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Test your understanding of this English lesson

Test your understanding of the English lesson by answering these questions. You will get the answers and your score at the end of the quiz.
Another name for "adjective clause" is ________ clause.

There are two types of adjective clauses:

Jane wants to meet a man ______ treats his own mother nicely.

A person ______ unable to find a job with his/her qualifications should consider going back to school.

Athlete Troy Weber ______ goal production has dropped over the past couple of seasons, has been traded to New York.

What does the adjective clause in the following sentence modify?
I'm confident I'll do well on this exam, which will make my application for a scholarship much easier.

The class was taken to see Macbeth __________ is one of Shakespeare's most popular plays.

Childhood was so much fun. I still remember that time ______ we went to the drive-in for the first time. What a great night that was.

Police are still looking for the man ______ the media has already nicknamed "the one-armed bandit".

Ronda ________ moved into the building last week, is a fitness instructor.


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112 Comments on “Learn English Grammar: The Adjective Clause (Relative Clause)”


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Thank you Mr. Adam. Your lesson is very useful. I got 80 right answers.

Tuesday, November 15th 2016

Great great lesson, Adam. I got 08 out of 10 ☺

Tuesday, November 15th 2016

Thanks for a great lesson Adam. I’m your new student :) I got 7 . The question which I was struggle is “Q6”. I should study the noun clause again :(

Tuesday, November 15th 2016

    Welcome DilberG :)

    I’m confident
    (that) I’ll do well on this exam, —noun clause
    which will make my application for a scholarship much easier.—modifies the idea/situation of doing well

    Hope this helps :)

    Friday, December 2nd 2016

      Now I see! Thanks a lot.

      Saturday, December 3rd 2016

      thanks for explanation :)

      Monday, December 5th 2016

Thank you Adam.

Tuesday, November 15th 2016

Thanks!

Tuesday, November 15th 2016

Thank you so much for the lesson. I really appreciate every lesson you give to us. You’re really great teacher! You’re the best here! I hope you can upload lesson more frequently and i really want to be taught about pronunciation by you since rarely do you teach us about pronunciation. I’ll look forward to that ^^

Tuesday, November 15th 2016

    Thanks 0101hades.

    They’re coming ;)

    Friday, December 2nd 2016

Thank you somuch teacher Adam i really liked the way you are us any way i really appreciate you.
i got 35%. on quiz, i gonna to rty again to get 100% Thanks teacher

Tuesday, November 15th 2016

i goanna some one, who shure with me a converstion on skype to improve our speaking including every thing about this language
this is my skype (cabdishakuur.cabdi)

Tuesday, November 15th 2016

Hi, Adam!
First of all, thank you so much for your amazing grammar lessons, I really enjoy watching them!
And I have a question, may you please make it clear for me? I’m little confused with the sentence “Many students…”, where there are two ajective clauses. You have used the commas with the first clause and haven’t with the second one, which means the first – modifying and the second – defining. Isn’t it other way around? ‘Cause “that’s going around” is just an extra information about the flu and “who went on..” is an important addition defining the students.
Am I wrong? Thank you in advance:)

Tuesday, November 15th 2016

    Hi Brain,

    The flu that’s going around is specific to the current flu, not the sickness in general. As for the first adjective clause, you could say it’s identifying, meaning you can remove the commas, but technically we identify them as the kids in Mrs. Reynold’s class, and the fact that they went on the field trip gives extra information to suggest where they might have gotten sick.

    Does this make sense?

    Friday, December 2nd 2016

I got 8, I’m feel ok ´cause I think is a little hard to understand, but thanks was really interesting.

Tuesday, November 15th 2016

10/10 , thanks very much Adam.but i still have not understand why in this quiz you put the question “There are two types of adjective clauses?” , while in the lesson ” Dependent clouse ” you said there are 3 types : identifying , non identifying , and situational ?
i repeat my thanks, and i’m glade to be with you.
(-_-)

Tuesday, November 15th 2016

    Good question Struggle. Technically, the situational is non-identifying. I guess I wanted to separate it for the lesson to show another function (i.e., not to a single noun but a whole phrase.)

    Friday, December 2nd 2016

Hey, Adam, why does your face get read when you talk about your grammar fanaticism :-)?
I’m a fan of grammar too (of Spanish grammar) and I think your lessons are brilliant (and, even, fun!). Thank you very much!

Tuesday, November 15th 2016

    LOL. I think I had a bit too much sun that day :)

    Friday, December 2nd 2016

I got 10 , thank you so much you ar a very good teacher , I am your new student

Tuesday, November 15th 2016

    Welcome Rawaa :)

    Friday, December 2nd 2016

Thank you very much Adam!!Nice and interesting lesson as always!!

