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Test your understanding of this English lesson

Test your understanding of the English lesson by answering these questions. You will get the answers and your score at the end of the quiz.

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624 COMMENTS

wooooow….i toke the quiz and i answered all correctly :D

lia

    Hi, greetings.
    I am very happy with this website, Thanks.

    karlo

    Thank you so much Emma. you are great teacher still right i heard.

    Jawad

    Great lesson Emma!

    fatima311

      Hi Fatima >May I talk to you

      Mohamed Elhrazy

    I got100. All right.

    ace..

    i did not improved my english until i found your website

    khalil poya

    I oughtta finish the quiz by 2morrow

    kotoz

thanks for you

Basem

I appreciate your teaching like that. You are a great teacher.

khet sokun

You rock engvid

nestorghh

at last I understand!
Thank you, great exposition
:)

gianc0

Great lesson :)

cholldi

thanks for a new lesson. Got my eyes opened for such kind of mistakes) If I’ve mistaken sorry)

temirlan

Awesome lesson!!!!!!!!!!!!’

Joel

Thanks for the lesson.
Got 10 out of 10. :)

Shadow

Thank You Emma !!!

Khura

Hi,is very helpfull. I hope you do continue such lesson.

wyattearp

Thanks a lot

sulaiman1

10 out of 10 :)

David

Thank you. (in Thai–Khop khun kha)

Ph

Emma, I find this lesson very useful, believe or not, I was going to ask you to do it, but you anticipated my intention.
I’d like to ask you something, and it has to do with quiz on this lesson.
Look at this example:
The weather report says it will rain _____________ Tuesday. After Tuesday, the rain will stop.
So, the correct answer was UNTIL, that’s ok, but if we say until tuesday, it means at 00:00, which is exactly midnight. So, if it rains until tuesday, the rain will stop on tuesday, and not after tuesday.
This really confuses me, so I need your help.

Mark

    To simplify this a little bit, I’ll use the same example where I’m gonna use the preposition BY.
    The weather report says it will rain BY Tuesday.
    So, the rain will stop on tuesday at 00:00, or before, on monday which is previous day.
    Or simply, when we say on tuesday, it means after tuesday, hence wednesday?

    Mark

      Hi Mark,

      Thank you for your question. All this means is that the rain will stop sometime on Tuesday. For example, it can stop at 12:01 am, 9 am, 4 pm, etc.

      Emma

        Hi teacher,
        My name Anh Th, i’m 13
        Can you give some sign about until and by.

        pypiiwutear212

      Tell me if I’m wrong but, if I say:The weather report says it will rain BY Tuesday. It means that the rain will start Tuesday and probably will go on; we don’t know how many days.Instead if I say:The weather report says it will rain until Tuesday. There is bad weather before Tuesday but Wednesday it will be good. Am I right?

      isabellabo

Dear EMMA , very useful, for me and my students as well ! Thanyou

Tyran

Assalam-o-alaikum!
Emma,I am S.M.Salman from Pakistan. I am an English Language teacher by profession.I want to bring to your notice that I really found your Lecture about By & Until interesting and fruitful.

S.M.Salman

hello teacher your lesson is very uesful. thank you very much.

maira

Thank you! I really like this website :)

hellknows

I Like your Lessons,Thank you so Much Teacher…:)

obaidullah00

I will listen your lessons Until March,If God wills…

obaidullah00

    peace my bro may i get on your account skype

    kotoz

thank you Emma this is very useful

ayatzidan

Nice lesson Emma. Today I really happy to got your by/until lesson. Can u provide me more lesson of by/until, if u can so i will really thankful to u. i hope u would reply. Thanks Emma.

kamleshmht922

Very precise explanation, a good difference i have noticed. Thank you!

jdr

Tx a 1000,000.
Ur pleasurable explanations in the quiz made my day.
Cheer up mam!

fatiima8

9/10 ha ha ha. thank’s miss emma
and to other staff of this site. keep it up.

cepros05

thanks its helpfull

dandayana

hi hi
thanks from teacher valen and so much thanks from my best teacher for best leasons

abdullatef

Thank you Emma. 10 out of 10)

Corban Dallas

Very clear pronountiation, it is easy to follow her explanation

carlos

Thanks a lot for your work. And thanks for all who do this site. It helps very much to learn English and improve our speaking skill. Good luck

pereloma

Pearls of wisdom

zaulius777

Hi, Emma. I have a question:
till and until, I can use anyone of them in any sentence.All your examples I can replace “till” allowance ” until” ,
for example, I listen this song” It’s not goodbye” there is a sentence ” till I see you again”, I can replace this sentence like this” until I see you again”. is this correct?, thank you Emma , wonderful lesson, great work,
and , is this example is correct
1- the Rebecca and Ronnie were the best teachers in the engvid until Emma, I mean , they were the best teachers and now , you are the number one ” the best”. thank you again Emma

hudhayfah27

    Hi hudhayfah,

    You are correct. You can replace till with until in any of your examples.

    Emma

Emma, what’s the difference between RENT and HIRE? Thank You in advance.

Merlin

    Hire means contract someone to do something.
    Rent means pay to use something you have to return.
    Example:
    1.My parents will hire an nurse to take care of my brother who is sick.
    2.I am going to rent a DVD. (Remember that you have to return it to the person who rented you)

    I

    jeffer123

      Hire means contract someone to do something.
      Rent means pay to use something you have to return.
      Example:
      1.My parents will hire an nurse to take care of my brother who is sick.
      2.I am going to rent a DVD. (Remember that you have to return it to the person who rented it to you)

      jeffer123

        Hire means to contract someone to do something.
        Rent means to pay to use something you have to return.
        Example:
        1.My parents will hire a nurse to take care of my brother who is sick.
        2.I am going to rent a DVD. (Remember that you have to return it to the person who rented it to you)

        jeffer123

      Thank you Jeffer123, if that is the difference, I understand. I’ll do it something in return.
      You’re not supposed to use an indefinite atricle AN before the words that begin with consonants. Not only letter is important, but also the voice. Here are some examples:
      An apple, an orange, an hour etc.
      A piece of paper, a book etc.
      But, pay attention when using these:
      Some advice, some information and so on.

      Merlin

        I mistyped second sentence, I mean I’ll do something in return. . .

        Merlin

        Ok, thank you for correcting my mistake.

        jeffer123

Hello Emma! Great lesson but I have one question) Why do we use Future Simple but not Future Perfect in this sentence: ‘I will finish my homework by 4 pm.’?

yerlan95

    Hi Yerlan,

    You can use both the simple future and the future perfect with “by”.

    eg)
    1) I will finish my homework by 4 pm.

    2) I will have finished my homework by 4 pm.

    Emma

thank for making me clearly understand about by and until.

chendaphat

8/10 thats a good started ha:)

hasanemrahsahin

Thank you Emma. it was such a great lesson

soulmate

Thanks Emma !

jose84

I love this site, thanks for lesson.

Steve

hi its very useful thanks for lesson but what is mean this example? i go school by car. and what is mean by the way. good time

rawa

    “By” has more than one meaning. In your first example, “by” means “using”.

    eg) “I go to school by car” is the same as “I go to school using my car”.

    “By the way” is an idiom used in conversation. It means incidently.

    We use it to add information in a conversation or to start a new topic.

    Emma

Thanks for your good and interesting lesson, Emma. I have a question: In this sentence we can use the boths forms of the preposition: My goal is to lose five pounds until/by May. Am I right in this?

Braazilian Hugs

brunoarj28

    Hi Bruno,

    The sentence using ‘until’ sounds strange. For this example we would use ‘by’. If you said you want to lose pounds until May, it sounds as though you plan to regain more weight after May. This is something most people don’t plan to do.

    Alternatively, you can say I won’t lose five pounds until May. This means it will take you up to May to lose the weight.

    Emma

      Hi,

      Regarding this particular example, since until is used in case of continuation of work, will it be right if I say: My goal is to keep loosing five pounds until May. …?
      Thanks a lot for wonderful lessons.

      mamunreza09

Great! Didn’t even know about this subtlety. I could surely say “I need to return my movie until Februaty 12th” until you’ve taught this :) by the way, you are gorgeous!

romars

it’s very useful.thanks a lot.by the way; can you make a lesson about the double letters in the words.I think It would be very useful.

youssef morrocco

The computer did the quiz for me what it this?

