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Test your understanding of this English lesson

Test your understanding of the English lesson by answering these questions. You will get the answers and your score at the end of the quiz.

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440 COMMENTS

Sir which one is correct
Whom did you meet?
or Who did you meet??

Abb

    Whom did you meet? correct and formal way but CORRECT
    Who did you meet ? it is not correct but 99% of people say that.
    tips:
    if you do a test, you must use whom.
    In your life you can use who. love. h

    Briklend Handersson

      This is the most sensible way to look at it. Thanks for helping out.

      Alex

      Thanks Mr. Briklend. That was a pretty good example. I will remember it for the rest of my life.

      Abb

      What if I use “whom” instead of “who” in a conversation with an American or British, Will it sound good???????

      Abb

        You’ll have better luck using “whom” with a British person than you will an American or Canadian person. :) Still, even in England, people will not be upset if you say “who.”

        Alex

          Thank you sir.

          Abb

          Sir, can we have a grammatically correct sentence as follows,
          “I did do that”????

          Abb

          Absolutely. You can use did, do, and does to emphasize something in the present, or to provide contrast.

          “We didn’t like the service at the restaurant, but we DID like the food.”

          “You know what? She DID say she would be here on time, so where is she?”

          Alex

          Sorry, I typed “to emphasize something in the present,” but it could also be used to emphasize the past with “did.”

          Alex

          Thank you very much sir.

          Abb

          And Are those sentences correct when I need to write an essay?

          diegovss

      Thank you so much , sir !! but are they the same meaning ???

      Lay Vimol

      Thank you Alex
      You’re my teacher and a good teaching

      Preemada

    good question.

    gozisik

      Yes, It is. Thanks.

      Abb

    This is a tricky one. Informally, it makes no difference since people say both. Most will simply use “Who”. However, the correct answer is actually “Whom did you meet?” since the object – someone – is what is being asked about, and the is the part of the sentence that is receiving the action.

    I would say “The person whom I met was the head of the company.” Therefore, my question must be “Whom did you meet?”

    In the end, almost NO native English speaker will ever ask this question or even think about it. :) Most just say “who” for every situation because they don’t actually know the rules for who/whom.

    Alex

      I meant to type “and THAT is the part of the sentence” in my first paragraph. :)

      Alex

      Perfect Alex, and because anyone can see the level of the lesson, for beginners, totally understandable.

      Bergvolk

        For sure. Thanks for watching!

        Alex

Thank you very much! This is very helpful lesson!finally I have understood!

Faberliya

    Nice! I’m glad you found it easy to understand.

    Alex

Thank you, Alex :) I got 10 correct out of 10!

Happy04

    Great job!

    Alex

Thank you, Alex.
Teacher What may be different in these two questions?
when did you arrive?
when are we arrive?

Muad Abdiaziz

    when are we arrive it doesn’t exist it is wrong. when are you arriving it is ok and correct

    Briklend Handersson

    The first question is correct, the second question is wrong. :) You could say “When are we arriving?” but never “When are we arrive?”

    Alex

Thank you i got 5 corect out of 10

Ismahan mohamed

    That’s okay. Review the lesson and try again. :)

    Remember, you only use “do” if you want to ask about a simple action.

    Alex

Thanks a lot Alex for teaching this befogging concepts.Most of the time both things are used incorrectly while speaking.But now after watching this video both do and be will be used correctly by us.Thanks once again :)

TEJALKK

    You’re very welcome! Thanks for clicking!

    Alex

Thank you for lesson.
I got 100%

oxana

    Great job!

    Alex

Thank you Alex

azizkad

    You’re welcome. As always, thanks for clicking. :)

    Alex

clear lesson and so easy to remenber: to form question with a verb-action, use do. that’s it, that’s all. Thanks Alex.

marienba

    Exactly. You’re welcome!

    Alex

Very good. Thank you!

adrianopulz

    You’re welcome! Thanks for clicking!

    Alex

thanks!!
very nice :)

Flavio90

    No problem!

    Alex

thanks Alex, for this useful lesson

lompoabdou

    You’re welcome. Thanks for watching!

    Alex

thank you Alex,
it was basic and very useful

mabrahamoglu

    The basics are sometimes the most important things.

    Alex

Thanks Alex, great lesson.

pia100te

    Thanks for the compliment, and you’re very welcome.

    Alex

Thanks Alex, helpful lesson

Rgonzamora77

    Not a problem. Thanks for watching and for being part of the engVid community.

    Alex

Hi everyone! I just want to say that I’m also studying German so if there’s anyone here who is from Germany and would like to help me, let me know. I’ll send you my whatsapp.
Thanks

henry19

    Great idea! I hope you find someone. :)

    Alex

Alex thanks for the class!
could you please make a class who / Whom?

HECTOR REY

    This is on my to-do list. :)

    Alex

Thank you very much sir. This had been my confusion for a very long time. Thanks a ton.

Abb

    No problem! Thanks for watching. I’m glad you found the lesson useful.

    Alex

Sir, could you please make a video discussing the differences between “Less” & “Lesser”?

Abb

    Good idea. :) I will keep this in mind.

    Alex

I got 8 correct out of 10. not bad! haha.. Thanks a lot sir Alex. :)

Tirzy

    You’re welcome. Nice job!

    Alex

    m also got 8 out of 10 ahahshaha..

    gurmani

I got 8

rleandado11

    Good work! Review the lesson and try again for a higher score next time!

    Alex

Also, bonus points if you recognize my t-shirt!

Alex

    Distant Countries (indeed Worlds). Final Fantasy. Concerts featuring musics from the game series.

    Fabio Cicerre

      I didn’t know it before. It must be good.