Tuesday, November 15th 2016

10 out of 10, and I’ll still watch the lesson again! Thank you very much Adam!

Tuesday, November 15th 2016

Great lesson Adam, I do not think it is a easy lesson, but I am going to study more to achieve better results. Thanks

Tuesday, November 15th 2016

-Gasoline only allows the carburetor to run smoothly when mixed with about fifteen times its wight in air (no comma)
-only when mixed with about fifteen times its wight in air does gasoline allow the carburetor to run smoothly. (no comma)
-when mixed with about fifteen times its wight in air, gasoline allows the carburetor to run smoothly (with comma)
right ?

Tuesday, November 15th 2016

    Yup :)
    Good job. (the only thing is that the last example doesn’t have the qualifier ‘only’ which subtly changes the meaning).

    Also, weight.

    Friday, December 2nd 2016

Some confused!

Tuesday, November 15th 2016

    Watch it again Terrysam. It might be clearer then ;)

    Friday, December 2nd 2016

9 out of 10
number 6 is confusing. still not getting it

Tuesday, November 15th 2016

    Hi Reema,
    Does this help?

    I’m confident
    (that) I’ll do well on this exam, —noun clause
    which will make my application for a scholarship much easier.—modifies the idea/situation of doing well (I’ll do well)

    Friday, December 2nd 2016

      Thanks Adam
      yes it helps perfectly

      Sunday, December 4th 2016

I’m happy :) 7/10
Thank you Adam

Tuesday, November 15th 2016

I like it!

Tuesday, November 15th 2016

It was great Adam. I got 7 and I must study more
Thank you!

Tuesday, November 15th 2016

Thank u adam ,the way you are using is really good and easy to understand ,make impossible every tough task to possible.

Tuesday, November 15th 2016

10/10 this time. I think I’m starting to understand english grammar.
thank you

Tuesday, November 15th 2016

Uau a very complex lesson, very usefull. Thanks Adam

Tuesday, November 15th 2016

Thanks!

Tuesday, November 15th 2016

It’s a very important lesson but a little difficult for me. Thanks a lot, Adam, you’re a good teacher.

Wednesday, November 16th 2016

Great Lecture but likely to hard.

Wednesday, November 16th 2016

Dear teacher,I like the way you taught,which makes me understand clearly.Thank you so much,but I still don’t understand question 6.I will try my best to understand it.

Wednesday, November 16th 2016

    Hi Shu,

    Does this help?

    I’m confident
    (that) I’ll do well on this exam, —noun clause
    which will make my application for a scholarship much easier.—modifies the idea/situation of doing well (I’ll do well)

    Friday, December 2nd 2016

it’s to much confounding, i pop out little bit GOd willing with the passage of time my english will be improve anyhow nice effortless the way you did the lecture this method is splendid. i never seen such a elaborated teacher before in past time. i am doing bachelor of technology civil honor degree, i’m so delighted about your speaking style i to much tried adopt to your style eventually not access as i wanted. i’m from pakistan english my fourth language i wanna learnt from you good bye Adam!

Wednesday, November 16th 2016

    Good luck M :)

    Friday, December 2nd 2016

Great lesson Adam ! I want to ask you what is the cost to have classes in you tube with you

Wednesday, November 16th 2016

Very good class! Thanks!

Wednesday, November 16th 2016

Thank for this good lesson.

Wednesday, November 16th 2016

Thank you Adam. I got 8 out of 10. I will watch your lesson again in order to fully understand it.

Wednesday, November 16th 2016

Thank you alot
I got you more knowledge

Wednesday, November 16th 2016

Adam I’ve heard many times that “WHOM” sounds a little strange nowadays.

Wednesday, November 16th 2016

    It’s formal, so some people think it’s pretentious. Nevertheless, it is correct :)

    Friday, December 2nd 2016

Hello, Adam. I really like watching and listening to your lessons, hopefully, one day I should become as good as you are. I am to become a teacher soon, I have one year left till graduation, and I would like to ask a question. When we did grammar, we were generally taught that for expressing possession “whose” is mainly used for animate objects (i.e. people), and “which” for inamiate objects (not living things). During your lesson, you used an example sentence like “the car whose left door is sratched…”. Let me demonstrate with these:

The man whose car got scrathed yesterday lives next door.

In this sentence, the adjective clause “whose car got scratched” identifies the man (as it is a defining/restrictive relative clause). That’s OK. But have a look at these two sentences:

[1] The house whose roof leaks is very old.
[2] The house the roof of which leaks is very old.

