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Test your understanding of this English lesson

Test your understanding of the English lesson by answering these questions. You will get the answers and your score at the end of the quiz.
Fill in the blank:
"Justine can’t come to the party. She’s _________ in her studies that she has to stay up tonight to catch up."

Complete the sentence:
"Felix loves his girlfriend so much______________."

Which of the following is "so" by itself NOT used for?

Which of the following is NOT grammatically correct?

Fill in the blanks:
"The builders were ____ over budget ____ the company decided to find another firm to build their offices."

"So that" is used as an adverb clause conjunction to show _______.

Complete the sentence:
"The new smartphone on the market is so expensive ______________."

"So that" must only be used when the independent clause contains an active verb.

Complete the sentence:
"After Leonard won the lottery, he had so much money ______________."


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Comments

273 Comments on “Learn English Grammar: How to use SO & SO THAT”


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hi adam, im from indonesia.
thanks for another great lesson.
hi, can you explain about the use of “Kind of” and “Sort Of”
thanks in advance!

Friday, March 6th 2015

    Hi Anwar,
    Try this lesson http://www.engvid.com/sort-of-kind-of/

    Thursday, March 12th 2015

      thanks nadia :)

      Tuesday, March 24th 2015

    Hi Anwar,

    Nadia had kindly put up a link below.

    In brief, these two expressions are similar to “like”, meaning something is like something, but not exactly, or in a certain way, but not completely.

    I kind of like pizza. this means sometimes, but not always.

    It’s a TV, sort of, but you can use it to secure your house too. This means it’s similar to a TV, but isn’t one excatly.

    Hope this helps.

    Monday, March 23rd 2015

      thanks sir :)

      Tuesday, March 24th 2015

thanks! You’re the best grammar teacher!

Friday, March 6th 2015

i got 100. Thank you for the teaching. Keep up the good work, you’re my fav teacher here. ^^

Friday, March 6th 2015

Can we use other quantifiers?
“I am very/extremely/really tired that I might pass out? ”

Thank you!

Friday, March 6th 2015

    Hi Nabil,

    You can use these, but without the ‘that’.

    The so-adj.-that is its own structure.

    Monday, March 23rd 2015

      Hi Adam help me, My quiz is very bad. I got it two correct I´m so confused.

      Wednesday, July 29th 2015

    You can say I’m so tired, or
    I’m very tired, or
    I’m extremely/completely exhausted .

    Exhausted means (very tired).
    You may not say “I’m very exhausted”
    and also you can’t say “I’m extremely tired”

    Wednesday, July 13th 2016

Thank you for your great lesson, Adam :)

Friday, March 6th 2015

Thank you very much for the lesson, as usual very interesting but I’m in doubt about one question of the test. In question 4 where says which of the following is not gramatically correct it seems to me there’s a mitake. I was taught that we can leave out the relative pronoun if the the subjects are different but we can’t omit it if the subjects are the same. For instance: the book (that) everybody is reading is really interesting. In this case we have two different subjects: the book and everybody, so we can leave out the relative pronoun, but for example taking the sentence of the test: Bill is so upset with Hillary he wants a divorce. According to what I was taught, I think we should not omit the word “that” because they are the same subjects: Bill and he.
I hope you can clear up my doubt and thanks in advance (Y).

Saturday, March 7th 2015

    In my opinion the cases are not similar.In your example “that” is a pronoun and it introduces a relative clause. In Adam’s example “that” is a conjunction and it introduces a subordinate clause, and it can be dropped.
    This is what I think.

    Sunday, March 8th 2015

      Yes, you’re right. The cases aren’t the same, thanks for letting me know (Y).

      Wednesday, March 11th 2015

    Hi Dick95,

    Although Engread makes a good point, the main issue is that in the quiz sentence, the ‘that’ is very clearly understood. In most cases when the ‘that’ is clearly understood, it is generally acceptable to omit it. A grammar teacher might advise against doing this simply to make sure that you don’t make errors.

    For example, if you had other modifiers between the clauses, such that the so…that construction might be lost, then include the that to help the reader:

    Bill is so upset with Hillary for meeting her ex-boyfriend for a coffee without telling him that that he wants a divorce.

    Does this help?

    Monday, March 23rd 2015

      Thanks for the explanation. Now I know that in some cases if that is omitted from purpose clauses with “can, could”, the idea of purpose may disappear. A sentence such us: He took my shoes so that I couldn’t leave the house, would normally mean “He took my shoes to prevent me leaving”, but He took my shoes so I couldn’t leave the house, would normally mean “He took my shoes; therefore I wasn’t able to leave”.

      Wednesday, April 1st 2015

        Good examples :)

        Monday, April 6th 2015

thank you.

Saturday, March 7th 2015

thanks teacher adam i got 33% it means 3 out of 9

Saturday, March 7th 2015

Thanks Adam.

Saturday, March 7th 2015

Thanks! I find it little difficult. I think at first I need to go through clause!

Saturday, March 7th 2015

Hi! I’m new and I Got 44%, really bad. Thanks a lot for this lesson.

Saturday, March 7th 2015

thank you so much

Saturday, March 7th 2015

I got 56( I need will come back to lesson and understanding it better.

Saturday, March 7th 2015

    I got the same score. I guess we must come back and listen again to the video.

    Saturday, March 7th 2015

      what the trouble ?

      Sunday, March 8th 2015

      I think the same=) Good luck)

      Monday, March 9th 2015

    The same with me, it was quite challenging lesson for me. Hope I can clarify it after watching the lesson one more time.
    Good luck guys!
    And of course thank you Adam, for such an important topic!

    Saturday, March 7th 2015

      Thank you=) Good luck you too=)

      Monday, March 9th 2015

I wanted to improve my English so that I came to engvid .
You’re so amazing adam, so I enjoy watching your videos.
Learning a new language is a big challenge and it’s so useful that you would catch up with it .
Are my sentences correct ??

Saturday, March 7th 2015

    yes ur sentences are correct!

