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Test your understanding of this English lesson

Test your understanding of the English lesson by answering these questions. You will get the answers and your score at the end of the quiz.
"Being unsure of what to do next, Paul decided to wait for his boss to give him instructions."
Who is not sure about something?

Dressed in his finest clothes, Cal went to the party with high confidence.
What type of participle is 'dressed'?

Kelly left the interview __________ confident about her chances.

The controversial bill _________ forth by the senator from Michigan for a vote was likely the reason he failed to get re-elected.

The man who is yelling at Bill is his boss.
Which of the following means the same as the sentence above?

Not commonly _____ for his generosity, Steven surprised everyone in the community with his large donation.

The bid for the project was turned down, meaning we'll have to start over.
The participle can be expanded to:

_______ scoring a touchdown, Kevin always does a celebration dance in the end-zone.

Always look both ways _________________ the street.


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128 Comments on “Advanced English Grammar: Participles”


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First to comment :) and got 7/9 :(

Tuesday, June 13th 2017

    I do enjoy your grammar-oriented videos Adam, but I had had to watch some of them more than twice, I must confess.This one was not the exception to the rule, by the way.

    Writing academic reports demands the use of formal language and more complex grammar patterns. This lesson provides a useful tool to do so.

    Very useful lesson indeed.

    Tuesday, June 13th 2017

      Gee! Making mistakes as usual. I had no time to proofreed my comment:

      ” . . . but I have had to watch some of them . . . ”

      Does it sound much better now to you Adam?
      Thanks in advance for your feedback.

      Sunday, June 25th 2017

        Hi Regino,

        I see you’re a perfectionist :). Have had is correct given that this one is not an exception. Otherwise, had had would have worked but implied that this one was easier ;)

        Friday, June 30th 2017

Thanks, Adam. Very informative and clearly explained. Great lesson, as always.

Tuesday, June 13th 2017

Thanks, Adam. Lesson very interesting.

Tuesday, June 13th 2017

Hi Adam. Nice lesson. Please also make a video on punctuation marks. Thank you!

Tuesday, June 13th 2017

    Hi Akbar,

    I will, but in the meantime, there are a few lessons already on these. Look for the search box on this site and type in ‘punctuation’ and you will see the available videos.

    Friday, June 30th 2017

      Thank you so much Sir for your reply. Ok, I’ll search it.

      Saturday, July 1st 2017

Hi Sir. Very informative lesson you’ve discussed. Please also make a video on ‘Punctuation Marks’. Thank you.

Tuesday, June 13th 2017

Thanks. It’s 89.

Tuesday, June 13th 2017

Thank you very much!All these clauses are very tricky, but practice makes perfect!I’ll try to understand)

Tuesday, June 13th 2017

Thanks for the lesson, I have appreciated.

Tuesday, June 13th 2017

Thanks for the lesson.

Tuesday, June 13th 2017

Thanks Adam for explanation. Great lesson. I like it,

Tuesday, June 13th 2017

Dear Adam,
you are always phenomenal, incredible, and out of this world
I can NOT forget your favor forever.
Because of your magnificent coaching, I think I can now write and publish international scientific papers.
god bless and protect you.
Mona

Tuesday, June 13th 2017

At last I understand the difference between adverb participle and adjective participle, and now I see that the same sentence can be understood in two other ways. And what you said about adding “while” in the beggining of a sentence, it’s something new for me, but I thing it really can help to speak in clear way, especially for beginners. Good work Adam!Your grammar lessons are the best on engvid. As always, thank you.

Tuesday, June 13th 2017

    Thank you Hubert.

    Just keep in mind that when speaking you can bend the rules more than when writing, so there is less pressure to use these perfectly and sometimes people might confuse you.

    Friday, June 30th 2017

Thank You Adam

Tuesday, June 13th 2017

Thank you Adam!