      Fabio Cicerre

      You got it. :) I got the t-shirt at an orchestral concert for Final Fantasy, which is an RPG series. Loved the concert a lot! Here is the first album. They just put out the third edition.

      https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=oJ5aFvF8kc0

      Alex

Thank you Mr. Alex a good explanation in this lesson, I would also like to know by the beginning of learning the English language from the point zero because my level is very weak in English and you very much once again thank you

ibrahim bensaad

    I make videos for all levels. You will see more beginner lessons in the future.

    Alex

Thank you Mr. Alex lesson I would also like to advice you to start learning English because my level is very weak in terms of like learning to write in English, as well as to understand and communicate and thanks again

be-djamal

    Hi be-djamal. Here are my suggestions.

    1. Get a notebook or make a file folder on your computer for English learning.

    2. Watch lessons about English, read lessons about English, and do practice activities.

    3. Challenge yourself and always try to learn new vocabulary. Even 1 word per day!

    4. Put everything you learn in your notebook and review it regularly.

    5. Learn! :D

    Alex

Thank you Alex, but I got only 9 from 10

Alserg

    “Only”? 9 is very good!

    Alex

thank you!!

mirelle07

    You’re very welcome. :)

    Alex

ok for the lesson alex

lear57

    That’s great! :)

    Alex

Thanks for you
It was very clear and simple lesson with your amazing explanation

positive_learner

    That’s what I always try to do. I’m glad it was easy to understand!

    Alex

I always confused and did not understand which one should I use between Do an Be until I find this vedio. After watching the video, I still got the first question wrong because it was my habit. Now, I get it and thank you very much for amazing explanation. :)

charmbaito

    You’re very welcome. I’m glad it was helpful!

    Alex

excuse me ,i have two questions which is not realated to this subject , but i love to share them with you .
(thats sucks and just do it) what do them mean ? somtimes i hear these slangs and i cannot find out their meaning. i will be gratefull if you help me

m 16

    “That sucks” is slang for “That’s bad.” You can use it in a variety of ways. For example:

    -The movie sucked.
    -This song sucks.
    -I think this vacation is going to suck.

    “Just do it” is a command that means DO IT NOW and don’t waste time. :) It’s also the slogan for Nike.

    Alex

Thank you Alex!
It’s important review the basic rules sometimes.
Much greetings by Italy :)

Luke

    For sure. Thanks for watching and commenting, Luke.

    Alex

hi teacher how are you ; first of all i would like to say: thank you so much i have learned a lot of things from you …my english difficultie : when i read an essay in english i find some hard expressions that i can’t understand even if i understand the words in its real meaning but the form is difficulte for example:”unifying the study of these diverse subjects of study is sociology’s purpose of understanding how human actions and conciousness both shape and shaped by surrounding cultural and social structures” i found this expression in an essay about sociology …my problem is the first part of the expression from the begining to ”how human..” thank youu soo much

karimon

    That’s a very academic sentence. It’s also far too long and repetitive, and I say that as someone who has a Masters degree! I would write it this way:

    “Unifying the study of these diverse subjects is sociology’s purpose: to understand how human actions and consciousness both shape and are shaped by surrounding cultural and social structures.”

    Basically, human actions are shaped by cultural and social structures.

    Alex

      so many thanks , first i thought you dont like to answer me but later i found out you must be busy .thats why people say do not judge too quickly!.and finally i got an idea its a really good idea to make a speciall part on the site to answer peoples question , it makes your site numberone not only over the world , bur also over the univers speciall for the allian who want to make contact with us !!

      m 16

        I love science fiction, so I laughed at your final sentence. Ha. Thanks!

        I’m glad I could help.

        Alex

          hello , what is the diffirence :
          i have been to china
          i have been in china

          m 16

          If you just want to say you have travelled there, the correct sentence is “I have been to China.” “I have been in China” is also possible, but it literally means you have been in the country. Most students say “in” when they MEAN to say “to” in this situation.

          Alex

          what is wrong on this sentence and why ? We were pleased to have the opportu
          nity to watch such talented dancers
          to perform
          a
          highly
          acclaimed new
          ballet

          m 16

          it was a test , and they say we must change the last
          option and write “carried umbrella away”.why?

          Sitting

          under an umbrella at a tiny
          table in a sidewalk cafe, Bob was
          startled

          when a gust of wind suddenly

          carried it

          away

          m 16

Hi Alex,

Is it grammatically correct to ask? When are we leaving? and/or When do we leave?

Thanks in advance.

ezsosa

    Both are perfect questions. :) I’ve used both. It just depends on my mood.

    Alex

thank you sir for this leason it was very simple and understood

GAZALa

    That’s great to hear!

    Alex

Nice! Great! Clear!

karik44

    Perfect! I’m glad it was easy to understand!

    Alex

Thank you Alex.
I have a question ,Are the sentence correct?
Where do you come from?
Where are you from?

Chloechou

    Both questions are common and correct. Nice job!

    Alex

What type of tenses do we use after the word ‘would’ and what is the difference between might and may?

Abbey98

    “Would” is used with the 2nd and 3rd conditionals, which are not part of the simple, continuous, perfect, or perfect continuous tenses. It is also used to talk about repeated past behaviors. E.g. In high school, I would always go out on the weekend.

    Might and may are quite similar in meaning and basically mean “maybe”.

    Alex

      Is this correct sir Alex?:
      “I would eat my breakfast every 7 in the morning.”
      Is ‘would’ necessary in this sentence?
      and
      “She would be bringing her homemade cookies this afternoon.”

      Abbey98

        They are if you have an “if” clause that makes sense. As they are, the second sentence doesn’t really make sense, while the first one has a different past meaning.