    Tuesday, March 10th 2015

    Hi Abood,

    Thank you. Just in the first sentence, you don’t need the ‘that’. The second clause is the result of the first. Otherwise, you can say “I came to Engvid so that I could improve my English”. In this case, the so that introduces a purpose.

    Hope this helps.

    Monday, March 23rd 2015

thank you! you are so good teacher that is interesting watch your class.

Saturday, March 7th 2015

Thank you Adam!! I think this lesson is so useful that I could improve my english with this. (It is correct?).

Saturday, March 7th 2015

    Hi Glorietta.

    Just change the last word (this) to it. :)

    Monday, March 23rd 2015

Thank you so much, Adam. Your lessons are so great that I keep watching and doing quizzes. But in this quiz, I don’t understand question 3, ” Which of the following is “so” by itself NOT used for?”. Is it because I don’t understand it well or it lacks something after “used for”?

Saturday, March 7th 2015

    The word order is different because it’s a question! It’s the same as saying “‘So’ by itself is NOT used for one of the following things. Which one is it?”

    Sunday, March 8th 2015

      That’s great. I got it. Thank you so much :)

      Monday, March 9th 2015

Thank you Adam gotta go over it so I can get a better mark.

Saturday, March 7th 2015

Thank you so much Adam, as usual you are so down to earth that everything you explain to us is very clear. By the way I’d like to ask you something that gets me confuse it is when do I have to use for followed with gerunding verb or to followed with infinitive one. For example for purposing or to purpose.

Saturday, March 7th 2015

    Hi Carlos,

    Generally, follow ‘for’ with a noun (gerund) and ‘to’ with a verb. Think of a gerund as an activity.

    Thank you for giving me advice.–in this case I can’t use ‘to’ because there is no place for a verb.

    Not sure if this is what you had in mind, though.

    Monday, March 23rd 2015

plz plz help me
i want to write good essay and sentence structure is my biggest problem .
how can i improve my sentence structure..
plz plz help i am at breaking point.

Saturday, March 7th 2015

Thank you Adam.:)

Saturday, March 7th 2015

Thank you so much!

Saturday, March 7th 2015

Thanks Adam

Saturday, March 7th 2015

    hello
    how are you going ?

    Thursday, March 19th 2015

      I’m doing well Azoom. Thanks :)

      Monday, March 23rd 2015

Excellent lesson Adam! Your classes are awesome!!!

Saturday, March 7th 2015

I’ve got 100. The lesson is interesting and helpful. Thank you Adam!

Saturday, March 7th 2015

    but can u explain? to me this lesson

    Sunday, March 8th 2015

      Watch it again Hassan. It will come ;)

      Monday, March 23rd 2015

Very useful lesson.Thank you Adam

Saturday, March 7th 2015

Who lives in US or Canada, and knows English and Russian very well,please help me to translate the following sentences:
In the car/в машине
1 опусти сиденье
2 открой багажник
3 дворники не работают
4 машина глохнет
5 нажми на газ
6 мы можем выехать задним ходом
7 приоткрой свое окно
8 колесо спускает
9 надо налить бензина(надо заправиться)
10 не поднимай противосолнечный козырек
11 воткни заднюю передачу
12 не хлопай дверью
13 не могу открыть капот
14 машина вся трясется
15 машина вся гремит
16 езжай помедленнее
17 аккумулятор сел
18 запаска есть?
19 вытряхни коврик
20 включи первую передачу
21 поставь на нейтралку
22 поставь на ручник

Thank you very much/большое спасибо.

Saturday, March 7th 2015

    Did you try google translator?
    1 Lower the seat
    2 to open the trunk
    3 wipers do not work
    4 car stalls
    5 Click on the gas
    6 we can go backwards
    7 Open your my window
    8 pulls the wheel
    9 have to pour gasoline (must fill)
    10 Do not lay the sun visor
    11 Plug the reverse gear
    12 did not slam the door
    13 I can not open the hood
    14 whole car shakes
    15 car all rattles
    16 Ride slowly
    17 Battery villages
    18 spare wheel is?
    19 Shake mat
    20 engage first gear
    21 put into neutral
    22 put on the handbrake

    Sunday, March 8th 2015

      I’m sorry roshavbg, even I see many mistakes there. I need real North American English.

      Thursday, March 12th 2015

        But thank you at any rate.

        Thursday, March 12th 2015

Moderator, please help me! Somebody in this forum sending trojans and worms, so I can’t come in the Engvid by one of my browsers. Pleaaaase!

Saturday, March 7th 2015

    Hi Katrin,
    I think you are a fabulous student. I’d like to be in touch with you on Skype. Do you have any Skype account and would you like that I call you on Skype?
    If your answer is yes, please tell me your account.
    Thanks in advance.

    Wednesday, March 18th 2015

      Sorry, I’m not ready yet! Thanks.

      Saturday, April 11th 2015

    Hi Katrin,

    I’m not sure how they can do this. Is your anti-virus up to date?

    Monday, March 23rd 2015

      Thank you Adam, I just reset my Windows. I don’t use antivirus. I can improove my laptope if something wrong.

      Saturday, April 11th 2015

Thanks for ongoing useful lesson. It’s not like to know about everything in English when I follow your job.everytime I have something useful get you.

Saturday, March 7th 2015

I’ m SO ashamed with my score on the quiz, that I’ll not say nothing more about the subject. See you next week Adam.

Saturday, March 7th 2015

    OK Jorge :)

    I trust you’ll do better soon and let us know.

    Monday, March 23rd 2015

Excuse me my teacher.
you wrote–> I worked overtime this week so that I could take time off next week.
why you wrote could take time and you didnt write can take time???
thank you.
please explain

Saturday, March 7th 2015

    hmmm… excellent question Mosaadgeo.

    I could have written ‘can’ here as well. I wrote could because it is just an idea, a hypothetical. I haven’t asked my boss yet if he will allow it.

    I should have been a little more clear here.

