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Test your understanding of this English lesson

Test your understanding of the English lesson by answering these questions. You will get the answers and your score at the end of the quiz.
Listen, Randy, if you really want that promotion, you ______ to put more effort into your work.

If it _____ a difference, then I'll take part. But I still have my doubts.

"If Jim didn't have to take Sarah to the doctor, he would definitely go meet you."

Will Jim go meet you?

Oh my Goodness! My favorite numbers came up for the lottery this week. If I had bought a ticket, __________.

I hope everyone came prepared. If you didn't practice, this test ______ very difficult for you.

A: I just got off the phone with Mrs. Carter. We are meeting tomorrow. I really don't want to see her.
B: Then why did you agree to the meeting if you ________ to see her?

A: The Employee-of-the-Year awards are coming soon. Do you think the boss will nominate Larry?
B: If Larry hadn't missed all those meetings last month, the boss ________ him on that nominations list.

If Tim had paid more attention to his business, he ________ it today.

"Scott would have taken Samantha to the movies last night if she hadn't already seen all the movies that are playing now."

Did Scott take Samantha to see a movie last night? Why?

Emma: "How about going skiing this weekend?"
James: "I would if I had the money."

Will James go skiing this weekend?


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Comments

195 Comments on “Mixed Verb Tenses in English: Conditionals and IF clauses”


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1st comment to this difficult but very well explained lesson!!
Thanks a lot Adam, this topic is really difficult for not native English speakers!!If I were a native speaker, I wouldn´t find this topic so hard XD

Saturday, April 16th 2016

Waw…
It’s all new for me… now I know why sometimes I’ve got confused about some sentences I crossed through
Big thanks …. really helpful

Saturday, April 16th 2016

thanks Adam
but I think it’s a little confusing
anyway thank you. good lesson.

Saturday, April 16th 2016

Thanks Adam, I wonder why do the mixed conditionals used instead of regular once? Is it used in daily language?

Saturday, April 16th 2016

    Hi NLGN,

    There are situations that need these as opposed to the regular ones. In EL classrooms they don’t teach these. I’m not sure why. The “regular” ones are just more common.

    Monday, May 2nd 2016

Dear Adam thanks for these kind of lessons.
I want you to ask something about academic English.
I am aa envir. engineer Phd student and sometimes I’m really hard to understand some academic papers and when writing I locked many times… How can I overcome this kind of circumstances? could you give me some tips for improve academic and science english writing and reading? Thanks for your helps.

Saturday, April 16th 2016

    Hi Ahmeterd,

    I understand what you mean. To tell you the truth, academic writing is not meant to be easy. Much of what you read in academic texts can be said much more clearly and briefly, but then many PhD students wouldn’t have enough word count for their papers. As for scientific writing, from my experience, science students aren’t the best writers. Their strength is in numbers.

    As for yourself, the best thing to do is take extra time with the readings and whenever you come across something unclear, break down the sentences you’re having a hard time with. Figure out the independent clauses, then the main subjects and verbs, then the extra clauses and modifiers and then try to put it all back together in clearer forms. Keep in mind, though, that with enough practice, these writings will become easier. :)

    Monday, May 2nd 2016

      thank you Adam for all efforts that you’ve done, about this situation, i remarked that us as we are not native speakers, always we forget our selves & trying speak English with our native language thoughts, specially in writing, my advice to ahmedterd is to try think & express in English,
      if am wrong, i hope that y’ll correct to me Adam

      Tuesday, May 24th 2016

Dear Adam, I made only 1 mistake mixed conditional but result appeared as 4 corrected. :)

Saturday, April 16th 2016

Dear Adam, kindly get the sub-text removed . it is distracting us, weakening the lesson understanding and also making us difficult to see your written structures.

Saturday, April 16th 2016

    The sub-text – you mean subtitles? Subtitles can be easy removed in Youtube.

    Sunday, April 17th 2016

    Hi Fauzia,

    Look at the bottom of the video screen. You should see a button with cc on it. That is the closed caption button. You can click on that to remove the subtitles (captions).

    As for the test score, try again and see if it works the second time.

    Monday, May 2nd 2016

    locking subtext is ur’s dear

    Monday, July 11th 2016

Hi Adam. I have watched the lesson twice, but I got only 70. Thank you!

Saturday, April 16th 2016

Dear Adam , I m confused at :

If it will help my case, I will take the test.

If it helps my case, I will take the test.

Ist mixed cond. Is clear but the difference between both the sentences is not.

Saturday, April 16th 2016

    You need to think of the first one not as a conditional but as a trade: I want this result, so I will take this action. It is not dependence as much as a cause and effect. taking the test will help, so I will do it. In the second, I will take the test on the condition that it helps.

    Does this make it clearer?