Mary

Dear Ms Emma,
I think the second example of “By” is the same as the example of “Until”.
Can i use “Until” for this example.

Thanks for your help.

Tom

    Hi Tom,

    Which example do you mean: question number two on the quiz or an example from the video? Please be more specific.

    Emma

thank you

thecat777

Interesting, but i am confused yet

gustavo1234

Thank you. :)

candle

Thanks Emma ,You’re a good teacher ,but we need to open mind to grow up .The lesson is so useful.Thanks for your time.God bless you .take care .

Momndad

until next time Emma. yes it was helpful this lesson, thanks 4 your effort, u made my day. viva Canada. hell yeah.

Efrain

thanks to you miss emma. i learned again from you. engvid your the best!

KHUKZ

Thanks a lot

Henry Wilson

Thank you Emma. These comments was very nice. The others teachers should do the same. Congratulation for the innovation!

CREBIO

thank you emma for explaining this lesson! have a nice day!

olive

Hi EMMA , THAX SOMUCH

ABDUL

thanks emma……………

vivek

Dear T.Emma,
To begin with, many thanks for a perfect lesson .
Secondly, I am still improving my accent until up to date . Luckily,I found you by ENGVID WEB SITE. In addition, I keep watching all lessons weekly by the time I knew you here as a new Teacher .However, I am still going on .
Would you please give me advice how to improve my accent ?
Yours loyalty ,
Ameen.

Ameen

Thanks dear Emma for improving my english grammar keep uploading such wonderful lessons may ALLAH bless you. ameen

Muhammad Ahsan

Hi Emma the lesson was very useful . I`m glad I listened to it . thank you very much

basma

wonderful

garykuo

thank you for this very useful lesson.

vilainpetitcrapaud

thanks Emma . it was very interesting

basma

Thanks teacher, your lesson is very useful

lrdias

Thanks Emma you’re a fantastick teacher

jesus1992

usefuk lesson, tanks

massimo

Emma is my favorite teacher

bulgaa

Interesting and worthful lesson. Thanks Emma for all the lessions.

bhaskarbtv

Quite an interesting lesson. Thank you!
But I’ve got a question about expressions with “by the time”. As you said, we should say: The subway was closed by the time I left work.
Can I use Past Perfect here (the subway had been closed)? What is the difference?

danon

    Hi Danon,

    Excellent question! Although in literature and everyday conversations, people often use both the simple past and the past perfect with by the way, grammar books will suggest to use it with the past perfect.

    eg) The subway had closed by the time I finished work.

    However, it’s important to note that people often use them interchangeably.

    Emma

wonderful and clear lesson, Thanks a lot!

kumar

thank you miss really nice topic…….

zubairbaloch

Thank you Emma. Currently I’m working in Saudi Arabia, my english is still need to improve. So glad to find this website. I scored 10 out of 10 :)
GBU

henra

Hi Emma

Thanks a lot for this great lesson. You are a fantastic teacher.

I look forward to seeing you again.

greetings from switzerland

a big fan

cupertino4

thank u!
i don’t known this by i listened this lesson

hoangvk

Thanks for this helpful lesson! I can understand it easily.

Richard

Thank you Emma. it was very nice lessons.

Elahe

Thanks amma,Nice lesson I was realy confusing sometimes to use each of them but now it’s cleared my misconfussion.Yah,if u ask me M/S amma is the nice one teacher of Engvid, thanks for helping us.
God Bless You, Always.

M.Ahmed

Wow, the way she explained the usage of Until, by, by the time, i got 10 out of 10. She is enlightened and gorgeous girl.

irfan

Thanks emma so much for your very clearway lesson.

mfex76

Very Nice Emma,
Was much import to me this lesson.Could you please tell me when I use TO and FROM?
Thank advise.

Marcia1000

Thanks a lot Emma !!!

Hucubukcu

Thank you for your questions and comments everyone.

Emma

excelent…!!!

DIANA

Emma you are the prettiest awesome lovely great teacher. I love you the way you teaching.

Bill

Emma you are the best, i have a question to you, i will finish my work by your finishing.

is it correct?

slimslaman

Dear prof.
I wanna know which is better:
Dose ur brother always do a lot of exercise OR Is ur brother…..??!
tx.

fatiima8

    I’ve got it !!!!
    Doubtlessly the 1st 1 . ;)

    fatiima8

lesson ıs good but ı was very bad ın quiz.xxx quız…

batur

Dear Emma
Thank you very much. When I was at school I asked my english teacher what the difference between until and till is and she said to me “you have to discover by yourself” so I have been confused for a long time. I was scared of making mistakes all the time. Nobody could explain it as clear as you did..WONDERFUL.

Ximena

Hi Emma , Thank you for this wonderful lesson.
The thief was gone by the time I called the police ( you wrote on the board ) i think it should be The thief had gone ….right ?

enis

Hey, first of all, thanks for making the video. I’ve got a question, what’s the difference in this case between by and at? I’ll use the same example you used. So could I say I will finish my work at 4pm instead of saying I will finish my work by 4pm? what’s the difference? Are both alright, or at is wrong? I hope you can asnwer my question and thanks again for the video

Martin

    Hi Martin,

    Both sentences are correct, but they mean different things. Remember, “by” means both before and at 4 pm. If you use “at”, you are not talking about before 4 pm. It means you will finish your work exactly at 4 pm.

    Emma

Dear Teacher,

Thank you for your good lesson.

have a great day ahead.

Thank you
Ramu

rampek

Hello emma! my name is vanderlei, i’m from brazil, i do enjoy your class, i’ve been learning alot with you. Congratulations you’re a great teacher. I hope you can post more videos, cause i like the way that you give class. I’ll become happy to receive some message of yours. Kisses! thank you for all!

vanderlei

Thanks to you, dear Emma, my score was 9/10. I made a mistake with the question n. 8: I don’t understand very well the meaning of this sentence. Bye!

marpos

very well thank you

glad

Thank you so Much emma <3

imeyouh

I was great. Thank you Emma.

reza

It a really nice class. It is very clear, thank you.

Oscar

can i say “i will finish my homework at 4 pm” or i should use by.

emanahmed

    Hi emanahmed,

    “I will finish my homework by 4 pm” means you finish it before 4 pm or at 4 pm, but no later. If you will finish earlier than 4 pm, use “by”.

    If you will finish exactly at 4 pm, use “at”.

    If you will finish close to 4 pm (for example, 4:03 pm or 3:55 pm) you can also use “I will finish around 4 pm.”

    Emma

nice job

sidhu

Thank you for your lesson :)

asyadeema

Hi Emma
Thanks a lot for this educative & wonderful lesson.By the way,I have a question.Why we say,”The teacher gives the class and the students take the class?”What is the difference?I mean why can’t we say that the teacher takes the class?

Angelina

    It’s not related to our lesson! @@

    robe0706

i haven’t got your answer?

slimslaman

Thanks Emma, I like your videos, I mean they’re very helpful and clear.

aagarcia24

I am sure this lesson help to speak better ty

djisa

too good

raaje123

I’m not married, and I believe in soulmates. But I am a worm. Are you interested in worms?

engVid

    loo0o0o0l

    feeling87

      Ronnie is one of the best teachers in the world

      feeling87

    Have you ever met Mr E? I’m sure James would be very glad to introduce you!!

    milly

thanks Miss Emma actually this lesson was pretty useful to me and i really got the intention to learn more and more from you , thanks for your great efforts.

ahmedzz

Really awsome video , loking for more video…..

Subhu

Both the lesson and the quiz are good. Thanks a lot, teacher.

Juice

hey Enis,
I think The thief was gone and The thief had gone are the same. Have you ever listened to the song “when you’re gone” by Avril Lavinge? Try it once.