    I hope this answer helps. :)

    Monday, March 23rd 2015

      thank u, i got it.
      appreciate your interest

      Tuesday, March 24th 2015

Thanks very much,I enjoy learning English through your lessons.

Saturday, March 7th 2015

T,Adam,if you do not mind I need you to put all the three choices in question number 5 in sentences so that i can figure out how i can use them correctly without making mistakes.Besides, try to solve the wrong choice in question number 4.Furthermore,in the lesson you used the word hard. Bill worked so hard. Hard there was used as an adverb not an adjective.Is that right? In addition,we can omit the relative pronoun if the subjec is already mentioned. Is that correct? moreover,in case there are different subjects in a sentence. What about the relative pronoun that then? Omit it or leave it.Anyway,i hope everything is clear enough to understand it.Thank you for everything you have done for us.I am really making a great progress in these lessons.I am waiting for your answer.

Saturday, March 7th 2015

    Hi Mohammed,

    I wrote this earlier to someone, so I’ll just copy and paste it here again:
    the main issue is that in question 4, the ‘that’ is very clearly understood. In most cases when the ‘that’ is clearly understood, it is generally acceptable to omit it. A grammar teacher might advise against doing this simply to make sure that you don’t make errors.

    For example, if you had other modifiers between the clauses, such that the so…that construction might be lost, then include the that to help the reader:

    Bill is so upset with Hillary for meeting her ex-boyfriend for a coffee without telling him that that he wants a divorce.

    hard can be an adjective or an adverb. In this sample, it is an adverb, yes.

    With relative pronouns, you can omit them if they are not the subject, but not all of them. ‘that’ is easy to omit. Others, like when, where, any pronoun with a preposition (to whom, in which, etc.) cannot be omitted. I’ll make a video about this topic soon.

    To agree ( Jane likes cats. So do I.)
    As a conjunction to show result (I came to work late, so my boss fired me.)
    As a quantifier, like “very” (I am so sleepy right now.)

    Does this help?

    Monday, March 23rd 2015

thank u Adam I’m successful

Sunday, March 8th 2015

I got 78.

Sunday, March 8th 2015

Hello Adam
It is a castrophe . I got 56% and this is the first time I get a so bad score .
May you help me understand some of your questions and answers .
In question 3 , I can’t get correctly the turn of phrase ‘ which of the following is “so” by it self NOT used for ? ‘ Could you use another turn of phrase to explain the meaning or does the phrase is correct or maybe am I more tired than usual this morning ?
For my other wrong answers , Reviewing the quiz , it seems that I am way off with the fairies today .
Thank you Adam and carry on .

Sunday, March 8th 2015

    Hi Tsamp,

    How’s this:

    The word ‘so’ can be used on its own (without ‘that’)in some cases. In which of the following cases can ‘so’ not be used on its own?

    Does this help?

    Monday, March 23rd 2015

New here, great lesson and great teacher, learn more from him than all those years in the U.S. And I try hard believe me!

Sunday, March 8th 2015

    hi. are you a native english speaker? i saw that you are american. could you help me to fix my sentence if correct. engvid teachers could’nt response. sorry for my english hahaha. i’m a filipino
    i love american people i love america. i hope i can get there and become American Citizen. hahaha

    Wednesday, March 11th 2015

      Hi Joseph, unfortunately I’m not a native English speaker but I would glad to help you if I can, I think Adam is a great teacher and he for sure would answer your questions. I’m Colombian-American, most of my life I lived in Colombia so my English is not as good as my Spanish. I love Filipino people and I wish you the best in your learning process.

      Tuesday, March 24th 2015

    Welcome Veteran :)

    Monday, March 23rd 2015

      Thank you Adam. Love your videos, and you make me laugh a lot.

      Tuesday, March 24th 2015

Hi Adam! Great lessons and great site. I’m glad I found it.

May I have a few questions.

1. What actually is an adverb? Dictionaries state it modifies a verb, an adjective, another verb or a sentence. I’ve noticed however it is used in some wider meaning, often in English textbooks, also by you in this video, I think.

2. Regarding “active verbs”, I’d like to make sure, are the following sentences incorrect?

“Jill was that sweet to her boss so that she would be promoted”

or even

“Jill was so sweet to her boss so that she would be promoted”

I mean grammatically.

3. Which of these are correct:

“What actually is an adverb?”
“What actually an adverb is?”
“What is an adverb actually?”

The “modifier position in a sentence” thing confuses me often. I’ve watched you lesson on this subject, but still not always sure. So I’d like to ask:

4. Which of these are correct:

“I used to have many friends, now I only have one”
“I used to have many friends, now I have only one”

Thank you.

Sunday, March 8th 2015

    Hi Tomek,

    1. An adverb does modify other adverbs, verbs and adjectives, yes. It also shows a relationship between two clauses (adverb clause and independent clause), such as time, reason, contrast, etc. You can also have adverbial phrases that answer questions like where, and when about sentences (i went to the store–to the store is an adverbial showing where)

    2. Regarding “active verbs”, I’d like to make sure, are the following sentences incorrect?

    “Jill was that sweet to her boss so that she would be promoted”– technically correct if ‘that’ means in a known way (to the listener, as a referent).

    or even

    “Jill was so sweet to her boss so that she would be promoted” – also ok. different uses of ‘so’

    3. Which of these are correct:

    “What actually is an adverb?” ok
    “What actually an adverb is?”nope
    “What is an adverb actually?”ok
    subtle differences between 1st and 3rd, but in your meaning, I’d go with the first.

    4. Which of these are correct:

    “I used to have many friends, now I have only one”– this is correct because the only has to single out the one 9friend not the sole possession you have.

    I hope this helps a little.

    Monday, March 23rd 2015

      Adam, thank you very much for your comprehensive answer, it is very helpful.
      I’m just a bit confused of the idea, that in a sentence like:

      I’ve drunk so much coffee today

      “so much” is modifying the verb. That’s the source of my question #1. Thanks again.