    Monday, May 2nd 2016

I got 6. It is very confusing. I thought my answers would also make sense. I cannot grasp the point you would want to make here…

Saturday, April 16th 2016

    Hi Sunhoek,

    The point is that the common rules about conditionals do not always apply. There are exceptions (just as there are with other grammar rules).

    Monday, May 2nd 2016

Hi Adam, very interesting and very real situations the mixed conditionals, we use that expressions in the real life. It has been very useful for me. I really appreciate your videos. God Bless you!!!

Saturday, April 16th 2016

Firstly,thank you for this very useful lesson dear Adam and secondly,I want to make a request.Can you make a video/course about prepositions,such as as to,as for,concerning,regarding and so on.They are quite confusing for me especially,when I try to read an academic article.

Saturday, April 16th 2016

    I’ll get on that Tom ;)

    Monday, May 2nd 2016

thank you Adam.This lesson seems quiet difficult & confusing,but it is a useful one

Saturday, April 16th 2016

It’s a little difficult lesson, but very interesting and important to improve our knowledgement in English. I need to watch this one a couple of times to understand better.
Thank you Adam.

Saturday, April 16th 2016

At the first sight it’s a very difficult lesson.
I got just 6 out of 10. I’m sure I need to watch again!
Thanks Adam for the opportunity to study so unusual subject.

Saturday, April 16th 2016

Is there a text version of this video? I mean the text of all examples considered in this lesson.

Saturday, April 16th 2016

    Hi Izinenko,

    I’m afraid there is only the subtitles/captions. If you click on cc at the bottom of the video you can see these.

    Monday, May 2nd 2016

Difficult and confusing,any way,GOOD lesson.thanks Adams

Saturday, April 16th 2016

Thank you, this lesson is very useful.

Saturday, April 16th 2016

It is really confusing
I wish that you release anther lesson with more clarity.
but I still like the way of MR Adem of teaching English.

Sunday, April 17th 2016

hi adam i have question regarding the tenses what is the difference between the tense and time ?

Sunday, April 17th 2016

    Hi Mani,

    The time is future past and present. The tense is the relation to the time. There is simple, continuous, and perfect
    (play, is playing, has played).

    Does this help?

    Monday, May 2nd 2016

Hi Adam. Interesting topic. As for the question 2, “If it makes a difference, then I’ll take part. But I still have my doubts.” – is it just WRONG, in any context? Isn’t it still correct, just meaning something else, like in example 6 in your video?
Thank you.

Sunday, April 17th 2016

    Hi Tomek,

    I’m not entirely sure I understand the question you’re asking, but this construct basically means “if you think it will make a difference, then I’ll take part. (I’ll do it because you think it will help). Does this help?

    Monday, May 2nd 2016

      Hi Adam, thanks for your reply. If the sentence I quoted is correct, then there are two acceptable answers in question 2. At least. Moreover, there is an explanation at the end of the quiz, that this answer is incorrect. That was my point.

      Monday, May 2nd 2016

        Fair enough Tomek. I guess you could read this two ways– the “will make” suggests result, but we can also use makes as in (if it makes a difference (to you), then I’ll take part, being here the conditional, but the dependent part is a slightly different meaning: makes a difference to you (or group), not to the end product.

        The explanation could certainly have been better.

        Thursday, May 19th 2016

Hello Adam,

Thank you for your help. As you said, a tricky lesson for us.Who said that English is an easy language !!!

Sunday, April 17th 2016

It’s a very tough subject! Especially that any grammar rules must not be only learned, but “felt” at the end. Remember all that rules is not possible

Sunday, April 17th 2016

Thank you a lot, a very useful lesson. I guess it was a bit confusing, when you were talking about an example with a polygraph test. There was one more example in the quiz, it became a bit clearer!

Sunday, April 17th 2016

I know that is not correct, but when using this conditionals is easy to me to think in my language

Sunday, April 17th 2016

What???????I got 9/10 in such lesson!!!!!!!!I got disappointed before taking the quiz because of the horrific comments.

Sunday, April 17th 2016

Hi Adam,
If I practice one by one of each your English lessons every day, I will improve my English and could speak like a native English speaker. I hope, hic hic….
You are a stupendous teacher. You’ve made my day. :)

Sunday, April 17th 2016

    Correction: I think I made a mistake, so I have to take the letter “each” out, and then I rewrite my sentence as ” If I practice one by one of your lessons every day, I will improve….”. I hope this time my sentence is correct! :)

    Monday, April 18th 2016

      Hi Chloe,

      Actually, it’s,
      If I practice each of your lessons, one by one every day, I will improve…

      :)
      Thanks

      Monday, May 2nd 2016

        I am grateful for your teaching, Adam, you are the best. :)

        Monday, May 2nd 2016

I got 7 out of 10.
It was a good lesson, a little confusing, but good.
Thanks, Adam! :*

Sunday, April 17th 2016

I still feel confusing….. I got the lowest grade since I participated in the learning in our Engvid……what’s the problem…wish more teaching and explanation. Thank you in advance.