        Alex

thank you master alex ♥

Ahmed mohamed

    You’re welcome, Ahmed. Thanks for watching!

    Alex

Hello Alex .
Thanks for this lesson . Can we used the past participle of a verb as an adjective and use be as the main verb . For example: Were you shaved and combed when she arrived ?
Or
How was he dressed up that you didn’t recognise him ?
Thanks for your answer . Bye

tsamp

    Absolutely.

    For example, “I was really impressed by him.” Your examples are good too.

    Alex

Hi Alax,
very nice and easy explanation of complex problem.
Got 10/10 on quiz .thanks for your video

sanjaysi

    Nice job! And you’re welcome for the video. I enjoyed making it.

    Alex

Good lesson, its very usual but still some time we get confused. got 100% :) thx Alex

Jogie

    No problem. It takes time and regular practice. You also have to pay attention to what you’re saying.

    Alex

Thank you very much, Alex!

Elena

    You’re welcome. Thank you very much for taking the time to watch the lesson.

    Alex

Hi Sir,
Can I use:
Are you finished your work?

SmileHoang90

    Yes, absolutely. :) In this case, “finished” is a participle adjective.

    Alex

      Alex must have misread your sentence. The correct sentence should be “Are you finished WITH your work?” or “Have you finished your work?”

      David

Hi Mr.Alex
Thank you so much for making a great lesson.
Although Some members are in high level,all the time all of us need to get a lesson which is a beginner.
I always do a great job.
I applaud you!

bakhtiyar ali

    I meant that you always did a great job.Sorry for this :) I couldn’t edit this as you know.
    in additional I would like to request you to make lessons which I am talking about: However,whatever and so on,please.

    bakhtiyar ali

      Not a bad idea. Thanks for the suggestion!

      Alex

    Thanks again for taking the time to watch the lesson, and to send a comment. I really appreciate it!

    Alex

Thank you sir. I am dying to watch that video.

Abb

    You’re welcome. :) I think you meant, “I’ve been dying to watch this video.”

    Alex

      Yes, sir. Thank you for helping sir.

      Abb

Thank you Alex your material online is very useful. I got 9 correct out of 10. Your explain is clear with English grammar.

Ukrit

    Nice job. Thanks a lot for watching the lesson, and I hope you will continue to study and improve.

    Alex

thanks a lot. i got 100

tranducquanueh

    Perfect! Great job.

    Alex

Hello Alex,
I would love to watch your taught every day.they are very useful and helpful on the way to learn English.I will appreciate in advance.

matt.shari

    That would be great, but with my work schedule, it’s just not possible. I do have over 140 videos you can watch, though!

    Alex

      I would definitely try to watch most of them in the future.
      All the best wishes.

      matt.shari

thank you for all
I think that I learn English quickly

mereng

    Hi mereng. This is the correct way:

    “Thank you for everything.” :)

    Alex

but I have a problem
I forget some vocabulary

mereng

    This is a common problem. I have the same problem with French! It just takes time and practice, practice, practice.

    Alex

I’ m from Brazil. The class very good…..bye

julimar batista

    Thanks again for watching, julimar.

    Alex

Are you from Canadian?

julimar batista

    Yes, I am! However, I was born in Poland and moved here when I was seven years old.

    Alex

Thank you sir for this lesson

Roberson Theragene

    You’re welcome!

    Alex

thanks a lot. i got 90

fguler54

    Great job! That means you’ve understood the lesson.

    Alex

You are always here for us with so great lessons,thank you Alex :)

katerinapas1

    You’re welcome. Thank you very much for watching and studying!

    Alex

thanks, Alex
I really like your lessons

KimTuyen

    You’re welcome. I will continue making lessons for a long time. :)

    Alex

why you didn’t approve my comment

karimon

    I don’t moderate the comments. I’m not sure what happened. It seems to be okay now. :)

    Alex

Thank you :):)

DonaDona

    Prosze. :)

    Alex

Hi, Alex! Great job! It is a pleasure for me to click on your videos. Goodbye! Greetings from Brazil!

Júlio César L Sousa

    That’s an awesome compliment to read. Thank you so much.

    Alex

Hi Alex. I got 70%. :(( I have to more practice. Thanks for lessons. Great job!!

joe921

    Hi Joe. That’s not too bad! Review the lesson again and try the quiz again. You’ll get it. :)

    Alex

it’s very useful vadio thank you

hamdy ahmed

    You’re welcome, hamdy. Thanks for checking out the video on engVid.

    Alex

Hi, good lessson! I got 100%! I guess that was luck!!

Creso

    While some of it was maybe luck, I’m sure you knew a lot of the answers, especially if you scored 10/10!

    Alex

Thank you dear Alex.I live in iran and because of political resons me and a lot of people here don’t have international credit cards,I want to know how can I support engvid ,god knows how valuable is your job?

amir45

    Honestly, just clicking on our videos is enough thanks. We have a donation link on engVid as well, but if you can’t use credit cards, it makes it more difficult.

    Alex

i understood thank you Alex

trainhard4060

    You’re very welcome! And here is the correct way to write your message:

    I understood. Thank you, Alex.

    :)

    Alex

      nn

      phamquynhanh

I got 10! Thanks teacher Alex :)

Pandacoco

    Nice job! Keep up the good work.

    Alex

Vary good experience for me

Shahid99

    Thanks for watching and for taking the quiz. Keep practicing!

    Alex

Thank you handsome teacher.

phamquynhanh

    You’re very welcome.

    Alex

Great work sir.

MoHaMeD

    Thank you.

    Alex

thank you for this lesson Mrs alex

Beriani ismail

    It’s “Mr. Alex”. :) And you’re welcome!