      Tuesday, March 24th 2015

        Actually, in your example, so much is modifying coffee. It’s a quantifying adverb.

        Monday, April 6th 2015

wow 33 :( i really have to watch this vidio many times :/

Sunday, March 8th 2015

thanks my teacher

Sunday, March 8th 2015

Could you please help me to improve my English,
in a ordered manner or which lesson should I start first and how to go further?

Sunday, March 8th 2015

    That’s a tough question Apurvamonal. There is no correct way. I would recommend building up the vocab, then go to parts of speech, learn the verb tenses, clauses, sentences, and then the finer details as you need them.

    Monday, March 23rd 2015

Thank you very much. your explanation was so clear that I can use them correctly.

Sunday, March 8th 2015

Thank you so much ..it so helpful…..

Sunday, March 8th 2015

Hey folks, i am so happy to find EngVid that i will watch all videos kkk. Thanks.

Sunday, March 8th 2015

Thank you

Sunday, March 8th 2015

Thank you Adam.It’s so hard for me.

Sunday, March 8th 2015

Good job again. I’m always learning something here.

Sunday, March 8th 2015

HI¡¡Thanks, It´s a good lesson, but I have some doubts, for example in the sentence ” I am so tired that I might pass out” It is rght? I thought “Might was the like the past tense of must, Is it more proper “could”?????

Sunday, March 8th 2015

    Hi Kykio,

    Might means a possibility. Must is a necessity. They are two different words. Also, most modals don’t have a past tense form (will-would, can-could,have-had). Some people think that might is the past of may, but it’s not really.

    Does this help?

    Monday, March 23rd 2015

thank you so much MR.ADAM ,
GOD bless u.

Monday, March 9th 2015

I have a big problem with grammar, what happen with me?

Monday, March 9th 2015

    Don’t worry Hanhyephuc. I also had a problem with it once upon a time. :)

    It’ll come to you.Just keep practicing.

    Monday, March 23rd 2015

Thank you, Adam!

Monday, March 9th 2015

So so helful lesson. Thanks Mr. Adam

Tuesday, March 10th 2015

Thank you.

Tuesday, March 10th 2015

What a great lesson! Thank u, Adam!

Tuesday, March 10th 2015

Hi Sir Adam, i’m a filipino. i really appreciate that there’s an engvid website. you guys help a lot of people. anyway, . . . please help me to understand the difference between infer and imply. thanks in advance

Wednesday, March 11th 2015

    Hi Joseph,

    These two words work together. If I imply something, then you need to infer it.

    Imply means to suggest something without actually saying it directly. In other words, you say one thing, but you mean something else, or extra. The person you say it to will infer that extra meaning.

    If I tell you I’m hungry, but I have no money on me, I am implying that I want you to lend me money. You infer that I want you to lend me money.

    Does this help?

    Monday, March 23rd 2015

Thank you Adam,this lesson sound me a little dificult,but I’m going to try undestand it again and again.

Wednesday, March 11th 2015

i find some difficulties to understand this lesson but i will repeat it until i know their uses

Wednesday, March 11th 2015

this lesson is so hard that i faild many times in it

Wednesday, March 11th 2015

Hi dear Adam, can you explain to us how to express tones in english( falling and rising tones)?

Wednesday, March 11th 2015

    Hi Arpine,

    That’s a good question. Unfortunately, it is very difficult to answer with typed words. ;)

    I will try to make a lesson about it.

    Monday, March 23rd 2015

thanks a lot, Adam! useful lesson!i have a question.in the sentence “Bill worked so hard that he had to be promoted” can we infer that he was promoted?thanks in advance.

Thursday, March 12th 2015

    Hi Anton,

    You can infer that he deserved to be. There is nothing here to suggest he was. Maybe the boss promoted his nephew instead ;)

    Monday, March 23rd 2015

      thanks a lot!

      Wednesday, April 1st 2015

Hi Adam when i see English movies and study English i hear that native speaker (Americans and Canadiens) pronoun “CAN” and “CAN’T” really really same, so i alway hear it is “CAN”. Can you help me separate them? thanks

Thursday, March 12th 2015

    Hi Lai,

    To tell you the truth, sometimes even we can’t distinguish. in these cases, we ask the speaker CAN or CAN’T? Ask the speaker to enunciate (stress each sound).

    Not a great answer, but that’s how it is :)

    Monday, March 23rd 2015

this lesson is very important and fantastic

Thursday, March 12th 2015

Great lesson Adam thanks a lot.
I’m bad in english, so I need your lesson :)

Thursday, March 12th 2015

I’ve got 56 I will try again, Thanks for teaching…

Thursday, March 12th 2015

Hi, Adam, I have always pronounced the indefinite article “a” like a schwa, /ə/, but you sometimes pronounced it /eɪ/..why? :-) Thank you

Friday, March 13th 2015

    Hi Campanilla,

    Good ears :)

    Sometimes we say |ei| to emphasize the noun that it goes with. If you notice, we also have a little bit bigger gap between the a and the noun that follows it.

    Does this help?

    Tuesday, March 24th 2015

      Yes! thank you very much, Adam. I’m looking forward to your next lesson

      Tuesday, March 24th 2015

hello guys i am back , so that i am thankful Adam that’s is so important lesson was terrific .i am here from now on

Friday, March 13th 2015

God bless you, Adam. Thank you for this lesson, I was confused using of these ones.

Saturday, March 14th 2015

i was confuse in using them but no more.
Thank you Adam.

Saturday, March 14th 2015

Very complicated lesson

Saturday, March 14th 2015

Thanks!

Saturday, March 14th 2015

Great and cufusing lesson, But I got it

Sunday, March 15th 2015

THE MOST CONFUSING THING IN ENGLISH GRAMMAR I HAVE EVER NOTICED IS USING THE WORD “WOULD”. I HAVE BEEN TRYING TO FIGURE THIS OUT FOR AGES. PLZ ADAM EXPLAIN THIS IN A VIDEO LESSON IF IT IS POSSIBLE. MANY ENGLISH LEARNERS AROUND THE WORLD WILL DEFINITELY BE BENEFITED . THANK YOU VERY MUCH

Monday, March 16th 2015

    I’ll see what can do Ravinath :)

    Monday, March 23rd 2015

I’m learning a lot! thank you very much!