Sunday, April 17th 2016

    Hi Aurora,

    This is a confusing lesson for sure. I’ll see about a follow-up video.

    Monday, May 2nd 2016

Wow, there are more and more subtle distinctions in English to discover. Thank you, Adam!

Sunday, April 17th 2016

Amazing class Adam thank you

Sunday, April 17th 2016

Bit confusion sir..but I understand somehow thank you

Sunday, April 17th 2016

Thanks,Adam!Very good lesson!I think a good tip is to consider a time(present,past, future)in which clauses are happening.

Monday, April 18th 2016

Great master of very complicated and sophisticated lessons : ) Anyway thanks a lot!

Monday, April 18th 2016

very difficult. I got 40.

Monday, April 18th 2016

Dear Adam, In the third example of conditional, you said that both are the future clauses, i.e If you go, I will go too. Mixed in a sense that if clause talks about the future too. Right? but in the review of four conditionals, the sentence ” if you study hard, you will pass the test” also shows two future action. If you will work harder then you will pass the test. Then what is the difference?

Monday, April 18th 2016

    if you study hard– refers to the present.(if you study hard this week, you will pass next week’s test)
    If you will work harder– refers to the future.(You haven’t been studying hard. If you will study harder starting tomorrow , you will pass.

    Does this help?

    Monday, May 2nd 2016

this really is helpful. everything is so well explained. Thank you so much Adam!
Well, can I make a request? I really confused about Using a gerund after ‘to’. would you please bring this material on your upcoming video?

Monday, April 18th 2016

Good lesson thank you

Monday, April 18th 2016

Do not have an android application in google.play.store? Very convenient. I want it too much

Monday, April 18th 2016

Hello I don’t quite understand what different between 2 sentences below:
If I knew how to cook, I’d have made dinner instead
If I weren’t so busy, I’d go with you
Why don’t we use “would have” for the second?

Monday, April 18th 2016

    Hi Tony,

    In the second example we are talking about a future (go with you tomorrow). In the first example we are talking about a past (would have made dinner instead of buying it (last night, for instance)

    Does this help?

    Monday, May 2nd 2016

Thank you so much, Adam :) You are such a gr8 teacher, honestly my favourite one ♥♥♥

Monday, April 18th 2016

Hi Alex! Really interested and helpful lesson, but i’ve little confused about that sentence:
– If I weren’t so busy…
Why we use this “weren’t” instead of “wasn’t” ? Thanks!

Monday, April 18th 2016

    Hi Roman,

    This is an example of a subjunctive voice. With “if” and “wish”, we use were , not was.

    I wish I were rich.
    She wishes she were married.
    etc.

    Hope this helps. :)

    Monday, May 2nd 2016

Thank you Adam! It is really helpful….I thought I understood the Grammar which you had taught. But when I had taken quiz that I was still making a mistake..

Monday, April 18th 2016

hello sir ,could you please teach us how to write process and flow chart in writing task 1.if you colud that it will be appreciable

Monday, April 18th 2016

    Hi Resmy,

    I will make a video about that :)

    Monday, May 2nd 2016

Wouldn’t it be “If you hadn’t studied computers”, not “didn’t” as we’re talking about the past?

Monday, April 18th 2016

    Hi AmJapple,

    If we are talking about the past of a past (as in an unreal situation because you did study computers) then we’d use the perfect. But, in the sentence “if you didn’t do something then, you will have a hard time later” we are talking about a real situation (didn’t study) at a specific past time (then, in high school) and so use the simple past.

    Does this help?

    Monday, May 2nd 2016

HI, I REALLY ENJOYED THIS SITE !!

Monday, April 18th 2016

Good lesson thank you

Monday, April 18th 2016

Hi,Adam,this is a tricky lesson for me.I’ve seen the video for a couple of times but still feel a little bit confusing. I want to know that whether the sentence “If it will helps,I will take the test”means that I will take the test no matter it helps or not.Thank you

Monday, April 18th 2016

    Hi Phil,

    Basically, you think that it will help and so you will take the test. Or, it is a fact that it will help. In other words, it does not depend on anything.

    Does this make it clearer?

    Monday, May 2nd 2016

      Yes,I understand it now.Thank you very much for your reply and look forward to your next video.Best wishes.

      Monday, May 2nd 2016

Yes, I’m unhappy with my result 60pts

Monday, April 18th 2016

Hi Adam! Thank you very much for imparting us your knowledge. Before, I got confused how to construct these sentences properly. Until I watched your video, I finally got it correctly! You are such an inspration! :) Thank you so much Adam!

Tuesday, April 19th 2016

thank u adam..

Tuesday, April 19th 2016

Great, thx Adam.