Juice

Juice

thankxxxxx i understood the lesson and my quiz scored 8 out of 10. not bad

federer9909

I’m a new student

houda

I will be studying English here until I get tired of it. heheheeheh I will be very tired by the time I finished with all the lessons in EngVid.com Cool

jorgebernier

thanks you are very clever teacher ilove u

nina

you´re so beautiful…

Carlos

Hello madam Emma! the lesson was very informative and nicely delivered, one thing I noticed that u forgot to put the apostrophe and when you realized you put it on the wrong place. apostrophe’s right place was before “s” whereas you placed it after “the letter.” Am I right????

jahanzeb

    You and Ms. Emma both can be right because Emma meant it was PARENTS (both Mom and Dad) so she put it after ‘S’ while you meant PARENT (either Mom or Dad) so you could put it before ‘S’. =] Hope it will help you!

    robe0706

your lesson so useful. thank you Emma.
thanks for all teachers in this web site they are all great.

feeling87

Oh God… Some answers are still wrong. I think I need learn more from you Emma. ^^

Heru Susilo

you are teacher good and the lesson very useful.,.,.,.,.,.,.,

thank you .,.,.,.,.,

mona

Cool. Thank you so much

rain

Dear Emma! It easy to notice that you CARE about your teacher’s mission. Many thanks for your sincerity. One point I would like to add. I think it would be easier to explain the difference between “until” and “by” by using key words, which are PROCESS for “until” and RESULT for “by”. Take care and say my warmest hello for all your wonderful colleagues!

Marsel

great lesson

rahim82

Thanks Emma, I learnt a alot from ur videos.Quiz was good.this site is very very helpful and clear.

sravan reddy

hello Madam,
this is best site to learn English language. I would like to know about concept of preposition,gerund, infinitive and complex sentences ……
use of even , though yet,as if and lest.

Thank you
I hope next tutorial would be one of them.

g12s

Thank you Emma!
Very good and simple explanation!!!

flaviafly

Thanks!

rios

Hi Emma,
I’m from Algeria, have you been there before?
By the way I have a question: could you please make a video about the vocabulary used in the restaurant like: gratuity…
Thank you so much for you help.
Lounis

lounis88lao

i got 10 out of 10 , thank u so much emma

ahmedsvsa

thanks miss Emma I gave all the answers very well except fifth one..sorry
thank You I fancy the way You teach :D

Kisso nomo

Thanks for the lesson.
I’ve got out of 10

hassanson

Hi Emma!
I like your method of teaching very much!
I understand all information that you give to us!
Thank you very much and good luck!!!!

wild boar

hell yeahh teacher thank you for teach us this i generally understood. :)i want God to give you very wonderful life:)

oguz

hi emma >> I’m a new student
thanx for u

amarco

lololololol

cr777

Just want to say BIG THANK YOU for your lesson. it realy helps.

rio

veru useful lesson, I cannot thank you enough.

mauritano

hi emma I like your lesson >> thanx u

amarco

Thank you so much Emma I always find what I need in your useful lessons :)

Melkhamesy

Thank you very much for the lesson and the quiz. The quiz is really great!!!

Marina

thanks Emma!!!

arjunsjohn

Great Lesson.
Helped me a lot. Thanks.

hass1jam

hi, every teachers realy my first participation to your website hope to get and bring also. second its pleasure to see all this people share same emotion same culter and same gols . third all whish to successe to your noble gols .at the end see you in that time

Must01

Hi Emma:
I got 90% marks, excellent !Your teaching method is superb, carry on the good work and teach grammar like this until we become master of grammar. Thank you very much.

Robert

Hi… Emma
I really enjoy this Class. You’re great.
But I have a different question which is not related to this topic.
I wanna be clear about the nouns.
Because sometimes people including me very confusing.
What I mean is, Look at this example:
The different between ‘teacher and teaching, player and playing, writer and writing and so on’.
Let say the words teaching, playing, and writing here are nouns.
Ex:
Speaker 1: Hey, did you go to study with teacher Thomas?
Speaker 2: No. I didn’t like his teaching.
Another one is:
Speaker 1: wow, look at that player, he can catch the ball calmly.
Speaker 2: Yeah, you’re right. I like his playing.

Can you explain that please?
If possible you can make a new video about that. This is very useful.
Sorry about my English written. I need to be improved.
Thank you very much
Look forward hearing from you soon.

Thomas
East Timor

thomas161087

    Hi Thomas,

    Your right. Some nouns end in ‘ing’. It is easy for students to confuse these nouns with the -ing form of the verb. Your examples were good. I can say I like his writing, I like your teaching. I like his dancing.

    However in sports, we don’t usually say ‘I like his playing’. It’s too vague for sports. You could use a more specific word like ‘pitching’.

    Emma

thanx emma ı understood this clearly..you are good teacher

tolga

Thank you, Very nice work

Irfan Khan

i want to say somthing u are good teacher but when u teach i saw more words dont know then so may i please explain all word you teach

youssef

Hello! Great lesson! Are there teachers on EngVid who have online private students ?

eduardobra78

I also mean to say Teacher Emma speaks very clearly and her lessons are very very nice! Thanks!

eduardobra78

Now very clear,and I am very interesting with this lesson. Thanks for (Emma). And I want you(Emma) teach a lot about (by).
You can find me on (Google+).

Hallo Hawbir

thank you very much Emma for this lesson.i want to learn french and i’m looking for a website like engvid can you please help me .best wishes

english

thanks for the class Emma,GOD Bless u..

BUTTERFLY

Really great teaching. I’ve never been sure with until/til vs by/By the time. Now I am. Thank you so much Emma,

Hoppel

u r best.give some more lessons ASAP..

rupix

Hi Emma! Your explanation was intelligible enough not to confuse the prepositions any more. but what about negative sentences? Are the rules the same? Can we use UNTIL in negatives? ‘I won’t be at the restaurant until 5’.Does it mean that I can not stay there till 5 o’clock? Thanks for the answer

JUL

    Hi Jul,

    Thank you for your question.

    In negative sentences ‘until’ means something a little different. The easiest explanation for ‘until’ in a negative sentence is it means ‘before’.

    eg) The two sentences below have the same meaning.

    I won’t be there until 5 pm.
    I won’t be there before 5 pm.

    I won’t see you until Monday.
    I won’t see you before Monday.

    Emma

      emma u never answers my quetions ronnie is beter than u she atleast answers

      azra22

        I think she’s kinda busy! =]

        robe0706

      Thank you Emma for your helpful lesson,
      could you just answer me on a q is (the) which nouns I should put with like:
      1- I’m going to bed or to the bed?
      2- I’m at the party or just party?
      and why

      mustafa28

Thank you

Sunil

Well, the lesson is awesome! Can we differentiate by and until by considering action? I mean, until seems to be more related to actions taking place during time and by/by the time seems to be more related with specific moments. The idea of considering before is common to both, then I think that concept can be somewhat confussing to help deciding when to use one or another.

Luis

Thank You Emma for the lesson You provided, it was very helpfull !!!

Khura

I’m just discover you and i’m glad about that. You’re the best teacher that i’ve never known. You teach clearly, thank you very much !!!

loustic

THank you I got alot of benefit from your lessons

sarasoso

Hi! Emma

koyal

u r a very great teacher

koyal

thank u for ur help us

jaber

Great! It’s really difficult! but I like it!:)

baodv

hello maam, plz tell me the difference between till and until.. thnk u:)

afroza

thanks a lot

safinaz

Hi Emma i’m thanking the lord for blessing you for sharing your knowledge with us,your level of education is excellent.

madelyn2012

Hi Miss. Emma!
Your lessons are very informative. You’re also inspiring. Keep it up.

tessie francisco

hi.thanks for all ur lessons . acaully I like ur way of teaching . Im from GCC and i will keep looking for ur lessons . i hope from u to cover the main basic grammer such, pre tense, past and future p .

Alfidraly

I didn’t know this meaning for ‘by’. But now I think I got it, thanks Emma.

@julianinhamatos

Hi..
thank you for all members of (engvid site),have i aquestion(how i can speaking as nature speaker?(please correct me when we have wrong in writing)

zirak

thanks,Emma!

JasonYang

thanx a lot. it is very good in my opinion.

tabriz

Hi Emma,
Could we say that mostly we can use until for the time which is past. And by mostly use for future.

Zmary

why is this page free?..i`m learning too much..thanks

geokanon

I am really very very happy.. I m from india, my age 23, not yet get job, because, i cant able to speak english, by this our web site, i ll improve my communication skill, very thanks. Pleas bless me teacher

Jayan

Dear Emma,
In the example No.1 in your traning Video for by vs until can we use by instead of until like:
1.I will stay at the party by midnight
please give us a bit information.
thanks.
Naqib

Naqib

Great ! Thank you

Farouk

9/10 ha ha ha. thank’s miss emma

Jay Sherman

wonderful thank you

baham

Dear Emma,

i am Malaysian. I like your all of the lessons which your teaching.Thanks a lot. Emma, can you give more lessons for speaking and pronunciation in the website? Emma,
how to improve my presentation as im skeptical for my presentations in the university.