    Alex

Thanks Alex, Great lesson, I hear video 3 time but got 7/10 point only, I still confuse DO & BE

Anna99

    Not bad. Just remember:

    Do/Does/Did = only used in questions about simple ACTIONS.

    Alex

thank you the video is cool

Dmytro1993

    You’re welcome. I’m glad you enjoyed it.

    Alex

thank u sir

sanjeewa764

    You’re welcome.

    Alex

Wow I can correct it all. Thank you very much for this lesson.

Eangpheara

    You’re welcome. Keep studying and improving!

    Alex

Thanks very useful.

raadali

    Not a problem. Thanks a lot for watching.

    Alex

Thanks for the lesson, let me review the correct use of the verb to be and the auxiliary do

Bye

juanPabloRT

    You’re very welcome. That was the idea. Thanks for watching.

    Alex

Hello, Alex! Nice to see you again.
How to make questions, by using be or do is piece of cake for me. But reviewing basics is very important to improve skills. So you gave me a good opportunity to look it back! Did this lesson help me? Yes it did! Am I smarter than before taking this lesson? Yes I am! I’m not even smart though, now I’m smarter, at least. Thank you for the lesson.

juneriver

    If you learned something new, I’ve done my job. :)

    Alex

Please, make alesson about Participle I and II.

Valery teacher

    Good call. I’ll keep that in mind.

    Alex

Hello,
Can you please explain to me the expression “to the tune of.” I’m having trouble understand it.
THank you.

alba03

    “They fined him to the tune of $2,000.”

    “to the tune of” means around or about; it usually refers to money that someone had to pay for something. It’s not extremely common, but it’s still good to know.

    Alex

thanks alot 4 this lesson :)

alaa hb

    You’re welcome!

    Alex

Thank you very much!

circulus

    Not a problem. Thanks for clicking.

    Alex

Thank you, you are a wonderful teacher

Youcef Hunter

    Thank you for watching!

    Alex

HI TEACHER
IS IT CORRECT THIS SENTENCE
I WOULD BE GRATEFUL IF YOU WOULD LEND ME A POUND.
THERE IS A WOULD IN THE IF-CLOUSE.

gag

    This sentence is grammatically correct. It’s the second conditional, and you use “would” in the “if” clause because you have to use a past simple verb in the “if” clause when using the second conditional.

    Alex

      Dear teacher,
      Shall I consider using “would” in the”if”-clause more polite?
      If you would lend me a pound, I would be grateful?

      gag

        It certainly sounds more polite in the context of your sentence, but it can also sound commanding and forceful.

        “If you would clean up your room more often, you wouldn’t be coughing all the time.”

        Alex

Thank you Alex!

SkyArg

    Not a problem. You’re welcome.

    Alex

Thank you Alex for the answer, now is clear for me. I’m watching this videos and I learned more than other methods.

alba03

    Yay! :) That’s fantastic to hear. Keep studying, and don’t forget to subscribe to my channel for all the latest videos.

    Alex

Sir I have a doubt what is the difference between
I have to go and I ‘m to go as I know have to we use for compulsion and I ‘m to we use like I’m to eat food. I’m to go I ‘m to play etc. but I have heart that people use I have to instead of I ‘m to please make me correct

m@@hi

    “I have to” is used for obligation. You don’t have a choice in the matter. It’s also far more common and informal than “I’m to,” which can also be used formally for obligation, but I’ve never heard anyone ever say that in Canada or the USA. :)

    Alex

i’m sorry for my wrong written Mr alex and thank you one thousand once

Beriani ismail

    No problem.

    Alex

Dear Alex,
Will you please give us a lesson on “Verb Phrase”
containing “Simple Verb Phrase” and “Complex Verb Phrase”, and also “Noun Phrase”

gag

    I’ll keep this in mind. Thanks for the suggestion.

    Alex

Dear Alex,
Will you kindly explain to us examples starting with “Having + p.p.,……” or “Have + p.p., …”, and what is the tense in this case?
because there is no teacher talking about these sentences at this website.

gag

    “Having + PP” is in my lesson on adverbial phrases.

    “Have + PP” can’t start a sentence.

    Alex

      Hello, Alex,
      There is no a lesson called “adverbial phrases” which is by you on the site, so could you please type its Link here.

      gag

thank you

ibrahim muhammad amin

    You’re welcome. Thanks for clicking as always.

    Alex

Thank you Alex, Great Lesson as always!

AlessandroItaly

    Thanks, Alessandro! I appreciate that.

    Alex

This is awesome… it helps me a lot… Thank you so much Sir…

Jaypee1031

    No problem! I’m glad it helped you!

    Alex

Thank you very much alex

eitimad

    You’re welcome. As always, thanks for clicking.

    Alex

Yay :) I enjoyed this.

ssami

    Great! Thanks for watching, and don’t forget to subscribe to my youtube channel if you haven’t already done so.

    Alex

Dear teacher,
Would you kindly give us a lesson on
finite clause
non-finite clauses.

gag

Thank you. I’m in my 30s. :)

I will have more beginner lessons soon.

Alex

Alex . Can you tell me what’s different between ” Me too” and “Me as well”.

Thùy Duyên

    I’ve never actually researched this topic, but I would say that “me too” is much more common and also sounds more informal than “me as well”. Personally, I use “me too” far more than “me as well”.

    Alex

Thank you for correcting my English Alex

Abdulwahid ali

    No problem! As always, thanks for watching.

    Alex

Hello Teacher,
If we find these phrases in a sentence, do they mean that the sentence is in the past tense? And what kind of past?
Would have been … or would have p.p.
Should have been .. or should have p.p.
could have been … or could have p.p.
might have been … or might have p.p.
and etc, on the same rhythm
I hope you understand my message!

gag

    These all express an unreal past. They use the form of the third conditional.