Clearly, the house is an inanimate object, so which of the two sentences (relative pronouns, to be more exact) would you say is more correct or frequent in the situations when the possession is related to a thing?
I also know that “that” can be used to refer to people, as it sounds more general in certain situations, like in:

[3] Martha has a baby that cries a lot.

Let me know what you think about these.
Thanks in advance for your reply.
Regards.

Wednesday, November 16th 2016

    Hi Mare! I guess you should read a lot. And not only grammar. Sorry.

    Sunday, November 20th 2016

    Hi Mare,

    For some people the ‘who’ in ‘whose’ is hard to get over. They feel it doesn’t make sense to use it with things, but it’s just a possessive, and things do have things belonging to them

    As for your examples:
    [1] The house whose roof leaks is very old.
    [2] The house, the roof of which leaks, is very old.
    Notice that I added commas in number 2. Preposition + which is always going to be a non-identifying clause. #1 is identifying. Both are correct, but serve different purposes.

    As for ‘that’, it can be used for people. Keep in mind, though, that a baby can be a boy or a girl and until its gender is identified, the baby is an ‘it’, which makes the ‘that’ easier to use.

    Hope this helps.

    Friday, December 2nd 2016

Thank you Adam for making all this clear for me. I used to get confused with them. I got 08/10.

Wednesday, November 16th 2016

Excelent! thank you Adan.

Wednesday, November 16th 2016

The more you explained to me, the more frustrated I felt. Although you explanation was very good, this is an advance lesson that I was hardly able to understand. Where can I get more explamples like these ones?. I need to practice a lot.

Wednesday, November 16th 2016

    Hi Cart,

    You should probably get yourself a good grammar book. I recommend English Grammar in Use, by Raymond Murphy, or Fundamentals of English grammar by Betty Azar.

    I will make more videos about this stuff as well ;)

    Friday, December 2nd 2016

thanks Adam,I’ve got 7/10.Although i used get confused got something for me, from your nice lesson.

Wednesday, November 16th 2016

Please check the sentences written below is correct or not.

1. I must go to bank and get the money I need (use the if necessary)

Thursday, November 17th 2016

    Hi Biki,

    I must go to the bank and get the money I need.

    Friday, December 2nd 2016

Great thanks for the lessons!

Thursday, November 17th 2016

Good! I got 8

Thursday, November 17th 2016

Thanks!! I got 8.

Thursday, November 17th 2016

thanks Adam….

Thursday, November 17th 2016

Thanks Adam, I think it’s a little confused, but I’m studying very hard, regards from México.

Friday, November 18th 2016

    It’ll come soon enough Ctierrez ;)

    Friday, December 2nd 2016

I`ve got 9 out of 10. There was one silly mistake, but it maked me be more attantive!
It`s very complicataed topic, we should pay our attantion on. Thank you, Adam!

Friday, November 18th 2016

Thank you so much adem! this is the most fascinating english lesson i have ever had.

Sunday, November 20th 2016

Thanks Adam
I have got 7 out of 10

Sunday, November 20th 2016

I’ve got 8. good class. thank you

Monday, November 21st 2016

9out of10 thank u very much m.r adam

Monday, November 21st 2016

I’m still confused. I got 8/10. Thank you teacher.

Tuesday, November 22nd 2016

Thank you so much about your quiz,about which I only got 6 points.
Is it correct?

Tuesday, November 22nd 2016

    Hi Sonice,

    … in which I got only 6 points.

    Keep practicing. It’ll be 10 soon enough :)

    Friday, December 2nd 2016

Hello Adam!

Thanks for the video. It is quite useful, indeed. I also love grammar (no matter the language), that is why I appreciate your lessons.

Besides, I did’n know the pronoun “whom” could’t be used as a subject, but only as an object. I though it was just a formal version of the pronoun “who”. I thank you for putting some light in this point. ;)

Bye for now!

Tuesday, November 22nd 2016

Hi Mr. Adam, i want to know what is the wrong in this sentence”I regret to have damaged your book”
may you please tell me the correct answer!thanks in advance.

Tuesday, November 22nd 2016

    Hi Randa,

    I regret having damaged your book.

    Even better: I regret that I damaged your book.

    Friday, December 2nd 2016

Thank you very much.
I have got 9 correct out of 10, which is not bad.

Tuesday, November 22nd 2016

Appreciated your effort ,Thanks

Wednesday, November 23rd 2016

Thank you Adam!!
Great lesson

Wednesday, November 23rd 2016

OMG!I unexpetedly got10/10.It was such a wonderful Lesson teacher you really make the hardest things so easy for us.Teacher please make a video on understanding quotations it really troubles me to understand like the one I read by Tao Yuanming “An human life how should it not be hard?from ancient times there was none but had to die” although it has very simple sentences but I am still unable to understand it rather my mind just stop working after going through a combination of such weird sentences teacher please explain me its meaning and also I don’t know how to use this expression “Come to think of it” in my conversations.