And the last question, are the phrase ” the fact”= ” to be honest ” and ” As far as i am concerned” = ” As i was saying ”

Thank you so much, teacher. I am looking forward to hearing from you soon.

Sincerely,
Fong

Fong

Thank you :)

karimameen

Thanks Emma

irfan

dear mam, thanks for ur valuable lesson..i appreciate the way u all people teach. its only because of engvid.com that i improved a lot..

yadwinder

This is great.. thank you so much.
The way I understood your lesson,
Until has something to do with allowable or allotted time Where in By is more on a duty or a due due time, a responsibility and by the time is dealing with two actions happening at the same time… Correct me if I am wrong..

thanks a lot and more power Emma..

Richel

Thanks Emma….I want to thank jul also for puuting that question…it was very useful….

tranceponder

i’ve got the lesson, thanks Emma ;)

hellcat

Hai Emma, Really a nice topic.I want to clarify my doubt Emma. ‘by” is normally used by us to teach the students about the future perfect.But after listening the video i must be very careful to handle the class. Is there any specific reason of using ‘by’ used in your video. Any how nice attempt.Keep going on with more such complicated topics.

veegayu

Thanks a million for the lesson!

hovik

thank you very much.your lesson helpes me improving my English

ia23

thanks Emma it was really helpul to me.

qasmmujahid321

Emma that was nice..i got a question in formation of BY THE TIME..is there any format of forming a sentence using by the time..i mean the time of two verbs..before BY THE TIME and after BY THE TIME…eg. present tense + by the time + present tense…i hope u got what im asking..:-)

Indika

thanks emma ur lesson very nice for me .and how i can imvroved my english …i mean how i can be good alike u in english …i hope from u understand on me ..and tell if that wrong in my letter this ,,,,,,,thanks again

ahmad

THANK U so much its useful for every one..:)

Bhavani

Thanks Emma.I like your teaching method

MD.Sayfur Rahman

I’m happy because I found you…www.engvid.com!!!
I am Cuban and I’m living in the US two years ago. I want and need to learn English. Thanks a lot!!!

Carla

I love your lesson and pronounce.
It’s so clear!! Thank you~

hjlee77

thanks teacher!
i have a question: the exercise 1 on your video can use “by” and “until” like the last exercise?

pengoc_pro

Dear Emma
I have a question on until and till..

Sentence 1: We have pulled the report from our website. We don’t find any defaulters till date.

Sentence 2: We have pulled the report from our website. We don’t find any defaulters until date.

In the first sentence i am assuming that “till” refers “till today”..If so, what does that mean “until date”..And “until” also refers “till today”??

rajamurugan

    i think both sentences are correct

    Hitender

    As Ms. Emma said both UNTIL and TILL are the same meanings but UNTIL is formal while TILL is informal. So if it’s on website, you should use UNTIL for formality

    robe0706

Thanks alot … this lesson is very helpful.

Abu Obada

Hey, Emma, Thank you for Grammer Lesson. as far as I learnt, by 4 PM means not included at 4 PM..before 4 PM,, but until( till ) 4 PM are included at 4 PM and before 4 PM as well.. ??? What do you think ??

masa1807

    I think 4 pm should include if we say by 4 pm. Emma can clear this thing more clear

    Hitender

hi emma are you a nice teacher

frankboy 21

Hi Emma,
thanks for your nice and interesting teachin, It’s realy usefull.

Rasheed

Hi emma….thanks for the lesson…is great..

ivan

Beautiful, Thank you very much Teacher

Maqsood Hussain

i’ve learnt great english today.
thank you!

uzi1987

Thank you ,you are very good teacher i got just one mistake in this exercise.

espoir13

Emma
you are a genius teacher and your method of teaching is unteachable.
plz give me instruction how to built my vocabulary.

Luqman

thanks

english

emma , nicely explained… easy to understand.. thanks to all envid masters…

prakash

Thank you for such a multi- beneficial ,esp. free website , by which many English learners as well as teachers will be able to consolidate what they know,how they teach etc. I’ve already recommended to my students . Thank youuu :)))

semih

Honey, you are gorgeous :)

Darek

Thnx Emma

Abdul Qayum

Thank Mrs. Emma. i love your lesson

vntaiduong

Hi Emma,
I have a confusion. please check this ” until you are verify the date of birth which is listed on account I wont be able help you out.” or I should say ” until you are not verify the date of birth which is listed on account I wont be able help you out.

Hitender

waooooooooooooooooooooooooo you are great……….

saeed

really difficult! but I like it
thank u

lanaji

Could you pleas make a lesson about the use of in or into.
when do we use each one of them? In which context?

soheib algeria

Thank you so much Emma. Very clear all your information.Great Teacher!!

storres

i want to know different between for and of,,,

hhai

Thank you teacher

shanittech

thank you Emma !! it is very interesting to deal with such aspects in grammar ! i am really grateful :))

bilel

Great lesson

adeeb1987

Thanx Miss Emma ,, love ur lessone

Eman

I really like their way of teaching most of the teachers of engvid.com

thank you.

Sahra

first, my dear teacher thank you very much secand, i want to tell me the way how to learn engilsh because i don,t know any so i requst to helpe me
your voice is very good and how to expelan i like it alot

abdirisak

Hi Emma, you’re a great teacher! I have a question for you: in the sentence “It will rain until tuesday” can I also say “It will be raining until tuesday”?

Alice

Thank you Emma.

Chris

Hi Dear Emma. Please talk about difference between Future perfect and Future perfect continuous.
Thanks

farhad1020

About this issue I still have any questions.That´s not clear for me when I have to use “by” or “until” becuase I notice that, im my opinion, the use of these words also depend on the context, that is, the role is conditined to the context given.
Let me know your answer about my opinion

Robmac

exelent leesson!!! when you are a spanish speaker those words are very hard to understand but you explained those words very well

Derwin

I was confused until I took this information ,,,,,thanks a lot

S.A

hi Emma
thank you for a lessen , but i got question !!
what does ‘by’ mean at the end of sentense ?
ALL the best
billel

billel

Hi Emma
thanks very much for this beneficial lesson i like your simple way of presentation. i’ve go question if possible what is the differenc between “by the time” and “as” as adverb of time?
best wishes to you

majideng

10 out of 10. thanks a lot.

hossou

Thanks a lot Emma

DoloTHY

thx as usual :)

asmaa91

Thanks for your lesson!

lvhungqt

thanks a lot.It’s very useful

Tinh

Great video Emma!
Thank you very much! I’ve had some difficulty with this issue until now not anymore!

Jefferson Lags

10/10 you are really a great teacher :)

karn619

Emma, you are very good.

wilson05

The best part is the end when she shows a sentence in which the 2 are possible, but there is a difference in use.

Rodrigo

THANKS FOR YOUR WORK

lovic

good leson

mang

Many thanks for your great teaching!!

mary

i scored 10 out of 10.
thanks !

heba1995

It seems like “by” is use in future sentences. right?

Levio

dear Emma

it is very helpful, thanks a lot, but i have an idea to overcome the confusing of the last example, which is, you can say (i will be in the restaurant until 8:00 pm), mean’s using (in) instead of (at), am I right ?

nihadzangana

I like your lesson et thank so much

hongminh

i very sorry teacher i can understand i have alittel confuse because why can use until and by both in the time

eyes

thanks emma…you’re a really good teacher …

michele

hi,
can u pls. tell me which sentence is more correct
i won’t study until college has begun
i won’t study until college begins

ahmed muwafaq

Helpful lesson. Thanks

kumarikaren

n!ce lesson

elsafty

thanks a lot

lakshmi

i think i need more lesson from you mrs.emma.thank you for having this website!,take care!.

cecille21

Thanks for this lesson EMMA

sovannaranou

Hi Emma,

Thank you very much , it’s very good lesson .

Ana

i have never seen a teacher like u
i swear 2 god
u r the best teacher i’ve ever seen.
sense of humor
humbleness
god bless u
i will really pray 4 u

ahmed muwafaq

Thank you so much Miss Emma, I really appreciate what you do.

sirhicham

i like your way of teaching very much.please show a video about would have been thank you….

padmarai

please show a video about will able to can able to should able to.how can we use able to?

padmarai

Very nice teacher with good method of teaching.. i got 10 out of 10

safiullahdahi

I will have finished. my lunch by the the time you come back.
I will have finished my lunch before you come back.
Do the sentences above have the same meaning?

