This resource shows you one simple shortcut to expand your vocabulary easily and immediately.

The trick is to add the suffix/ending ‘en’ to adjectives or nouns to create useful verbs. Since you already know the meaning of most of these basic adjectives and nouns, the hard part is done! When you add ‘en’, it creates a verb which means to make more of the quality that the adjective or noun describes.

How it works

short + en = shorten
The new verb shorten means to make something shorter.

length + en = lengthen
The new verb lengthen means to increase something in length.

It’s that simple!


+ en = verb


short shorten
wide widen
deep deepen
broad broaden
length lengthen
height heighten
white whiten
dark darken
light lighten
red redden
bright brighten
hard harden
soft soften
thick thicken
quick quicken
damp dampen
sharp sharpen
weak weaken
quiet quieten
fresh freshen
smart smarten
straight straighten
rough roughen
tough toughen
sweet sweeten
moist moisten
loose loosen
tight tighten
worse worsen
ripe ripen
slack slacken
dead deaden
less lessen
sad sadden
glad gladden
flat flatten
stiff stiffen
deaf deafen
sick sicken
fat fatten
awake awaken
great greaten
mad madden
coarse coarsen
fast fasten
fright frighten
threat threaten
haste hasten
strength strengthen

By using this vocabulary hack, you can expand word families to include more dynamic verbs while speaking and writing English.

engVid quiz

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Test your understanding of the English lesson by answering these questions. You will get the answers and your score at the end of the quiz.