Tuesday, June 13th 2017

Hello dear Adam,really I need that lesson.Thank you)In additionally,I have asked this question in facebook page,however,nobody has answered my question yet(I want to ask you.I have proficiency exam as IELTS,however,this exam is more academic and much more difficult.Can you recommend any stratigies or tricks for passing that exam?Thanks in advance)

Tuesday, June 13th 2017

    Hi Nubar,

    If you look for the search box on this site and type in ‘IELTS’ you will find many videos to help you prepare for this test. You can also visit my site, writetotop.com for more tips.

    Friday, June 30th 2017

Thanks, very helpful

Tuesday, June 13th 2017

Thanks Adam, what a well-explained lesson about such a difficult topic like this!!

Tuesday, June 13th 2017

Excellent teacher.

Tuesday, June 13th 2017

HI, very helpful lesson, thank you. If you want to improve your english i will be enjoy if you write to me on skype :) my nick: daniel_033

Tuesday, June 13th 2017

Adding the past participle to my vocabulary in order to get a highest score it’s challenging but necessary. Thanks Adam!

Tuesday, June 13th 2017

Ive got 9/9. Thanks Adam!

Tuesday, June 13th 2017

    Congratulation.

    Friday, June 16th 2017

Thanks, Adam.

Tuesday, June 13th 2017

thanks

Tuesday, June 13th 2017

thanks Adam, I get 9/9, I learn English everyday from your video. :)

Wednesday, June 14th 2017

Very useful lesson Adam, thanks!

Wednesday, June 14th 2017

Thanks Adam!! You are a great teacher :)

Wednesday, June 14th 2017

Thanks, Adam

Wednesday, June 14th 2017

I have realised that the questionary hasn’t been so difficult to understand that the video class explanation. I have had to listen to it twice to make sure that I had understood all the concepts but I think that I will go back to listen to it again, more than twice although it hasn’t been very complicated to understand the meaning, but to use the strict grammatical rules when participle sentences are used. Thanks a lot, teacher Adam, we have learned and enjoyed another lesson which enriches our knowledge and the good sense of the English language, very useful as always.

Wednesday, June 14th 2017

Thank you Adam,I’m new here and i really like your videos.I love the way you teach us, you are a amazing teacher around the world.

Wednesday, June 14th 2017

    Welcome Shumail :)

    Friday, June 30th 2017

Thanks Adam. It`s very useful lesson.

Wednesday, June 14th 2017

Hi Adam, thanks for your work. I got 6 correct of 9. In the second quiz, I noticed you added a complement explanation, which is an adjective clause. But what if I understand it like this: After Cal was dressed in his finest clothes, he went to the party with high confidence. Am I right this way? I still got a sentence, please correct me if I am wrong. “How did I manage to get up at 8:30 while sleeping at 4?” Thanks again!

Wednesday, June 14th 2017

    HI Wdlll,

    You need to be careful with this change:
    After Cal was dressed in his finest clothes, he went to the party with high confidence.

    Grammatically, it is correct. However, the meaning changes. Firstly, you’ve introduced a time sequence (after). Secondly, saying ‘he was dressed in” means that someone else put clothes on him (passive verb). To keep it active, you would say “After he dressed in his…” and to make this a participle you would say “after dressing in …” or having dressed in …”.

    Sorry if this is confusing.

    As for the other sentence:
    How did I manage to get up at 8:30 after going to sleep at 4? or
    How did I manage to get up at 8:30 having gone to sleep at 4?

    Does this help?

    Friday, June 30th 2017

Thank you Adam :) I have one question using a conjuntion with an adverb clause. Can I use another conjunction besides WHILE, such as because, although, if, follwed by a participle-ing or ed?

Because loving super high speed, I got an accident by a super car.

Thursday, June 15th 2017

    Hi Smet,

    No, in the case of because or although, the relationship must be very clear and the conjunction removed (reduced). If the relationship is not clear, then you would have the conjunction, which would then require the full clause.

    Friday, June 30th 2017

Hi Adam,
thank you for this lesson it was really helpful.I feel that finally, I catch up with Participles coz the last one when you mention them I was lost.

Thursday, June 15th 2017

Hi Adam,
I appreciate your challenging lessons. For this quiz I scored 8/9. Hope to see any new helpful lessons.
Kind regards

Friday, June 16th 2017

Hi Adam! Thank you so much:)
I prefer to study English in your class rather than take class in Japan.