Cuong ta

madam,I got 10/10.I am very happy.

samatha

Thanks.It was great

Ramin

Hi Emma,

Hope you are doing well

I have a question, You said I will fnish my essay by february. İn this sentences, can we use untill? I think yes we can. Let me explain But I am not sure. Please correct me If I make a mistake.

If we use Untill in this sentencese, Maybe we have started to write our essay january. So we are allowed to continue up to february. Because the essay is written at during period of time.What you think? This sentences seems to like your the other sentences I can use my parents’ car until oclock

Could you please tell me this story…))))
Thanks
Mahmut

Mahmut

Revises my comment sorry.

Hi Emma,

Hope you are doing well

I have a question, You said I will fnish my essay by february. In this sentences, can we use untill? I think yes we can. Let me explain But I am not sure. Please correct me If I make a mistake.

If we use Untill in this sentencese, Maybe we have started to write our essay in january. So we are allowed to continue up to write our essay untill february. Because the essay is written at during period of time.What you think? This sentences seems to like your the other sentences I can use my parents’ car until oclock

Could you please tell me this story…))))
Thanks
Mahmut

Mahmut

HI MY TEACHER. I HAVE A QUESTION ABOUT ” UNTIL”. IN ARABIC WE HAVE THE SAME MEANING LIKE ” UNTIL” WHICH IS ” HATA” – HATA- IS THE PRONUNCIATION IN ARABIC. WE SAY IN ARABIC ” I ATE THE FISH UNTIL ITS HEAD” WHICH MEANS – I ATE THE FISH UNTIL ITS HEAD AND STOPPED – I DID NOT EAT THE HEAD OF THE FISH….JUST THE BODY AND THE TAIL……BUT IT HAS ANOTHER MEANING WHICH IS” I ATE THE FISH EVEN ITS HEAD …THAT IS TO SAY I ATE THE FISH WITH ITS HEAD……I MEAN ALL THE FISH- THE TAIL , THE BODY AND THE HEAD. MY QUESTION IS ” IS THEIR A MEANING IN ENGLISH JUST LIKE THE ARABIC MEANING?”. THANKS AND BLESS YOU.

1234567thamir

BLESS YOU REALLY. I LIKE YOUR SMILE AND YOUR WAY OF TEACHING.

1234567thamir

Hi Emma,
Thank you very much for the lesson, from today I have some confidence in using these prepositions

Aisha

At the first question in your video (not the quiz): why can’t it be both? Following your explanation “I will stay at the party by midnight.” sounds correct. If it isn’t, why not?

carrera

Hi My Teacher Emma
Firstly,I couldn’t understand the difference between by and until.Then I watched your video.And I began to understand it.I am so thankful for you.

bayram92

thank you. i like the way you explain rules to us.

Farhad

Please give us a new lesson ,house or home?

Cuong ta

thank you emma >> you are the best teacher :D
i got 9 out of 10 :(
but i hope get 10 out of 10 at the next time :)

sokkar

i got 10/10 that’s great :) thanks EngVid

Ahmed

I like this site. it is already useful.

jame

Thanks miss Emma

hector1111

I will watch all your videos until I could remember them by heart. Thanks

Riverluck

Dear Emma could you explain please the difference beetwen be and stay? I mean which one is more commonly used? can I say “I will be at the party by/until midnigth”?

joebaeza

could We have a lesson: before vs until. Thanks.

Franco from italy

This is my lucky day. I’ve got it all the correct answers. thanks I’m learning a lot, this kind of lessons I ever took. thanks! Emma more lessons.. From:Nick

Nick

Thank you emma….it is really helpful…i got 10/10…

Mas

Thank you so much and this video can helpful for me.

teerawat1985

Many thanks Emma, you’re a very nice person ! You speak very clearly and the fact you explain with some examples is of a great help ! I was able to score 10/10 at the test !

mystogriff

You are a gifted teacher. Thank you so much.

JP

hi emma. i’m learning English. Do you know that your voice extremely beautiful? thanks for your lesson! :D

Luan

thank you Emma,thanks a looot

brahim

wow, 10 correct out of 10!!! tanks Emnma

annamel

thanks but i need most of grammar

Ali

hello what is different between when and while in use

Ali

Thank you Emma, it is very helpful to me.

Jeanette

Hi Emma
i got 9/10 in quiz.this lesson was really nice for me and i did learn a lot of things.

And one more thing i wanted to say, you are looking damn beautiful in this video.

Ashish

Hi Emma, I got 10 correct out of 10.:D
Can you give me some quiz at Email; ngotuyenbds@gmail.com, thanks you so much

ngotuyenbds

You can also use “not until” like ;
It was “not until” less than 200 years ago that women were able to vote . Ditto , “It was until less than 200 years ago that women weren’t able to vote” those have same meanings , meanwhile nice lesson :)

Someone No matter

Hi Emma, great class.
I have a question. In the exercises at the end, why I can’t use “by” in the first case as in the fourth?
What about is I am really bored at the party and I leave at 8:00 if I have the opportunity.
I mean something like “I will go to the party but I don’t like that kind of places so, I will stay there but midnight is my limit”.

BTW, ideas for new classes: (Sort of/Kind of) and (Like / as). xD

Thank you very much.

gammexane

    Thanks! We already have a lesson on sort of/kind of, but I will put “like/as” on the list!

    engVid Moderator

      Thank you!

      gammexane

thank you these lessonce very useful and nice.

amer

Thank you Emma. This lesson helps me understand the timing of using the two prepositions :)

Would you also teach how to use “of” properly? This has already confused me for a long time.

joshua sun

Hi emma thank you for your lesson by way i am confused about using preposition (on,by, with) like this exemple:
we don’t need a car,we’ll go …. foot
which preposition should i put in

ilyesse

thank you Emma for the wonderful lesson and explain..
and I thank my friend because he taught me this site.

Amani

Have a nice day! Thanks for teaching.

tantan

It was great lesson but Emma, can you please explain difference between until and till.

rajarinku

Thank you Emma for your help.

Nicki

amazing lesson teacher. Thanks a lot.

Ignacio

thanks,teacher!

joana1116

I love the way you teach it’s easy to understand and your expression so cool all ways smile, that’s make your charming . Thanks Emma.

Ken

Dear EMMA , very useful for me Thanyou

Nagi

emma thanks so much

mutasim

Very useful and well explained. I like your examples very much.

Marco

i like this web site. thank you wery much….

ali hancer

Thanks,

Reza

thanks a lot emma for ur information but we have a stupid teacher in grammer lol

sweety

I appreciate your teaching like that. You are a great teacher.

Nabila Annader

hi,
i understand the use of by and until,, i have got 100 percent of test result.
thanks teacher,

Zahoor Ahmed

Thanks for the lesson Emma. Now I can use “By” and “Until” a bit confidently.

vishnu6887

Dear Emma
You are really great!!!
Thanks for guiding the humanity at large!
I love your style, your discourse and you above every thing.

Nawaz

Ema,you are great teacher thanks you very much.

Jose a garcia

that is tip to by a idea is arrive and to until is stay with “will be”

Rick

Thank you so much Emma,

jamal

tnx
i didn’t know all of these

ahmed31

It is excellent……

nash

I would like to study more English grammar from your website.if you don’t mind can you send some tips to my mail? Definitely I will watch all losses which you have added here…..thanks a lots…

nash

Hi Emma
You r so nice
Until and by was so confusing for me before.
But not now.

deedar

Hi, Emma, somebody asked you a question about rain will stop.His question is not available. because nature, which you cannot say accurate, when will rain stop or start.therefor you can use both . is it correct or fail . I have also doubt.

yoga

Hi Emma
This lesson is really wonderful , if could give us a lesson on ‘won’t & doesn’t would be great.

Thanks,
Srini

Srini

thanks Emma

yazan

To my dear prety Emma,
You are very better english teacher I never known. Your lesson is very instersing. But, also, you explain very well. You have sweet voice. I’m very happy to found yoyr course. Great thanks to you.
Kodjo

Agbotsoka

Hi teacher
I wanna ask you about “until” we can’t use it with future perfect right? ,but we can use it with the negative future perfect.
please help!