Tuesday, April 19th 2016

Thank you Adam!…I think your lesson isn’t confused at all, rather it is very clear …so I would ask you some things about if clauses and time clauses : “she’ll come if it doesn’t rain” is a future if clause in a present situation; but if the situation was in the past, how would I have to say ? “she said that she would come if it didn’t rain” ? or “if it doesn’t rain” ? another example : “I’ll call you as soon as I get back” ; but how should I say if this phrase was said in the past? “as soon as I got back” ? or “as soon as I get back” ?; another example: “we’re not going to go out until the rain has stopped; how should I say this “has stopped” in a clause said in the past ?…Adam, if you have no time to answer me, could you please do another lesson about if and time clauses with as soon as, when, until, unless, before, after?

Tuesday, April 19th 2016

    Hi Elena,

    she’ll come if it doesn’t rain– She would have come if it hadn’t rained. (but it did rain and so she didn’t come, unreal)
    she said (that) she would come if it didn’t rain– this is correct (reported speech, one tense back rule)
    I’ll call you as soon as I get back– again, if going to a reported speech, the “she said she would call you as soon as she got back. or, I told you I would call you as soon as I got back (don’t forget to make the adjustments with pronouns)
    we’re not going to go out until the rain has stopped– we weren’t going to go out until the rain had stopped.

    I will make a lesson about these anyway ;)

    Monday, May 2nd 2016

Thank you Jame,

Wednesday, April 20th 2016

Thank you, Adam, sor so complicated piece of grammar. Interpreting any foreign language we always contrast it to our native one, we interpret it to ourselves, don’t we?
I want to say, sentences like “Listen, Randy, If you really want that promotion, you are going to have to put more effort into your work.” is illogical in Ukrainian, provided that we understand “be going to” as an arrangement for future. Hard to understand, how it implies a real conditional (for Randy). Therefore I’d never say so in English.

Wednesday, April 20th 2016

    Fair enough, Natalie. But… this is quite common in spoken English.

    Monday, May 2nd 2016

Adam, now that I’m rereading what I wrote yesterday, I’m realizing I didn’t express well….I asked you to give another lesson and mistakenly I used the word “do” in my request ( excuse me, in Italy we say to do a lesson to say to give a lesson )…then, just about the lesson I’d like you to give, I don’t know whether it was so understandable what I asked you to explain…I meant those future if and time clauses (with as soon as, when, until, unless, before, after), which were future in the past time…thank you again

Wednesday, April 20th 2016

    Got it ;)

    Monday, May 2nd 2016

Thank you Jame,

Thursday, April 21st 2016

Thank you

Thursday, April 21st 2016

this should be re-watched again and again. love studying grammar:)

Thursday, April 21st 2016

    I think you’re lying. Or maybe you’re just crazy ?!

    Saturday, April 30th 2016

      Or maybe she loves it :)

      Monday, May 2nd 2016

        And teachers are always right :) If they’re not, look at the previous sentence :)

        Tuesday, May 3rd 2016

Great lesson Adam, difficult but very well explained. Thank you!

Thursday, April 21st 2016

wooow greate lesson adam

Thursday, April 21st 2016

My question is not about above indicated title, but I really interesting how can I differentiate “in the park” from “at the park”, “in the hotel” or “at the hotel”? Also, “at night” and “in the night”. Thanks too much in advance. :)

Friday, April 22nd 2016

    Hi L2L,

    in the park means inside the limits of the park. At the park means somewhere around the park (or inside). In is more definite than at.
    On the corner is usually for buildings or things that stand. Again, at means in the general area.

    We say in the morning, i the afternoon, in the evening, and at night. Not sure why that is. We say, however, in the middle of the night to show midpoint of that time period. Otherwise, in the night is not very commonly used.

    On top of means on the surface or highest point. At the top is for a list or a ranking.

    Does this help?

    Monday, May 2nd 2016

I have missed : ” on the top of sth” and at the top of sth” , “on the corner of sth” and “at the corner of sth ” I have asked about too much . :)

Friday, April 22nd 2016

Hello,Adam,This is a great lesson for me. I watched this video and took the quiz over 3 times. I were asking you some questions in the quiz. But now, finally, I got it. Thanks a lot. I very much enjoy your English lesson. Thanks again, excellent teacher, Adam.

Saturday, April 23rd 2016

Thanks, Adam.
But I would like to ask what the difference between
‘features’ and ‘characteristics’.
Thanks in advance.

Wednesday, April 27th 2016

    Hi Sophie,

    A feature is a special part (added). A characteristic is a description of something as it is naturally. Cars have features, people have characteristics. But people can also have features, like a tattoo, a piercing, etc. that can distinguish them. Cars can have characteristics in terms of the maker. For example, a characteristic of a Mercedes is standard leather seats, or the hood ornament, which every model has.