Friday, June 16th 2017

    Maybe I can understand Seiya :) I used to teach English in Japan.

    Friday, June 30th 2017

why i can not see the vedio? who can tell me the way to solve the problem. thank you.

Saturday, June 17th 2017

    Hi! It looks like you’re posting from China. Your government may be blocking YouTube, where all our videos are hosted. You’ll have to use a VPN or some other way.

    Monday, June 19th 2017

hi there, Adam do you mind people writing you but on that domain? if you don’t, why don’t you send your email address. there is sth i’d like to share with you. arek, here’s mine: fulatatpost.pl

Sunday, June 18th 2017

    Hi Infulat,

    You can email me at info @ writetotop.com

    Friday, June 30th 2017

Hi Adam,

Thanks for the lesson! I was wondering if you could say more about contexts of use for these sentences. In other words, could you give us the key to know when we can use the adverbial or relative clause at the beginning of the sentence and when we have to leave those reduced clauses just next to the modified noun?

Best,

Monday, June 19th 2017

    Hi Cristianrj,

    Firstly, you never have to use them. They just make the writing more interesting and add variety. The key is to make sure the subject of the clause (even if reduced) is the same as the subject of the independent clause.

    Feeling angry, the boss yelled at everyone. — the boss was feeling angry and he (the boss) yelled.

    As for adjectives that modify nouns, these are reduced clauses that reduce to just one word, and then this word acts as a regular adjective.

    Not sure if this actually answers your question, though.

    Friday, June 30th 2017

HI Adam thank you for all your lessons you are the best teacher for me thanks a lot.

Monday, June 19th 2017

thank you Adam. your video is great as usual.
could you please make a video about the phrasel verbs of the verb “wear”
wear on
wear away
wear out
wear off
wear down
and so on.

Wednesday, June 21st 2017

    Will do, Omar ;)

    Friday, June 30th 2017

9 out of 9 answered correctly! Great lesson. “Accused for his acts of corruption by millions of citizens, the president resigned, but the entire nation still claimed justice.”

Wednesday, June 21st 2017

    Good sentence Jose ;)

    Friday, June 30th 2017

I just get 6/9. I am still confused in this lesson. It is difficult to get it.

Thursday, June 22nd 2017

    You may have to watch it again Lethitran. You can also ask questions here.

    Friday, June 30th 2017

Hi! Adam
please! make a video where the indefinite and definite article may be or may not be used like in the following sentences.
1. Cut the cake with knife.
2. Cut the cake with a knife.
3. cut the cake with the knife. ( referring to the whole knife in general )

Thursday, June 22nd 2017

    I’ll get on that, Arjit.

    Friday, June 30th 2017

Great lesson.Great exercise. Thanks again, Adam

Thursday, June 22nd 2017

I got a 10/10 eventhough it was a very hard question for me.

Friday, June 23rd 2017

    oops 9/9

    Friday, June 23rd 2017

thank you.

Friday, June 23rd 2017

I follow ENGVID for about 4 years and have learnt a lot from you specifically.
Many foreign students are living and studying in English-language universities and they commonly have difficulties in “paraphrasing techniques”. How to read and understand a paragraph and then change it into my own words, is may main issue.I know it is an extensive subject, I will be very grateful,if you make a video about this subject, please.

Saturday, June 24th 2017

Dear Sir

I want to know the difference in present participle and past participle in a sentence started with present and past i.e
1.Providing the information, I went to office….(I provided… or I who was provided)
2.Provided the information, I went to office (I who was provided the …)
pls tell the difference

Monday, June 26th 2017

    Hi errajeev2005,

    Firstly, it is not past and present, but passive and active.

    As for the examples, the first doesn’t seem to make sense as is. If you write, ” Providing him with the information…” then it is is more clear.

    The second– Provided with the information, I went… — means that someone gave me the information I needed.

    Does this help?