    “Things might have been different if I had watched less TV as a kid.”

    “You could have called me if you had really wanted to talk to me!”

    They all talk about a past possibility or past advice (should have) that is just a fantasy now because the moment is gone.

    Alex

Hello teacher,
I am telling my mom that
“I won’t go to the party tonight.”
The next day I told my sister that
“I wouldn’t go to the party last night.” Or
“I didn’t go to the party last night.”
Which answer is correct?
What is the negative in the past of “won’t”?
I am so confused about this.!

gag

    You would say “I didn’t go to the party last night.” There is no past negative form of will in the context you’re asking. You normally just say “I didn’t,” “I couldn’t,” or “I wasn’t able to.”

    You can use “wouldn’t” if you’re using the third conditional to talk about the past.

    “I wouldn’t have gone to the party if I had known you weren’t going to be there.”

    You can also use it to talk about past repeated actions.

    “She would never answer our questions correctly!”

    Alex

Hello,Alex, i was puzzled by a sentence”So I look at this picture,and I see the extraordinary” isn’t “extraordinary” an adjective, does”I see the extraordinary” make sense

Jack Den

Thank you very much teacher.

raadali

    You’re very welcome!

    Alex

Hi teacher…could you make a lesson about passive forms in all tenses… That’s something you promised me a year ago :-)

haman87

    Whoa. Really? Sorry. I actually just started working on a resource for the passive voice on the weekend. I hope to have it finished in the next two weeks and posted to the site.

    Have you searched for “passive” on the site? Ronnie and James have each done lessons on it. Are you just looking for the structures?

    Alex

      It’s OK teacher,I know you’ve been really busy.thanks alot for considering me.
      Yes that time I searched and I saw those video that you mentioned but I think there are not fully satisfied me.I’m looking for the structures and their all tenses and at which moment or time I should use each tense in my writing or conversations

      haman87

        It’s OK teacher,I know you’ve been really busy.thanks alot for considering me.
        Yes that time I searched and I saw those videos that you mentioned but I think there are not fully satisfied me.I’m looking for the structures and their all tenses and at which moment or time I should use each tense in my writing or conversations

        haman87

Hello teacher,
Present simple: I work
Present progressive: I am working
Present perfect: I have worked
Present perfect progressive: I have been working
Past simple: I worked
Past progressive: I was working
Past perfect: I had worked
Past perfect progressive: I had been working
Future simple: I will work
Future progressive: I will be working
Future perfect: I will have worked
Future perfect progressive: I will have been working
These are all tenses in English, I think, but the two last ones are not clear to me till now, will you explain them to me more in illustrated sentences?

gag

    Sure.

    Future perfect – something you will have completed by a point in the future

    -By the time I’m 50, I will have visited Japan.
    -When you finish this final essay, you will have completed 4 years of university!
    -We’ll have lived here for 20 years next year.

    Future perfect continuous – used to talk about something that will have been in progress until a point in the future

    -In 3 more weeks, I will have been studying English in Toronto for 2 years.
    -If she’s still here next year, she’ll have been working with the company for 25 years!

    Alex

Hello, teacher,

Over the years many villages have been absorbed into the city.
Over the years the building fell into a state of disrepair.
Over the years, I’ve accumulated hundreds of records.
This is your past sentence as example:
In 3 more weeks, I will have been studying English in Toronto for 2 years.
Is there normally a comma after “time reference / over the years” in these examples, if they were at the beginning of a sentence?

gag

    That’s correct, but some people will disagree with me and say it’s not necessary. :) Most writing style guides will recommend the comma, though.

    Alex

Thank you very match

Viktor0077

    “Thank you very much.” :)

    You’re welcome, Viktor!

    Alex

Hello teacher,
Defining relative clause
Non-defining relative clause
Restrictive relative clause
Non-restrictive clause
Identifying relative clause
Non-identifying relative clause
Are these all above talking about one topic with different titles or there is a difference among them?

gag

    No difference at all. They are just different names for the same thing. :)

    Alex

Hello teacher,

Come and sit ‘by’ me.
We stayed in a cottage ‘by’ the sea.

Come and sit ‘beside’ me.
He kept his bag close ‘beside’ him at all times.

He sat down ‘next to’ Pam.
There’s a public telephone ‘next to’ the pub.

It’s a little village ‘near’ Cardiff.
I don’t want to sit ‘near’ the window.
I’d like to live ‘near’ my parents, if possible.

The prepositions above are confusing words to me (by, beside, next to, and near)
Do you have a magic solution how to use them easily without any embarrassment?

gag

    No tricks, unfortunately. Just memorization and trying to think of the logic to them.

    Near = close to
    Beside = next to/directly to the left or right
    By = around/near/close to

    Sorry. Wish I had better news for you. :)

    Alex

Thanks a lot for this useful tutorial video, by the way i got 10 correct out of 10 in this quiz because of you, many thanks ^_^

Nehad Mahmoud

Because of the rules you taught to us and i got 100. Thanks a lot sir Alex for being so helpful to us.

saaduddin

    Great job! :) Now put it into practice the next time you speak English.

    Alex

      sir which one is correct

      Will you come to my house ?
      Would you come to my house ?

      pedrock

Hello teacher,
Last year and past year
last test and past test
last attempt and past attempt
what’s the difference between last and past, and how to use them?

gag

    “I failed the last test” can have two meanings.

    1) I failed the most recent test
    OR
    2) I failed the final test/final exam

    Past can have a few different uses.

    “How did you do on past tests?”
    -Any test done before the present

    “This past test was pretty easy.”
    -This means the most recent test. You always need to use “This” or “That” before “past” for this meaning.