    Does this help?

    Monday, May 2nd 2016

Hi Adam! Fantastic lesson. Thank you very much.

Wednesday, April 27th 2016

Could you teach us the differences and when to use “little” and “small”?
Thanks.

Wednesday, April 27th 2016

thanks for you teacher Adam

Thursday, April 28th 2016

Hello all , First of all that is most important lesson Adam , I have been really needed to increase up my conditional clause and how to use them in the daily english , I am too proud of what you do all , Thank you and continue with unique english grammar and exercises .

Friday, April 29th 2016

As for me I have understood nothing yet. I am sorry! I hope that after reading the subtitles to this lesson I’ll be able to get the idia. like… one thing is connection “the reason – the result” and another case is when connection of two phenomenona. I can’t comprehend these things now yet. If someone wants to talk about it and other Grammar rules in Skipe, just let me know with writing in my Skipe which is svt90034751967. Thanks for reading.

Friday, April 29th 2016

This lesson is very importante.

Friday, April 29th 2016

Adam! Say me, which is correct, please:
1 Who has taken prises in the competition?
or
2 who have taken prises in the competition?

And more:

1 Who is buying handicrafts?
or
2 Who are buying handicrafts?

Thank you.

Friday, April 29th 2016

    Is it depends on how many people are buying and how many people have taken prises? Thanks.

    Friday, April 29th 2016

      What about British? Are the rules similar?

      Friday, April 29th 2016

    Hi Katrin,

    If you don’t know the answer, then it is a singular (who has taken, who is buying?). Generally, you are also asking about individual actions, so they will be singular.

    Otherwise, Who of you (people)are buying…? but this is not very common.

    In terms of grammar, rules are generally the same for British and others. It’s in spelling and usage and pronunciation that there are differences.

    Monday, May 2nd 2016

      Thank you Adam. I really was mistaken. It’s quite a big help.

      Monday, May 2nd 2016

It was hard the lesson and the quiz too.

Friday, April 29th 2016

And Adam if you please help me with previous question. Wich was in the “10 ways to use the word WAY in English”. It’ coming up…

Friday, April 29th 2016

Adam, tell me please why the 3rd sentence you must make only in Past Simple.(more detail if you please)
Hi Katrin,
The best thing I learned/have learnt this year is to play football better. I learned/have learned some new technics.
My coach taught me. He has been my coach for
two years.
You can use simple past or present perfect with this year. It is understood that learning something takes time, so we can view ‘this year’ as a definite past period or an indefinite, meaning you did it sometime in the past year. More likely is the former.
Does this help?

Hi Katrin,
The fact that you learned or have learned some new techniques, means that you are done learning them. They are completed actions (the lessons). Therefore your coach taught them to you, not has been teaching , which would suggest you are still learning. But again, “the best thing” means one, which is presumed complete. Otherwise you’d have said, the best thing I’ve been learning this year…
Does this help?

Year,but why can’t I say: my coach has taught me?

Because it’s understood to be a completed action. If it’s continuing, then better to say my coach has been teaching me.

But Adam, doesn’t “My coach has taught me” mean a completed action? I’m realy confused…
(And what does it mean – compleated? Does it mean that action hadn’t had any continuance or just was ended in time of speaking?)

Friday, April 29th 2016

    I (learned/have learned) some new technics and my coach taught me look similar to me. I really can’t see the difference. Maybe there’s a simple way to recognise the difference.(I mean to recognise in texts)

    Friday, April 29th 2016

      You can say he has taught me. However, you limited yourself to one thing (the best thing)and one time period (this year). In this case he finished teaching you this and might teach you new things next year.

      You have to look at the entire situation and make sure that there is consistency in the verbs. Any reader will understand what you are saying either way (taught/has taught), but you always try to shorten when writing, so simple past works both in terms of style and syntax.

      Monday, May 2nd 2016

        Adam I understood this case(but it’s still difficult to me).You should do a lesson about using PS and PP in speech with exemples. I’m sure this lesson will have a lot of views. Thank you.

        Monday, May 2nd 2016

          I’ll get on that :)

          Thursday, May 19th 2016

Thank you very much, Adam, for this lesson!

You are a teacher of complex subjects, I see.

If you weren’t so experient in English grammar, you wouldn’t have presented this horrendous, although useful, topic to us!

Friday, April 29th 2016

Hi everyone ! I like are the teachers of EngVid.com but I HATE this English becouse of these are grammar rules … “p.p.” “Pr.Sm.” ext. . So I’ve got 6/10. F..ck. ((((((((

Saturday, April 30th 2016

    It’s all good Vladkabatkovich.

    If you think about your own language, it has grammar rules too and I’m sure I would have a hard time with them too. It’s just about being patient and trying again and again. Don’t give up.

