020

Dear Adame,
I appreciate for your great lessons.
Please keep the way.

Monday, May 18th 2020

Thanks, Adam.
4 out of 9.
I got to watch this video one more time.

Saturday, May 23rd 2020

How do you distinguish between a noun clause and adverb clause when both are using the same subordinate conjunctions or relative pronouns? Example: where or when

Friday, May 29th 2020

Thank you!

Tuesday, June 16th 2020

Need a Deep lecture about “That Clause” please! :(

Wednesday, July 1st 2020

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