Loly

Wow!!! This was a useful class!!! I love English more than before with your clear lessons, Emma!!!

dukky12

Thank u

itri

Thanks Emma. I did it 100%

Ragiab

Hello~ Nice to meet you. I’m from Korea. Thank you for your great teaching~!!!

candyshan

i like this lesson so much, thank you teacher.

cheut

thanks miss.emma, i really like your lesson

aram2000

Hi,Thank you so much….
That was very useful….

soha

Could you please help me, how to use IS and ARE.

lovelylin123

Question: minute 7, ‘By the summer’ means by the end of summer or before summer? She said before summer but I heard it means by the end of summer! (Actually this is a question regarding the same sentence written on canadian Immigration website: “These files will be finalized by summer 2013”, and somewhere else says: “These files will be finalized by the END of summer 2013”. These two sentences refer to the same files!!!

Ashkan

Yeah!I got 8 correct out of 10,I have progressed,Thank you for Emma

sherry

Which sentence is correct?
I need 3 Cars tonight by 6:45pm
or
I need 3 Cars by 6:45pm tonight

Jay

wow; I got 10/10

basma

hi Emma, I got a question. As you were teaching by the time at the second sentence you used ‘the thief WAS GONE … ‘ Is ıt right or..? and by the way thank you so much. you’re such a great teacher.

kadirrr

Hello Ma’am,
I have a question which confuses me since long time, it is exactly about the “by” and “until”. Example: I will arrive at the party _____ 9 p.m
If I use in the space “by” as you said means that I’ll arrive at the party either before 9 p.m or exact on 9 p.m. so, what if I use “until”, could I use “until” instead of “by”? Thank you.

Touryalay

Thanks!! good lesson!

tuliocomitre

mam i love you,,,,…you are mine favourite teacher….

englishlover68

Ow! I have not known the difference before. I think it is a very useful lesson, moreover the quiz is as handy as the lesson. Thx teacher Emma.

gokhan

Thank u Emma for your wonderful lesson

Swapna

hi emma thsnk you for your lessson. what is diference between until and til?
this quize i have a got 5 collecut out of 10. do you think am  i pass the quize?

i losse my weight until summer?
is This corecut sentence?
i am watching tv by/until 11am.
is this corecut sentence?
i am going to meet frinds by/until 5am.
is this corecut sentece?
i am going to meet my praernts by/until when i finish work.
is this corecut sentence?
i am going to my lunch by/until finish watching tv.
is this corecut sentence?
i am going to shopping after/until/by sleeping.
is this corecut sentence?
i am going to see the movie by/until afternoon.
is this corecut sentence?

thank you very much all your good lessons

your great englis thecher emma.
plese anser me smoe of my questions.

ichi345nobu

HI,I like a lot your lessons, you are my favorite teacher, you explain very good.

monysh

thanks EMMA – good lesson

rahaman123

Thanks Emma! I got 10/10.

chanchal17

that s so great,these teachers are so awesome

guilherme1993

Great Lesson and great teaching. Keep it going Emma! Thanks!

jossiewong

Hi Emma.
I’m a receptionist. The check out time in our Hotel is 12p.m. So could you please tell me how should I tell to our clients: you should leave your room until 12p.m or you should leave your room by 12p.m? Thanks

lola17

thanks Emma… could you explain the differences between “by and for” to me?

ricardo059

hi miss.. -we had to stay in the exam room until the end of the exam-… that is one of your example, is that really correct sentence? you used had in the situation, then the verb is present tense “stay”… i think it should be “stayed”… am i right?

nhica

Hi Teacher Emma. Thanks for your lesson.
How to use ” by + gerund” ? It always makes me confused. Could you please inform me about that?
Thank you so much, teacher. I am looking forward to hearing from you soon.

pulukus

Thank you Emma. Always 10 points for you!!

spous67

Thanks Emma. But this lesson was difficult for me.

ganbashir15

I got only 7 marks out of 10. It ‘s very really difficult for me. Thanks for all your lessons.

mahaviro

thanks (in javanese, “matur kesuwun.”

maspri15witjaksono

Thank you for fabulous teach.
I could understand completely.

omatsusan1984

Dear Emma,
I still wondered when I got this question.
“The office has been closed until Monday, May 12th 2012”
Therefore it will resume operation on Monday or after Monday? Could you help me pls?

liamnguyen

sorry….I didn’t get 100 %

alpido24

Thanks. I got 100%. you are exciting teacher

amin80

Thanks Emma

aouina

Good lesson..

chwileulotne85

Excellent lesson Emma! Thanks! I learned well.

sgmmm

HI MISS EMMA
At the end of your lesson you always say ”UNTIL NEXT TIME”based on the above lesson what does it mean.

altamash1

Thanks emma! Your lessons are always enjoyable.

axly90

I got 10/10 score in the test :) thanks emma :) I understand it completely :)

austin ting

I’m clear about BY and UNTIL. Thank u so much..and thanks engvid.com

bijaydlb

i could understand.

sureshadtl

I got 90 of 100

I will live in Paris ______________April. Then I will move to Canada.

by
until
by the time

why until ? why not By? He/She live in paris now ? Look at “Will”. I think, she/he not in Paris yet but going to Paris.

didi17

yeahhh i got 90/100……thanks sist,,,

sundu

Thanks Emma! You’re a great teacher.

DesM

Thank you a lot, Emma

bummia

hi Emma
I am glad to study with you
Thank you for your teaching

kss0204

I thought the correct tense in the sentence ‘I studied until 7 p.m.’ was Present Perfect: I have studied until 7 p.m.
Am I wrong?

aroibas

By the way, the quiz is so easy…

aroibas

thanks

alpido24

Woooooooooooow 100%

basma osama

Hi, thank you Emma for these lessons. I have one question: can not we use both (by and until) in the 3th sentence, like in the 4th sentence? I mean in the video. Thank you for your attention!

Nellymrgt

Thank you so mush for this great lesson and great explanation

Amaddio

Why don’t we say “The thief had gone by the time I called polic”?
Thanks

sdurur

Hi, Emma. I have a question:
till and until, I can use anyone of them in any sentence.All your examples I can replace “till” allowance ” until” ,
for example, I listen this song” It’s not goodbye” there is a sentence ” till I see you again”, I can replace this sentence like this” until I see you again”. is this correct?, thank you Emma , wonderful lesson, great work,
and , is this example is correct
1- the Rebecca and Ronnie were the best teachers in the engvid until Emma, I mean , they were the best teachers and now , you are the number one ” the best”. thank you again Emma.

yash831

100%, Thanks,I think is very useful for me.

Jony Alexander Valeriano

Nice lesson

Edilson

Great lesson:Emma i listened to your introduction and i want to know what is correct?
“Today we are going to look at WHAT ARE THESE DIFFERENCES” (you said this)
OR
“TODAY WE ARE GOING TO LOOK AT WHAT THESE DIFFERENCES ARE.” ( i thought this is correct)

see video counter number: 00:32

dean

great! i get 100 points for your test. very happy. thank u very much. i can learn a lot of things from yr video. u are wonderful teacher.
love u

vienthinh15

Hi,
This is very good site for learning new things in englis.thank you Emma

swati.mishra0211@gmail.com

It’s very helpful. Your explanation is very clearly.Thanks:)

mynmyn

Thanks for the lesson!

buyeromanya

bonjour Emma , je suis fier de votre site engVid, seulement je voudrais vous poser un e question pédagogique:comment suivre vos cours?pour chaque niveau il y-a plusieurs professeurs et plusieurs thèmes? je veux un conseil pédagogique pour aller du bigenner à advanced, thank you for your answer , by

khattabi

Emma you are very nice and a very good teacher.
It’s easier to learn :)

Jp74.fr

thank you, it’s helpful

adelbkhdr

thank you!!!

saracheng

please what mean by the way !!! and when we use it??

nanou17

sorry, i have understand my previous question and i want to know now, does the verb after “by the time ” always in the past ???

nanou17

thanks you for the perfect explanation. It’s always great, you clear up all the doubts! I have a small request for your future lessons: could you please, also explain the difference between within and during? also, could you give a lesson on the usage of some verbs like marry – get married or marry/ get engaged or engage? thanks.