    Monday, May 2nd 2016

      Hi Adam ! You right – Russian – one of the most difficult languages in the world after the Chinese of course. But most of us Russians are lazy and stupid … like for instance I myself ?! )) And sorry me for my previos comment – what good could write a stupid (?) – Just stupid words. )
      Eng Vid.com is most inportant sight for me !!! Becouse it is the BEST !!!!!!!!!!! And thank you Adam for your Great job !!!!!!

      Tuesday, May 3rd 2016

        Not stupid Vladkabatkovich, just a little frustrated. Believe me, it happens to lot of us.

        One day you will look back and think how easy English is :)

        Thursday, May 19th 2016

          Thank you a loot Adam ! ) Your friend, Vladislav.

          Friday, May 20th 2016

Hi, Adam.
I hope you are doing well. I would like to address you a question about the usage of a grammatical construction called the bare infinitive. At first time I heard I find a bit strange but now it does not sound too strange to my ears. Anyway, we have been taught about how to use verbs together, and the main rule is that the second verb should come after “to” or in an “ing” form. The aforementioned construction does not follow this rule, for instance, “GO GET something for me,” “Let us GO SEE a movie,” and “COME HELP me with this problem.” All of them, I take from a web English class. Other examples that looks following the same rule are: “Let them go,” and “She heard they sing.” These last two samples I took from a grammar website, and to me, they seem interesting because they sound well until the moment I heard about bare infinitives. If possible and one of you don’t mind, it will be great to have a lesson about this subject matter.
Yours sincerely,
César

Sunday, May 1st 2016

    Hi Cesar,

    Good topic :) I’ll make a video about this.

    Keep in mind, that some are not infinitives (Go (to the kitchen)and get me a snack.)– two imperatives, go and get. The place (kitchen) is understood as is the conjunction, so they are not necessary, so we take them out.

    Anyway,

    I’ll make that lesson ;)

    Monday, May 2nd 2016

      I think this your (about reading) is wery usefull advice !!!!!!! Thank you Adam very much !!!!!!!!!!!! And good luck in your difficolt and most important job !!!

      Tuesday, May 3rd 2016

Adam I tested my english vocabulary on TEST YOUR VOCAB and it was about 12.500 words. I’m not pleased because I find information there which says vocabulary of native speaker is about 20.000 words. It was not short way to get 12.000 words. And it seems to me 8000 words I’ll get only at the end of my life. I’m very upset.
Adam there is a word SLITHER. Is that a word which know everyone who was born in english-speaking country? And if you can give me some advice how to take 8000 words in 1 year.(I understand almost every speach)
THANK YOU!

Sunday, May 1st 2016

    Don’t be upset Katrin. The vocabulary a person has depends on how much they read. I read a lot so I have a higher number. People who don’t read a lot have a lower number. If you want to learn more words, read more (especially quality literary fiction). 8000 in one year is a lot. Read every day and it will definitely go up.

    I think most people have heard at least one snake story in their life, which means they probably know the word slither ;)

    Monday, May 2nd 2016

      I read every day Adam. And I’m going to follow your advice and read fiction! I hope you’re right. Maybe you will recommend some specific book or writer?
      Thank you.

      Monday, May 2nd 2016

        It all depends what you like Katrin. If you get bored with a book, it won’t help much. What kinds of books do you like to read in general?

        Thursday, May 19th 2016

          I like romantic books and science fiction.(mostly classics)

          Friday, September 2nd 2016

Very interesting lesson. Thanks Adam.

Monday, May 2nd 2016

Thanks everyone :)

I know it’s tricky, but keep practicing. It gets easier.

Monday, May 2nd 2016

    Hi. Adam.
    You are a patient teacher to answer those questions.
    Thank you again for your encouragement^^

    Tuesday, May 3rd 2016

HI Friends
i am very much weak in english
i wanted to improve my speacking skill as well as grammar.
if any body interest please connect with skype
my Skype is npkirankumarkoneru

Tuesday, May 3rd 2016

I just watched the same lesson as a second time and got 9 out of 10. I still don’t understand why 2)would have still been running is not right but 1)would be still running is right in question eight. Could you give me clear exaplanation how to choose a right answer in the question, please?

Tuesday, May 3rd 2016

    Oh! I made the same “mistake”!

    Tuesday, May 3rd 2016

    Hi Sunhoek,

    The key is the word today– would would still be running is an unreal present situation. Would have run is a past situation. The past situation (lack of attention) has led to today’s unreal situation (would be running, but is not)

    Does this help?

    Thursday, May 19th 2016

Hi everyone

I’ve been wondering about the 8th sentence
Shouldn’t it be ( if i WASN’T so busy, i’d go with you ) or it’s ( if I WEREN’T ……..) ?
Please reply me as soon as you can

Wednesday, May 4th 2016

    Hi Zeena,

    Technically, If I weren’t is correct, but many people use wasn’t these days.

