To assist you in learning, the most common irregular English verbs have been grouped below, according to their ending patterns.

Group 1 – All three forms of the verb are the same

Base Form Simple Past Past Participle
bet bet bet
cost cost cost
cut cut cut
hit hit hit
hurt hurt hurt
let let let
put put put
shut shut shut


Group 2 – The 2nd and 3rd forms of the verb are the same

Base Form Simple Past Past Participle
lose lost lost
shoot shot shot
get got got
light lit lit
sit sat sat
keep kept kept
sleep slept slept
feel felt felt
leave left left
meet met met
bring brought brought
buy bought bought
fight fought fought
think thought thought
catch caught caught
teach taught taught
sell sold sold
tell told told
pay paid paid
make made made
stand stood stood
understand understood understood
lend lent lent
send sent sent
spend spent spent
build built built
find found found
have had had
hear heard heard
hold held held
read read (pronounced red) read (pronounced red)
say said said


Group 3 – All three forms of the verb are different

Base Form Simple Past Past Participle
drive drove driven
ride rode ridden
rise rose risen
write wrote written
bite bit bitten
hide hid hidden
break broke broken
choose chose chosen
speak spoke spoken
wake woke woken
blow blew blown
grow grew grown
know knew known
fly flew flown
draw drew drawn
show showed shown
wear wore worn
tear tore torn
begin began begun
drink drank drunk
swim swam swum
ring rang rung
sing sang sung
eat ate eaten
fall fell fallen
forget forgot forgotten
give gave given
see saw seen
take took taken


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Quiz

Test your understanding of this English lesson

Test your understanding of the English lesson by answering these questions. You will get the answers and your score at the end of the quiz.
Did you ________ Jack when you were in high school?

I have __________ English for many years.

I __________ about you last night.

Please ____________ me for making you wait so long.

When did the concert _____________?

He _____________ two beers at the party.

Have you __________ the keys again?

Your children have ______________ so much since I last saw them!

I’ve never _____________this song in public before.

Prices _____________by 10% last year.


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