    Friday, June 30th 2017

Adam thank you for this lesson
https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=oCmZQa3z_ZA
Could you give some more verbs which used only in preset perfect?(evolve,become,grow)

Tuesday, June 27th 2017

    Adam about the word “either”(sometimes I can hear you pronounce it /ˈiː.ðɚ/ and sometimes /ˈaɪ.ðɚ/. Is there any rule or it is going on just spontaneously?
    Thank you.

    Thursday, June 29th 2017

      Good question Katrin,

      Actually, there is no rule. You will hear native speakers use both. I don’t really think about it when I say it, though I think I tend to use ay more than ee.

      Friday, June 30th 2017

        Thank you!

        Sunday, July 2nd 2017

    Well, these are not used ONLY in present perfect, but when related to the present, they don’t need a time expression. For example, single-celled organisms evolved into more complex creatures millions of years ago. (simple past).

    regardless, I will make a list of more of these types of verbs ;)

    Friday, June 30th 2017

      Yea,I just put the question in a wrong way, sorry. Thanks.

      Sunday, July 2nd 2017

    At school they teach to put ALREADY only between HAVE/HAS and VERB. And put YET only at the end.

    Sunday, July 2nd 2017

      Yes, they teach many things in oversimplified ways that later confuse people. It’s unfortunate.

      Monday, July 17th 2017

        Yea…

        Sunday, July 23rd 2017

Hi Adam,
I am very glad to take the lessons from you. I am very thankful to you for these beautiful lessons.
Adam, could you please help me understand if the following sentence is correct.
‘I am your English teacher’.
I have had many discussions on which one is correct- ‘I am your teacher of English’ and ‘I am your English teacher.’
Please help me understand which one is correct?

Tuesday, June 27th 2017

    Hi Yashwant,

    They are both correct. I am your English teacher means that this person is leading this subject. I am your teacher of English might imply that this person is teaching you the language.In most cases, the first will used for both situations.

    Does this help?

    Friday, June 30th 2017

      Thanks a lot Adam.
      Love you so much and your teaching as well.

      Monday, July 3rd 2017

        You are my favourite teacher. Thanks.

        Monday, July 3rd 2017

      Thanks a lot Adam. You are my favourite always.
      Love you so much and your teaching as well.

      Monday, July 3rd 2017

Adam one question more. In American English I sometimes can hear using ON instead of IN(AT).
For example: “How many players ON the team?”,
“Good luck ON school!” etc. Could you do a less-
on about the differences of using them by British and Americans or give me some more information
about it? Thanks.

Friday, June 30th 2017

    Hmmm. on the team is correct (though in a group or band, but on the committee).

    On school I’ve never heard. With, at, yes, but never on.

    I will see if this lesson hasn’t already been done and get back to you.

    Friday, June 30th 2017

      (Good luck ON school!) I’ve read it under one of American teenagers video.(without doubt this guy is about 12 and speaks American very good on his video).
      I’ve heard British people say “How many players in your teem?” a few times.(And somewhere in the textbook too)

      Sunday, July 2nd 2017

        Also I’ve heard about the next difference (on the street(American)/in the street(British).
        What about that?

        Sunday, July 2nd 2017

          Yes, British and America English do have these differences (in on the street), and in the team (I would use this to refer to members of a team in business or school, but in sports, they are on a team).

          English can be strange :)

          Monday, July 17th 2017

          Thank you Adam.(I really thought IN THE TEAM(about sport)). It is not clear pronounced in movies.(and there’re not many of them about sport)

          Sunday, July 23rd 2017

HI MR. ADAM you very good coaching i have your channel
i would like to tech the people grammar how i can native speaker. please send your advice to me
thank you

Sunday, July 2nd 2017

    Hi Emad,

    You should get a good grammar book and follow the units in there. You can also watch videos here and other places and learn the ways to teach.

    Is this what you had in mind?

    Monday, July 17th 2017

I got 8/9. I did wrong on 8th question. I should I think focus on the most confusing part of the lesson :)

Sunday, July 2nd 2017

It’s my second time and I got 3 out of 9🙁

Sunday, July 2nd 2017

    I mean second time in this website

    Sunday, July 2nd 2017

      Welcome Mr. Hamidi.