    This is called the subjunctive voice:

    If I were
    I wish I were
    etc.

    Does this help?

    Thursday, May 19th 2016

      So what is the past of am?? I have been confused!!!

      Wednesday, July 13th 2016

so, in other words it will depend of the first action by the consequence could be in future, because sometimes we make any action with consequiences on the future, mmm I have a questions it is only to real situations?

Thursday, May 5th 2016

    Hi Adolfo,

    Keep in mind that when we talk about the past, it is already unreal because the past can’t be changed. So if the past can’t be changed, the future is just hypothetical.

    Does this help?

    Thursday, May 19th 2016

In the lesson “mixed conditional” you use “if I were…..”. Is the expression “if I was” wrong? Can you explain why? Thank you

Friday, May 6th 2016

    Hi Maria,

    Technically, If I were is correct, but many people use was these days.

    This is called the subjunctive voice:

    If I were…
    If he were…
    I wish I were…
    etc.

    Does this help?

    Thursday, May 19th 2016

Dear Adam:
I learn from your videos!

Which is the difference in those sentences.. I think it came from exercises number 7

If Laryy hadn´t missed all those meetings last month, the boss
a. will probably put in the list (future?)
b. would probably put in the list (present?)

Thanks for your response.

Monday, May 9th 2016

    Hi BigChallenge,

    The would implies that he will not put him on the list. But if Larry came to the meetings, then he would.
    “because Larry always came on time, the boss will put him on the list.”

    Does this help?

    Thursday, May 19th 2016

      If I use “would”, that means that there is no more chance? cero posibility, wrigth?
      Thanks!

      Friday, May 20th 2016

9 out of 10. Great lesson!

Wednesday, May 11th 2016

Thanks, excellent classes. I’m your fan #1 Adam

Friday, May 13th 2016

Hi there. Thanks a million dear Adam. Your videos are absolutely unparalleled and invaluable.
I’ve just done a mock IELTS exam. May I share the results with you? I’d like to have your expert advice. :)
Yours,
Mehrdad

Monday, May 16th 2016

    By all means Mehrdad :)

    Thursday, May 19th 2016

Thank you so much,Adam. It’s a really confusing topic for non-native English learners. And also, it’s even very difficult to teachers to specifically clarify the grammar as well. But you did it very well. Really appreciate it !

Tuesday, May 17th 2016

Can anyone give me a detailed explanation on ” if it helps,I’ll take the test?” I understood “if it will help,I will take the test”

Thursday, May 19th 2016

Hi adam…i like ur teqching style alot :-)

Sunday, May 22nd 2016

If i knew. I would tell u…if i had known i would’v told u…can we use both? Or they will b used according to the situation?..

Sunday, May 22nd 2016

Hello Adam, finally I started to understand a bit about mixed conditional, but still I have a doubt. I am now under the impression that unlike the type 1, 2 and 3 that are about possible future, unreal future and unreal past, mixed conditional seems to be all about present, that is, any event from the past that is now having a consequence in the present.

Sunday, May 22nd 2016

Great lesson as always! Thanks a lot Adam.
Can you explain why we use “WERE” with “I” in 8th sentence? I thought that “WERE” is for plural (we, you, they) and “WAS” for singular. Am I wrong?

Monday, May 23rd 2016

Thanks alot for this marvelous lesson… it seems very hard but I did not expect to get 100% !
Thanks again .. it was very helpfull

Monday, May 23rd 2016

Why none of you guys has a lesson on ” Relative Pronoun ” . I wanna understand a little bit more about it

Thursday, May 26th 2016

hi my dear teacher adam my problem internet cause i cannot watch lessons video plz send me only read letters and exercise thanks

Friday, May 27th 2016

I hate conditional, I just cannot understand it… But thank you Adams for you effort. I have to continue practices..

Monday, May 30th 2016

Thank you, Adam for your useful and really understandable videos, for the way you teach and explain! This one is not an exception and the Quiz is OK? I had only 1 mistake because the combination “are going to have to put” in the first sentence sounded rather complicated and even strange. Is it really common? Thanks in advance!

Saturday, June 4th 2016

thank you for your all precious lessons Adam.you’re really paying attention to teach this kind of confusing tasks..and absolutely better than our turkish teachers :D

Saturday, June 4th 2016

Hi Adam! Thank you for this amazing lesson :)
I’ve watched this video at least 3-4 times but i still can’t get why you use ” I would have a great job” in the sentence ” If i had won the competition, i would have a great job now”
The first part is an imaginative statement about the past – if i had won, meaning that the person failed, which leads to the second part of the sentence — > ” i don’t have that job, because i missed on that opportunity”. Shouldn’t it be represented by the past form of the modal verb “would” –“would have had”?
You say that these 2 parts don’t depend on each other, but it seems to me that they do.. I’m a bit confused :(
In this situation that person has failed a real competition in the past and is making an unreal assumption – if i had won, that led to a real situation in the present – he doesn’t have that job now. so, why isn’t it – I would have had a job? because now he doesn’t and it seems those 2 parts are actually connected and lead from one to the other . or is it all because of this “now” in the second part?
thanks !