    Alex

Thank you Alex, you explain us very clear this lesson
And we appreciate it

abdelle

    No problem, abdelle. Thanks a lot for watching! Don’t forget to subscribe on youtube for all the latest stuff.

    Alex

Hi Alex actually I have been studied English for a long time. But I don’t know a lot of vocabularies. Please help me out some vocabularies
You (Alex) Emma, James, Ronnie, Adam,Rebecca, Gill, Benjamin and other teachers I want to say thank you for teaching amazing English, as you see my English I need more help.
Please If anyone of you provided online courses
I’m going to take them
Please contact me, my Emails
Dubad91@yahoo.com
Dubad91@gmail. Com
Dubad91@hotmail. Com
ABDELLE THANKS

abdelle

Hi Alex,
What’s the difference between
“clothes” /
“clothing”?
What is the name of those trousers and shirts and suits and underwear that are in my closet at home, clothes or clothing?
How to differentiate between them easily?
Is there a secret?

gag

Thanks for helping your explanation is usefull

rosanita

    Thanks, rosanita.

    Alex

Hi Alex,

They invited me to stayed for two weeks in their (home/house)in Yemen.
Which one is correct, why?
What’s the difference between house and home?
Thanks

gag

Hi Alex,
May I ask which one is correct if you want to know some one woke up or not yet?
(1) Did you wake up?
(2) Have you woken up yet?
And
Can I use “yet” with the simple past tense?
Thanks :)

SmileHoang90

    Hi Smile,
    I have studied this rule already, and I can answer it for you:
    If you don’t know that something happened or not, use the present perfect, so “Have you woken up yet? is correct.
    Concerning your second question, as far as I know, you can say: “I didn’t see that movie yet.” with negative past tense in American English!
    I am still learning! Sorry Alex, I took your role! pardon me!

    gag

      oh, Thanks ****man!
      Have a nice Sunday!
      P/s: you have a very-hard-remember nick name @@
      haha
      by the way, do you think “a very-hard-remember nick name” is correct or not? :)

      SmileHoang90

        fahdbensalman is my full name, my first name is fahd, my family name is bensalman.
        “a very-hard-remember nick name” is wrong.
        you should say
        ” a very hard nickname to remember”
        because (remember) is a verb not an adjective so it doesn’t come before a noun.

        gag

Thank you,Alex!Your lesson is very helpfull- I got 8!

lushik

Hello Alex,
Glancing at himself in the mirror just moments before the job interview, Enrico felt good about his appearance.
Why do we use “ing form” with the verb “glance” in the first clause although the whole sentence is in the past tense?
This grammatical rule is confusing to me.
Could you explain this rule for me more?

gag

    It’s called an adverbial phrase. It shortens the full clause, “While he was glancing at himself in the mirror” by removing the adverb (while) and the subject (he), and leaving the verb + ing.

    It’s also common to start a sentence this way formally.

    Alex

      Hello Alex,
      Apart from the case above which is in the simple past tense,
      are there another cases which begins with “verb+ing form” but not in the simple past?
      In other words, do we use this rule in all tenses?
      if yes, give me these cases.

      gag

May Allah reward you greatly.
It is a veru useful lesson, Sir.

Autumn Autumn

    Thank you very much.

    Alex

Thank you Alex :)

NoufAli

Thank you Mr. Alex even My level is pre-intermediate but I have a problems a bout grammar so I haven’t good experience but your lessons make me happy because your lectures are very useful for those who want to improve their English , I have a question about wasn’t and Didn’t or if possible can you say me how we can separate them when we want to create sentences .

Bariz Mzuri

Hello Alex,
Unfortunately, I couldn’t find your lesson on “adverbial phrases” you recommended me.
May you attach the Link here?

gag

thank you my best teacher your lessons very useful .

kosOmmak

Hello Alex,
What is the difference in meaning between these two sentences:
Seeing an accident ahead, I stopped my car.
Having seen an accident ahead, I stopped my car.

gag

Dear Alex,

Are these structures correct grammatically?

Having finished my work, I went home.
I went home having finished my work.

After finishing my work, I went home.
I went home after finishing my work.

Which one is formal?
Which one is informal?
Which one is used in writing?
Which one is used in spoken conversation?
Which one is wrong?

Are these structures (the second clause after the comma) always in the simple past tense?

I am extremely confused!

gag

Hi Sir..I Love and enjoy your videos. i really need your help. i have good command over english grammer. and i can almost good english. but i m still not very fluent in speaking. i stop during talking and dont feel comfotable while speaking. Plz do you have a Solution to that ??
THX

coolcaps2000

I believe it’s a good video because it’s helpful even for those who are at an advanced level. Thank you teacher Alex.

Giljonnys Dias da Silva

    Any time. Thanks for watching!

    Alex

Hello Alex.
I really enjoy all your video.

misacute

thanks sör

Alpaslan Cinar

Thanks

ehsanjan2005

Thanks for your interesting video. by the way, could you please make a video about what is the difference between wrong, false and incorrect. I really confuse when use these words. thanks you so much Mr Alex and hope you the best ^^

Mai Anh June

    Hmm, that might be an interesting lesson. I’ll have to think about it more, though. :) Thanks for the suggestion.

    Alex

Hello my name is Jood and I am a college student in Saudi Arabia and a specialist in English and I love it and I want to improve my language So thank you for this wonderful program , because I learned alot from it. I wish you help me ..

Jood

    You’re welcome, Jood. Thank you so much for following along and for studying with engVid. I really appreciate it. Keep it up!

    Alex

thank you….

roalsame

Basic grammar always helpful for me and helps me correct my mistakes. Alex, I’m grateful to You for this lesson.