Monday, March 16th 2015

Hi u r the best teacher i realy like u very much

Monday, March 16th 2015

It was so difficult that I had to think twice before answering the questions

Monday, March 16th 2015

This lesson is really complicated, but it also benefits me a lot.
Thank you, Adam.

Tuesday, March 17th 2015

nice lesson

Tuesday, March 17th 2015

thank you very much!

Tuesday, March 17th 2015

Very interesting! Thank you Adam. I like your lessons so much that I’m always waiting for a new one.

Tuesday, March 17th 2015

Thanks, Adam.
I would like to ask a question.
In the following sentence, we should use “are located” or “locate”? Which one is right?
“Tropical rainforests are located near the equator.”
If the correct one is “are located” could you tell me why, please?

Wednesday, March 18th 2015

    Sorry, one more question.
    “In order to solve this problem, the local authority…”
    Can I change it to “For this problem, the local authority… “? Use ‘for’, is it ok?

    Sunday, March 22nd 2015

      Hi Sophie,

      First:
      “Tropical rainforests are located near the equator.” — this is a passive. The rainforests can’t do the active verb locate, so they are located there by nature.
      When we give information about something that occurs naturally, we usually use the passive.

      Second: if you are going to describe an action to solve the problem, then you need ‘to’.

      There are many solutions for this problem.

      Does this help?

      Tuesday, March 24th 2015

        So the sentence should be “To this problem, the local authority…” right?

        Tuesday, March 24th 2015

          Actually, no. I meant something like ” To deal with this problem, …” But to be honest, I wouldn’t start the sentence this way to begin with. I would say ” the local authority offered several options to deal with this problem/ solutions for this problem.” Putting it after the action will make it easier to read.

          Monday, April 6th 2015

thanks Adam :))))

Wednesday, March 18th 2015

Such a great teacher!!!
I’ve got 10!

Wednesday, March 18th 2015

    I’m sorry, 100 :)

    Wednesday, March 18th 2015

Hi Adam! Thank You for Your lessons.
I’m a greener here and in english too)), so I don’t know how shall I leave requests about other themes. May I asking You to show us the lesson, about difference between “on”, “of” and “by”.
It’s dificult for me, because in Ukraine, are only next meanings of them:
1. “on” – we use only when describing something “on horizontal or vertical surfaces” (on a table, on the roof, on the trees, etc.)
2. “of” – is the “participle” in my language, and phrase “of”+ word, in ukrainian, always answers a questions: “by whom?” “by what?”
3. “by” – is almost the same in translation for me, and I have confusion when I studing english.
I will be grateful for this!

Thursday, March 19th 2015

    Hi Ihor,

    This is the problem with prepositions. They have many uses and can be joined with specific words to create even more uses.

    I’ll try to come up with a good lesson for this :)

    Tuesday, March 24th 2015

      Great, thank You!

      Tuesday, March 24th 2015

Thanks,adam.
you are my favorite teacher.

Thursday, March 19th 2015

Nice lesson. Adam thank you!:)

Friday, March 20th 2015

Hola los interesados que quieran practicar su ingles via skype, sepan que nos estamos reuniendo con un grupo de amigos de Brazil y Mexico, si quieren practicar también pueden agregarme en skype como marco.guiza

Saturday, March 21st 2015

Hi Adam,

Thank you for the lesson. I have a question.
Can I write?
“I am working overtime this week so that I can take time off next week”

Saturday, March 21st 2015

    Hi Gurunath,

    Yes, you can. Another person asked me about this. I used could as a hypothetical, meaning that it’s just an idea, I haven’t asked my boss yet if it’s ok.

    I’ll be more clear next time. :0

    Tuesday, March 24th 2015

      Thank you.

      Tuesday, March 24th 2015

Thanks! I find it little difficult.
I have to learn and practice.

Sunday, March 22nd 2015

This lesson was so complicated (that) I didn’t understand at the beginning and still I am trying to understand the last one

It is not only a comment but also a question.Is it a correct sentence and is “that” necessary?

Sunday, March 22nd 2015

    Hi Black.

    yes, it’s good :)

    And you can omit the ‘that’ (it is necessary, but does not necessarily have to be written).

    Tuesday, March 24th 2015

muchas gracias eres muy buen profesor

Sunday, March 22nd 2015

    Thank you for the lesson

    Sunday, March 22nd 2015

Thank you Adam

Monday, March 23rd 2015

Thank you everybody. know it was a difficult lesson, but all it takes is practice. Keep up the good work :)

Tuesday, March 24th 2015

Above all I must thank to you because of your this lesson. But I want to learn another thing. As far as I have remembered you, there was another video that you had explained SO and BEACUSE. I wanted to watch it again but I couldn’t find that video. did you delete it? Regards

Tuesday, March 24th 2015

I am sorry I have written _ you_ wrongly. (….remembered you …..

Tuesday, March 24th 2015

Please Adam I would like to know the difference between “in the end” and “at the end”. Also, I hear a lot the word “anyways” here in the U.S. is that the correct form or is it “anyway”? without the s? Thank you.

Tuesday, March 24th 2015

    Hi Veteran,

    At the end usually means when it is finished (at the end of the movie the character dies.)

    In the end usually means finally (in the end we decided to go to a movie instead.)

    Anyways is acceptable, though technically, anyway is “more” correct :)

    Monday, April 6th 2015

      OH! I got it, thank you Adam

      Monday, April 6th 2015

Thank so much Adam. Hey!!! I use “so” …….so much instead very much .Okay? But I got 67%. It’s so few that I think that I still don’t fully understand. Really? So I have to try my best. Cheer me up. Thank you Adam.