Rhododendron

well,I have to admit this site is pretty awesome .Just signed up today ,and yeah …is going well ..i was looking for a long time to learn english better.I also have to learn German,but when you don’t have a passion for that ,it goes pretty slow.Anyway ,keep up the good work guys ,you’re doing a fine job :)

maryus9393

Thank you Emma.

pafsilipoclub

Thank you Emma! Your class is very nice!

L'Cavalcanti

Thanks Emma. very nice way of teaching

Naveed

Thanks Ms Emma, very polite style of delivering lesson but very bad I got only 60%.

Abdul Qayum

I got 90% thank you very much. :D

Angel

hello……emma, could you please explain to me difference between by and within?

Rasho

Thanks! Your way’s very clearly!

arielk

Hi, Emma!
Thank you for your lessons, it’s very helpful.
I have a question about Sequence of Tenses when we use “by”. Let’s look at your example of using “by”: “The subway was closed by the time I left work”. Does it mean the same as “When I left work, subway had been already closed” or “Subway had been closed before I left work”. To my mind we should use Past Perfect and Simple Past in this sentence, shouldn’t we?
I look forward to your reply. =)

Dmitriy

Hi,
I got 80% and I am very happy now because I didn’t understand this before. But now I understand.
Thank you!
Andi

Andi5

thanks emma,i understand your lesson

tranvanhung

hi emma, its very good but i have one question, why use “by” in the position of “before”

tanzeel

This lesson was some confuse, but I got 8 of 10.
Thanks Emma.
I´v a question, I have to listen to Still word, this is the same meaning of Until.
Could you Explain it Emma?:-)

Aangel

সব দেখি ওয়া ওয়া । I’ve no term to define it. commendable .

Bashar

emma thanks a lot for your classes and you are really cute by the way lol,but i really like your teaching,hopefully be a good teacher like you are thanks you so much

eduard

thank you very much… I am almost study your lesson

nhatnghe

“By and until” make me confused in a long time.
But your lesson help me solve that.
Thanks so much.

vipngheo99x

Thanks..Emma. I got 80%..

Joshisadanandan

Thanks Emma ^^

sarah2013

i got 100 points because of you Emma :)

m.ungan

I’m improving my english with each lesson. Thanks.

farah2014

What a wonderful lesson! :D Thanks very much Emma, you’re great.

SimoneTruglia

Thank you very much for your very useful lesson.

Koichi

In example 2 the thief was gone or had gone its active not passive correct me if i am wrong please

Sara321

I’ve no term to define it. commendable .

Md. Abu Talha

Hi Emma.thanks for ur great effort to teach us sth.
May i ask you or your colleagues a favor?
could you have a lesson about differences between these words?? i’m really confused
Riot-Rally-Outcry and revolt
Thnak you in advance

bahram1364

thanks emma,
it’s really great job
thanks again

imtiaz096

i ‘ve got 70 marks on this section :-) feeling improve

lucas

thanks for your lessons

husi

Thank you for teaching.I have just a criticism,you look in a hurry to finish the teaching,just relax.And speaking slowly.

arsinr

hi , can you give me the answer of this stetement ? the children are usually home …. four o’clock .

amina salhi

can we use present perfect instead of “UNTILL”? ?

Baroood

thnx teacher great lesson i can learn from u easily cuz ur accent is really clear i love the teachers who smiling alot …. big kiss

samooha

Thank you Emma.

Nadir

It’s very complicated but, I understand!Thank you pretty teacher.

Alexander Santana

Emma congratulation
What is the largest number of people are watching you
That an obvious evidence you are a good teacher
Thanks Emma

alhamami

Thank you, Emma. I could really understand the difference between by and until.

nyanchi

OHHH!! I got 8,,, Thanks

Aryn

90% … I had lost the seventh question, my friend disappointed me, … “He /She left by the time ….”, … maybe it’s the difficult question in all of this test …

Thank you Teacher Emma, …

boulMed

Thanks Emma! I am a beginner of writing essays for toefl. I would appreciate you if you would make a lesson for it … I can see many lessons here ,however, I think there is no brainstorming【(I am not sure whether the word brainstorming is correct or not….):to think what to write about, before you start writing your essay. 】classes. I am not goot at getting the idea of what the topic says. I always get confused what to think about when i see the topic. It may be difficut for you to make a lesson about it because I understand that everyone has diffrent ways of thinking …. You are a great teacher. Your explanation is easy to understand. P.S.sorry for my English …

FrancisMcIntosh

Great lesson Emma! I got it.
100% score correct of the Quiz!

Wellington Porto Brito

nice but i am not yet

mainul

Dear Emma,I got 10 correct out of 10.the lesson is so useful to me.Thank you.

pt5834

i did not perfect yet. im looking for someone who cAN check and correct my grammar. it’s very difficult for me..

mayhao

Great lesson!

Andres Felipe Arias Mosquera

Thanks Emma a lot!

tientruongthanh94

you can use ” i can ” with until
ex : i can do somthing until …
and you can use ” i have to” with by
ex: i hoave to finshid sothing by …

yassine ouahabi

Thanks may god bless you even more intelligence, happiness and sweetness

mandeep.singh

sorry palms someone knows what´s the meaning of HIGH ENOUGH? THANK YOU FROM COLOMBIA

manuel hernandez

Thank you for this interesting lesson. Now I know when to use “by” and “until” correctly.
Thanks again.

Zginga

Hi, Emma. I’m happy to see you.

bskoh

Hi, Emma. Thanks a lot for this wonderful lesson. Please, continue making your videos. And by the time you finish your work we will learn a lot from you.

Roya Seferova

Hi, it is a very good lesson…thanks a lot…

gustavo arias

I appreciate you very much lovely Emma.

yuzars

thank you very much!

xiaohaifeng

thanks for your lessons,I have learned a lot of english on your lessons.

xiaohaifeng

This is on of my favorite lesson in engvid. Very very very thak you Emma.

vinothg.cdm@gmail.com

Thank you so much Emma, It was so effective

Elhamt22

Great job

reho

Good Emma. I have read it plenty of time from a book, “English Grammar in Use”, by Raymond Murphy, until now I have not been able to understand its use.By the time I listened your video I have got it well.

thank you.

sherani

Thanks Emma ..
100 %

YMFA

yaaaah ,Done 100 :D

Mahmoud Hany

Great lesson.
P/S: Oh! I need someone to help me to improve my English on Facebook too. Anyone? Thanks a lot.

PinkLotus

I am a little bit confused by using UNTIL and BY and BY THE TIME :( I got 7 out of 10, and I am not sure in some of my answer. I feel bad :(

jeyn

thank you mrs. emma

elissafitri

Q. _______you leave now, you will be late.
1) untill 2) till 3) unless 4) although
which option is correct?

himkhr

    i think its Unless..

    Richaa

thans

erolcaglar

Thanks Emma you are grate teacher.

Matthew.S. Kovoma

I will be too old by the time I learned English. :D

Tammyjang1

Thank you very much.
very clear explanation

Vivimi

10/10 Thanks Emma.

jhon5

Thanks Emma! got 10/10..:)

Richaa

THANKS EMMA, FROM MERIDA YUCATAN MEXICO

ROCIO HOBAK

thank you very match on this lesson

ramy qabel

My work schedule is midnight tonight, so I have to be there by 12a.m. until 7:00a.m.:D

Tammyjang1

I just love your lesson teacher. I have been learning a lot.

RogelioAvila

I got 10

Anawin

Great and challenging lesson I can write one example for every preposition that I learned watching this usefully video.
I will stay at the the house until 21:00 p.m. and than I’m going to birthday party to have some fun!
My goal is to lose 5 pounds and get some muscles especially in my stomach by March.
The party will be over by the time we arrived.
The thief was gone by the time I called the police.
The Subway was closed by the time I left work.

Jon Snow

thank yoooooooou :)

hadil99

I have confusion on below sentence.

He is on leave until Saturday.
a)It means he will join office on Saturday
b)It means he will join office on Friday.

Please clear my doubt.

kuldeep.bora

    He is on leave until Saturday.
    a)It means he will join office on Saturday
    b)It means he will join office on Monday.

    kuldeep.bora

Thanks Emma. I’m learning a lot with your videos. Thanks.

raul.ubaldo

if we had to choose between until and by
i think the future time with will, will help us to know that we must use by
is this right

Mejd sul

It´s a pleasure to learn from you.
Tanks Emma

Alejandroman

Thanks Emma for this nice and complicated lesson.

raad555@ovigmail.com

thank you! so nice lesson .

nivelle

Hello Teacher,

I have question ,here that.