EgorV

    You’re very welcome, Egor. I’m happy to help. :)

    Alex

It was good already. I got 8 correct out of 10 :)

adika5

I have been struggling with the does on the sentence question, can you help me. Thanks

pereira71

    “Does” is only used with the third person in present simple forms.

    Does he…?
    Does she…?
    Does it…?

    That’s it. :)

    Alex

thank you so much

ctg248

Big help for me:) thank you

appleciouse

i got 9 out of 10 i think i have a potential . .hahaha . .thank you again for this lesson teacher.

appleciouse

Hello Alex, I hope you are well. I looked for lessons about prefixes and sufixes and their use in English language. Are there something like that in this website? I will appreciate a lot your answer.Greetings.

EnjoyEnglish

i got 10 corect out of 10 :) thank you Alex.

Smaug

thank you for your lesson :)

thutrangnguyen10

thank you very much :)

Nguyen.Truc.Mai

I like you the most.

phamquynhanh

Thanks ;)

Malia

Now I understand. Thank you so much!

HeroSony

Thank you sir! it was very useful!

Thirumoorthy

thank you Alex;i got 8 correct out of
10

stanley

thank you

ritikadhingra14

Thank you Alex, i got 10/10. I have many problems in speaking i read those books which you have suggested in your one of videos. Still, i have problem in my vocabulary and sentence making process. And main my problem is my fear, i fear what the next person will think about me if made wrong sentence.
I’m totally lost, Alex. :(

puskar

thank you.

BaoLeVan

Thank You Teacher!

andrewgalaban

me tou ı got 8 correct out of 10 :) thanks

onrgumus

this lesson seems to be simple,but it is awesome

baotrungsocola

thanks for the wonderful explanation

issam20

Thank you ALEX for your lesson i did never know these rules it helps me too much

lenaaso

Thanks a lot Mr. Alex

solimanmando

I got 10/10. This lesson is very clear ! thank you

Estelle9

Thanks alex sir
I am a hongkongnese
Ur lessons are really useful
Many thanks

Lungnganjay

thank you, very good¡¡

manuel roa

Kk. Now I understand the tip. Base Verb is the infinitive of the verb without ‘to’. Tks teacher.

RogerVictor

thanks Alex, for this useful lesson

floresbuho

thanks so Alex, i really love the way you teach. thanks for helping me .

Joseph Alphonse

You got 10 correct out of 10.
:D..again i got 100. thank you Sir Alex

fraulein

Thanks for this lesson,
Where are you from, but is it correct to say ; where do you come from ?

TyDomino

    yes.you can use this too.
    “Where do you come from?”
    (sub+ do/did + sub + base verb……)

    Metaoudom

thank you Alex,you have made a foundation to my english with thhis video

sravani segireddy

since a month ,i joined your class & i never miss to see your videos.

sampadababli

wow so cool about this lesson.Thank you teacher alex for making this video. you are a good teacher.

Metaoudom

    Thank you so much for studying with me.

    Alex

It was a perfect explanation!
Thanks for help us!

Andreguizzo

There are not so many people from Russia there, are not there?

brass

Great lesson.
Thank you Alex.

Rijcah

Thank you Alex.

ayman99

thanks Alex
I’m in my first steps to iltes exam
i hope these lesson make me better
and improve my English .

ahmed nagy

Great lesson
Thank you Alex

davidjohn

how to improve English writing skills and grammar Alex

nagendragnr

how to improve English writing skills and grammar Alex

davidjohn

Wonderful explanations as usual, now everything is much more clear to me, your grammar rules always help us to understand the lesson.
thanks again

jma321

basic..but is very important for me..tks¡¡¡

jmanuelsi

thanks!

zapdnb

thank you Alex

Ibrahim Younis

nice lesson. thankyou sir

Larasati

thanks for the interesting les Alex

challenge41

Thank you

Luydmyla

Thank you Alex for interesting lesson.

amarkof

“Where do you go?” and “where are you going?” means this same, so what is the difference and when I should use which them?
Thanks and please answer.

Christian Bartosz

    They are different tenses, so they don’t necessarily mean the same thing.

    “Where do you go?” is the present simple. It asks a general question. For example, “Where do you go if you want to be alone?”

    “Where are you going?” is the present continuous and it asks where you are going at the moment, or in the future.

    “Where are you going this weekend?”
    “Hey, where are you going? The class isn’t finished yet!”

    I hope this helps. Thanks for your question!

    Alex

      Thanks for your answer so much. This is helpful.

      Christian Bartosz

Great…

barros

100 :) thank you

Stellla

thanks Mr Alex

Nguyen Van Hau

Great lesson! Be and Do are confusing, but this explanation was so clear to differentiate them. Thanks Alex!

Isaias Menezes Silva

Thank you teacher for all good doing . thank you EngVid for all free learning to all .
All wishes to all HELPFUL PEOPLE ..

WAIEL89

Thank you , Alex. I understood. Test was good.

nonchan

thanks Ales!
This lesson is really very easy with you!

albalachiara

sorry….
ALEX

albalachiara

alex will you please clarify my what are base verbs?

prajwal mangal

Thanks Alex!
it is easy explanation and you talk vary clarly

Valentin-e

Oh my God, you are so nice.¨Thank you so much

Marta Lopez

Thank you teacher, I got 7, I will have better geade next time.

Daniele77

thank you alex

ziso69

You have loosed my problem so, thank you again and again.

erru.habte54@yahoo.com

heyy alex! i love your videos,you saved my life with this topic ,i understand you perfectly ,i really enjoy your classes ,thanks so much ! ;)

zuza27

thanks alot

Ahmed kurdy

It was very clear. Thank you very much.