Wednesday, March 25th 2015

    :) CP

    Your comment makes me think that you do understand ;)

    Monday, April 6th 2015

Thank you so much,adam.
I got only 56%, I am so upset that I want to
come back to listen sgain。

Thursday, March 26th 2015

    By all means Leoguo :)

    Monday, April 6th 2015

thanks adm

Thursday, March 26th 2015

Tks so much!

Thursday, March 26th 2015

explain about 9 question please professor

Saturday, March 28th 2015

Hi, Adam!
Thank’s for good lesson!
By the way, could U explain me, what does “adverb clause” stand for? Is it a complex sentence? My dictionaries don’t have such phrase to translate.
Thank U in advance :)

Saturday, March 28th 2015

P.S. I also have a question about the 2nd quiz statement. How can we use “Felix loves his girlfriend so much, so he is thinking of proposing”? I thought we should use “so that” in such cases.

Saturday, March 28th 2015

    Hi Exotist,

    Firstly, an adverb clause is a dependent clause that shows a relationship between itself and the independent clause (Although Tom likes Linda, he will never ask her out on date because he thinks she will refuse — two adverb clauses here: although Tom like Linda, and because he thinks.

    The Felix loves his girlfriend so much – fact
    (so) he is thinking of proposing – result based on that fact.

    Does this help?

    Monday, April 6th 2015

Hello!
Can you,please,explain using definite article in the part “all the boys”?I am confused bacause all rules concerning articles say that we shouldn’t use any article if we have the word “all”.
Thank you.

Sunday, March 29th 2015

    Hi Liana,

    Remember that all refers to the total. But first we need to know what that total is, to identify it – All (of) the boys.

    I eat pizza all the time.
    Of all the girls in the class, Jane is the smartest.
    etc.

    Does this help?

    Monday, April 6th 2015

Thanks so much Adam that you shared us a wonderful lesson.

is it right?

Monday, March 30th 2015

my question is not related to the topic but could you explain to me why do we use verb -ing after “to”?
thank you :)

Wednesday, April 1st 2015

    Hi 0101,

    Generally speaking, when we have an -ing after a “to” it is a gerund. Also, the to is a preposition, not an infinitive to.

    So… the -ing is the object to the preposotion to.

    Does this help?

    Monday, April 6th 2015

really hate grammer, so difficult that i can’t catch it exactly.7 out of 9,too bad scores.but anyway, thanks Adam,like your pronounciation.

Thursday, April 2nd 2015

Work smart as Jill, not hard as Bill so that you will get promoted :) I hope this is correct.
Greetings! I have joined this virtual class since yesterday.

Sunday, April 5th 2015

    Hi Haliota,

    Two ways to write this:
    work as smart as Jill, not as hard as Bill so that…

    or

    Work smart as Jill does, not hard as Bill does…

    Welcome :)

    Monday, April 6th 2015

Thank you so much for all your efforts.
My question is: when we omit (that), should we put a full stop at the end of the first clause or not necessary?

Sunday, April 5th 2015

Thanks a lot Adam! I hope to learn English fast so That I could get better position in my company! :-)

Sunday, April 5th 2015

Thank you, lesson is so difficult that I got only 44%.

Monday, April 6th 2015

Thank you.I suspected but wasn’t sure.
Thanx again!!!

Monday, April 6th 2015

Hi I am a French student and I learnt a lot of things during this lesson.Thank you so much Adam ;best regards.

Thursday, April 9th 2015

would you , please, help me understand the differences between these three examples below:
carbon and oxygen react to form carbon di oxide.
carbon and oxygen react forming carbon di oxide.
carbon and oxygen react for forming carbon di oxide.

i guess in examples 2 and 3 gerund has ben used. Are they same???if not, why not??

Can all of three examples be rewritten as;
Carbon and Oxygen react and form carbon di oxide.
Please explain.
By the way i would rather want you to make a video
concerning gerund.infinitive and participle..
thank you,

Saturday, April 11th 2015

Hi Adam!! I saw your class and I liked very much! congratulations !!

Monday, April 13th 2015

Thank you Adam! I got 67

Saturday, April 18th 2015

Hi Adam,
Even though you’re such a great teacher, it’s quite confused for me. I’ve watched the video four times, but now I think I’ve got it. I’ve done the test three times and at first I got 7,8 out of 10, secondly better and finally 10! But I’m not so confident. I think practice is the key of the success. Please look at that sentence: I set my mobile to high volume so that I could hear it. Is that correct?

Tuesday, April 21st 2015

Hi, Adam!
I have a question about your example with Bill.
The sentance ” Bill worked so hard that he had to be promoted”.
Is it possible to understand like : he worked hard, but they did not promoted him?
Because as I understood from the lesson – this sentence has positive result – Bill did not leave any chance to his boss, he have to be promoted. But if i want to say that even that he worked hard – boss ignored him – can i use the same sentance?

Thursday, April 23rd 2015

Hi Adam,
I watched your videos really I liked so much! Really amazing! congratulations.
Would you mind if you send me your personal e-mail address.
Thanks,

Friday, April 24th 2015

Thanks for this lesson, Alan!

This was one of the most difficult lessons that I have attended in engVid, so difficult that I committed some mistakes in the quiz, so I need to watch it again so that I can become a good English speaker in the future.

Saturday, April 25th 2015

Thanks Adam,but could you explain to me what’s going on (I meant in QUESTION (2 & 5)) I can n’t figure out the matter? in these Questions .
Best,
Immirgant,

Friday, May 1st 2015

I am Arifin, come from Indonesia. I am disable person. My disability types is low vision. This video is so difficult for me to unnderstand the material on the white board because I co not see clearlyy. Would you like to have some solutions?

Saturday, May 2nd 2015

    Thank you for letting us know! I’ll look into what changes we can make. Would it help if the teachers used thicker markers or wrote the words bigger? Does it make a difference if it’s dark letters on a white board or white letters on a dark board?