      It will get easier as you get used to it. ;)

      Monday, July 17th 2017

Very good lesson Adam! Thank you.

Monday, July 3rd 2017

but thanks for this vid but next time make a vid about where to put commas

Monday, July 3rd 2017

    I’ll see what I can do Francis ;)

    Monday, July 17th 2017

Thanks for the lesson.

Tuesday, July 4th 2017

good lesson and better score!

Tuesday, July 4th 2017

Any one who talk with me please?

Thursday, July 6th 2017

Thank you for nice lesson.what is the difference between participles and adjustive phrase or adverb phrase.

Thursday, July 6th 2017

    Hi Umerismail,

    A participle is a type of phrase that contains a participle (active or passive) and can be an adjective or an adverb. An adjective phrase describes a noun and an adverb phrase completes a verb.

    I will try to make lessons on these.

    Monday, July 17th 2017

Having attended a tormenting Deutsch class for beginners, I took a break, took the quiz above, and got nine out of nine right away.

Friday, July 7th 2017

Good lesson Adam, but I must to confess that at the beginning could be a litte bite confusing.

Friday, July 7th 2017

I got 7 of 9 it was lil´bit tricky lol amazing video though thanks Adam.

Sunday, July 9th 2017

Very nice class……

Tuesday, July 11th 2017

Hi! Quick question, can we use this rule or method when speaking? Thank you

Saturday, July 15th 2017

Thank you so much!

Sunday, July 16th 2017

“that brought and brought” are confusing.

thank you for this lesson sir Adam.
you’re one of my favorite teacher.

Monday, July 17th 2017

Thanks for your lesson.

Tuesday, July 18th 2017

Woah, i didn’t expect to get 100. It’s confusing

Thursday, July 20th 2017

Thank you very much for your reply.

Thursday, July 20th 2017

Hmmm you didn’t answer to me

Friday, July 21st 2017

hlo Adam i have sean your all videos and they are very helpful. i want to submit my task 1 and task 2 to you. so,i can known my problems and my level. so,can u help me? and where i can sumbit you?

Saturday, July 22nd 2017

I like the class. Thank you Adam!
I got 8.9 of 9

Sunday, July 23rd 2017

I had to watch the video couple of time to understand. English grammar is very confusing to me. A very useful lesson indeed. Thank you, Adam!

Tuesday, July 25th 2017

Hi Adam , I like your videos ,I try to get The test for teaching licence in IL but I couldn’t pass it three times . I have problem with writing essay .
Thank you

Tuesday, July 25th 2017

I can’t believe, I got 9 out of 9 … so many thanks Adam, you deserve it :D!

Thursday, July 27th 2017

Thank you Adam, That was very good lesson.

Friday, July 28th 2017

i got 8 correct out of 9 , meaning 89 is my score

Saturday, July 29th 2017

i got 8 correct out of 9 , meaning 89 is my score
quiz helping me to have more understanding

Saturday, July 29th 2017

how could i know when using a verb with ind or the past participle of the verb , as a participle clause

Tuesday, August 1st 2017

Hi, I have a question which confuses me. Question is that If I can change this sentence from “The boy that went to Canada is getting used to his new life.” to ” The boy gone to Canada is getting used to his new life.”

As I wrote that I am confused about this because I am not sure whether I have to use -ed phrase for “be v3” or “v1”

In fact, Does “The boy gone to Canada is getting used to his new life” always mean “The boy who is gone to Canada is getting used to his new life” ? or can we say “The boy who went to Canada is getting used to his new life.” ?

Thank you…

Monday, August 7th 2017

sir, I want to develop my English written expression and my vocabulary. can you please help me how I can enhance my English writing in correct easily

Tuesday, August 8th 2017

Arigato gosai mase Adam Sensei! You teach very well! Arigato!

Wednesday, August 9th 2017

Hi Adam! I just watched this useful video that i really needed to learn about. But I must watch this again until i completely understand it. Anyway, thank you for making such this video.

Monday, August 14th 2017
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