Vivimi

Thanks alex… i got 9… 😀😀😀

Ryan18

Amazing lesson. Never was so easy. Thanks a lot.

breno.quintana

hi dear alex..
this is my new comment.Iam so happy .
It is begging of the way.the proverb says:
a new language is a new life.
thank u all.

chalambari

I got 10 correct out of 10.thank you sir.

Abdennour

Hello..
is any one here?

chalambari

hello everybody

Nazarov

I think,If you ask “any one is here?”,it would be correctly.

Nazarov

thanks Alex I got 9

Nazarov

thank you
sir alex

fuaad cumar xasan

It is very useful!
I have been confusing for so long.

Thanks, Alex.

Sarawadee

sir alex i have question
do you love me or are you love me ?
do is for action right ? so what is good one for it ?
thanks sir alex

poyys

From Guatemala , thank you Alex! Great work

Jose Lazzo

thankyou ~

봄이 엄마

As always, thanks a lot!

Vivimi

thankx

ahmedBasheer

Thenks alex

benmenaab

alex thanks a lot :)

mohammed555

I got ten correct out of ten. Thanks you very much.

Leng Sophea

Thank you Alex. :D 10/10 How do I use the word “in a way?” I need to know the meaning,Alex?

Tammyjang1

Thanks for this lesion…!

Kalyan@mech

Thank you Alex!!!!!!!!!!!

Milagro 555

Great tips , thanks.

Alexandre Reis

There are some mistakes on the next short text. Could you find them?

In this one, Alex explains the difference between ‘Do’ and ‘Be”, and how we must be used them. The key is identification if there is a base verb or not, if there is, we should use “Do”, on the rest of cases, almost of them, we used “Be’, when we have the adjective, noun, preposition or adverb. The other key is to be careful if the tense indicates the actions si occurring, in this cases, as we are using “ing”, we should use “Do”. Thank you, Alex

Androp

i have important question see it

it’s not cold today
it doesn’t cold today

they are not speck English
they don’t speck English

which one correct and why
thank you

ammarmeza

I got 10 correct.
I should practice speaking English watching myself on the mirror.
Thank you Mr. Alex

Young Kyung Lee

Alex. Thank you very much. I like your lesson.

Sasuka

That’s a nice lesson. Thanks Alex!

Eduardo França

Thanks, Alex!! Before, I had confused which one use “do or be”. After your lesson, I clearly understood that how to use. I also got the 10 points.

Anethtoo

10 from 10. thank u

Tatiana

    Good
    Tatiana

    Arun

i got 8 correct out of 10.thank you Alex.

Gamar2016

yeah ! i got 10/correct out of 10. thank u Mr ALEX. im glad to hear ur lessons .i found it very useful

Timaa

I get 90,,,, im happy :)

rcisnerosm

Alex. Thank you very much. I like your lesson.

SUKRUT JAIDEE

Very good lesson. You write very neatly Sir. Thanks.

SUNDAR MANI SAHU

i needed this lesson, thank you Alex!!

mimetisme

Thank you very much Alex I’ve got 10/9 that was very helpful for me

Mr.Bek

Thank you Alex!

marzo

Thank you,Alex. This is a very good lesson, I understood everything!

Nastasyaaa

Very useful lesson! I got 10/10!! I understood thanks to you!

robi75

You got 7 correct out of 10.
:)

imoayed90

thank you :))

faten29

Hurrah! I have got 9 out of 10.

Aazmat222

It was good class, thank you so much

Arun

thanks!

shihai182

liked this video!Alex

Mikesyndrom

Thank you Alex!

Sam007

Thank you, Alex :)

Tatiana214

Hi Alex. Thanks for your lesson. I got 10. I wish I could talk to you soon.

Rezajohn

With no doubt! I think this was one of the most important video for me. Thanks a lot, Alex!

Marcio07

you’re great!

keshistyles

    You’re too kind! Thanks a lot for checking out the video. :)

    Alex

Keep up the good work Alex!

leandrocae

Hello teacher. Which one is correct. 1. Do love london? 2. Are you love london?

Shwan 30

Thanks for the class!

Julckn

Thanks Alex, it’s very useful.

Attila

Who are with you playing? is this sentence correct?

Tarekul95

Thank you very much.

Soei

Thank you, Alex, for your simple but comprehensive explanation. This is my first lesson from EngVid, and you are the first teacher I just meet here and I will stick to your lessons.

summer0321

HI.ALEX.I HAVE A QUESTION.
WHEN DOES YOUR SON USUALLY PREPARE THE LESSON?
IT IS RIGHTOR WRONG?
I AM NOT UNDERSTAND THIS

FATKA BVA

Thank you very much sir.

Khalil alzobiry

Hi sir ..i have simple question about verb to be and verb to do

Can i say. Do you understand or

Are you understanding or are you understand which one is correct ?? And tell me why??

NawwafAlsaqer

Hi, why we don’t use do in this question:
Who told you the news?
thank

alberto ferrara

sorry I would say DID (told is in the past)

alberto ferrara

Hi teacher Alex, it’s nice lesson again from you. I got perfect score in this exercise however, my friend asked me which is the right in these two sentence:
“Does he look like his father?”
“Is he look like his father?”

glenn02

Hello sir. Why we should use to be verbs with this question instead of to do verbs .
When are we leaving?

Heidari.bizacc

I Get 100 in this quiz.. l very happy
Thanks Mr. Alex

sh1405sh

Hi teacher Alex, what’s up? I have a question, what about the phrasal verb? we use “do” or “to be” with?

uotson

Things might have been different if I had learnt spoken English as a student.Thank you Alex For teaching us .

Johan Masih
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