    Monday, May 4th 2015

ahhhhhhhhhhhhhh i see it three times and i cant understand very well pofffffffffffff

Sunday, May 3rd 2015

you there..?

Saturday, May 9th 2015

i would like to learn more english…i have lack in my Grammar..plz

Saturday, May 9th 2015

hi.Adam.
whether so….that… is like to too…..to…. or not?

Tuesday, May 12th 2015

Ohhh..!! that’s a bad result.. need to study more.. :(

Saturday, May 16th 2015

Thank you SO much. What SO usefull lesson!

Saturday, May 16th 2015

This Is Prasanth from India.Thank You Mr.Adam,you Have enlighten so many Lives across the World.I have seen Improvements in My english after watching your videos.
I wish i could be you Mr.Adam

Friday, May 22nd 2015

I watched this so wonderful video many times so that I can understand it.That’s so useful everyone who need to improve their English that They should watched it frequently.

Sunday, May 24th 2015

Very good lesson Adam so I can use this word in my writing.

Wednesday, May 27th 2015

Great lesson !!!

Thursday, May 28th 2015

Hello, Adam! Although I’m a newcomer here, I’ve already appreciated your lessons, for I really like your manner (calm, confident, with a strong wish to make us understand =)), as well as the content. Thank you. My question concerns punctuation related to this topic. In the “first” sentenses (result) we undoubtedly have a comma. Does it appear in the rest of them when we eliminate ‘that’? Many thanks in advance.

Tuesday, June 2nd 2015

I’m a newcomer here .Your lessons really help me out .
i got 8 correct out of 9.

Sunday, June 7th 2015

I did not understand the lesson. I will be watching the video later. Thanks a lot.

Monday, June 8th 2015

Oops ! I got 3.3 out of 9
And i don’t know why

Tuesday, June 9th 2015

that was Great mR.Adam… after I watched the lesson twice, I got 9 out of 9, thank you so much

Saturday, June 13th 2015

So helpful lesson! In the quiz I had only two mistakes, but I’ll repeat the lesson.
Thanks a lot Adam!

Monday, June 15th 2015

Plz I want to pass ECL exam of DLI I need help

Monday, June 15th 2015

Hi Adam.I am so sad because my computer can not load your videos although I need them now.What should I do????

Thursday, June 25th 2015

Thanks! I have to work on this patr of grammar more.

Friday, June 26th 2015

Thank you so much!
Nice lesson!
I love it!

Wednesday, July 1st 2015

thanks you so much, I am so excited about this lesson so that I would watch it many times

Sunday, July 5th 2015

thank you Mr Adam. It’s very useful for me. It helps me a lot!

Monday, July 13th 2015

I got 33/100,so what should i do to get higher sccore?;)

Monday, July 13th 2015

Hi teacher,

Could you please PLEASE explain me why i can not use no active verbs with ‘so that ( purpose) ‘
For example if i say: She has a candle so that she can see in the dark … is it wrong? Why?
Thanks ¡¡

Tuesday, July 14th 2015

Sir Adam,I am a little confused to no.1 question.What is the used of “so behind”in a sentence?Can you please elaborate it?Thank you,sir.

Wednesday, July 15th 2015

Hi Adam.
great teacher! love how you explain English lessons.

Saturday, July 18th 2015

Very useful lesson. Thank u so much sir..
If u dont mind, it will be a great help if could explain the differences among Regarding, related to, with respect to & On behalf of.. I am getting confused of these….

Tuesday, July 28th 2015

Sadly.. I got only 3

Sunday, August 2nd 2015

thanks mr. adam . but I have a question !!
What is the difference between (so) and (too).
thanks again>>

Monday, August 3rd 2015

I got confused with question #5. I thought I could not use two “so” in one sentence because it is redundant. Thank you for the lesson Teacher Adam.

Tuesday, August 4th 2015

I find this lesson so hard

Thursday, August 6th 2015

what does ( active verb ) mean ?

Thursday, August 6th 2015

Hi Adam, is the paragraph below correct?
I’m so happy that I found this website, so I can take more lessons so that I get better with my writting.
Thank you!

Friday, August 7th 2015

Hi Adam I wanted to ask you, do you have any lessons about Subordinators, embaded clause, verb phrase nounphrase? etc I confused with this .

Friday, August 14th 2015

I need to pay attention so that I can learn much more english.
I like your english class so much that I speed a lot of time watching you.
I want to travel to Canada, so I need to learn very well english.
You like me so much!

thank Adam!

Monday, August 17th 2015

Hi! Thank you VERY MUCH for this and the others videos! You are excellent!
Could you talk more about how tou use the verb tenses properly when using SO THAT?
Thank you!

Caroline

Wednesday, August 26th 2015

I watched the video so that I could get a good score in this quizz.(Is this sentence right?) Thank you

Sunday, August 30th 2015

Dear Adam!I am so impressed on your lessons,that i finally decided to express my heartfelt thanks to you.
I have been studying English for 2 years and i have never been satisfied with my knowledge.
Looking at my problem, my teacher recommended me a lot of education programs,including your web site.
So i have been using Engvid.com since this spring to improve my English skills.
I found it the most understandable and useful.
I always pay attention to your advices : work hard,listen carefully,read English books.
Yes,I do,I will,I promise!
Thank you ( merci beaucoup,спасибо )!
Excuse me for my mistakes…
Yours faithfully
Natalie

Saturday, September 12th 2015

Hiii Adam!
I like your all lessons but this one is difficult for me to understand. I got 4 out of 9. Can u make it bit easier.

Monday, September 14th 2015

Hello, Mr. Adam. This lesson is great and you give a clear explanation. Thanks a lot. I got it.

Monday, September 28th 2015

I’m forever grateful for learning from you amazing teacher

thankkkkkkkkkkkkkkkkkkkkkks a lot

Tuesday, September 29th 2015

Thanks, Adam!
I got 89 out of 90. :)
I have 1 question, though. In question #2, is the sentence ” Felix loves his girlfriend so much, so he is thinking of proposing.”, really correct? I saw that it’s correct, but it sounds weird, doesn’t it?