I will finish my essay by 4 pm
i will finsh my essat ay 4 pm..
which sentense is correct????

radnus

    another question.

    i will come to restaurant at 4 pm
    i will come to restaurant by 4 pm??

    which sentence is correct???

    radnus

      Neither. It should be “I will come to the restaurant”. Both “at” and “by” are correct, but they have slightly different meanings. “At 4 p. m.” is more exact. “I will come there by 4 p. m.” = I might come earlier.

      engVid Moderator

I got six out of ten :(. I thing I mitgh not undertood this lesson very well. I will try it again

CART

Thank you for the great lesson. I got 8 out of 10, can I try again perhaps tomorrow or in a few days ?

Elisa1958

I will be learning English until Emma is in Engvid.com.
Is that correct, Emma?

Tammyjang1

Good evening, Emma! Thank you very much for your lessons! It`s very helpful and useful for me. Your explanation is very good! In this quiz I got 100. It is only because of you! Thank`s a lot!!!

Has1976

Thank you, Emma. Now I Know.

Ray Dy

Thanks, Emma, for excellent explanation!

Anita

Emma run the police is coming!!! …hahaha …

very good Emma! thank you for this class …

I understood the difference between By and Until and By the Time look :

>By is I Star Something
>Until is how long time I will be
>By the time is Between two actions and I divide the before and after.

is correct?

viniciuscotta

    hi
    don’t go to Europe now, it’s to cold !!!!
    I can see the sea behind you on your picture
    makes me dream….
    bye

    lemarvillois

Thanks, Emma

Lavend

At last I’ve understood this grammar. Thanks a lot!

Kseniya Pakhalyuk

THANKS VERY MUCH EMMA

esther mensah

Dear Queen Emma, I focus in this lesson until you finished, then I surprise how much you so beautiful.

Also, your character is so amazing and have incredible ability to let’s focus in its.

Muaadh2020

I wish i could have a class in your class.

Muaadh2020

Hi Emma,
great lesson,the first time I understood difference between this preposition of time.
Thanks.

Kasia74

Really helpful.
If I know this website earlier, the situation would be different.

sunzy025

your lessons always useful Emma.

SKIKDA

Thanks, Emma. Good lesson. I got 90

nickandr

That was really great!!!!.thank you so much one more time Emma. I’m very happy!!!!

Adrian Castro

i am confuse about this tense so please kindly clear my cofusion about that,
( the thief was gone by the time i called the police ) can we use the thief had gone ,,,

Honey Sahab

l worked hard by you called me

hebaasn

Thank youuu! it’s really helpful

Lostlonelychild

i got 100 :D you’re helping me a lot Emma you have a very good method of explaining things
you made complicated things easy to understand
i really wanna thank you :)

Melek Laabidi

thanks alot the best tutor i’ve ever met reality and virtually

Roozbeh Pirabbasi

I didn’t use the correct one until I watched this lesson. I should speak fluently by February 2018.Thanks Emma

elvin067

Thanks for the lesson. I got 90 /100

clixa

thank you Emma. After watching this video, I realized that I couldn’t use these prepositions correctly. Now, I got it:)

nezaket

Great , i got full mark (°∆°)

Osama Khodary

I’ll study English until becoming fluent. I want to speak well by next year.

Adriano Martins Péres

I got 10 out of 10. This lesson was little tricky, but I have learned completely.

Rezajohn

Thank You, Emma!

Dekon

I GOT 5 TO 10

Khalid Khan Ghumro

very seamless lesson …thanks alt

Hani@71

I got 10 correct out of 10

tamerb1245

Thanks for the lesson.It is very helpful.I got 10 correct)

Ogabek

well I think these are good examples about until, by and by the time i guess the is a wrong sentence in the examples, my goal is to lose five pounds…..may, i wrote until it was not correct according to the system but I think our goal will not be sure to be achieved when we plan a goal it does not sure we are going to achieve it so it sometimes does not depend on me.the rest of sentences I agree with them…

Luis Alberto Mateo

I am going to rent a car by may. I am going to charge my credit card by tomorrow. I will be taking the car rent by 2 p.m.
I read a book until 11 p.m. the contest will be celebrated until may. I took the car to the mechanic i left by the time you paid the credit card

Luis Alberto Mateo

Always great!

ilkyun5488

thank you so much

mshmsc

Great lesson, I little confused but interesting :)

Dina1108

You got 8 correct out of 10.
thank you

M kartal

Thank you very much.

dreamk7x

Many thanks to Emma …

luca

You said in your example (thief was gone by the time i called police)
How i can ues (was) with v3
do you think i have to say ( thief had hone by the time i called police ?

Thank you Emma ⚘

Alrefai

Thanks!

shihai182

thanks

NITA14

I got 10/10 without even watching the entire video.

Historyador98

Thank you Emma

Dahaayanle

Hi Emma how r u

Dahaayanle

👋hello

Dahaayanle

I will quit smoking by the summer.
can I change the above sentence into
“I will be smoking until the summer”?

jivin

Hi Emma,
thanks for your nice and interesting teachin, It’s realy usefull.

Khalil alzobiry

100!
Got it!

Emma, thanks for this lesson!

Marsius

Hi Emma

shohrukh

I will want to learn English language

shohrukh

Thank you so much

EL RAMA

I got 100! Cool! By the time I finish all your lessons, I’ll have improved my english. :D

adrianalberto

Thanks Emma!!

Borrmann

Hi, please, makes sense I fill with “while” instead of “by the time”?
7. My friend left while I got home.

Borrmann

My job starts at 8:30a.m.so I must be there by 8:30a.m.
I work until 5:30p.m. then I drive home.

Thank you Emma!

Tammyjang1

Great lesson :)

kzlkayayusuf

Dear Emma, we have learnt till for possitive and until for negative. We will wait for him until he comes. How is it ? otherwise we will wait for him till he comes.

Maxa Pisova

9/10. Thank you Emma.

ann ann

Thank you Emma!

MariaMHedez

Olá Emma, tenho uma pergunta… e a palavra EVEN, também quer dizer até?

edi wilson

thank Emma

louperez2010

Thaks Emma for your useful lesson.

fahimno17

Shouldn’t question #7 be:
7. My friend _HAD_ left ______ I got home.

It seems to me that the Past Perfect should be the correct way to write this sentence.

LRN-101

Thank you. 10/10

Gwoode

thhankyoouuu emma

shahadm

why you didn’t have any date for videos or comments?

imany

Hi emma thank you for your explaination
I have one quesion how i learn when iam listening or i am watching your vidio in ingvid.com
Which lesson is first which is last,where i bigun when i am whatching your vidio please answer my queation ?
By the way your vidios is very excitng and i am intrest when i saw your lessons i learn more thank you teacher emma

english11@gmail.com

Wo0ow! I got 10 out of 10.

Thank you very much Emma..

aruneettummal

Thank you so much. It was very useful for me.

Bahar

Thanks a lot teacher Emma!😊

jao

Thanks a lot. I got 10 out of 10 :)

Viktoria30

I got 9 out of 10
Thank you emma

Mahmoud metwali

I got 10 out of 10
Thank you, Emma

Jan1951

I had a little bit of doubt in some of the prep but when i watched this video ihave been understood
the lesson is afire , and love it
Igot100.

Sant San

Thanks again Emma. It is motivating interest to continue with your lessons.

mula1979

thank you for your lesson. it was really good for me..

but i confused this sentence:

The thief was gone by the time I called the pollice. “was + V3” is passive, isn’t it? Did sentence meaning be not logical?

My English is not well, I’m sorry about my mistakes, I hope you understand me :)

fianchettto

thank you so much emma, you are awesome.

MiT ZioN

10/10 boss!

John Wick

Hi Emma.I’m studying both English and French. you seem teaching French too?. you are the great teacher that I like to study with your Channel. If you have a teaching French channel, please share me it link ! thank you so much. Take care !

Thu Dong

10/10! Wonderful! I will start another teacher’s lesson by the time I finish Emm’s lesson. I reckon finish all Emma’s video by July.

Jerry Gu

Thanks Emma , I got 9 out of 10

Anbumaran

Thank you Ms. Emma.

Alex-1956
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