Wednesday, November 23rd 2016

    Hi Eichi,

    I think I’ll need a bit more context for the Yuanming quote. Can you give the sentence before this one?

    Come to think of it basically means actually…, or Now that I think about it…
    It means that the point of discussion has led to a new idea.
    :)

    Friday, December 2nd 2016

      Thank you so much Teacher for the explanation,as for the sentence before the quotation,I actually came across this quotation in a drama.i can send you the clip of that part of the drama but since there isn’t any option here so I will try to send you that on twitter.

      Friday, December 2nd 2016

THANKS adam your lesson is really good.

Friday, November 25th 2016

Hello Adam can you explain difference between words devotion, commitment, loyalty, fidelity, faithfulness?

Friday, November 25th 2016

    Hi Roman,

    devotion means giving yourself to something (a person, an idea, a movement, etc.)
    commitment is more of a promise to continue with something, someone, a relationship, etc. (more to the promise than to the person/thing receiving the promise)
    loyalty means not leaving someone (or a company, etc.) Sticking by someone’s side even in hard times.
    fidelity means not cheating or betraying. staying with one thing.
    Faithfulness is similar to fidelity.

    Actually, all of these can be synonyms in certain contexts.

    Hope this helps a little.

    Friday, December 2nd 2016

Hi Adams How are you? I hope you are doing well.
Adam my question is what is the difference between wake and awake? and when must I use them? are they interchangeable?
Thank you!!
best wish!

Friday, November 25th 2016

    Hi The Best,

    wake is a verb that you do to someone (or to yourself), and awake is an adjective (not asleep) or a verb in which a person leaves sleep (she awoke to the sound of laughter).

    They are not interchangeable.

    Also, wake can be a noun meaning the ceremony after a person dies (be careful as this is called ‘a wake’–two words).

    Friday, December 2nd 2016

      Thank you, Adam!

      Friday, December 2nd 2016

      Thank you a lot, Adam. You really creared this up for me! I absolutely admire your videos btw :)

      Saturday, December 3rd 2016

Hi Teacher Adam. Please make a lesson (react vs respond). Thank you!

Friday, November 25th 2016

    I’ll see what I can do Lou :)

    Friday, December 2nd 2016

Thanks a lot! This class is just what I needed cause I’m studying this topic in my course.

I got a question about the quiz. In question 7 I chose ‘which’ because, in the textbook I use, it’s mentioned that you can use ‘that’ or ‘which’ indistinctly for things. And I thought that rule could be used for ‘Macbeth’ that is a play in the example. (Sorry if I made a mistake, I’m improving my English).

Well that’s it. Thank you again and have a nice week.

Saturday, November 26th 2016

    Hi Ramiro,

    Remember that Macbeth is a name of the play, so it’s already been identified, so we need a non-identifying clause, which start with comma which.

    Friday, December 2nd 2016

The lesson is so great

Sunday, November 27th 2016

Thank you Adam

Tuesday, November 29th 2016

Finally someone who makes me love the English language. Thank you very much Adam!

Tuesday, November 29th 2016

    Thank you Celine. I’m glad to have done that :)

    Friday, December 2nd 2016

Thanks Adam, I am very interested in your classes and do the quiz after class. Is there any way to get Certificate?

Tuesday, November 29th 2016

    Hi Berete. I’m afraid not. This is just a free service to help people learn the language.

    Friday, December 2nd 2016

thank you Adam. Very interesting

Wednesday, November 30th 2016

I got 6/10… I need to see the others videos

Wednesday, November 30th 2016

thank you

Wednesday, November 30th 2016

Tnx for ur video. It’s my first time to watch ur video and I got 70% out 100 .it was good start for me but complicated at the same time to memorize all what u said, maybe soon I getting use to it.

Wednesday, November 30th 2016

    Keep it up Elvinjames. You’ll get it soon enough ;)

    Friday, December 2nd 2016

Sir,would u please post a complete lesson on Infinitive.Its giving me so much pain to understand.Particulary Perfect continous infinitive and passive infinitive.I am having trouble to learn the exact meaning.I would be very grateful to u if u do so…

Thursday, December 1st 2016

Thank you everyone :)

Friday, December 2nd 2016

hey adam
i only got 6 out of 10 :(
because its tough and tricky

Friday, December 2nd 2016

I got 8 out of 10 thanks to your clear and meaningful lesson ^^ I hope that I can improve my English which I’m still not good at :3

Sunday, December 4th 2016

50 but I’m learning thank Adam

Monday, December 5th 2016
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