Many thanks! :)

Sunday, October 4th 2015

more power adam. by the way thank you for the great lesson again. i got 3

Sunday, October 11th 2015

Oh Gosh!!! Adam, I understand you perfectly, but I’m dissapointed myself with my results in quiz!!! I have a very seriuosly problem…I not let to think in Spanish…Really is a hard problem, What can I do?

Monday, November 2nd 2015

Hello MR.Adam your lessons are excellent and thanks

Saturday, November 14th 2015

Hi Adam,
I couldn’t understand 4th question. I am confused with “upset”.

*Bill is upset with Hillary so that he wants a divorce.
*Bill is upset with Hillary, so he wants a divorce.

I choosed second one and the test says that first one is true.

I couldn’t understand that how “upset” is active verb here. Please help me to understand that.

Thank you very much. I love your lessons by the way :)

Wednesday, December 9th 2015

Jill studies regularly so (that) she can beat the boys.

It seems to me that without “that” we can
treat a clause like a result and purpose at the same time. So, it’s up to you. Am I right?

Saturday, December 12th 2015

Hi Senem we can’t use 1-st example because “so that” is an adverb clause marker and that’s why we have an adverb clause that must be regarded to active verb (“is” isn’t an active verb).

Saturday, December 12th 2015

    Thank you very much Yury. That’s all clear right now :)

    Monday, December 14th 2015

Thank you

Wednesday, December 16th 2015

4. When using “so that”, the independent clause should have an active verb.
But
“Bill is upset with Hillary so that he wants to divorce” , the “wants” isn’t an active verb?

Friday, December 25th 2015

Thank you :)

Saturday, February 6th 2016

Hi Adam, I have a question. I can not understand why in this case: “Look,you definitely watch too much TV -If I were you I wouldn’t watch SO! much TV” is better than If I were you I would’nt watch TOO! much TV:-) Please, explain it to me. My teacher said the first one is correct SO much not TOO much. And what about THAT much?

Tuesday, February 23rd 2016

thank you

Tuesday, March 1st 2016

I got 33/100 :(
Somebody help me please, I thought I understood it

Monday, March 7th 2016

Hi, Adam! Pretty good lesson! I got 7 out of 9. The first mistake I had, I think it’s right the correction. Though, the options in the question number 5 are really confusing, because of the commas, so I thought none of the answers were right (but they were,kind of awful!) .

Friday, March 25th 2016

Hi adam,thanks for helping us

Monday, April 11th 2016

Hi Adam, I like your lessons much, I search about how to use ‘that’ in your before videos. I could not see it.can you help me how to use them in writing mostly?sometimes we use it as a helping verb, sometimes subject…

Friday, April 22nd 2016

I mean after ‘that’ we use helping verb, subject..

Friday, April 22nd 2016

It is sad. I think that i fully understand this lesson, but i pass the quiz by 44 points. Whatever, thank you very much, i will be try to study hard.

Monday, May 30th 2016

got 6/9..:( In 2nd Ques…why we used so much so..???

Friday, June 3rd 2016

hey Adam how are you doing?, i hope you’re good. i don’t know if you will read it, but this express my feeling about engvid.com ok. first of all, I’d like to say that no english school here in brazil, at least the ones i had contact to, prepare us, teach us like you the teachers from engvid.com do. i have been seeing people(students) just like me that stay amazed how much we learn with your classes. i say by myself, i’ve just finished a english course down here in brazil and i tell you from the bottom of my heart, sometimes i feel that i know nothing in english, because at engvid i’m still learning a lot of things that they didn’t taught me,and i’m already finished my course!!!,do you believe that?. Anyway, the very first time i saw the engvid’s video, it was one of yours, and i loved it, i thank you teachers and engvid.com’s crew for helping us with the language barrier, thanks a lot. Be sure many students like me are getting lots of improvment with your classes. thank you all from engvid.com . bye!!!!

Thursday, June 23rd 2016

Hello Adam
I am from Pakistan. Sir your lecture regarding So or So that is very value able. I completely got it. Dear sir can you please elaborate the Difference between “We” or “US” where we put this word in sentences.

Sunday, June 26th 2016

I Adam, I really love your lessons, I found so many difficulties using so that as a purpose, even now I still have so many doubts. I’ve got only 6 in the quiz. But I am sure that I will manage it. So thanks a lot.

Friday, July 8th 2016

hi
could you explain more about the following question?!
thanks so much!
Which of the following is NOT grammatically correct?

*Bill is so upset with Hillary he wants a divorce.
**Bill is upset with Hillary so that he wants a divorce.
***Bill is upset with Hillary, so he wants a divorce.
****Bill loves Hillary so much he wants her to stay.

Monday, August 1st 2016

    i mean about wrong sentence!

    Tuesday, August 2nd 2016

Dear adam,
I would really appreciate if you gave me an example so that I grasp the following topic:
“So that” must only be used when the independent clause contains an active”
I thank you in advance
KR
Massimo

Tuesday, August 16th 2016

Hi Adam,
First of all thank you for all the videos. I find them so helpfull. Let me please have a question regarding this lesson. In the sentence, “I worked overtime this week so that I could take time off next week”, could I use to be able to instead of so that? If yes, what the difference is, if there is any?
Thank you!
Endre

Tuesday, November 1st 2016

Thanks teacher, easy to understand

Wednesday, November 16th 2016

Thank you Mr Adam for your effort during lesson time. I was interested with your lesson, So I will continue to see your lesson.

Saturday, November 19th 2016

Hi, Adam . I want to say you thank you for your lessons . It is very helpful for foreign people ho leave her in America.
I want to wish you many good people in your live .

Thursday, November 24th 2016

Hello Adam.
Is it appropriate to use “so” (conjuction) in formal writing?
For example: the product was verified twice, so the probability of finding a failure is very low.

Friday, November 25th 2016
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