Saturday, June 4th 2016

I´m on my away to understand this lesson so I need to practice it more! Thank you Adams, IÍI watch it again.

Sunday, June 12th 2016

Thanks for the great lesson
i have a question why can not we say in no 4
if i won the competition , i would have a great job now ?

Tuesday, June 14th 2016

Hi Adam,
for sentences
1. If i knew how to cook, i’d have made you a dinner instead.
2. If i won the competition, i’d have a great job.

How would we know when to use “would have v3” and “would v1”, because the conditional sentences in those 2 sentences have same form “simple past”?
Thank you

Tuesday, June 14th 2016

Howdy, Adam! That is a nice lesson again, thanks. If I had enough money, I would travel to Canada to improve my English. But Engvid teachers help me in this field and I don’t need to leave home! See you!

Friday, June 17th 2016

thanks

Thursday, June 23rd 2016

Hello adam.
I would like to share a doubt with you.

I wish i had known what was wrong with my car.
I wish i knew what was wrong with my car.

Which one is correct and why?
Please reply.

Friday, June 24th 2016

Hey Adam,
I request you to post a video on the topic” how to differentiate between a direct object and an object complement.”
Or you can just reply here.

My mother made me a cake.
Here me is indirect object and cake is direct object
They called him a liar
Here him is not an indirect object. Is the word liar acting as an object complement.???

Friday, June 24th 2016

Thanks for this excellent lesson

Wednesday, June 29th 2016

Hi Adam,
I’m studying English on my own and I’m really happy I found your videos as they’re so much helpful for me. Thank you a lot for your lessons!
By the way, found out that most of the things we learn about English in Russian high schools have nothing to do with real language :D

Thursday, June 30th 2016

Hello mr.Adam
you are the most glorious teacher i have ever heard to.i just want to ask what is the different between past perfect and the past tense in if conditions.i have got 8 out of 10
faithfully
best regards

Saturday, July 2nd 2016

Hi Adam.. thanks a lot to all your lessons I am sure this (engvid) is the bests way to learn English.. so i hope to make conversations with u please.. when u agree plz I will give my viber No. to u

Friday, July 8th 2016

Thx adam you are a very good teacher and this channel is great

Friday, July 8th 2016

is very difficult. I need to come again. Thank you anyway Adam you are my best teacher.

Monday, July 11th 2016

Hello Adam Sir,
I have recently started watching your lessons. You way of explaining the topic is very effective. This topic is tough too but nicely explained.

Tuesday, August 2nd 2016

Thank you Mr. Adam.
I really appreciate your creativity in teaching English
I amazingly got %100
I can’t thank you enough

Sunday, August 21st 2016

I must admit I am completely confused now. I learned that we can only mix the second and the third conditional, and the first sentence does not apply to this ( If you didn’t study computers in high school, you might find it difficult.) Why doesn

Sunday, August 21st 2016

Thanks a lot. I will do my best next quiz

Sunday, August 28th 2016

Hi please help me, this sentence is correct?
If i had known that i will have problems with my stomach, I would have changed my eating habits.

Monday, August 29th 2016

Thank you Adam,
I like your teaching style.
I don’t know if you give a privet classes if yes how to sign up.

Wednesday, August 31st 2016

I didn’t understand the difference between
“If it helps”/”If it will help me” or
“If if makes a difference”/”If it will make a difference”

If you say “If it makes a difference, I’ll do it” – is it wrong or just not commonly used?

Sunday, September 4th 2016

thanks Adam
question please
in your example
if you will follow me ,I’ll show you your table
is it correct to say
if you follow me ,I’ll show you your table ?

Monday, September 5th 2016

Thanks for the explanation Adam, it’s very useful but I got confused with exercise number 7. I can’t understand why is it a hypothetical present situation.

Saturday, September 10th 2016

thanks for a great lesson!

Saturday, September 17th 2016

these lesson is quite hard, but If I trying this, early I will be great.

Wednesday, September 21st 2016

This is the best lesson I could find about Mixed Conditionals .Thanks a lot !!!Great teachers!

Sunday, September 25th 2016

I have been living in England for 2 years.I work with English people.Yesterday I showed them and asked them what difference between : “If you called me I would not have been offended” and “If you had called me I would not be offended” They said to me that there is no difference,just use any of them,same meaning.Is it like that?or maybe some of them don`t know grammar :)

Monday, September 26th 2016

hi adam I’m still confuse to use if clause can u please give me an example for my advertisement homework

Tuesday, September 27th 2016
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